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Page last updated
Tue 06 Aug 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page documents data for Spix & Wagner (1827), such as genera and species attributed to that publication (including known misspellings, misidentifications, and other unavailable names) as well as taxonomic opinions, if available. Taxonomic opinions refer to uses of genera and species as valid and invalid in that work.

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Publication information

Spix, J.B. von & J.A. Wagner. 1827. Testacea Fluviatilia Quae in Itinere per Brasiliam Annis MDCCCXVII – MDCCCXX. 36 pp., 29 pls.

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Attributed Genus Names

Triplodon Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix in Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: pl. 29.
Type species: Unio rugosus Spix & Wagner, 1827 (original designation) = Triplodon corrugatus

Aplodon Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix in Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: pl. 25, figs. 1-2.
(homonym of Rafinesque, 1819 [Gastrop.]; renamed Spixoconcha Pilsbry, 1893)
Type species: Aplodon inerme Spix & Wagner, 1827 (monotypy) = Monocondylaea minuana

Tetraplodon Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix in Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: pl. 25, figs. 3-4.
Type species: Unio pectinatus Spix & Wagner, 1827 (sub. desig. by Simpson, 1900: 863) = Castalia ambigua

Diplodon Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: pl. 26.
Type species: Diplodon ellypticum Spix & Wagner, 1827 (sub. desig.) = Diplodon ellipticus

Attributed Species Names

Unio caudatus Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 35, pl. 27, figs. 1-2.

Diplodon furcatum Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix in Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: pl. 27, figs. 1-2.

Anodon rotundus Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 28, pl. 20, figs. 2-4.
(renamed Unio (Anodontes) spixii d’Orbigny, 1835)
Type(s): SYNTYPE SMF_3809, Brasilien, Staat Sao Paulo.

Anodon trapezeus Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 28, pl. 20, fig. 1.
(renamed Unio (Anodontes) spixii d’Orbigny, 1835)

Unio rugosus Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 35, pl. 29, figs. 1-2.
(homonym of Unio rugosa Poiret, 1801)
Type(s): SYNTYPE SMF_3782, Brasilien.

Anodon giganteus Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 27, pl. 19, fig. 1. [in part]
(misidentified reference to Anodon giganteus Spix & Wagner, 1827)

Anodon anserinus Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 29, pl. 21, figs. 1-2.

Unio pectinatus Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 32, pl. 25, fig. 3. [in part]
(reference to Unio pectinatus Spix & Wagner, 1827)

Aplodon inerme Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix in Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: pl. 25, figs. 1-2.

Anodon radiatus Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 31, pl. 23, fig. 1.
Type(s): SYNTYPE SMF_3840, Staat Minas Gereas, Brasilien.

Anodon ensiformis Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 31, pl. 24, figs. 1-2.

Anodon siliquosus Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 30, pl. 23, fig. 2.
Type(s): SYNTYPES MNHN_MP_0317, Province de Corrientes, Argentina and Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia.

Anodon siliquosus var. pygmaeum Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 30, pl. 23, figs. 3-4.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Anodon siliquosus Spix & Wagner, 1827)

Cyclas bahiensis Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: ??.

Diplodon ellypticum Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix in Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: pl. 26, figs. 1-2.
(incorrect original spelling of Unio ellipticus Spix & Wagner, 1827)

Unio ellipticus Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 33.
Spix in Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: pl. 26, figs. 1-2 [as Diplodon ellypticum].
(homonym of Unio (Aximedia) elliptica Rafinesque, 1820; correct name for Diplodon ellypticum Spix & Wagner, 1827; renamed Diplodon (s.s.) wagnerianum Simpson, 1900)

Unio rhombeus Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 34, pl. 28, figs. 1-2.
Type(s): SYNTYPE SMF_3866, Rio Solimoes, Amazonas Geb. Bras.

Anodon trigonus Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 29, pl. 22, fig. 2.
(renamed Unio (Anodontes) chiquitana d’Orbigny, 1835)

Diplodon rhombeum Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: pl. 28, figs. 1-2.
(reference to Unio rhombeus Spix & Wagner, 1827)

Unio rotundus Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 34, pl. 26, figs. 3-4.

Diplodon rotundum Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix in Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: pl. 26, figs. 3-4.
(reference to Unio rotundus Spix & Wagner, 1827)

Anodon giganteus Spix & Wagner, 1827
Bruguière, 1797, Encycl. Méth. 2: pl. 205, fig. 1a-b [as Anodontites sp.].
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 27, pl. 19, figs. 1-2.
Type(s): PARATYPE SMF_3815, Rio Solimoes, b. Ega, Brasilien.

Anodon longinus Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 29, pl. 22, fig. 1.

Anodon obtusus Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 30, pl. 22, fig. 3.
Valenciennes, 1827, Coq. Mar. Biv.: pl. 48, figs. 3a-b.
Type(s): SYNTYPE SMF_3808, Brasilien.

Anodon obtusus var. lituratum Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 30, pl. 22, fig. 4, var b.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Anodon obtusus Spix & Wagner, 1827)
Type(s): SYNTYPE SMF_3807, Brasilien.

Unio pectinatus Spix & Wagner, 1827
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 32, pl. 25, fig. 3-4.
Type(s): SYNTYPE MNHN-IM 2000-1785, Brazil [described from “Habitat in flumine S. Francisci in Provincia Minarum” [= Minas Gerais].

Columba spixii Ihering, 1890
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 27, pl. 19, fig. 1 [as ‘Anodon giganteus’]. [in part]
‘Spix’ Küster, 1839, Conchyl. Cab. 9(1): 6, pl. 1, fig. 2 [as ‘Anodonta gigantea’].
Ihering, 1890, Arch. Naturg. 56(1): 135, 142, pl. 9, fig. 4.

Taxonomic Opinions

Anodon anserinus Spix & Wagner, 1827

Anodon ensiformis Spix & Wagner, 1827

Anodon giganteus Spix & Wagner, 1827
+ Anodon crassus Swainson, 1823
+ Anodon giganteus Spix & Wagner, 1827

Anodon longinus Spix & Wagner, 1827

Anodon obtusus Spix & Wagner, 1827

Anodon obtusus var. lituratum Spix & Wagner, 1827

Anodon radiatus Spix & Wagner, 1827

Anodon rotundus Spix & Wagner, 1827
+ Mytilus membranacea Maton, 1811
+ Aplodon inerme Spix & Wagner, 1827

Anodon siliquosus Spix & Wagner, 1827

Anodon siliquosus var. pygmaeum Spix & Wagner, 1827

Anodon trapezeus Spix & Wagner, 1827

Anodon trigonus Spix & Wagner, 1827

Diplodon caudatus (Spix & Wagner, 1827)
+ Hyria avicularis Lamarck, 1819
+ Diplodon furcatum Spix & Wagner, 1827

Diplodon ellipticus (Spix & Wagner, 1827)

Diplodon rhombeus (Spix & Wagner, 1827)
+ Diplodon rhombeum Spix & Wagner, 1827

Diplodon rotundus (Spix & Wagner, 1827)
+ Mya variabilis Maton, 1811
+ Diplodon rotundum Spix & Wagner, 1827

Tetraplodon pectinatum (Spix & Wagner, 1827)
+ Castalia ambigua Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio pectinatus Spix & Wagner, 1827

Triplodon rugosus (Spix & Wagner, 1827)

Page updated: 15:30:08 Tue 06 Aug 2019

 
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