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Page last updated
Tue 04 Jan 2022

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Cladomics pages are experimental — even more so than the rest of this site!

The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Unioninae | Unionini

genus Schistodesmus Simpson, 1900: cladomics
     3 valid species

Cladomics Summary

number of species: 2
number next lowest-taxon (species) (i.e., direct-child taxa): 2

analyzed in 46 cladogram(s) in 31 publications
maximum number of terminal species in an analysis: 3, mean: 1.2
maximum number of direct-child taxa in an analysis: 3, mean: 1.2

basic monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species): 8
maximum number of included species: 3, mean: 2.12
maximum number of direct-child taxa: 3, mean: 2.12
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly: 1.0

rigorous monophyly

number of cladograms that test rigorous monophyly: 8
(Rigorous monophyly refers to cladograms with terminal species representing more than one direct-child taxon and at least one rigorous, direct-child outgroup.)
maximum number of included species: 3, mean: 2.12
maximum number of direct-child taxa: 3, mean: 2.12
proportion of cladograms that support rigorous monophyly: 1.0

top monophyly publications

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, Huang et al., 2019, Wu et al., 2018, Zhou et al., 2007, Zhang et al., 2004

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020 ** Top Monophyly Test Publication ** ** Top Sister Group Test Publication **

fig. 2-4: [clade_id: 16482] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 26, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 8
(S_spinosus, (S_lampreyanus, Schistodesmus))


	  +----- S_spinosus 1   
	--+                     
	  |  +-- S_lampreyanus 2
	  +--+                  
	     +-- Schistodesmus 3
  

Huang et al., 2019

fig. 1: [clade_id: 11329] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 14, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
(S_lampreyanus, S_spinosus)


	  +-- S_lampreyanus 1
	--+                  
	  +-- S_spinosus 2   
  

fig. 2: [clade_id: 11467] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 18, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 6
(S_lampreyanus, S_spinosus)


	  +-- S_lampreyanus 1
	--+                  
	  +-- S_spinosus 2   
  

fig. 3: [clade_id: 12628] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 12, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 6
unknown

fig. 3-M: [clade_id: 12716] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

fig. S1: [clade_id: 10963] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 23, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
(S_spinosus, S_lampreyanus)


	  +-- S_lampreyanus 2
	--+                  
	  +-- S_spinosus 1   
  

fig. S3: [clade_id: 11873] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 18, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 6
unknown

fig. S4: [clade_id: 12280] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 18, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 6
(S_lampreyanus, S_spinosus)


	  +-- S_lampreyanus 1
	--+                  
	  +-- S_spinosus 2   
  

Zhang et al., 2004

fig. 1: [clade_id: 2595] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
(S_lampreyanus, S_spinosus)


	  +-- S_lampreyanus 1
	--+                  
	  +-- S_spinosus 2   
  

Zhou et al., 2007

fig. 1: [clade_id: 3333] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 9, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
(S_lampreyanus, S_spinosus)


	  +-- S_lampreyanus 1
	--+                  
	  +-- S_spinosus 2   
  

Wu et al., 2018

fig. 2: [clade_id: 10466] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 14, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 6
(S_lampreyanus, S_spinosus)


	  +-- S_lampreyanus 1
	--+                  
	  +-- S_spinosus 2   
  

Zieritz et al., 2021

fig. 3-F, 5: [clade_id: 20333] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 10, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
unknown

Fukata & Iigo, 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 17086] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 13, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 6
unknown

Fukata & Iigo, 2019

fig. 1: [clade_id: 17617] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 10, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
unknown

Aunins et al., 2018

fig. 1: [clade_id: 13552] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 12, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 6
unknown

Wu et al., 2019

fig. 3: [clade_id: 13613] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 14, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 6
unknown

Wu et al., 2020

fig. 3: [clade_id: 17829] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 14, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 6
unknown

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017

fig. 1-2: [clade_id: 8716] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 10, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
unknown

Sano et al., 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 18168] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 11, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 6
unknown

fig. 2: [clade_id: 18205] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 13, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 6
unknown

fig. 3: [clade_id: 18408] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 13, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 6
unknown

fig. 4: [clade_id: 18570] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 13, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 6
unknown

Bolotov et al., 2017

fig. S1: [clade_id: 8945] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 9, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
unknown

fig. S2: [clade_id: 9249] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 9, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
unknown

Wu et al., 2020

fig. 3: [clade_id: 18782] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 9, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
unknown

Bolotov et al., 2017

fig. S1: [clade_id: 9450] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 9, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
unknown

Fonseca et al., 2016

fig. 1: [clade_id: 7937] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
unknown

Guerra et al., 2019

fig. 1: [clade_id: 19028] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

fig. 1-M: [clade_id: 18981] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

fig. 2: [clade_id: 19155] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

fig. 2-M: [clade_id: 19104] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Choi et al., 2020

fig. 2a: [clade_id: 18925] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 10, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
unknown

Chen et al., 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 19253] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Xue et al., 2016

fig. 1: [clade_id: 7108] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
unknown

Cha et al., 2018

fig. 1: [clade_id: 14605] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 10, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
unknown

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017

fig. 2: [clade_id: 8544] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
unknown

Sano et al., 2017

fig. 2: [clade_id: 9973] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 15, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
unknown

Araujo et al., 2017

fig. 2: [clade_id: 9747] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Froufe et al., 2019

fig. 3: [clade_id: 15225] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 10, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
unknown

fig. 6: [clade_id: 15384] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 10, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
unknown

Huang et al., 2002

fig. 1: [clade_id: 1819] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
unknown

fig. 2: [clade_id: 1861] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
unknown

Liu et al., 2017

fig. 2: [clade_id: 15542] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 13, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
unknown

Kim et al., 2021

fig. 1: [clade_id: 19459] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 10, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 6
unknown

Soroka & Burzynski, 2017

fig. 1: [clade_id: 10564] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 10, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
unknown

Zhou et al., 2016

fig. 1: [clade_id: 7433] Schistodesmus
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Page updated: 09:22:12 Tue 04 Jan 2022

 
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