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Page last updated
Tue 04 Jan 2022

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

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The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page.

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Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Unioninae | Anodontini | Cristariina

genus Sinanodonta Modell, 1945: cladomics
     9 valid species

Cladomics Summary

number of species: 9
number next lowest-taxon (species) (i.e., direct-child taxa): 9

analyzed in 118 cladogram(s) in 65 publications
maximum number of terminal species in an analysis: 29, mean: 2.42
maximum number of direct-child taxa in an analysis: 29, mean: 2.42

basic monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species): 52
maximum number of included species: 29, mean: 4.23
maximum number of direct-child taxa: 29, mean: 4.23
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly: 0.73

rigorous monophyly

number of cladograms that test rigorous monophyly: 50
(Rigorous monophyly refers to cladograms with terminal species representing more than one direct-child taxon and at least one rigorous, direct-child outgroup.)
maximum number of included species: 29, mean: 4.32
maximum number of direct-child taxa: 29, mean: 4.32
proportion of cladograms that support rigorous monophyly: 0.72

top monophyly publications

Huang et al., 2019, Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, Mabuchi & Nishida, 2020, Sano et al., 2020, Kondakov et al., 2018

Huang et al., 2019 ** Top Monophyly Test Publication **

fig. 1: [clade_id: 11365] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_woodiana, (S_angula, S_lucida))


	  +----- S_woodiana 1
	--+                  
	  |  +-- S_angula 2  
	  +--+               
	     +-- S_lucida 3  
  

fig. 2: [clade_id: 11430] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 6, direct-child terminals: 6
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
((S_angula, S_lucida), (S_woodiana, (Sinanodonta, (S_woodiana, Sinanodonta))))


	           +-- S_angula 1   
	  +--------+                
	  |        +-- S_lucida 2   
	--+                         
	  |  +-------- S_woodiana 3 
	  +--+                      
	     |  +----- Sinanodonta 4
	     +--+                   
	        |  +-- S_woodiana 5 
	        +--+                
	           +-- Sinanodonta 6
  

fig. 3: [clade_id: 12604] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_lucida, S_woodiana)


	  +-- S_lucida 1  
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 2
  

fig. 3-M: [clade_id: 12707] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. S1: [clade_id: 11158] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 29, direct-child terminals: 29
rigorous outgroups.: 22, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
((S_angula, S_lucida), ((S_woodiana, (S_woodiana, (S_elliptica, S_woodiana, S_woodiana, S_woodiana, S_woodiana, S_woodiana))), (Sinanodonta, ((Sinanodonta, (Sinanodonta, (Sinanodonta, Sinanodonta, (Sinanodonta, Sinanodonta)))), (S_woodiana, (S_elliptica, S_woodiana, S_woodiana, S_woodiana, S_woodiana, (S_elliptica, S_woodiana), (S_elliptica, S_elliptica, (S_elliptica, S_woodiana))))))))


	                       +-- S_angula 1    
	  +--------------------+                 
	  |                    +-- S_lucida 2    
	  |                                      
	  |              +-------- S_woodiana 3  
	  |              |                       
	  |  +-----------+  +----- S_woodiana 4  
	  |  |           |  |                    
	--+  |           |  |  +-- S_elliptica 5 
	  |  |           +--+  |                 
	  |  |              |  +-- S_woodiana 10 
	  |  |              |  |                 
	  |  |              |  +-- S_woodiana 6  
	  |  |              +--+                 
	  |  |                 +-- S_woodiana 7  
	  +--+                 |                 
	     |                 +-- S_woodiana 8  
	     |                 |                 
	     |                 +-- S_woodiana 9  
	     |                                   
	     |  +----------------- Sinanodonta 11
	     |  |                                
	     |  |     +----------- Sinanodonta 12
	     |  |     |                          
	     |  |  +--+  +-------- Sinanodonta 13
	     +--+  |  |  |                       
	        |  |  +--+  +----- Sinanodonta 14
	        |  |     |  |                    
	        |  |     +--+----- Sinanodonta 15
	        |  |        |                    
	        |  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta 16
	        +--+        +--+                 
	           |           +-- Sinanodonta 17
	           |                             
	           |  +----------- S_woodiana 18 
	           |  |                          
	           |  |  +-------- S_elliptica 19
	           |  |  |                       
	           |  |  +-------- S_woodiana 20 
	           +--+  |                       
	              |  +-------- S_woodiana 21 
	              |  |                       
	              |  +-------- S_woodiana 22 
	              |  |                       
	              +--+-------- S_woodiana 23 
	                 |                       
	                 |     +-- S_elliptica 24
	                 +-----+                 
	                 |     +-- S_woodiana 25 
	                 |                       
	                 |  +----- S_elliptica 26
	                 |  |                    
	                 +--+----- S_elliptica 27
	                    |                    
	                    |  +-- S_elliptica 28
	                    +--+                 
	                       +-- S_woodiana 29 
  

fig. S3: [clade_id: 11840] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 6, direct-child terminals: 6
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
((S_angula, S_lucida), (S_woodiana, (Sinanodonta, (S_woodiana, Sinanodonta))))


	           +-- S_angula 1   
	  +--------+                
	  |        +-- S_lucida 2   
	--+                         
	  |  +-------- S_woodiana 3 
	  +--+                      
	     |  +----- Sinanodonta 4
	     +--+                   
	        |  +-- S_woodiana 5 
	        +--+                
	           +-- Sinanodonta 6
  

fig. S4: [clade_id: 12253] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 6, direct-child terminals: 6
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
((S_angula, S_lucida), (S_woodiana, (Sinanodonta, (S_woodiana, Sinanodonta))))


	           +-- S_angula 1   
	  +--------+                
	  |        +-- S_lucida 2   
	--+                         
	  |  +-------- S_woodiana 3 
	  +--+                      
	     |  +----- Sinanodonta 4
	     +--+                   
	        |  +-- S_woodiana 5 
	        +--+                
	           +-- Sinanodonta 6
  

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020 ** Top Sister Group Test Publication **

fig. 10: [clade_id: 16719] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 10, direct-child terminals: 10
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
((S_angula, S_lucida), (S_schrenkii, (S_calipygos, S_tumens), (S_woodiana, S_jourdyi, (S_elliptica, (S_lauta, S_woodiana)))))


	              +-- S_angula 1   
	  +-----------+                
	  |           +-- S_lucida 2   
	  |                            
	--+  +----------- S_schrenkii 3
	  |  |                         
	  |  |        +-- S_calipygos 4
	  |  +--------+                
	  +--+        +-- S_tumens 5   
	     |                         
	     |  +-------- S_jourdyi 7  
	     |  |                      
	     +--+-------- S_woodiana 6 
	        |                      
	        |  +----- S_elliptica 8
	        +--+                   
	           |  +-- S_lauta 9    
	           +--+                
	              +-- S_woodiana 10
  

fig. 2-4: [clade_id: 16403] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 10, direct-child terminals: 10
rigorous outgroups.: 14, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 6
((S_angula, S_lucida), (S_schrenkii, (S_calipygos, S_tumens), (S_woodiana, (S_elliptica, S_jourdyi, (S_lauta, S_woodiana)))))


	              +-- S_angula 1   
	  +-----------+                
	  |           +-- S_lucida 2   
	  |                            
	--+  +----------- S_schrenkii 3
	  |  |                         
	  |  |        +-- S_calipygos 4
	  |  +--------+                
	  +--+        +-- S_tumens 5   
	     |                         
	     |  +-------- S_woodiana 6 
	     |  |                      
	     +--+  +----- S_elliptica 7
	        |  |                   
	        +--+----- S_jourdyi 8  
	           |                   
	           |  +-- S_lauta 9    
	           +--+                
	              +-- S_woodiana 10
  

fig. 6: [clade_id: 16658] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 8, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
(S_lauta, S_woodiana)


	  +-- S_lauta 1   
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 2
  

fig. 7: [clade_id: 16673] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(S_woodiana, S_tumens)


	  +-- S_tumens 2  
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 1
  

fig. 8: [clade_id: 16686] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(S_woodiana, S_lucida)


	  +-- S_lucida 2  
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 1
  

fig. 9: [clade_id: 16695] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Mabuchi & Nishida, 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 17677] "Sinanodonta" + Beringiana
spp. terminals: 9, direct-child terminals: 9
rigorous outgroups.: 21, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_tumens, ((S_lauta, S_lauta, B_japonica, B_japonica, B_japonica, B_japonica, B_japonica, B_japonica), (B_japonica, B_japonica, B_japonica, B_japonica, B_japonica, S_lauta, B_japonica, S_lauta, S_calipygos, B_japonica, S_lauta, B_japonica, B_japonica, B_japonica, B_japonica, B_japonica, B_japonica, B_japonica, (S_lauta, S_calipygos))))


	  +----------- S_tumens 1    
	  |                          
	  |        +-- B_japonica 4  
	  |        |                 
	  |        +-- B_japonica 5  
	  |        |                 
	  |        +-- B_japonica 6  
	  |        |                 
	  |        +-- B_japonica 7  
	  |  +-----+                 
	  |  |     +-- B_japonica 8  
	--+  |     |                 
	  |  |     +-- B_japonica 9  
	  |  |     |                 
	  |  |     +-- S_lauta 2     
	  |  |     |                 
	  |  |     +-- S_lauta 3     
	  |  |                       
	  |  |  +----- B_japonica 10 
	  |  |  |                    
	  |  |  +----- B_japonica 11 
	  |  |  |                    
	  +--+  +----- B_japonica 12 
	     |  |                    
	     |  +----- B_japonica 13 
	     |  |                    
	     |  +----- B_japonica 14 
	     |  |                    
	     |  +----- B_japonica 16 
	     |  |                    
	     |  +----- B_japonica 19 
	     |  |                    
	     |  +----- B_japonica 21 
	     |  |                    
	     |  +----- B_japonica 22 
	     |  |                    
	     +--+----- B_japonica 23 
	        |                    
	        +----- B_japonica 24 
	        |                    
	        +----- B_japonica 25 
	        |                    
	        +----- B_japonica 26 
	        |                    
	        +----- B_japonica 27 
	        |                    
	        +----- S_calipygos 18
	        |                    
	        +----- S_lauta 15    
	        |                    
	        +----- S_lauta 17    
	        |                    
	        +----- S_lauta 20    
	        |                    
	        |  +-- S_calipygos 29
	        +--+                 
	           +-- S_lauta 28    
  

Sano et al., 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 18194] "Sinanodonta" + Nodularia + Schistodesmus + Inversiunio + Cristaria + Cuneopsis + Lanceolaria + Lepidodesma + Anemina + Pletholophus + Acuticosta + Aculamprotula + Beringiana
spp. terminals: 7, direct-child terminals: 7
rigorous outgroups.: 9, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
(L_grayii, L_grayii, C_plicata, C_plicata, S_lauta, S_lauta, B_japonica, B_japonica, S_calipygos, S_calipygos, A_arcaeformis, A_arcaeformis, S_tumens, S_tumens, P_tenuis, A_arcaeformis, L_lanceolata, C_plicata, L_gladiola, S_angula, L_languilati, (N_douglasiae, C_celtiformis), (A_tortuosa, A_chinensis), (S_lampreyanus, (I_reinianus, I_reinianus, I_jokohamensis, I_jokohamensis, I_jokohamensis, I_jokohamensis)))


	  +-------- A_arcaeformis 11 
	  |                          
	  +-------- A_arcaeformis 12 
	  |                          
	  +-------- A_arcaeformis 16 
	  |                          
	  +-------- B_japonica 7     
	  |                          
	  +-------- B_japonica 8     
	  |                          
	  +-------- C_plicata 18     
	  |                          
	  +-------- C_plicata 3      
	  |                          
	  +-------- C_plicata 4      
	  |                          
	  +-------- L_gladiola 19    
	  |                          
	  +-------- L_grayii 1       
	  |                          
	  +-------- L_grayii 2       
	  |                          
	  +-------- L_lanceolata 17  
	  |                          
	  +-------- L_languilati 21  
	  |                          
	--+-------- P_tenuis 15      
	  |                          
	  +-------- S_angula 20      
	  |                          
	  +-------- S_calipygos 10   
	  |                          
	  +-------- S_calipygos 9    
	  |                          
	  +-------- S_lauta 5        
	  |                          
	  +-------- S_lauta 6        
	  |                          
	  +-------- S_tumens 13      
	  |                          
	  +-------- S_tumens 14      
	  |                          
	  |     +-- C_celtiformis 23 
	  +-----+                    
	  |     +-- N_douglasiae 22  
	  |                          
	  |     +-- A_chinensis 25   
	  +-----+                    
	  |     +-- A_tortuosa 24    
	  |                          
	  |  +----- S_lampreyanus 26 
	  |  |                       
	  |  |  +-- I_jokohamensis 29
	  +--+  |                    
	     |  +-- I_jokohamensis 30
	     |  |                    
	     |  +-- I_jokohamensis 31
	     +--+                    
	        +-- I_jokohamensis 32
	        |                    
	        +-- I_reinianus 27   
	        |                    
	        +-- I_reinianus 28   
  

fig. 2: [clade_id: 18325] "Sinanodonta" + Beringiana
spp. terminals: 8, direct-child terminals: 8
rigorous outgroups.: 8, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
((S_lucida, (S_tumens, (S_lauta, S_woodiana))), ((S_lauta, B_japonica), (B_japonica, ((S_lauta, S_calipygos), (B_japonica, S_calipygos)))))


	        +-------- S_lucida 1    
	  +-----+                       
	  |     |  +----- S_tumens 2    
	  |     +--+                    
	  |        |  +-- S_lauta 3     
	  |        +--+                 
	--+           +-- S_woodiana 4  
	  |                             
	  |           +-- B_japonica 6  
	  |  +--------+                 
	  |  |        +-- S_lauta 5     
	  +--+                          
	     |  +-------- B_japonica 7  
	     |  |                       
	     +--+     +-- S_calipygos 9 
	        |  +--+                 
	        |  |  +-- S_lauta 8     
	        +--+                    
	           |  +-- B_japonica 10 
	           +--+                 
	              +-- S_calipygos 11
  

fig. 3: [clade_id: 18482] "Sinanodonta" + Pletholophus + Beringiana
spp. terminals: 8, direct-child terminals: 8
rigorous outgroups.: 8, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
((S_lucida, (S_tumens, (S_woodiana, S_lauta))), (P_tenuis, ((S_lauta, B_japonica), (B_japonica, ((B_japonica, S_calipygos), (S_lauta, S_calipygos))))))


	           +-------- S_lucida 1    
	  +--------+                       
	  |        |  +----- S_tumens 2    
	  |        +--+                    
	  |           |  +-- S_lauta 4     
	--+           +--+                 
	  |              +-- S_woodiana 3  
	  |                                
	  |  +-------------- P_tenuis 5    
	  |  |                             
	  +--+           +-- B_japonica 7  
	     |  +--------+                 
	     |  |        +-- S_lauta 6     
	     +--+                          
	        |  +-------- B_japonica 8  
	        |  |                       
	        +--+     +-- B_japonica 9  
	           |  +--+                 
	           |  |  +-- S_calipygos 10
	           +--+                    
	              |  +-- S_calipygos 12
	              +--+                 
	                 +-- S_lauta 11    
  

fig. 4: [clade_id: 18635] "Sinanodonta" + Pletholophus + Beringiana
spp. terminals: 8, direct-child terminals: 8
rigorous outgroups.: 8, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
((S_lucida, (S_tumens, (S_woodiana, S_lauta))), (P_tenuis, ((S_lauta, B_japonica), ((B_japonica, S_calipygos), (B_japonica, (S_lauta, S_calipygos))))))


	           +-------- S_lucida 1    
	  +--------+                       
	  |        |  +----- S_tumens 2    
	  |        +--+                    
	  |           |  +-- S_lauta 4     
	  |           +--+                 
	--+              +-- S_woodiana 3  
	  |                                
	  |  +-------------- P_tenuis 5    
	  |  |                             
	  |  |           +-- B_japonica 7  
	  +--+  +--------+                 
	     |  |        +-- S_lauta 6     
	     |  |                          
	     +--+        +-- B_japonica 8  
	        |  +-----+                 
	        |  |     +-- S_calipygos 9 
	        +--+                       
	           |  +----- B_japonica 10 
	           +--+                    
	              |  +-- S_calipygos 12
	              +--+                 
	                 +-- S_lauta 11    
  

Kondakov et al., 2018

fig. 5: [clade_id: 14573] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 8, direct-child terminals: 8
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(S_lucida, (S_schrenkii, (S_woodiana, (S_jourdyi, (Sinanodonta, (S_lauta, (S_woodiana, Sinanodonta)))))))


	  +-------------------- S_lucida 1   
	--+                                  
	  |  +----------------- S_schrenkii 2
	  +--+                               
	     |  +-------------- S_woodiana 3 
	     +--+                            
	        |  +----------- S_jourdyi 4  
	        +--+                         
	           |  +-------- Sinanodonta 5
	           +--+                      
	              |  +----- S_lauta 6    
	              +--+                   
	                 |  +-- S_woodiana 7 
	                 +--+                
	                    +-- Sinanodonta 8
  

Vikhrev et al., 2017

fig. 4: [clade_id: 9626] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 7, direct-child terminals: 7
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(S_lucida, (S_schrenkii, (S_woodiana, (S_woodiana, (S_woodiana, (S_lauta, S_woodiana))))))


	  +----------------- S_lucida 1   
	--+                               
	  |  +-------------- S_schrenkii 2
	  +--+                            
	     |  +----------- S_woodiana 3 
	     +--+                         
	        |  +-------- S_woodiana 4 
	        +--+                      
	           |  +----- S_woodiana 5 
	           +--+                   
	              |  +-- S_lauta 6    
	              +--+                
	                 +-- S_woodiana 7 
  

Bespalaya et al., 2018

fig. 3: [clade_id: 14546] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 7, direct-child terminals: 7
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(S_lucida, (S_schrenkii, (S_woodiana, (S_woodiana, (S_woodiana, (S_woodiana, S_lauta))))))


	  +----------------- S_lucida 1   
	--+                               
	  |  +-------------- S_schrenkii 2
	  +--+                            
	     |  +----------- S_woodiana 3 
	     +--+                         
	        |  +-------- S_woodiana 4 
	        +--+                      
	           |  +----- S_woodiana 5 
	           +--+                   
	              |  +-- S_lauta 7    
	              +--+                
	                 +-- S_woodiana 6 
  

Sano et al., 2017

fig. 1: [clade_id: 9927] "Sinanodonta" + Beringiana
spp. terminals: 5, direct-child terminals: 5
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
((S_tumens, S_lauta), ((S_lauta, B_japonica), (B_japonica, (S_calipygos, S_lauta))))


	           +-- S_lauta 2    
	  +--------+                
	  |        +-- S_tumens 1   
	  |                         
	--+        +-- B_japonica 4 
	  |  +-----+                
	  |  |     +-- S_lauta 3    
	  +--+                      
	     |  +----- B_japonica 5 
	     +--+                   
	        |  +-- S_calipygos 6
	        +--+                
	           +-- S_lauta 7    
  

fig. 2: [clade_id: 10012] "Sinanodonta" + Pletholophus + Beringiana
spp. terminals: 6, direct-child terminals: 6
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
((P_tenuis, (S_woodiana, (S_lauta, S_tumens))), ((S_lauta, B_japonica), (S_lauta, (B_japonica, S_calipygos))))


	     +-------- P_tenuis 1   
	  +--+                      
	  |  |  +----- S_woodiana 2 
	  |  +--+                   
	  |     |  +-- S_lauta 3    
	  |     +--+                
	--+        +-- S_tumens 4   
	  |                         
	  |        +-- B_japonica 6 
	  |  +-----+                
	  |  |     +-- S_lauta 5    
	  +--+                      
	     |  +----- S_lauta 7    
	     +--+                   
	        |  +-- B_japonica 8 
	        +--+                
	           +-- S_calipygos 9
  

Froufe et al., 2017

fig. 6: [clade_id: 9702] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 4, direct-child terminals: 4
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
(S_lucida, (Sinanodonta, (S_woodiana, Sinanodonta)))


	  +-------- S_lucida 1   
	--+                      
	  |  +----- Sinanodonta 2
	  +--+                   
	     |  +-- S_woodiana 3 
	     +--+                
	        +-- Sinanodonta 4
  

fig. 7: [clade_id: 9720] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Wu et al., 2018

fig. 2: [clade_id: 10491] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 4, direct-child terminals: 4
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
((S_woodiana, S_elliptica), (S_lucida, S_angula))


	     +-- S_elliptica 2
	  +--+                
	  |  +-- S_woodiana 1 
	--+                   
	  |  +-- S_angula 4   
	  +--+                
	     +-- S_lucida 3   
  

Soroka, 2010

fig. 2: [clade_id: 4577] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 2-M: [clade_id: 4586] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 3a: [clade_id: 4602] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 3a-M: [clade_id: 4609] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 3b: [clade_id: 4621] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 3b-M: [clade_id: 4632] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 4: [clade_id: 4647] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 4-M: [clade_id: 4651] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 5a: [clade_id: 4662] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 5a-M: [clade_id: 4668] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 5b: [clade_id: 4679] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 5b-M: [clade_id: 4684] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 8a: [clade_id: 4695] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 8a-M: [clade_id: 4701] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 8b: [clade_id: 4713] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 8b-M: [clade_id: 4718] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 9a: [clade_id: 4731] "Sinanodonta" + Anemina
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
(S_woodiana, (S_woodiana, (A_arcaeformis, S_woodiana)))


	  +-------- S_woodiana 1   
	--+                        
	  |  +----- S_woodiana 2   
	  +--+                     
	     |  +-- A_arcaeformis 3
	     +--+                  
	        +-- S_woodiana 4   
  

fig. 9b: [clade_id: 4744] "Sinanodonta" + Anemina
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_woodiana, (A_arcaeformis, S_woodiana))


	  +----- S_woodiana 1   
	--+                     
	  |  +-- A_arcaeformis 2
	  +--+                  
	     +-- S_woodiana 3   
  

fig. 9c: [clade_id: 4761] "Sinanodonta" + Anemina
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_woodiana, (S_woodiana, (A_arcaeformis, S_woodiana)))


	  +-------- S_woodiana 1   
	--+                        
	  |  +----- S_woodiana 2   
	  +--+                     
	     |  +-- A_arcaeformis 3
	     +--+                  
	        +-- S_woodiana 4   
  

Bolotov et al., 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 16348] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
(S_schrenkii, (S_lauta, S_woodiana))


	  +----- S_schrenkii 1
	--+                   
	  |  +-- S_lauta 2    
	  +--+                
	     +-- S_woodiana 3 
  

Tomilova et al., 2020

fig. 3: [clade_id: 16860] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
(S_lauta, S_woodiana)


	  +-- S_lauta 1   
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 2
  

Wang et al., 2018

fig. 2: [clade_id: 12808] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_woodiana, S_lucida)


	  +-- S_lucida 2  
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 1
  

Zieritz et al., 2021

fig. 3-F, 5: [clade_id: 20312] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_lucida, S_woodiana)


	  +-- S_lucida 1  
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 2
  

fig. 3-M, 4: [clade_id: 20391] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Fukata & Iigo, 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 17117] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_woodiana, S_lucida)


	  +-- S_lucida 2  
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 1
  

Bolotov et al., 2016

fig. 2: [clade_id: 7489] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
(S_woodiana, S_lucida)


	  +-- S_lucida 2  
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 1
  

Aunins et al., 2018

fig. 1: [clade_id: 13540] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_woodiana, S_lucida)


	  +-- S_lucida 2  
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 1
  

Wu et al., 2019

fig. 3: [clade_id: 13637] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_lucida, S_woodiana)


	  +-- S_lucida 1  
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 2
  

Wang et al., 2018

fig. 2: [clade_id: 13723] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_woodiana, S_lucida)


	  +-- S_lucida 2  
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 1
  

Wu et al., 2020

fig. 3: [clade_id: 17866] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_woodiana, S_lauta)


	  +-- S_lauta 2   
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 1
  

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017

fig. 1-2: [clade_id: 8689] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
(S_woodiana, S_lucida)


	  +-- S_lucida 2  
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 1
  

Sayenko et al., 2017

fig. 3: [clade_id: 8353] "Sinanodonta" + Anemina
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_schrenkii, (S_woodiana, A_arcaeformis))


	  +----- S_schrenkii 1  
	--+                     
	  |  +-- A_arcaeformis 3
	  +--+                  
	     +-- S_woodiana 2   
  

Bolotov et al., 2017

fig. S1: [clade_id: 8918] "Sinanodonta" + Anemina
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
(S_lucida, (Sinanodonta, Anemina))


	  +----- S_lucida 1   
	--+                   
	  |  +-- Anemina 3    
	  +--+                
	     +-- Sinanodonta 2
  

fig. S2: [clade_id: 9274] "Sinanodonta" + Anemina
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
(S_lucida, (Anemina, Sinanodonta))


	  +----- S_lucida 1   
	--+                   
	  |  +-- Anemina 2    
	  +--+                
	     +-- Sinanodonta 3
  

Bolotov et al., 2017

fig. S1: [clade_id: 9470] "Sinanodonta" + Simpsonaias + Pseudanodonta + Alasmidonta + Pyganodon + Anodonta + Cristaria + Lanceolaria + Anemina + Pletholophus + Strophitus + Lasmigona
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
(A_marginata, A_anatina, A_cygnea, A_nuttalliana, L_compressa, P_complanata, P_grandis, S_ambigua, S_undulatus, Anemina, C_plicata, Cristaria, P_tenuis, S_lucida, Sinanodonta, L_gladiola, L_grayii, L_grayii)


	  +-- A_anatina 2    
	  |                  
	  +-- A_cygnea 3     
	  |                  
	  +-- A_marginata 1  
	  |                  
	  +-- A_nuttalliana 4
	  |                  
	  +-- Anemina 10     
	  |                  
	  +-- C_plicata 11   
	  |                  
	  +-- Cristaria 12   
	  |                  
	  +-- L_compressa 5  
	  |                  
	  +-- L_gladiola 16  
	--+                  
	  +-- L_grayii 17    
	  |                  
	  +-- L_grayii 18    
	  |                  
	  +-- P_complanata 6 
	  |                  
	  +-- P_grandis 7    
	  |                  
	  +-- P_tenuis 13    
	  |                  
	  +-- S_ambigua 8    
	  |                  
	  +-- S_lucida 14    
	  |                  
	  +-- S_undulatus 9  
	  |                  
	  +-- Sinanodonta 15 
  

Fonseca et al., 2016

fig. 1: [clade_id: 7920] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_woodiana, S_lucida)


	  +-- S_lucida 2  
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 1
  

Xue et al., 2016

fig. 1: [clade_id: 7099] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_lucida, S_woodiana)


	  +-- S_lucida 1  
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 2
  

Cha et al., 2018

fig. 1: [clade_id: 14590] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_lucida, S_woodiana)


	  +-- S_lucida 1  
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 2
  

Ouyang et al., 2011

fig. 1: [clade_id: 5028] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(S_elliptica, S_woodiana)


	  +-- S_elliptica 1
	--+                
	  +-- S_woodiana 2 
  

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017

fig. 2: [clade_id: 8533] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_lucida, S_woodiana)


	  +-- S_lucida 1  
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 2
  

Feng et al., 2016

fig. 2: [clade_id: 8123] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(S_lucida, S_woodiana)


	  +-- S_lucida 1  
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 2
  

Riccardi et al., 2019

fig. 1: [clade_id: 16311] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

fig. 2: [clade_id: 19433] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_lucida, S_woodiana)


	  +-- S_lucida 1  
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 2
  

Froufe et al., 2019

fig. 3: [clade_id: 15236] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_lucida, S_woodiana)


	  +-- S_lucida 1  
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 2
  

fig. 3-M: [clade_id: 15306] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 4: [clade_id: 15344] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 6: [clade_id: 15436] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_lucida, S_woodiana)


	  +-- S_lucida 1  
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 2
  

Huang et al., 2018

fig. 6: [clade_id: 10672] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_woodiana, S_lucida)


	  +-- S_lucida 2  
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 1
  

fig. 6-M: [clade_id: 10746] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Soroka & Burzynski, 2017

fig. 1: [clade_id: 10597] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_woodiana, S_lucida)


	  +-- S_lucida 2  
	--+               
	  +-- S_woodiana 1
  

Xia et al., 2016

fig. 7B: [clade_id: 7358] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Chase et al., 2018

fig. 4: [clade_id: 12842] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Klishko et al., 2016

fig. 1: [clade_id: 7525] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Burzynski & Soroka, 2018

fig. 3: [clade_id: 13434] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 5a: [clade_id: 13454] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 5b: [clade_id: 13495] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Plazzi & Passamonti, 2010

fig. 2-3: [clade_id: 4505] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Nagel et al., 1998

fig. 7: [clade_id: 739] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Huang et al., 2013

fig. 3: [clade_id: 6645] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Zhang et al., 2004

fig. 1: [clade_id: 2612] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Wu et al., 2018

fig. 2: [clade_id: 18724] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Wu et al., 2020

fig. 3: [clade_id: 18799] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Guerra et al., 2017

fig. 2a: [clade_id: 9778] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

fig. 2b: [clade_id: 9841] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Nagel et al., 1996

fig. 351: [clade_id: 10208] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Guerra et al., 2019

fig. 1: [clade_id: 19021] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 1-M: [clade_id: 18972] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 2: [clade_id: 19146] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 2-M: [clade_id: 19096] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Mock et al., 2004

fig. 3: [clade_id: 2428] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 4: [clade_id: 2468] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2013

fig. 2: [clade_id: 6720] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Klishko et al., 2014

fig. 8: [clade_id: 6983] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Wen et al., 2017

fig. 3: [clade_id: 8356] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Zieritz et al., 2012

fig. 4: [clade_id: 6067] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Huang et al., 2002

fig. 1: [clade_id: 1812] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

fig. 2: [clade_id: 1857] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Zhou et al., 2007

fig. 1: [clade_id: 3348] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

fig. 2: [clade_id: 3395] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Pfeiffer et al., 2019

fig. 4-5: [clade_id: 15003] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

fig. 6: [clade_id: 15101] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Kano et al., 2019

fig. 6: [clade_id: 19395] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Chong et al., 2008

fig. 3: [clade_id: 3688] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Soroka, 2008

fig. 1: [clade_id: 4085] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 1-M: [clade_id: 4092] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Gomes-dos-Santos et al., 2019

fig. 8: [clade_id: 16259] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Bolotov et al., 2018

fig. 2: [clade_id: 10368] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
unknown

Chen et al., 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 19265] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Mezhzherin et al., 2014

fig. 2: [clade_id: 6777] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 4: [clade_id: 6792] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Zhou et al., 2016

fig. 1: [clade_id: 7431] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Wu et al., 2016

fig. 1: [clade_id: 7371] Sinanodonta
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Page updated: 09:22:08 Tue 04 Jan 2022

 
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