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Page last updated
Fri 07 Aug 2020

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Unioninae | Unionini | Unio

species Unio delphinus Spengler, 1793: synonymy
     13 specimens available.

Unio delphinus Spengler, 1793
Spengler, 1793, Skr. Naturhist. Selsk. 3: 63, no. 28.

Unio delphinusSpengler (1793), Simpson (1900), Simpson (1914), Araujo et al. (2009), Khalloufi et al. (2011), Graf & Cummings (2011), IUCN (2011), Fauna Europaea (2012), Reis et al. (2013), Prié & Puillandre (2014), Froufe et al. (2016), Fonseca et al. (2016), Lopes-Lima et al. (2017), Lopes-Lima et al. (2017), Araujo et al. (2017), Soroka & Burzynski (2017), Wang et al. (2018), Chase et al. (2018), Chase et al. (2018), Burzynski & Soroka (2018), Aunins et al. (2018), Wang et al. (2018), Araujo et al. (2018), Cha et al. (2018), Huang et al. (2018), Huang et al. (2019), Fukata & Iigo (2019), Wu et al. (2019), Marrone et al. (2019), Froufe et al. (2019), Gomes-dos-Santos et al. (2019), Fukata & Iigo (2020), Wu et al. (2020)
Margaron (Unio) pictorumLea (1870)
Unio rostratus var. delphinusWesterlund (1890)
Unio pictorum delphinusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)

Unio mucidus Morelet, 1845
Morelet, 1845, Moll. Terr. Fluv. Portugal: 111, pl. 14, fig. 3.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_92-2-4-1974, le Cavado, Portugal.

Unio mucidusMorelet (1845), Westerlund (1890), Kobelt (1893)
Margaron (Unio) pictorumLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio pictorumReeve (1865), He & Zhuang (2013)
Unio (Mucidusiana) mucidusLocard (1889)
Unio (groupe de l’U. mucidus) mucidusLocard (1899)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) pictorumSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusFauna Europaea (2012), Lopes-Lima et al. (2017), Araujo et al. (2018)

Unio hispanus Rossmässler, 1844
‘Moq.-Tand. in litt.’ Rossmässler, 1844, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 2 (6): 26, pl. 56, fig. 747.

Unio hispanusRossmässler (1844), Westerlund (1890)
Margaron (Unio) batavusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Hispaniana) hispanusLocard (1889)
Unio (Groupe de l’U. danielis) hispanusLocard (1893)
Unio (groupe de l’U. hispanus) hispanusLocard (1899)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) turtoniSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio requieniGermain (1931)
Unio pictorum delphinusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009), Fauna Europaea (2012)
Unio mancus requieniiPrie (2012)

Unio dactylus Morelet, 1845
Morelet, 1845, Moll. Terr. Fluv. Portugal: 110, pl. 14, fig. 2.
(homonym of Unio dactylus Lea, 1840)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_93-2-4-1387, Guadiana, near Castro, Portugal.

Unio dactylusMorelet (1845), Westerlund (1890), Kobelt (1893)
Margaron (Unio) pictorumLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio pictorumReeve (1865)
Unio (groupe de l’U. dactylus) dactylusLocard (1899)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) pictorumSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio pictorum delphinusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009), Fauna Europaea (2012)

Unio hispanicus Graëls, 1846
Graëls, 1846, Catal. Moll. Esp.: 22.
‘Moquin. Rossm.’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 30.
‘Moquin. Rossm.’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 48.
(error for Unio hispanus Rossmässler, 1844)

Unio hispanicusGraëls (1846)
Unio (groupe de l’U. hispanus) hispanusLocard (1899)

Unio requienii var. arcuata Drouët, 1857
Drouët, 1857, Étud. Naïades. France, Unio: pl. 7, fig. 3.
de Joannis, 1859, Ann. Soc. Linn. Maine-et-Loire 3: 291, pl. 11, fig. 2.
(misidentified reference to Unio arcuata Jacquemin, 1835)

Unio requienii var. arcuataDrouët (1857)
Unio requienii var. arcuatusde Joannis (1859)
Unio (Cyrtusiana) sousanusLocard (1889)
Unio (groupe de l’U. cyrtus) sousanusLocard (1899)
Unio (Cyrtusiana) souzanusGermain (1904)
Unio requieniGermain (1931)

Unio hispanus Lowe, 1860
Lowe, 1860, unknown publication: 176.
(reference to Unio hispanus Rossmässler, 1844)

Unio hispanusLowe (1860)
Unio letourneuxiWesterlund (1890)
Unio elongatulus durieuiDaget (1998)

Unio hyperephanus da Silva e Castro, 1885
da Silva e Castro, 1885, Bull. Soc. Malac. France 2: 289.
Castro in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 244.

Unio hyperephanusda Silva e Castro (1885), Westerlund (1890)
Unio (Hispaniana) hyperephanusLocard (1889)
Unio (groupe de l’U. hispanus) hyperephanusLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio nevesi da Silva e Castro, 1885
da Silva e Castro, 1885, Bull. Soc. Malac. France 2: 290.

Unio nevesida Silva e Castro (1885), Westerlund (1890)
Unio (groupe de l’U. mucidus) nevesiLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio simoesi da Silva e Castro, 1885
da Silva e Castro, 1885, Bull. Soc. Malac. France 2: 292.

Unio simoesida Silva e Castro (1885), Westerlund (1890)
Unio (Mucidusiana) simoesiLocard (1889)
Unio (groupe de l’U. mucidus) simoesiLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio (hispanus var.?) sevillensis Kobelt, 1887
Kobelt, 1887, An. Soc. Españ. Hist. Nat. 16: 437.
Kobelt, 1888, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 3: 56, pl. 89, fig. 496.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio hispanus Rossmässler, 1844)

Unio (hispanus var.?) sevillensisKobelt (1887)
Unio (hispanus var.) sevillensisKobelt (1888)
Unio sevillensisWesterlund (1890)
Unio pictorum delphinusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)

Unio chlorellus Locard, 1889
Castro in Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc. 13: 158 [52].
(error for Unio chorellus Locard, 1899)

Unio chlorellusLocard (1889)

Unio oncomenus Locard, 1889
Castro in Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc. 13: 152 [46].
(error for Unio oncomensis Locard, 1899)

Unio oncomenusLocard (1889)

Unio sousanus Locard, 1889
Drouët, 1857, Étud. Naïades. France, Unio: pl. 7, fig. 3 [as ‘Unio requienii var. acruata’].
de Joannis, 1859, Ann. Soc. Linn. Maine-et-Loire 3: 291, pl. 11, fig. 2 [as ‘Unio requienii var. acruatus’].
‘Castro’ Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc. 13: 165 [59].
‘Castro’ Locard, 1893, Coqu. Eau Douce Saumâtre France: 197, fig. 211 [as ‘souzanus’].
‘Castro’ Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 258.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE MNHN_22545, le Rhône, à Valence (Drôme).

Unio sousanusLocard (1889)
Unio (Cyrtusiana) sousanusLocard (1889)
Unio arcuatusWesterlund (1890)
Unio (Groupe de l’U. gestroianus) souzanusLocard (1893)
Unio (groupe de l’U. cyrtus) sousanusLocard (1899)
Unio (Cyrtusiana) souzanusGermain (1904)
Unio requieniGermain (1931)
Unio elongatulus requieniiHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)
Unio mancus requieniiPrie (2012)

Unio subhispanus Locard, 1889
‘Castro’ Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc. 13: 171 [65], 253 [147].
‘Castro’ Locard, 1893, Coqu. Eau Douce Saumâtre France: 200.
‘Castro’ Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 244.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE MNHN_22562, La Loire, à Saint-Gemmes, près Angers.

Unio subhispanusLocard (1889), Westerlund (1890)
Unio (Hispaniana) subhispanusLocard (1889), Germain (1904)
Unio (Groupe de l’U. danielis) subhispanusLocard (1893)
Unio (groupe de l’U. hispanus) subhispanusLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)
Unio mancus requieniiPrie (2012)

Unio hispanus var. sphenoides Westerlund, 1892
Westerlund, 1892, An. Soc. Españ. Hist. Nat. 21: 390.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio hispanus Rossmässler, 1844)

Unio hispanus var. sphenoidesWesterlund (1892)
Unio pictorum delphinusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)

Unio cameratus Drouët, 1893
Drouët, 1893, J. de Conch. 41: 169.
Drouët, 1893, Mém. Acad. Sci. Dijon 4: 183, pl. 2, fig. 8.

Unio cameratusDrouët (1893), Kobelt (1903)
Unio (groupe de l’U. mucidus) cameratusLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio decurtatus Drouët, 1893
Drouët, 1893, J. de Conch. 41: 170.
Drouët, 1893, Mém. Acad. Sci. Dijon 4: 185, pl. 1, fig. 9.

Unio decurtatusDrouët (1893), Kobelt (1903)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio gravatus Drouët, 1893
Drouët, 1893, Unionidae de l’Espagne: 49.

Unio gravatusDrouët (1893), Kobelt (1903)
Unio pictorum delphinusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio limosellus Drouët, 1893
Drouët, 1893, J. de Conch. 41: 169.
Drouët, 1893, Mém. Acad. Sci. Dijon 4: 184, pl. 12, fig. 4.

Unio limosellusDrouët (1893), Kobelt (1903)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio souzanus Locard, 1893
‘Castro’ of Authors.
Locard, 1893, Coqu. Eau Douce Saumâtre France: 197.
Germain, 1904, Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Ouest France 4: 275 [37].
Germain, 1931, Faune de France 22: 737.
Haas, 1940, Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. 24: 126.
(error for Unio sousanus Locard, 1889)

Unio souzanusLocard (1893)

Unio abrantesianus Locard, 1899
Castro in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 253.

Unio abrantesianusLocard (1899)
Unio (groupe de l’U. rostrata) abrantesianusLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio allenianus Locard, 1899
Castro in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 255.

Unio allenianusLocard (1899)
Unio (groupe de l’U. rostrata) allenianusLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio barbozanus Locard, 1899
Castro in Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc. 13: 160 [54]. [nomen nudum]
Castro in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 233.

Unio barbozanusLocard (1899)
Unio (Mucidusiana) barbozanusLocard (1889)
Unio (groupe de l’U. mucidus) barbozanusLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio castroi Locard, 1899
Bourguignat in Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc. 13: 160 [54]. [nomen nudum]
Bourguignat in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 234.

Unio castroiLocard (1899)
Unio (Mucidusiana) castroiLocard (1889)
Unio (groupe de l’U. mucidus) castroiLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio chasmirhynchus Locard, 1899
Castro in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 246.

Unio chasmirhynchusLocard (1899)
Unio (groupe de l’U. hispanus) chasmirhynchusLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio chorellinus Locard, 1899
Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 228.

Unio chorellinusLocard (1899)
Unio (groupe de l’U. courquinianus) chorellinusLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio chorellus Locard, 1899
Castro in Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc. 13: 158 [52] [as ‘chlorellus’]. [nomen nudum]
Castro in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 227.

Unio chorellusLocard (1899)
Unio (Saint-Simoniana) chlorellusLocard (1889)
Unio (groupe de l’U. courquinianus) chorellusLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio cyrtus Locard, 1899
Castro in Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc. 13: 165 [59]. [nomen nudum]
Castro in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 257.

Unio cyrtusLocard (1899)
Unio (Cyrtusiana) cyrtusLocard (1889)
Unio (groupe de l’U. cyrtus) cyrtusLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio euchasmus Locard, 1899
Castro in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 249.

Unio euchasmusLocard (1899)
Unio (groupe de l’U. hispanus) euchasmusLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio hypoxanthus Locard, 1899
Casto in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 226.

Unio hypoxanthusLocard (1899)
Unio (groupe de l’U. courquinianus) hypoxanthusLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio mundanus Locard, 1899
Castro in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 247.

Unio mundanusLocard (1899)
Unio (groupe de l’U. hispanus) mundanusLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio neothaumus Locard, 1899
Castro in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 259.

Unio neothaumusLocard (1899)
Unio (groupe de l’U. holandrei) neothaumusLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio novus Locard, 1899
Castro in Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc. 13: 165 [59]. [nomen nudum]
Castro in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 258.

Unio novusLocard (1899)
Unio (Cyrtusiana) novusLocard (1889)
Unio (groupe de l’U. cyrtus) novusLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio ocresanus Locard, 1899
Castro in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 236.

Unio ocresanusLocard (1899)
Unio (groupe de l’U. joannisi) ocresanusLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio oncomensis Locard, 1899
Castro in Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc. 13: 152 [46] [as ‘oncomenus’]. [nomen nudum]
Castro in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 225.

Unio oncomensisLocard (1899)
Unio (Moreletiana) oncomenusLocard (1889)
Unio (groupe de l’U. amblyus) oncomensisLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio paulinoi Locard, 1899
Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 242.

Unio paulinoiLocard (1899)
Unio (groupe de l’U. dactylus) paulinoiLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio scalabisianus Locard, 1899
Castro in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 254.

Unio scalabisianusLocard (1899)
Unio (groupe de l’U. rostrata) scalabisianusLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio schousboei Locard, 1899
Bourguignat in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 250.

Unio schousboeiLocard (1899)
Unio (groupe de l’U. rostrata) schousboeiLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio silvai Locard, 1899
Bourguignat in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 235.

Unio silvaiLocard (1899)
Unio (groupe de l’U. mucidus) silvaiLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio submucidus Locard, 1899
Castro in Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc. 13: 160 [54]. [nomen nudum]
Castro in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 230.

Unio submucidusLocard (1899)
Unio (Mucidusiana) submucidusLocard (1889)
Unio (groupe de l’U. mucidus) submucidusLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio taganus Locard, 1899
Servain in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 252.

Unio taganusLocard (1899)
Unio (groupe de l’U. rostrata) taganusLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio tameganus Locard, 1899
Castro in Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc. 13: 146 [40]. [nomen nudum]
Castro in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 221.

Unio tameganusLocard (1899)
Unio (Ateriana) tameganusLocard (1889)
Unio (groupe de l’U. ater) tameganusLocard (1899)
Unio pictorum mucidusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio requienii taginus Kobelt, 1903
Kobelt, 1903, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 10: 28, pl. 280, fig. 1796.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio requienii Michaud, 1831; homonym of Unio littoralis taginus Kobelt, 1903)

Unio requienii taginusKobelt (1903)
Unio pictorum delphinusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio delphinusAraujo et al. (2009)

Unio subhispanicus Germain, 1931
‘Castro in Locard’ of Authors.
Germain, 1931, Faune de France 22: 737.
Prie, 2012, MalaCo 8: 432.
(error for Unio subhispanus Locard, 1889)

Unio subhispanicusGermain (1931)
Unio requieniGermain (1931)

Page updated: 15:21:22 Fri 07 Aug 2020

 
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