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Page last updated
Thu 04 Jul 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page documents data for Reeve (1865), such as genera and species attributed to that publication (including known misspellings, misidentifications, and other unavailable names) as well as taxonomic opinions, if available. Taxonomic opinions refer to uses of genera and species as valid and invalid in that work.

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Publication information

Reeve, L. 1865. Genus Unio. Conchologica Iconica 16: pls. 19-30.

Click here for online access.

Attributed Species Names

Unio pictorum Guérin, 1823
‘Linnaeus’ of Authors.
Guérin, 1823, Icon. Règne Animal Cuvier 2: pl. 28, fig. 16.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 25, sp. 123.
(misidentified reference to Mya pictorum Linnaeus, 1758)

Unio litoralis Menke, 1828
‘Lamarck’ of Authors.
Menke, 1828, Syn. Method. Moll.: 64.
Menke, 1830, Syn. Method. Moll.: 107.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 32.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 282.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 34.
Rossmässler, 1854, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 3 (1-2): 37.
Küster, 1855, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 128.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 22, sp. 98.
Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 86, sp. 461.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 54.
Westerlund, 1890, Fauna Paläarct. Binnenconch. 2(7): 52.
(error for Unio littoralis Cuvier, 1798)

Unio globulus Ferussac, 1835
‘Say’ of Authors.
Ferussac, 1835, Mag. Zool. 5: 26.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 23, sp. 106.
(error for Unio glebulus Say, 1831)

Unio auratus Hanley, 1843
‘Swainson’ of Authors.
Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 199 [as ‘Naia aurata’].
‘Swain.’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 33 [as ‘Niäa aurata’].
‘Swainson MS’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 29, sp. 150.
(reference to Unio auratus Philippi, 1847)
Type(s): FIGURED SPECIMEN BMNH_1965144, I. of Chiloe.

Unio cuneolus Küster, 1861
‘Lea’ of Authors.
Küster, 1861, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 182, pl. 57, fig. 4.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 23, sp. 107.
(reference to Unio cuneolus Lea, 1840)

Anodonta vignonana Musgrave, 1863
‘Bernardi’ of Authors.
Musgrave, 1863, Phot. Conch. of Conch. Misc. Hanley: pl. 1, fig. 1.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 25, sp. 120; errata [changed to ‘vignouanus’].
Sowerby, 1870, Conch. Icon. 17: pl. 29, sp. 116.
Ancey, 1888, Bull. Soc. Malac. France 5: 74, footnote.
(error for Margaritana vignouana Bernardi, 1859)

Unio aucklandicus Reeve, 1865
‘Gray’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 30, sp. 156.
(misidentified reference to Unio aucklandicus Dieffenbach, 1843)

Unio cocoduensis Reeve, 1865
‘White MS’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 24, sp. 117.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965187, Hab._?

Unio lutulentus Reeve, 1865
‘Gould’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 25, sp. 122.
(misidentified reference to Unio lutulentus Gould, 1850)

Unio menziesianus Reeve, 1865
‘Gray’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 29, sp. 152.
(error for Unio menziesii Dieffenbach, 1843)

Unio patagonicus Reeve, 1865
‘d’Orbigny’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 21, sp. 93.
(reference to Unio patagonica d’Orbigny, 1835)

Unio sumatrensis Reeve, 1865
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 28, sp. 142.
(misidentified reference to Unio sumatrensis Lea, 1859)

Unio inornatus Reeve, 1865
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 29, sp. 147; errata.
(misidentified reference to Unio inornatus Lea, 1856)

Unio gubernaculum Reeve, 1865
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 28, sp. 146.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965203, Hab._?

Unio flavidens Reeve, 1865
‘Benson’ of Authors.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 26, sp. 131; errata [changed to ‘favidens’].
Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml. 3: 152.
(error for Unio favidens Benson, 1862)

Unio pilaris Reeve, 1865
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 27, sp. 138.
(misidentified reference to Unio pilaris Lea, 1840)

Unio electrinus Reeve, 1865
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 25, sp. 121.

Unio mutabilis Reeve, 1865
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 24, sp. 112.
(reference to Unio mutabilis Lea, 1859)

Unio anodontoides Reeve, 1865
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 21, fig. 97.
(reference to Unio anodontoides Lea, 1831)

Unio fuligo Reeve, 1865
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 30, sp. 159.

Unio fragilis Reeve, 1865
‘Swainson MS’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 30, sp. 155.
(homonym of Unio (Leptodea) fragilis Rafinesque, 1820; renamed Diplodon (Dipldon) cuprinus Simpson, 1900)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_MP_365, Id. of Chiloe, Chile.

Unio testudineus Reeve, 1865
‘Morelet’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 22, sp. 101.
(misidentified reference to Unio testudineus Morelet, 1849)
Type(s): FIGURED SPECIMEN BMNH_MP_354, Rio Usumacinta, Guatemala.

Unio ater Reeve, 1865
‘Nilsson’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 21, fig. 91.
(misidentified reference to Unio ater Nilsson, 1822)

Unio crassus Reeve, 1865
Vallot 1801 of Authors.
‘Retz.’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 22, sp. 98 [as syn. under U. littoralis].
(misidentified reference to Unio crassus Retzius, 1788)

Unio aereus Reeve, 1865
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 30, sp. 160.

Unio aplatus Reeve, 1865
‘Swainson ms’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 28, sp. 143.

Unio moretonicus Reeve, 1865
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 24, sp. 118.
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE BMNH_1958-5-16-1, Moreton Bay, Australia.

Mya elongata Reeve, 1865
‘Wood’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 137, sp. 139.
(error for Unio oblongatus Wood, 1828)

Unio obliquiradiatus Reeve, 1865
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 29, sp. 151.

Unio merdiger Reeve, 1865
Jay, 1839, Cat. Rec. Shells: 25, sp. 1065.
‘Walsh.’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: . [nomen nudum]
‘Watts’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 28, sp. 145.

Unio dembeae Reeve, 1865
‘Rossmässler MS’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 29, sp. 153 [as ‘dembeæ’].

Unio altilis Reeve, 1865
‘Conrad’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 23, sp. 109.
(misidentified reference to Unio altilis Conrad, 1834)

Unio virginana Reeve, 1865
‘Lamarck’ of Authors.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 27, sp. 139.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 536.
(misidentified reference to Unio virginiana Lamarck, 1819)

Unio vellicatus Reeve, 1865
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 22, sp. 103.

Unio fuscatus Reeve, 1865
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 21, sp. 95.
(misidentified reference to Unio fuscatus Lea, 1843)

Unio rotundatus Reeve, 1865
‘Lamarck’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 23, sp. 106.
(reference to Unio rotundata Lamarck, 1819)

Unio coccineus Reeve, 1865
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 22, sp. 104.
(misidentified reference to Unio coccineus Lea, 1838)

Unio bicaelatus Reeve, 1865
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 26, sp. 130 [as ‘bi-cælatus’].

Margaron (Unio) versus Lea, 1870
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 29, sp. 147 [as ‘Unio inornatus’].
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 46.

Trapezoideus peninsularis Simpson, 1900
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 28, sp. 142 [as ‘Unio sumatrensis’].
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 859, footnote.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 1186.
Type(s): TYPE BMNH_1964159, Sumatra.

Lampsilis (Proptera) lividus Simpson, 1900
‘Morelet’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 22, sp. 101 [as ‘Unio testudineus’].
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 571.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 174.

Quadrula (Quincuncina) vittata Frierson, 1927
‘Lamarck’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 23, sp. 106 [as ‘Unio rotundatus’].
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 50, sp. 218.

Taxonomic Opinions

Unio aegyptiacus Cailliaud, 1827

Unio aereus Reeve, 1865

Unio africanus Lea, 1856

Unio altilis Conrad, 1834

Unio anodontoides Lea, 1831

Unio aplatus ‘Swainson ms’ in Mus. Cuming

Unio aucklandicus Gray, MS. in Mus. Brit.

Unio auratus ‘Swainson MS’ in Mus. Cuming
+ Unio depressa Lesson, 1830
+ Unio gassiei Küster, 1856
+ Unio chiloensis Küster, 1861

Unio berlandierii Lea, 1857

Unio bi-cælatus Reeve, 1865

Unio buddianus Lea, 1841

Unio carinthiacus ‘Ziegl.’ Rossmässler, 1836

Unio circulus Lea, 1829

Unio coccineus Lea, 1838
+ Unio catillus Conrad, 1836

Unio cocoduensis ‘White MS’ Reeve, 1865

Unio concestator Lea, 1857

Unio contradens Lea, 1836

Unio cucumoides Lea, 1840

Unio cuneolus Lea, 1840

Unio dembeae Rossmässler, MS. in Mus. Cuming

Unio demeraraensis Lea, 1859

Unio diminutus Lea, 1859

Unio electrinus Reeve, 1865
+ Unio sayii Tappan, 1839

Unio fisherianus Lea, 1834 [sic]

Unio flavidens [sic] Benson, 1862

Unio fragilis Swainson, MS. in Mus. Cuming

Unio fuligo Reeve, 1865

Unio fuscatus Lea, 1843

Unio grayanus Lea, 1832 [sic]

Unio gubernaculum Reeve, 1856

Unio haleianus Lea, 1842

Unio incrassatus Lea, 1840

Unio ingallsianus Lea, 1852

Unio inornatus Lea, 1856

Unio iris Lea, 1829
+ Unio nebulosus Conrad, 1834

Unio layardii Lea, 1859

Unio lens Lea, 1830

Unio litoralis [sic] Cuvier
+ Unio granosus Schumacher, 1817
+ Unio brevialis Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio semirugata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio nana Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio subtetragonus Michaud, 1831
+ Unio incurvus Lea, 1831
+ Unio pianensis Boubée, 1833
+ Unio brunneus Bonhomme, 1840
+ Unio wolwichii Morelet, 1845
+ Unio rhomboideus Moquin-Tandon, 1855
+ Unio crassus Reeve, 1865

Unio lutulentus Gould, 1850

Unio melleus Lea, 1859

Unio menkianus Lea, 1836

Unio menziesianus [sic] Gray MS. in Mus. Brit.

Unio merdiger ‘Watts’ in Jay

Unio mississippiensis Conrad, 1850

Unio moretonicus Reeve, 1865

Unio mutabilis Lea, 1859

Unio napeanensis Conrad, 1850

Unio nashvillianus Lea, 1834

Unio nasutus Say, 1817
+ Unio rostrata Valenciennes, 1827

Unio navigioliformis Lea, 1859

Unio nitens Lea, 1840

Unio obliquiradiatus Reeve, 1865

Unio obtusus Lea, 1840

Unio patagonicus d’Orbigny, 1835

Unio pictorum (Linnaeus, 1758)
+ Unio rostrata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio limosus Nilsson, 1822
+ Unio turtonii Payraudeau, 1826
+ Unio requienii Michaud, 1831
+ Unio deshayesii Michaud, 1831
+ Unio longirostris Rossmässler, 1836
+ Unio ponderosus Rossmässler, 1842
+ Unio ardusianus Reyniès, 1843
+ Unio aleronii Companyo & Massot, 1845
+ Unio dactylus Morelet, 1845
+ Unio mucidus Morelet, 1845
+ Unio philippii Dupuy, 1849
+ Unio platyrinchoideus Dupuy, 1849
+ Unio rousii Dupuy, 1849
+ Unio curvirostris Dupuy, 1852

Unio pilaris Lea, 1840

Unio platyrhynchus Rossmässler, 1835
+ Unio lithophagus Philippi, 1847
+ Unio teretiusculus Philippi, 1847

Unio plicatulus Lea, 1859

Unio purpuratus Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio ater Lea, 1829
+ Unio lugubris Say, 1832
+ Unio poulsoni Conrad, 1834
+ Mya ventricosus Ferussac, 1835

Unio radiatus (Gmelin, 1791)
+ Unio virginiana Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio oblongatus Wood, 1828

Unio rectus Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio praelongus Barnes, 1823

Unio rotundatus Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio suborbiculata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio glebulus Say, 1831
+ Unio subglobosus Lea, 1834

Unio rubiginosus Lea, 1829
+ Unio flavus Conrad, 1837
+ Unio cerinus Conrad, 1838

Unio shanghaiensis Lea, 1859

Unio shepardianus Lea, 1834

Unio solidus Lea, 1834 [sic]

Unio subrotundus Lea, 1830
+ Unio brevialis Crouch, 1827
+ Unio politus Conrad, 1837

Unio sumatrensis Lea, 1859

Unio testudineus Morelet, 1849

Unio thwaitesii Lea, 1859

Unio tumidus Philippson
+ Mya depressa Donovan, 1801
+ Mya ovata Donovan, 1802
+ Mya ovalis Montagu, 1803
+ Unio rostratus Studer, 1820
+ Mysca solida Turton, 1822

Unio vellicatus Reeve, 1865

Unio verecundus Gould, 1850

Unio vignonana [sic] (Bernardi, 1859)

Page updated: 10:22:23 Thu 04 Jul 2019

 
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