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Page last updated
Thu 07 Mar 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

For each valid genus, the valid species are listed, Recent taxa first. Click here for the generic synonymy.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Unioninae | Unionini

genus Unio Philipsson in Retzius, 1788: valid species

Unio abyssinicus Martens, 1866
8 synonyms | 9 specimens
Range: Lake Tana, Ethiopia and as a subfossil in the Nile, northeastern Africa. [Afrotropical]
IUCN Red List: Endangered.
Other web site: ITIS.

Unio bruguierianus Bourguignat, 1853
38 synonyms | 7 specimens
Range: Eastern Mediterranean Europe to Syria. [Palearctic]
Genbank sequences: 16S, COI.

Unio caffer Krauss, 1848
31 synonyms | 186 specimens
Range: Southern Africa, north to the Zambezi. [Afrotropical]
Genbank sequences: 28S, COI.
IUCN Red List: Least Concern (Cafferia caffer).
Other web sites: ITIS WoRMs.

Unio crassus Philipsson in Retzius, 1788
313 synonyms | 121 specimens
Range: Widespread in continental Europe through the Dardanelles to the Tigris-Euphrates Basin. [Palearctic]
Genbank sequences: 16S, 18S, 28S, 5.8S, COI, COI M-type, Cytb, ITS1, ND1, mtGenome, mtGenome M-type.
IUCN Red List: Endangered.
Other web sites: ITIS WoRMs.

Unio delphinus Spengler, 1793
45 synonyms | 13 specimens
Range: Atlantic basins of the Iberian Peninsula and Morocco. [Palearctic]
Genbank sequences: 16S, COI, mtGenome, mtGenome M-type.
IUCN Red List: Near Threatened.
Other web site: ITIS.

Unio dembeae Reeve, 1865
20 synonyms | 14 specimens
Range: The Nile and Lake Turkana basins in northeastern Africa. [Afrotropical]

Unio durieui Deshayes, 1847
10 synonyms | 2 specimens
Range: Mediterranean northern Africa. [Palearctic]
Genbank sequences: 16S, COI.
IUCN Red List: Endangered.
Other web site: ITIS.

Unio elongatulus Pfeiffer, 1825
7 synonyms
Range: Mediterranean Europe. [Palearctic]
Genbank sequences: 16S, 28S, COI.
Other web site: WoRMs.

Unio foucauldianus Pallary, 1936
1 synonym
Range: Morocco, Palearctic North Africa. [Palearctic]
Genbank sequences: 16S, COI.
IUCN Red List: Critically Endangered.

Unio gibbus Spengler, 1793
5 synonyms
Range: Iberian Peninsula and Morocco. [Palearctic]
Genbank sequences: 16S, 28S, COI.
Other web site: ITIS.

Unio ionicus Drouët, 1879
3 synonyms | 1 specimen
Range: Greece. [Palearctic]
Genbank sequences: 16S, COI.

Unio mancus Lamarck, 1819
279 synonyms | 100 specimens
Range: Spain to Italy, in basins draining to the Mediterranean. [Palearctic]
Genbank sequences: 16S, 28S, COI.
IUCN Red List: Data Deficient (Unio turtoni), Near Threatened.
Other web sites: ITIS WoRMs.

Unio pictorum (Linnaeus, 1758)
156 synonyms | 52 specimens
Range: Widespread in Europe, from the Atlantic to the Volga and Black Sea. [Palearctic]
Genbank sequences: 16S, 16S M-type, 18S, 28S, COI, COI M-type, Cytb, H3, ITS1, mtGenome, mtGenome M-type.
IUCN Red List: Least Concern.
Other web sites: ITIS WoRMs.

Unio ravoisieri Deshayes, 1848
13 synonyms
Range: Iberian Peninsula and northern Africa. [Palearctic]
Genbank sequences: 16S, 28S, COI.
Other web site: ITIS.

Unio tigridis Bourguignat, 1852
72 synonyms | 102 specimens
Range: Syria to Iraq. [Palearctic]
Genbank sequences: 16S, COI.
IUCN Red List: Least Concern, Vulnerable (Unio terminalis).
Other web sites: ITIS 2 WoRMs.

Unio tumidiformis Castro, 1885
9 synonyms
Range: Southwestern rivers on the Iberian Peninsula, Portugal and Spain. [Palearctic]
Genbank sequences: 16S, COI.
IUCN Red List: Vulnerable.
Other web site: ITIS.

Unio tumidus Philipsson in Retzius, 1788
85 synonyms | 24 specimens
Range: Widespread in Europe. [Palearctic]
Genbank sequences: 16S, 16S M-type, 18S, 28S, 5.8S, COI, COI M-type, Cytb, ITS1, ND1, mtGenome, mtGenome M-type.
IUCN Red List: Least Concern.
Other web sites: ITIS WoRMs.

Unio baileyi Logan, 1900 (Jurassic)
1 synonym
Range: Jurassic, North America.

Unio bituberculosus Martens, 1874 (fossil)
2 synonyms
Range:

Unio exquisitus Lindholm, 1932 (fossil)
1 synonym
Range:

Unio iridoides White, 1886 (Jurassic)
3 synonyms
Range: Jurassic, North America.

Unio knightii Logan, 1900 (Jurassic)
1 synonym
Range: Jurassic, North America.

Unio lapilloides White, 1886 (Jurassic)
1 synonym
Range: Jurassic, North America.

Unio macropisthus White, 1886 (Jurassic)
1 synonym
Range: Jurassic, North America.

Unio mammillaris Yen, 1952 (Jurassic)
1 synonym
Range: Jurassic, North America.

Unio migliorinii Magrograssi, 1928 (Tertiary)
1 synonym
Range: Isle of Rhodes, Tertiary. [Palearctic]

Unio nucalis Meek & Hayden, 1858 (Jurassic)
1 synonym
Range: Jurassic, North America.

Unio pseudatavus Budowski 1896 (Tertiary)
3 synonyms
Range: Isle of Rhodes, Tertiary. [Palearctic]

Unio tschiliensis Sturany, 1901 (Quaternary)
1 synonym
Range: Pleistocene, Asia.

Unio uniseralis (Lindholm, 1932) (fossil)
1 synonym
Range:

Unio willistoni Logan, 1900 (Jurassic)
1 synonym
Range: Jurassic, North America.

Page updated: 13:52:01 Thu 07 Mar 2019

 
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