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Page last updated
Wed 11 Sep 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

For each valid genus, the valid species are listed, Recent taxa first. Click here for the generic synonymy.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Unioninae | Unionini

genus Unio Philipsson in Retzius, 1788: valid species

Unio abyssinicus Martens, 1866
8 synonyms | 7 specimens
Range: Lake Tana, Ethiopia and as a subfossil in the Nile, northeastern Africa. [Afrotropics]
IUCN Red List: Endangered.
Other web sites: ITIS MolluscaBase.

Unio bruguierianus Bourguignat, 1853
38 synonyms | 6 specimens
Range: Eastern Mediterranean Europe to Syria. [North Eurasia]
Genbank sequences: 16S, COI.
Other web site: MolluscaBase.

Unio caffer Krauss, 1848
31 synonyms | 184 specimens
Range: Southern Africa, north to the Zambezi. [Afrotropics]
Genbank sequences: 28S, COI.
IUCN Red List: Least Concern (Cafferia caffer).
Other web sites: ITIS MolluscaBase.

Unio crassus Philipsson in Retzius, 1788
313 synonyms | 118 specimens
Range: Widespread in continental Europe through the Dardanelles to Transcaucasia. [North Eurasia]
Genbank sequences: 16S, 18S, 28S, 5.8S, COI, COI M-type, Cytb, ITS1, ND1, mtGenome, mtGenome M-type.
IUCN Red List: Endangered.
Other web sites: ITIS MolluscaBase.

Unio delphinus Spengler, 1793
45 synonyms | 13 specimens
Range: Atlantic basins of the Iberian Peninsula and Morocco. [North Eurasia]
Genbank sequences: 16S, COI, mtGenome, mtGenome M-type.
IUCN Red List: Near Threatened.
Other web sites: ITIS MolluscaBase.

Unio dembeae Reeve, 1865
20 synonyms | 14 specimens
Range: The Nile and Lake Turkana basins in northeastern Africa. [Afrotropics]
Other web site: MolluscaBase.

Unio durieui Deshayes, 1847
10 synonyms | 2 specimens
Range: Mediterranean northern Africa. [North Eurasia]
Genbank sequences: 16S, COI.
IUCN Red List: Endangered.
Other web site: ITIS.

Unio elongatulus Pfeiffer, 1825
90 synonyms | 1 specimen
Range: Mediterranean Europe. [North Eurasia]
Genbank sequences: 16S, 28S, COI.
Other web site: MolluscaBase.

Unio foucauldianus Pallary, 1936
2 synonyms
Range: Morocco, Palearctic North Africa. [North Eurasia]
Genbank sequences: 16S, COI.
IUCN Red List: Critically Endangered.
Other web site: MolluscaBase.

Unio gibbus Spengler, 1793
5 synonyms
Range: Iberian Peninsula and Morocco. [North Eurasia]
Genbank sequences: 16S, 28S, COI.
Other web sites: ITIS MolluscaBase.

Unio ionicus Drouët, 1879
3 synonyms | 1 specimen
Range: Greece. [North Eurasia]
Genbank sequences: 16S, COI.
Other web site: MolluscaBase.

Unio mancus Lamarck, 1819
210 synonyms | 96 specimens
Range: Spain to Italy, in basins draining to the Mediterranean. [North Eurasia]
Genbank sequences: 16S, 28S, COI.
IUCN Red List: Near Threatened, Data Deficient (Unio turtoni).
Other web sites: ITIS MolluscaBase.

Unio pictorum (Linnaeus, 1758)
158 synonyms | 57 specimens
Range: Widespread in Europe, from the Atlantic to the Volga and Black Sea. Also reported from the Amur Basin, eastern Asia. [East Asia, North Eurasia]
Genbank sequences: 16S, 16S M-type, 18S, 28S, 5.8S, COI, COI M-type, Cytb, H3, ITS1, mtGenome, mtGenome M-type.
IUCN Red List: Least Concern.
Other web sites: ITIS MolluscaBase.

Unio ravoisieri Deshayes, 1848
13 synonyms
Range: Iberian Peninsula and northern Africa. [North Eurasia]
Genbank sequences: 16S, 28S, COI.
Other web sites: ITIS MolluscaBase.

Unio tigridis Bourguignat, 1852
70 synonyms | 28 specimens
Range: Syria to Iraq. [North Eurasia]
Genbank sequences: 16S, COI.
IUCN Red List: Vulnerable (Unio terminalis), Least Concern.
Other web sites: ITIS 2 MolluscaBase.

Unio tumidiformis Castro, 1885
9 synonyms
Range: Southwestern rivers on the Iberian Peninsula, Portugal and Spain. [North Eurasia]
Genbank sequences: 16S, COI.
IUCN Red List: Vulnerable.
Other web sites: ITIS MolluscaBase.

Unio tumidus Philipsson in Retzius, 1788
85 synonyms | 27 specimens
Range: Widespread in Europe. [North Eurasia]
Genbank sequences: 16S, 16S M-type, 18S, 28S, 5.8S, COI, COI M-type, Cytb, ITS1, ND1, mtGenome, mtGenome M-type.
IUCN Red List: Least Concern.
Other web sites: ITIS MolluscaBase.

Unio asturianus Delevene, Munt, Piñuela & García-Ramos, 2016 (Jurassic)
1 synonym
Range: Late Jurassic, Spain. [North Eurasia]

Unio baileyi Logan, 1900 (Jurassic)
1 synonym
Range: Jurassic, North America.

Unio bituberculosus Martens, 1874 (fossil)
2 synonyms
Range:
Other web site: MolluscaBase.

Unio exquisitus Lindholm, 1932 (fossil)
1 synonym
Range:
Other web site: MolluscaBase.

Unio iridoides White, 1886 (Jurassic)
3 synonyms
Range: Jurassic, North America.

Unio kirchbergensis Krauss, 1852 (Tertiary)
1 synonym
Range: Miocene, Germany. [North Eurasia]
Other web site: MolluscaBase.

Unio knightii Logan, 1900 (Jurassic)
1 synonym
Range: Jurassic, North America.

Unio lapilloides White, 1886 (Jurassic)
1 synonym
Range: Jurassic, North America.

Unio macropisthus White, 1886 (Jurassic)
1 synonym
Range: Jurassic, North America.

Unio mammillaris Yen, 1952 (Jurassic)
1 synonym
Range: Jurassic, North America.

Unio migliorinii Magrograssi, 1928 (Tertiary)
1 synonym
Range: Isle of Rhodes, Tertiary. [North Eurasia]
Other web site: MolluscaBase.

Unio nucalis Meek & Hayden, 1858 (Jurassic)
1 synonym
Range: Jurassic, North America.

Unio pseudatavus Budowski 1896 (Tertiary)
3 synonyms
Range: Isle of Rhodes, Tertiary. [North Eurasia]
Other web site: MolluscaBase.

Unio tschiliensis Sturany, 1901 (Quaternary)
1 synonym
Range: Pleistocene, Asia.

Unio uniseralis (Lindholm, 1932) (fossil)
1 synonym
Range:
Other web site: MolluscaBase.

Unio willistoni Logan, 1900 (Jurassic)
1 synonym
Range: Jurassic, North America.

Page updated: 11:12:30 Wed 11 Sep 2019

 
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