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Page last updated
Wed 01 Dec 2021

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

The taxonomic history of the valid species (since 1900) is listed at the bottom of the page.

Search the database pages:

Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Unioninae | Unionini | Unio

species Unio bruguierianus Bourguignat, 1853: nominal species
     6 specimens available.

Unio bruguierianus Bourguignat, 1853
Bourguignat, 1852, Test. Nov. Saulcy: 29 [as ‘Unio orientalis’].
Bourguignat, 1853, Catalogue Raissoné des Mollusques Terrestres et Fluviatiles Recueillis par M.F. Saulcy 1853: 78, pl. 2, figs. 54-56.
(new name for Unio orientalis Bourguignat, 1852)

Unio bruguierianusBourguignat (1853), Paetel (1890), Westerlund (1890), Araujo et al. (2018), Príe et al. (2020), Graf & Cummings (2021), Lopes-Lima et al. (2021)
Margaron (Unio) bruguierianusLea (1870)
Unio (Amnicusiana) bruguierianusLocard (1889)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) durieuiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1952), Haas (1969), Schütt (1983), Fauna Europaea (2012), Lopes-Lima et al. (2017)
Unio (Crassunio) crassus bruguierianusFalkner (1994), Bank (2006)
Unio crassusIUCN (2014)

Unio desectus Westerlund, 1879
Westerlund, 1879, Aperçu Faune Malac. Grèce: 147.
Drouët, 1881, J. de Conch. 29: 22.
(Drouët) Westerlund, 1890, Fauna Paläarct. Binnenconch. 2(7): 73.

Unio desectusWesterlund (1879), Kobelt (1880), Drouët (1881), Westerlund (1890)
Unio (Bataviana) desectusServain (1888)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio (Crassunio) crassus bruguierianusBank (2006)
Unio (Crassiana) crassusVinarski & Kantor (2016)
Unio cf. desectusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio rothi var. komarowi O. Boettger, 1880
O. Boettger, 1880, Jb. Dtsch. Malak. Ges. 7: 160, pl. 5, figs. 1a-b.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio rothi Bourguignat, 1863)

Unio rothi var. komarowiO. Boettger (1880), Kobelt (1884), Westerlund (1890)
Psilunio rothi var. komaroviZhadin (1938)
Psilunio littoralis komarowiHaas (1940)
Unio mingrelicusZhadin (1965)
Potomida littoralis komarowiHaas (1969), Falkner (1994)
Potomida komaroviZatravkin (1983), Zatravkin (1987)
Potomida littoralisGraf (2007)
Potomida komarowiKantor et al. (2010), Vinarski & Kantor (2016)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio araxenus Drouët, 1881
Drouët, 1881, Unionidae Russie: 18.

Unio araxenusDrouët (1881), Kobelt (1886), Paetel (1890), Westerlund (1890)
Unio (s.s.) sieversi var. araxenusZhadin (1938)
Unio crassus gontieriHaas (1940), Haas (1969), Graf (2007)
Unio sieversi var. araxenusZhadin (1965)
Crassiana crassa sieversiAkromovski (1976), Kantor & Sysoev (2005)
Eolymnium (Shadininaia) araxenumZatravkin (1983), Zatravkin (1987)
Eolymnium araxenumKantor et al. (2010)
Unio (Eolymnium) araxenusVinarski & Kantor (2016)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio armeniacus Kobelt, 1912
Kobelt, 1912, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 18: 29, pl. 493, fig. 2631.

Unio armeniacusKobelt (1912)
Psilunio rothi var. armeniacusZhadin (1938)
Unio crassus gontieriHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio mingrelicusZhadin (1965)
Potomida armeniacaZatravkin (1983), Kantor et al. (2010), Vinarski & Kantor (2016)
Potomida armenicaZatravkin (1987)
Potomida littoralisGraf (2007), IUCN (2014)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio orientalis Bourguignat, 1852
Bourguignat, 1852, Test. Nov. Saulcy: 29.
(homonym of Unio orientalis Lea, 1840; renamed Unio bruguierianus Bourguignat, 1853)

Unio orientalisBourguignat (1852)
Unio bruguierianusBourguignat (1853), Lopes-Lima et al. (2021)
Margaron (Unio) orientalisLea (1870)
Unio bruguierianus vr. orientalisPaetel (1890)
Unio kotschyiKobelt (1893)
Unio bithynicusKobelt (1893)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) durieuiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969), Schütt (1983)
Unio (Crassunio) crassus bruguierianusBank (2006)

Unio prusii Bourguignat, 1856
Bourguignat, 1856, Aménités Malacol. 1: 160, pl. 12, figs. 1-4.

Unio prusiiBourguignat (1856)
Margaron (Unio) prusiiLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) durieuiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio schwerzenbachi Bourguignat, 1856
Bourguignat, 1856, Aménités Malacol. 1: 159, pl. 14, figs. 1-5.

Unio schwerzenbachiBourguignat (1856), Küster (1862), Sowerby (1866), Kobelt (1880), Westerlund (1890)
Margaron (Unio) vescoiLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) durieuiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio vescoi Bourguignat, 1856
Bourguignat, 1856, Aménités Malacol. 1: 157, pl. 11, figs. 4-8.

Unio vescoiBourguignat (1856), Kobelt (1876), Westerlund (1890)
Margaron (Unio) vescoiLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) durieuiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969), Fauna Europaea (2012)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio kotschyi Küster, 1862
Küster, 1862, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 267, pl. 90, fig. 5.

Unio kotschyiKüster (1862), Westerlund (1890), Kobelt (1893)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio turcicus Küster, 1862
‘Parreiss in sched.’ Küster, 1862, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 267, pl. 90, figs. 3-4.
Type(s): SYNTYPES BMNH_47-5-28-1-2, Brussna.

Unio turcicusKüster (1862)
Unio vescoiWesterlund (1890)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) batavusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio kullethensis Lea, 1865
Lea, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 16: 285.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 12]: 251 [11], fig. 29, fig. 65.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85663, near Mardin, Asiatic Turkey.

Unio kullethensisLea (1865), Westerlund (1890)
Margaron (Unio) kullethensisLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) durieui var. kullethensisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio mardinensis Lea, 1865
Lea, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 16: 286.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 12]: 252 [12], pl. 30, fig. 66.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85664, R. Tigris, near Mardin, Asiatic Turkey.

Unio mardinensisLea (1865), Westerlund (1890)
Margaron (Unio) mardinensisLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) durieuiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969), Schütt (1983)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio orphaensis Lea, 1865
Lea, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 16: 285.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 12]: 250 [10], pl. 29, fig. 64.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85603, Tigris R., Pashalic of Orpha, Asiatic Turkey.

Unio orphaensisLea (1865), Westerlund (1890)
Margaron (Unio) orphaensisLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) durieuiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (Limnium) orphænsisPallary (1939)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969), Schütt (1983)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio swerzenbackii Lea, 1870
‘Bourg.’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 46.
(error for Unio schwerzenbachi Bourguignat, 1856)

Unio swerzenbackiiLea (1870)

Unio vicarius Westerlund, 1879
Westerlund, 1879, Aperçu Faune Malac. Grèce: 147.
Westerlund, 1890, Fauna Paläarct. Binnenconch. 2(7): 72.

Unio vicariusWesterlund (1879), Westerlund (1890), Kobelt (1893)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio (Crassunio) crassus bruguierianusBank (2006)
Unio (Crassiana) crassusVinarski & Kantor (2016)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio heldreichi O. Boettger, 1886
O. Boettger, 1886, Jb. Dtsch. Malak. Ges. 13: 71.

Unio heldreichiO. Boettger (1886), Westerlund (1890)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio (Crassunio) crassus bruguierianusBank (2006)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio kallethensis Paetel, 1890
‘Lea’ Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml. 3: 159.
(error for Unio kullethensis Lea, 1865)

Unio kallethensisPaetel (1890)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) durieui var. kullethensisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)

Unio kullenthenensis Paetel, 1890
‘Lea’ Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml. 3: 156.
(error for Unio kullethensis Lea, 1865)

Unio kullenthenensisPaetel (1890)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) durieui var. kullethensisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)

Unio thiesseae Drouët, 1892
Drouët, 1892, J. de Conch. 40: 88.

Unio thiesseaeDrouët (1892), Kobelt (1896)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio (Crassunio) crassus bruguierianusBank (2006)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio scissus Drouët, 1893
Drouët, 1893, J. de Conch. 41: 40.

Unio scissusDrouët (1893), Kobelt (1896)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio (Crassunio) crassus bruguierianusBank (2006)

Unio (sec. Lymnium) pseudonymus Simpson, 1900
‘Bourg.’ Kobelt, 1886, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 2: 22, pl. 41, fig. 255 [as ‘U. hueti’].
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 694.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 560.

Unio (sec. Lymnium) pseudonymusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio desectus f. pursacensis Sturany, 1902
Sturany, 1902, S. Ber. K. Akad. Wiss. Wien 111: 138, pl. 2, figs. 10-11.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio desectus Westerlund, 1879)

Unio desectus f. pursacensisSturany (1902)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1969), Schütt (1983)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio ancyrensis Kobelt, 1912
Kobelt, 1912, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 19: 32, pl. 526, fig. 2727.

Unio ancyrensisKobelt (1912)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969), Schütt (1983)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio bitlisensis Kobelt, 1912
Kobelt, 1912, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 19: 35, pl. 538, fig. 2731.

Unio bitlisensisKobelt (1912)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio ciconius Kobelt, 1912
Kobelt, 1912, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 19: 11, pl. 517, fig. 2697.

Unio ciconiusKobelt (1912)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) tigridisSimpson (1914)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio diarbekirianus Kobelt, 1912
‘Bourguignat mss’ Kobelt, 1912, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 19: 15, pl. 519, fig. 2702.

Unio diarbekirianusKobelt (1912)
Unio (Limnium) diabekirianusPallary (1939)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio medicus Kobelt, 1912
Kobelt, 1912, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 19: 17, pl. 520, fig. 2707.

Unio medicusKobelt (1912)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) tigridisSimpson (1914)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio modiola Preston, 1912
Preston, 1912, Rec. Ind. Mus. 7: 286, pl. 8, figs. 1-2.

Unio modiolaPreston (1912)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) modiolaSimpson (1914)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio orfaensis Kobelt, 1912
‘Lea’ Kobelt, 1912, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 19: 37, pl. 530, figs. 2734-2735.
(error for Unio orphaensis Lea, 1865)

Unio orfaensisKobelt (1912)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) durieuiSimpson (1914)

Unio specialis Kobelt, 1912
Kobelt, 1912, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 19: 8, pl. 515, fig. 2694.

Unio specialisKobelt (1912)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio subbatavus Kobelt, 1912
Bourguignat in Servain, 1888, Bull. Soc. Malac. France 5: 317. [nomen nudum]
Kobelt, 1912, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 19: 48, pl. 534, fig. 2749.

Unio subbatavusKobelt (1912)
Unio (Bataviana) subbatavusServain (1888)
Unio crassus gontieriHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio ancyrensis var. louisei Kobelt, 1912
Kobelt, 1912, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 19: 32, pl. 526, fig. 2726.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio ancyrensis Kobelt, 1912)

Unio ancyrensis var. louiseiKobelt (1912)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969), Schütt (1983)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio (orfaensis var. ?) ehrmanni Kobelt, 1912
Kobelt, 1912, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 19: 38, pl. 530, fig. 2736.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio orphaensis Lea, 1865)

Unio (orfaensis var. ?) ehrmanniKobelt (1912)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) durieuiSimpson (1914)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969), Schütt (1983)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio diarbekerianus Simpson, 1914
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 732.
(error for Unio diarbekirianus Kobelt, 1912)

Unio diarbekerianusSimpson (1914)

Unio thospiensis Kobelt, 1915
Kobelt, 1915, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 20: 28, pl. 553, figs. 2810-2811.

Unio thospiensisKobelt (1915)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969), Schütt (1983)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio (Rhombunio) wenzii Kobelt, 1915
Kobelt, 1915, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 20: 29, pl. 553, figs. 2812-2814.

Unio (Rhombunio) wenziiKobelt (1915)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1969), Schütt (1983)
Unio bruguierianusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio (Limnium) diabekirianus Pallary, 1939
‘Kobelt’ Pallary, 1939, Mém. Inst. Égypte 39: 120.
(error for Unio diarbekirianus Kobelt, 1912)

Unio (Limnium) diabekirianusPallary (1939)

Unio diarbekrianus Haas, 1940
‘Kobelt’ Haas, 1940, Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. 24: 132.
(error for Unio diarbekirianus Kobelt, 1912)

Unio diarbekrianusHaas (1940)

Taxonomic History (since 1900)

Unio (sec. Lymnium) durieuiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) batavusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) durieui var. kullethensisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) pseudonymusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio desectus f. pursacensisSturany (1902)
Unio ancyrensisKobelt (1912)
Unio armeniacusKobelt (1912)
Unio bitlisensisKobelt (1912)
Unio ciconiusKobelt (1912)
Unio diarbekirianusKobelt (1912)
Unio medicusKobelt (1912)
Unio modiolaPreston (1912)
Unio orfaensisKobelt (1912)
Unio specialisKobelt (1912)
Unio subbatavusKobelt (1912)
Unio ancyrensis var. louiseiKobelt (1912)
Unio (orfaensis var. ?) ehrmanniKobelt (1912)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) tigridisSimpson (1914)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) modiolaSimpson (1914)
Unio diarbekerianusSimpson (1914)
Unio thospiensisKobelt (1915)
Unio (Rhombunio) wenziiKobelt (1915)
Psilunio rothi var. komaroviZhadin (1938)
Unio (s.s.) sieversi var. araxenusZhadin (1938)
Psilunio rothi var. armeniacusZhadin (1938)
Unio (Limnium) orphænsisPallary (1939)
Unio (Limnium) diabekirianusPallary (1939)
Unio crassus bruguierianusHaas (1940), Haas (1952), Haas (1969), Schütt (1983), Fauna Europaea (2012), Lopes-Lima et al. (2017)
Psilunio littoralis komarowiHaas (1940)
Unio crassus gontieriHaas (1940), Haas (1969), Graf (2007)
Unio diarbekrianusHaas (1940)
Unio mingrelicusZhadin (1965)
Unio sieversi var. araxenusZhadin (1965)
Potomida littoralis komarowiHaas (1969), Falkner (1994)
Crassiana crassa sieversiAkromovski (1976), Kantor & Sysoev (2005)
Potomida komaroviZatravkin (1983), Zatravkin (1987)
Eolymnium (Shadininaia) araxenumZatravkin (1983), Zatravkin (1987)
Potomida armeniacaZatravkin (1983), Kantor et al. (2010), Vinarski & Kantor (2016)
Potomida armenicaZatravkin (1987)
Unio (Crassunio) crassus bruguierianusFalkner (1994), Bank (2006)
Potomida littoralisGraf (2007), IUCN (2014)
Potomida komarowiKantor et al. (2010), Vinarski & Kantor (2016)
Eolymnium araxenumKantor et al. (2010)
Unio crassusIUCN (2014)
Unio (Crassiana) crassusVinarski & Kantor (2016)
Unio (Eolymnium) araxenusVinarski & Kantor (2016)
Unio bruguierianusAraujo et al. (2018), Príe et al. (2020), Graf & Cummings (2021), Lopes-Lima et al. (2021)
Unio cf. desectusLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Page updated: 16:46:19 Wed 01 Dec 2021

 
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