Page last updated
Wed 05 Jun 2024

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page reports the specimens in the MUSSELpdb and provides a map if geocodes are known. The taxonomic history reports the record of different names and combinations that have been applied to this species (and its synonyms) since 2007.

Search the database pages:

Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Lampsilini | Toxolasma

species Toxolasma lividum Rafinesque, 1831: specimens
     7 nominal species as synonyms

Taxonomic History (since 2007)

Toxolasma lividusGraf & Cummings (2007), Tiemann et al. (2007), Chapman et al. (2008), Chapman et al. (2008), ..., ITIS (2012), Mitchell et al. (2016), Chase et al. (2018), Patterson et al. (2021)
Toxolasma lividumWilliams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009), Bogan (2010), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), ..., FMCS (2021), Bieler (2021), Hopper et al. (2023), MolluscaBase (2024)
Toxolasma glansBreton et al. (2011), Chase et al. (2018)
Toxolasma cylindrellusIUCN (2012)
Toxolasma lividus gransKongim et al. (2015)

Range: Widespread in the Interior Basin, excluding the upper Mississippi, USA.

Map of Georeferenced Specimens
species map



French Broad R., E Tenn.


New Harmony, Ind


Genbank Vouchers


UF_438185-6057 (COI, ND1, 28S, ITS1, 5.8S) Tennessee River, Tennessee drainage (34.737, -87.8124)

UF_438185-6055 (COI, ND1, 28S, ITS1, 5.8S) Tennessee River, Tennessee drainage (34.737, -87.8124)


NRI8508.1 (COI)

Page updated: 10:20:29 Wed 05 Jun 2024

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