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Page last updated
Tue 04 Jan 2022

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Cladomics pages are experimental — even more so than the rest of this site!

The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Unioninae

tribe UNIONINI Rafinesque, 1820: cladomics
     13 genera

Cladomics Summary

number of species: 70
number next lowest-taxon (genus) (i.e., direct-child taxa): 13

analyzed in 189 cladogram(s) in 111 publications
maximum number of terminal species in an analysis: 29, mean: 5.56
maximum number of direct-child taxa in an analysis: 9, mean: 2.47

basic monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species): 157
maximum number of included species: 29, mean: 6.49
maximum number of direct-child taxa: 9, mean: 2.77
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly: 0.71

rigorous monophyly

number of cladograms that test rigorous monophyly: 79
(Rigorous monophyly refers to cladograms with terminal species representing more than one direct-child taxon and at least one rigorous, direct-child outgroup.)
maximum number of included species: 29, mean: 8.56
maximum number of direct-child taxa: 9, mean: 4.27
proportion of cladograms that support rigorous monophyly: 0.52

top monophyly publications

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, Huang et al., 2019, Wu et al., 2018, Wu et al., 2019, Wu et al., 2020

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020 ** Top Monophyly Test Publication ** ** Top Sister Group Test Publication **

fig. 11: [clade_id: 16745] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 8, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(N_breviconcha, N_douglasiae)


	  +-- N_breviconcha 1
	--+                  
	  +-- N_douglasiae 2 
  

fig. 12: [clade_id: 16762] Unionini
spp. terminals: 7, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
((N_breviconcha, N_douglasiae), (I_jokohamensis, (I_verrucosus, I_verrucosus, (I_reinianus, I_yanagawensis))))


	           +-- N_breviconcha 1 
	  +--------+                   
	  |        +-- N_douglasiae 2  
	--+                            
	  |  +-------- I_jokohamensis 3
	  |  |                         
	  +--+  +----- I_verrucosus 4  
	     |  |                      
	     +--+----- I_verrucosus 5  
	        |                      
	        |  +-- I_reinianus 6   
	        +--+                   
	           +-- I_yanagawensis 7
  

fig. 13: [clade_id: 16781] Unionini
spp. terminals: 8, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
(M_mongolica, (N_breviconcha, (Nodularia, (Nodularia, (N_nuxpersicae, (N_nipponensis, (N_douglasiae, Nodularia)))))))


	  +-------------------- M_mongolica 1  
	--+                                    
	  |  +----------------- N_breviconcha 2
	  +--+                                 
	     |  +-------------- Nodularia 3    
	     +--+                              
	        |  +----------- Nodularia 4    
	        +--+                           
	           |  +-------- N_nuxpersicae 5
	           +--+                        
	              |  +----- N_nipponensis 6
	              +--+                     
	                 |  +-- N_douglasiae 7 
	                 +--+                  
	                    +-- Nodularia 8    
  

fig. 2-4: [clade_id: 16519] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 29, direct-child terminals: 9
rigorous outgroups.: 41, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(A_chinensis, L_languilati, ((A_tortuosa, (A_scripta, (A_coreana, (A_fibrosa, A_tientsinensis)))), (M_mongolica, ((U_gibbus, U_tumidus, (U_crassus, U_pictorum)), ((N_breviconcha, (Nodularia, (N_nuxpersicae, (N_nipponensis, (N_douglasiae, Nodularia))))), ((C_rufescens, (C_heudei, C_celtiformis)), (S_spinosus, (S_lampreyanus, Schistodesmus)), (C_pisciculus, (I_jokohamensis, (I_verrucosus, (I_reinianus, I_yanagawensis))))))))), ((L_oxyrhyncha, (L_gladiola, ((L_bilirata, L_grayii), (L_acrorrhyncha, (L_kihirai, (L_lanceolata, L_triformis)))))), ((P_complanata, (A_cygnea, (A_anatina, A_nuttalliana)), (P_grandis, S_ambigua, S_undulatus, (A_marginata, L_compressa))), ((C_plicata, C_clessini), (A_arcaeformis, (A_kijaensis, (B_suifunica, ((B_flavotincta, B_shadini), (B_iwakawai, B_kamiyai))))), (P_tenuis, ((B_japonica, (B_beringiana, (B_fukuharai, B_gosannensis))), ((S_angula, S_lucida), (S_schrenkii, (S_calipygos, S_tumens), (S_woodiana, (S_elliptica, S_jourdyi, (S_lauta, S_woodiana)))))))))))


	  +-------------------------------- A_chinensis 1    
	  |                                                  
	  +-------------------------------- L_languilati 2   
	  |                                                  
	  |                    +----------- A_tortuosa 3     
	  |     +--------------+                             
	  |     |              |  +-------- A_scripta 4      
	  |     |              +--+                          
	  |     |                 |  +----- A_coreana 5      
	  |     |                 +--+                       
	  |     |                    |  +-- A_fibrosa 6      
	  |     |                    +--+                    
	  +-----+                       +-- A_tientsinensis 7
	  |     |                                            
	  |     |  +----------------------- M_mongolica 8    
	  |     |  |                                         
	  |     |  |                 +----- U_gibbus 9       
	  |     |  |                 |                       
	  |     |  |  +--------------+----- U_tumidus 10     
	  |     |  |  |              |                       
	  |     +--+  |              |  +-- U_crassus 11     
	  |        |  |              +--+                    
	  |        |  |                 +-- U_pictorum 12    
	  |        |  |                                      
	  |        |  |     +-------------- N_breviconcha 13 
	  |        |  |  +--+                                
	  |        +--+  |  |  +----------- Nodularia 14     
	  |           |  |  +--+                             
	  |           |  |     |  +-------- N_nuxpersicae 15 
	  |           |  |     +--+                          
	  |           |  |        |  +----- N_nipponensis 16 
	  |           |  |        +--+                       
	  |           |  |           |  +-- N_douglasiae 17  
	  |           |  |           +--+                    
	  |           +--+              +-- Nodularia 18     
	  |              |                                   
	  |              |           +----- C_rufescens 19   
	--+              |  +--------+                       
	  |              |  |        |  +-- C_celtiformis 21 
	  |              |  |        +--+                    
	  |              |  |           +-- C_heudei 20      
	  |              |  |                                
	  |              |  |        +----- S_spinosus 22    
	  |              +--+--------+                       
	  |                 |        |  +-- S_lampreyanus 23 
	  |                 |        +--+                    
	  |                 |           +-- Schistodesmus 24 
	  |                 |                                
	  |                 |  +----------- C_pisciculus 25  
	  |                 +--+                             
	  |                    |  +-------- I_jokohamensis 26
	  |                    +--+                          
	  |                       |  +----- I_verrucosus 27  
	  |                       +--+                       
	  |                          |  +-- I_reinianus 28   
	  |                          +--+                    
	  |                             +-- I_yanagawensis 29
	  |                                                  
	  |              +----------------- L_oxyrhyncha 30  
	  |              |                                   
	  |  +-----------+  +-------------- L_gladiola 31    
	  |  |           |  |                                
	  |  |           +--+           +-- L_bilirata 32    
	  |  |              |  +--------+                    
	  |  |              |  |        +-- L_grayii 33      
	  |  |              +--+                             
	  |  |                 |  +-------- L_acrorrhyncha 34
	  |  |                 +--+                          
	  |  |                    |  +----- L_kihirai 35     
	  |  |                    +--+                       
	  |  |                       |  +-- L_lanceolata 36  
	  |  |                       +--+                    
	  |  |                          +-- L_triformis 37   
	  |  |                                               
	  |  |                    +-------- P_complanata 38  
	  +--+                    |                          
	     |                    |  +----- A_cygnea 39      
	     |                    +--+                       
	     |                    |  |  +-- A_anatina 40     
	     |  +-----------------+  +--+                    
	     |  |                 |     +-- A_nuttalliana 41 
	     |  |                 |                          
	     |  |                 |  +----- P_grandis 42     
	     |  |                 |  |                       
	     |  |                 |  +----- S_ambigua 43     
	     |  |                 +--+                       
	     |  |                    +----- S_undulatus 44   
	     |  |                    |                       
	     |  |                    |  +-- A_marginata 45   
	     |  |                    +--+                    
	     |  |                       +-- L_compressa 46   
	     +--+                                            
	        |                       +-- C_clessini 48    
	        |  +--------------------+                    
	        |  |                    +-- C_plicata 47     
	        |  |                                         
	        |  |        +-------------- A_arcaeformis 49 
	        |  |        |                                
	        |  +--------+  +----------- A_kijaensis 50   
	        |  |        |  |                             
	        |  |        +--+  +-------- B_suifunica 51   
	        |  |           |  |                          
	        |  |           +--+     +-- B_flavotincta 52 
	        +--+              |  +--+                    
	           |              |  |  +-- B_shadini 53     
	           |              +--+                       
	           |                 |  +-- B_iwakawai 54    
	           |                 +--+                    
	           |                    +-- B_kamiyai 55     
	           |                                         
	           |  +-------------------- P_tenuis 56      
	           |  |                                      
	           |  |           +-------- B_japonica 57    
	           |  |  +--------+                          
	           +--+  |        |  +----- B_beringiana 58  
	              |  |        +--+                       
	              |  |           |  +-- B_fukuharai 59   
	              |  |           +--+                    
	              +--+              +-- B_gosannensis 60 
	                 |                                   
	                 |              +-- S_angula 61      
	                 |  +-----------+                    
	                 |  |           +-- S_lucida 62      
	                 |  |                                
	                 +--+  +----------- S_schrenkii 63   
	                    |  |                             
	                    |  |        +-- S_calipygos 64   
	                    |  +--------+                    
	                    +--+        +-- S_tumens 65      
	                       |                             
	                       |  +-------- S_woodiana 66    
	                       |  |                          
	                       +--+  +----- S_elliptica 67   
	                          |  |                       
	                          +--+----- S_jourdyi 68     
	                             |                       
	                             |  +-- S_lauta 69       
	                             +--+                    
	                                +-- S_woodiana 70    
  

fig. 5: [clade_id: 16636] Unionini
spp. terminals: 7, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
((N_breviconcha, N_douglasiae), (A_tortuosa, (A_tientsinensis, (A_fibrosa, (A_scripta, A_coreana)))))


	              +-- N_breviconcha 1  
	  +-----------+                    
	  |           +-- N_douglasiae 2   
	--+                                
	  |  +----------- A_tortuosa 3     
	  +--+                             
	     |  +-------- A_tientsinensis 4
	     +--+                          
	        |  +----- A_fibrosa 5      
	        +--+                       
	           |  +-- A_coreana 7      
	           +--+                    
	              +-- A_scripta 6      
  

Huang et al., 2019

fig. 1: [clade_id: 11368] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 16, direct-child terminals: 6
rigorous outgroups.: 9, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(A_chinensis, ((S_woodiana, (S_angula, S_lucida)), ((A_tortuosa, (A_scripta, (A_coreana, (A_fibrosa, A_tientsinensis)))), ((C_plicata, (L_gladiola, (L_grayii, (L_lanceolata, L_triformis)))), (L_languilati, ((S_lampreyanus, S_spinosus), ((N_douglasiae, (N_douglasiae, N_nuxpersicae)), (C_rufescens, (C_pisciculus, (C_heudei, C_celtiformis))))))))))


	  +----------------------------- A_chinensis 1    
	  |                                               
	  |                       +----- S_woodiana 2     
	  |  +--------------------+                       
	  |  |                    |  +-- S_angula 3       
	--+  |                    +--+                    
	  |  |                       +-- S_lucida 4       
	  |  |                                            
	  |  |              +----------- A_tortuosa 5     
	  |  |  +-----------+                             
	  +--+  |           |  +-------- A_scripta 6      
	     |  |           +--+                          
	     |  |              |  +----- A_coreana 7      
	     |  |              +--+                       
	     |  |                 |  +-- A_fibrosa 8      
	     |  |                 +--+                    
	     |  |                    +-- A_tientsinensis 9
	     +--+                                         
	        |           +----------- C_plicata 10     
	        |  +--------+                             
	        |  |        |  +-------- L_gladiola 11    
	        |  |        +--+                          
	        |  |           |  +----- L_grayii 12      
	        |  |           +--+                       
	        |  |              |  +-- L_lanceolata 13  
	        +--+              +--+                    
	           |                 +-- L_triformis 14   
	           |                                      
	           |  +----------------- L_languilati 15  
	           |  |                                   
	           |  |              +-- S_lampreyanus 16 
	           +--+  +-----------+                    
	              |  |           +-- S_spinosus 17    
	              |  |                                
	              +--+        +----- N_douglasiae 18  
	                 |  +-----+                       
	                 |  |     |  +-- N_douglasiae 19  
	                 |  |     +--+                    
	                 +--+        +-- N_nuxpersicae 20 
	                    |                             
	                    |  +-------- C_rufescens 21   
	                    +--+                          
	                       |  +----- C_pisciculus 22  
	                       +--+                       
	                          |  +-- C_celtiformis 24 
	                          +--+                    
	                             +-- C_heudei 23      
  

fig. 2: [clade_id: 11489] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 20, direct-child terminals: 7
rigorous outgroups.: 25, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(A_chinensis, (L_languilati, ((A_tortuosa, (A_coreana, A_scripta, (A_fibrosa, A_tientsinensis))), ((U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_delphinus, U_pictorum))), ((S_lampreyanus, S_spinosus), ((N_douglasiae, (N_douglasiae, N_nuxpersicae)), (C_pisciculus, (C_rufescens, (C_heudei, C_celtiformis))))))), ((L_gladiola, (L_grayii, L_grayii, (L_lanceolata, L_triformis))), ((A_arcaeformis, (C_plicata, (P_tenuis, ((S_angula, S_lucida), (S_woodiana, (Sinanodonta, (S_woodiana, Sinanodonta))))))), (A_marginata, L_compressa, P_complanata, S_ambigua, S_undulatus, (A_anatina, (A_cygnea, A_nuttalliana)), (P_grandis, (U_imbecillis, U_peninsularis)))))))


	  +-------------------------------- A_chinensis 1    
	  |                                                  
	  |  +----------------------------- L_languilati 2   
	  |  |                                               
	  |  |                    +-------- A_tortuosa 3     
	  |  |                    |                          
	  |  |        +-----------+  +----- A_coreana 4      
	  |  |        |           |  |                       
	  |  |        |           +--+----- A_scripta 5      
	  |  |        |              |                       
	  |  |        |              |  +-- A_fibrosa 6      
	  |  |        |              +--+                    
	  |  |        |                 +-- A_tientsinensis 7
	--+  +--------+                                      
	  |  |        |           +-------- U_tumidus 8      
	  |  |        |  +--------+                          
	  |  |        |  |        |  +----- U_crassus 9      
	  |  |        |  |        +--+                       
	  |  |        |  |           |  +-- U_delphinus 10   
	  |  |        |  |           +--+                    
	  |  |        +--+              +-- U_pictorum 11    
	  |  |           |                                   
	  |  |           |              +-- S_lampreyanus 12 
	  |  |           |  +-----------+                    
	  |  |           |  |           +-- S_spinosus 13    
	  |  |           |  |                                
	  |  |           +--+        +----- N_douglasiae 14  
	  +--+              |  +-----+                       
	     |              |  |     |  +-- N_douglasiae 15  
	     |              |  |     +--+                    
	     |              +--+        +-- N_nuxpersicae 16 
	     |                 |                             
	     |                 |  +-------- C_pisciculus 17  
	     |                 +--+                          
	     |                    |  +----- C_rufescens 18   
	     |                    +--+                       
	     |                       |  +-- C_celtiformis 20 
	     |                       +--+                    
	     |                          +-- C_heudei 19      
	     |                                               
	     |                    +-------- L_gladiola 21    
	     |                    |                          
	     |  +-----------------+  +----- L_grayii 22      
	     |  |                 |  |                       
	     |  |                 +--+----- L_grayii 23      
	     |  |                    |                       
	     |  |                    |  +-- L_lanceolata 24  
	     |  |                    +--+                    
	     |  |                       +-- L_triformis 25   
	     |  |                                            
	     |  |     +-------------------- A_arcaeformis 26 
	     |  |     |                                      
	     |  |  +--+  +----------------- C_plicata 27     
	     +--+  |  |  |                                   
	        |  |  +--+  +-------------- P_tenuis 28      
	        |  |     |  |                                
	        |  |     +--+           +-- S_angula 29      
	        |  |        |  +--------+                    
	        |  |        |  |        +-- S_lucida 30      
	        |  |        +--+                             
	        |  |           |  +-------- S_woodiana 31    
	        |  |           +--+                          
	        |  |              |  +----- Sinanodonta 32   
	        |  |              +--+                       
	        +--+                 |  +-- S_woodiana 33    
	           |                 +--+                    
	           |                    +-- Sinanodonta 34   
	           |                                         
	           |              +-------- A_marginata 35   
	           |              |                          
	           |              +-------- L_compressa 36   
	           |              |                          
	           |              +-------- P_complanata 37  
	           |              |                          
	           |              +-------- S_ambigua 38     
	           |              |                          
	           +--------------+-------- S_undulatus 39   
	                          |                          
	                          |  +----- A_anatina 40     
	                          +--+                       
	                          |  |  +-- A_cygnea 41      
	                          |  +--+                    
	                          |     +-- A_nuttalliana 42 
	                          |                          
	                          |  +----- P_grandis 43     
	                          +--+                       
	                             |  +-- U_imbecillis 44  
	                             +--+                    
	                                +-- U_peninsularis 45
  

fig. 3: [clade_id: 12643] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 13, direct-child terminals: 7
rigorous outgroups.: 14, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(L_languilati, (((A_tortuosa, (A_scripta, (A_tientsinensis, A_coreana))), ((N_douglasiae, (C_pisciculus, S_lampreyanus)), (U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_delphinus, U_pictorum))))), ((L_gladiola, (L_lanceolata, L_grayii)), (A_chinensis, ((C_plicata, ((S_lucida, S_woodiana), (A_arcaeformis, A_euscaphys))), (A_cygnea, (A_anatina, (L_compressa, (P_grandis, (U_imbecillis, U_peninsularis))))))))))


	  +----------------------------- L_languilati 1   
	  |                                               
	  |                    +-------- A_tortuosa 2     
	  |              +-----+                          
	  |              |     |  +----- A_scripta 3      
	  |              |     +--+                       
	  |              |        |  +-- A_coreana 5      
	  |              |        +--+                    
	  |  +-----------+           +-- A_tientsinensis 4
	--+  |           |                                
	  |  |           |        +----- N_douglasiae 6   
	  |  |           |  +-----+                       
	  |  |           |  |     |  +-- C_pisciculus 7   
	  |  |           |  |     +--+                    
	  |  |           +--+        +-- S_lampreyanus 8  
	  |  |              |                             
	  |  |              |  +-------- U_tumidus 9      
	  |  |              +--+                          
	  +--+                 |  +----- U_crassus 10     
	     |                 +--+                       
	     |                    |  +-- U_delphinus 11   
	     |                    +--+                    
	     |                       +-- U_pictorum 12    
	     |                                            
	     |                    +----- L_gladiola 13    
	     |  +-----------------+                       
	     |  |                 |  +-- L_grayii 15      
	     |  |                 +--+                    
	     |  |                    +-- L_lanceolata 14  
	     +--+                                         
	        |  +-------------------- A_chinensis 16   
	        |  |                                      
	        |  |           +-------- C_plicata 17     
	        |  |           |                          
	        +--+  +--------+     +-- S_lucida 18      
	           |  |        |  +--+                    
	           |  |        |  |  +-- S_woodiana 19    
	           |  |        +--+                       
	           +--+           |  +-- A_arcaeformis 20 
	              |           +--+                    
	              |              +-- A_euscaphys 21   
	              |                                   
	              |  +-------------- A_cygnea 22      
	              +--+                                
	                 |  +----------- A_anatina 23     
	                 +--+                             
	                    |  +-------- L_compressa 24   
	                    +--+                          
	                       |  +----- P_grandis 25     
	                       +--+                       
	                          |  +-- U_imbecillis 26  
	                          +--+                    
	                             +-- U_peninsularis 27
  

fig. 3-M: [clade_id: 12717] Unionini
spp. terminals: 5, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_lampreyanus, (A_tortuosa, (U_tumidus, (U_crassus, U_delphinus))))


	  +----------- S_lampreyanus 1
	--+                           
	  |  +-------- A_tortuosa 2   
	  +--+                        
	     |  +----- U_tumidus 3    
	     +--+                     
	        |  +-- U_crassus 4    
	        +--+                  
	           +-- U_delphinus 5  
  

fig. S1: [clade_id: 11097] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 25, direct-child terminals: 6
rigorous outgroups.: 63, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
((A_retiaria, (A_chinensis, A_chinensis, A_chinensis, ((A_chinensis, A_retiaria), (A_chinensis, A_chinensis, (A_chinensis, A_retiaria))))), ((L_languilati, C_plicata), ((L_gladiola, (L_grayii, (L_lanceolata, L_triformis), (L_grayii, (L_eucylindrica, L_eucylindrica, L_eucylindrica, L_eucylindrica, L_grayii, L_grayii, L_grayii)))), ((A_tortuosa, (A_tientsinensis, (A_fibrosa, (A_coreana, A_scripta)))), ((N_douglasiae, (N_nuxpersicae, N_douglasiae)), (C_pisciculus, ((S_spinosus, S_lampreyanus), (C_rufescens, (C_heudei, C_celtiformis)))))))))


	              +-------------- A_retiaria 1      
	              |                                 
	              |  +----------- A_chinensis 2     
	  +-----------+  |                              
	  |           |  +----------- A_chinensis 3     
	  |           |  |                              
	  |           +--+----------- A_chinensis 4     
	  |              |                              
	  |              |        +-- A_chinensis 5     
	  |              |  +-----+                     
	  |              |  |     +-- A_retiaria 6      
	  |              +--+                           
	  |                 |  +----- A_chinensis 7     
	  |                 |  |                        
	  |                 +--+----- A_chinensis 8     
	  |                    |                        
	  |                    |  +-- A_chinensis 9     
	--+                    +--+                     
	  |                       +-- A_retiaria 10     
	  |                                             
	  |                       +-- C_plicata 12      
	  |  +--------------------+                     
	  |  |                    +-- L_languilati 11   
	  |  |                                          
	  |  |           +----------- L_gladiola 13     
	  |  |           |                              
	  |  |           |  +-------- L_grayii 14       
	  |  |  +--------+  |                           
	  |  |  |        |  |     +-- L_lanceolata 15   
	  |  |  |        |  +-----+                     
	  |  |  |        |  |     +-- L_triformis 16    
	  +--+  |        +--+                           
	     |  |           |  +----- L_grayii 17       
	     |  |           |  |                        
	     |  |           |  |  +-- L_eucylindrica 18 
	     |  |           |  |  |                     
	     |  |           +--+  +-- L_eucylindrica 19 
	     |  |              |  |                     
	     |  |              |  +-- L_eucylindrica 20 
	     |  |              |  |                     
	     |  |              +--+-- L_eucylindrica 21 
	     +--+                 |                     
	        |                 +-- L_grayii 22       
	        |                 |                     
	        |                 +-- L_grayii 23       
	        |                 |                     
	        |                 +-- L_grayii 24       
	        |                                       
	        |        +----------- A_tortuosa 25     
	        |  +-----+                              
	        |  |     |  +-------- A_tientsinensis 26
	        |  |     +--+                           
	        |  |        |  +----- A_fibrosa 27      
	        |  |        +--+                        
	        |  |           |  +-- A_coreana 28      
	        +--+           +--+                     
	           |              +-- A_scripta 29      
	           |                                    
	           |           +----- N_douglasiae 30   
	           |  +--------+                        
	           |  |        |  +-- N_douglasiae 32   
	           |  |        +--+                     
	           +--+           +-- N_nuxpersicae 31  
	              |                                 
	              |  +----------- C_pisciculus 33   
	              |  |                              
	              +--+        +-- S_lampreyanus 35  
	                 |  +-----+                     
	                 |  |     +-- S_spinosus 34     
	                 +--+                           
	                    |  +----- C_rufescens 36    
	                    +--+                        
	                       |  +-- C_celtiformis 38  
	                       +--+                     
	                          +-- C_heudei 37       
  

fig. S3: [clade_id: 11901] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 19, direct-child terminals: 7
rigorous outgroups.: 24, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(A_chinensis, (((A_tortuosa, ((A_coreana, A_scripta), (A_fibrosa, A_tientsinensis))), ((U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_delphinus, U_pictorum))), ((N_douglasiae, (N_douglasiae, N_nuxpersicae)), (S_lampreyanus, (C_pisciculus, (C_rufescens, (C_heudei, C_celtiformis))))))), (L_languilati, ((L_gladiola, (L_grayii, (L_lanceolata, L_triformis))), ((A_arcaeformis, (C_plicata, (P_tenuis, ((S_angula, S_lucida), (S_woodiana, (Sinanodonta, (S_woodiana, Sinanodonta))))))), ((A_marginata, L_compressa), (A_anatina, (A_cygnea, A_nuttalliana)), ((P_complanata, (S_ambigua, S_undulatus)), (P_grandis, (U_imbecillis, U_peninsularis)))))))))


	  +----------------------------------- A_chinensis 1    
	  |                                                     
	  |                          +-------- A_tortuosa 2     
	  |                          |                          
	  |              +-----------+     +-- A_fibrosa 5      
	  |              |           |  +--+                    
	  |              |           |  |  +-- A_tientsinensis 6
	  |              |           +--+                       
	  |              |              |  +-- A_coreana 3      
	  |              |              +--+                    
	  |              |                 +-- A_scripta 4      
	  |  +-----------+                                      
	  |  |           |           +-------- U_tumidus 7      
	--+  |           |  +--------+                          
	  |  |           |  |        |  +----- U_crassus 8      
	  |  |           |  |        +--+                       
	  |  |           |  |           |  +-- U_delphinus 9    
	  |  |           |  |           +--+                    
	  |  |           +--+              +-- U_pictorum 10    
	  |  |              |                                   
	  |  |              |           +----- N_douglasiae 11  
	  |  |              |  +--------+                       
	  |  |              |  |        |  +-- N_douglasiae 12  
	  |  |              |  |        +--+                    
	  |  |              +--+           +-- N_nuxpersicae 13 
	  |  |                 |                                
	  +--+                 |  +----------- S_lampreyanus 14 
	     |                 +--+                             
	     |                    |  +-------- C_pisciculus 15  
	     |                    +--+                          
	     |                       |  +----- C_rufescens 16   
	     |                       +--+                       
	     |                          |  +-- C_celtiformis 18 
	     |                          +--+                    
	     |                             +-- C_heudei 17      
	     |                                                  
	     |  +----------------------------- L_languilati 19  
	     |  |                                               
	     |  |                    +-------- L_gladiola 20    
	     |  |  +-----------------+                          
	     |  |  |                 |  +----- L_grayii 21      
	     |  |  |                 +--+                       
	     +--+  |                    |  +-- L_lanceolata 22  
	        |  |                    +--+                    
	        |  |                       +-- L_triformis 23   
	        |  |                                            
	        |  |     +-------------------- A_arcaeformis 24 
	        |  |     |                                      
	        |  |  +--+  +----------------- C_plicata 25     
	        +--+  |  |  |                                   
	           |  |  +--+  +-------------- P_tenuis 26      
	           |  |     |  |                                
	           |  |     +--+           +-- S_angula 27      
	           |  |        |  +--------+                    
	           |  |        |  |        +-- S_lucida 28      
	           |  |        +--+                             
	           |  |           |  +-------- S_woodiana 29    
	           |  |           +--+                          
	           |  |              |  +----- Sinanodonta 30   
	           +--+              +--+                       
	              |                 |  +-- S_woodiana 31    
	              |                 +--+                    
	              |                    +-- Sinanodonta 32   
	              |                                         
	              |                    +-- A_marginata 33   
	              |           +--------+                    
	              |           |        +-- L_compressa 34   
	              |           |                             
	              |           |     +----- A_anatina 35     
	              |           +-----+                       
	              |           |     |  +-- A_cygnea 36      
	              +-----------+     +--+                    
	                          |        +-- A_nuttalliana 37 
	                          |                             
	                          |     +----- P_complanata 38  
	                          |  +--+                       
	                          |  |  |  +-- S_ambigua 39     
	                          |  |  +--+                    
	                          +--+     +-- S_undulatus 40   
	                             |                          
	                             |  +----- P_grandis 41     
	                             +--+                       
	                                |  +-- U_imbecillis 42  
	                                +--+                    
	                                   +-- U_peninsularis 43
  

fig. S4: [clade_id: 12304] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 20, direct-child terminals: 7
rigorous outgroups.: 24, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(A_chinensis, A_marginata, A_anatina, A_arcaeformis, A_cygnea, C_plicata, A_nuttalliana, L_compressa, L_languilati, P_complanata, P_grandis, S_ambigua, S_undulatus, (S_lampreyanus, S_spinosus), (U_imbecillis, U_peninsularis), (L_gladiola, (L_grayii, (L_lanceolata, L_triformis))), (U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_delphinus, U_pictorum))), (A_tortuosa, ((A_coreana, A_scripta), (A_fibrosa, A_tientsinensis))), (C_heudei, C_celtiformis, C_pisciculus, C_rufescens, (N_douglasiae, (N_douglasiae, N_nuxpersicae))), (P_tenuis, ((S_angula, S_lucida), (S_woodiana, (Sinanodonta, (S_woodiana, Sinanodonta))))))


	  +----------------- A_anatina 3       
	  |                                    
	  +----------------- A_arcaeformis 4   
	  |                                    
	  +----------------- A_chinensis 1     
	  |                                    
	  +----------------- A_cygnea 5        
	  |                                    
	  +----------------- A_marginata 2     
	  |                                    
	  +----------------- A_nuttalliana 7   
	  |                                    
	  +----------------- C_plicata 6       
	  |                                    
	  +----------------- L_compressa 8     
	  |                                    
	  +----------------- L_languilati 9    
	  |                                    
	  +----------------- P_complanata 10   
	  |                                    
	  +----------------- P_grandis 11      
	  |                                    
	  +----------------- S_ambigua 12      
	  |                                    
	  +----------------- S_undulatus 13    
	  |                                    
	  |              +-- S_lampreyanus 14  
	  +--------------+                     
	  |              +-- S_spinosus 15     
	  |                                    
	  |              +-- U_imbecillis 16   
	  +--------------+                     
	  |              +-- U_peninsularis 17 
	  |                                    
	  |        +-------- L_gladiola 18     
	  +--------+                           
	  |        |  +----- L_grayii 19       
	  |        +--+                        
	--+           |  +-- L_lanceolata 20   
	  |           +--+                     
	  |              +-- L_triformis 21    
	  |                                    
	  |        +-------- U_tumidus 22      
	  +--------+                           
	  |        |  +----- U_crassus 23      
	  |        +--+                        
	  |           |  +-- U_delphinus 24    
	  |           +--+                     
	  |              +-- U_pictorum 25     
	  |                                    
	  |        +-------- A_tortuosa 26     
	  |        |                           
	  +--------+     +-- A_coreana 27      
	  |        |  +--+                     
	  |        |  |  +-- A_scripta 28      
	  |        +--+                        
	  |           |  +-- A_fibrosa 29      
	  |           +--+                     
	  |              +-- A_tientsinensis 30
	  |                                    
	  |        +-------- C_celtiformis 32  
	  |        |                           
	  |        +-------- C_heudei 31       
	  |        |                           
	  +--------+-------- C_pisciculus 33   
	  |        |                           
	  |        +-------- C_rufescens 34    
	  |        |                           
	  |        |  +----- N_douglasiae 35   
	  |        +--+                        
	  |           |  +-- N_douglasiae 36   
	  |           +--+                     
	  |              +-- N_nuxpersicae 37  
	  |                                    
	  |  +-------------- P_tenuis 38       
	  |  |                                 
	  +--+           +-- S_angula 39       
	     |  +--------+                     
	     |  |        +-- S_lucida 40       
	     +--+                              
	        |  +-------- S_woodiana 41     
	        +--+                           
	           |  +----- Sinanodonta 42    
	           +--+                        
	              |  +-- S_woodiana 43     
	              +--+                     
	                 +-- Sinanodonta 44    
  

Lopes-Lima et al., 2021

fig. 1: [clade_id: 19846] Unionini
spp. terminals: 16, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_tumidus, ((U_damascensis, (U_sesirmensis, (U_bruguierianus, U_crassus))), ((U_delicatus, U_terminalis), ((U_tigridis, U_hueti), (U_ravoisieri, ((U_pictorum, U_eucirrus), ((U_elongatulus, U_mancus), (U_foucauldianus, U_delphinus))))))))


	  +----------------------- U_tumidus 1       
	  |                                          
	  |              +-------- U_damascensis 2   
	  |  +-----------+                           
	--+  |           |  +----- U_sesirmensis 3   
	  |  |           +--+                        
	  |  |              |  +-- U_bruguierianus 4 
	  |  |              +--+                     
	  +--+                 +-- U_crassus 5       
	     |                                       
	     |                 +-- U_delicatus 6     
	     |  +--------------+                     
	     |  |              +-- U_terminalis 7    
	     |  |                                    
	     +--+              +-- U_hueti 9         
	        |  +-----------+                     
	        |  |           +-- U_tigridis 8      
	        |  |                                 
	        +--+  +----------- U_ravoisieri 10   
	           |  |                              
	           |  |        +-- U_eucirrus 12     
	           +--+  +-----+                     
	              |  |     +-- U_pictorum 11     
	              |  |                           
	              +--+     +-- U_elongatulus 13  
	                 |  +--+                     
	                 |  |  +-- U_mancus 14       
	                 +--+                        
	                    |  +-- U_delphinus 16    
	                    +--+                     
	                       +-- U_foucauldianus 15
  

fig. 2: [clade_id: 19883] Unionini
spp. terminals: 10, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
(U_tumidus, (U_bruguierianus, ((U_delicatus, U_terminalis), ((U_tigridis, U_hueti), ((U_pictorum, U_eucirrus), (U_elongatulus, U_mancus))))))


	  +----------------- U_tumidus 1      
	  |                                   
	--+  +-------------- U_bruguierianus 2
	  |  |                                
	  |  |           +-- U_delicatus 3    
	  +--+  +--------+                    
	     |  |        +-- U_terminalis 4   
	     |  |                             
	     +--+        +-- U_hueti 6        
	        |  +-----+                    
	        |  |     +-- U_tigridis 5     
	        |  |                          
	        +--+     +-- U_eucirrus 8     
	           |  +--+                    
	           |  |  +-- U_pictorum 7     
	           +--+                       
	              |  +-- U_elongatulus 9  
	              +--+                    
	                 +-- U_mancus 10      
  

fig. 6: [clade_id: 19896] Unionini
spp. terminals: 7, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
(U_tumidus, (U_pictorum, (U_sesirmensis, (U_damascensis, (U_courtillieri, (U_bruguierianus, U_crassus))))))


	  +----------------- U_tumidus 1      
	--+                                   
	  |  +-------------- U_pictorum 2     
	  +--+                                
	     |  +----------- U_sesirmensis 3  
	     +--+                             
	        |  +-------- U_damascensis 4  
	        +--+                          
	           |  +----- U_courtillieri 5 
	           +--+                       
	              |  +-- U_bruguierianus 6
	              +--+                    
	                 +-- U_crassus 7      
  

Sano et al., 2017

fig. 1: [clade_id: 9907] Unionini
spp. terminals: 8, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 11, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
((N_douglasiae, N_nipponensis), (I_jokohamensis, (I_yanagawensis, (I_yanagawensis, (I_yanagawensis, (I_yanagawensis, I_reinianus))))))


	                 +-- N_douglasiae 1  
	  +--------------+                   
	  |              +-- N_nipponensis 2 
	--+                                  
	  |  +-------------- I_jokohamensis 3
	  +--+                               
	     |  +----------- I_yanagawensis 4
	     +--+                            
	        |  +-------- I_yanagawensis 5
	        +--+                         
	           |  +----- I_yanagawensis 6
	           +--+                      
	              |  +-- I_reinianus 8   
	              +--+                   
	                 +-- I_yanagawensis 7
  

fig. 2: [clade_id: 9995] "Unionini" + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 16, direct-child terminals: 6
rigorous outgroups.: 14, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
((C_pisciculus, (N_nipponensis, (N_douglasiae, N_douglasiae, N_douglasiae, N_douglasiae, N_douglasiae, N_nipponensis))), ((S_lampreyanus, A_retiaria), ((L_languilati, (L_grayii, (L_lanceolata, L_grayii))), (I_jokohamensis, (I_yanagawensis, (I_yanagawensis, I_yanagawensis, I_reinianus))))))


	           +-------- C_pisciculus 1   
	           |                          
	  +--------+  +----- N_nipponensis 2  
	  |        |  |                       
	  |        |  |  +-- N_douglasiae 3   
	  |        +--+  |                    
	  |           |  +-- N_douglasiae 4   
	  |           |  |                    
	  |           |  +-- N_douglasiae 5   
	  |           +--+                    
	  |              +-- N_douglasiae 6   
	--+              |                    
	  |              +-- N_douglasiae 7   
	  |              |                    
	  |              +-- N_nipponensis 8  
	  |                                   
	  |              +-- A_retiaria 10    
	  |  +-----------+                    
	  |  |           +-- S_lampreyanus 9  
	  |  |                                
	  |  |     +-------- L_languilati 11  
	  +--+  +--+                          
	     |  |  |  +----- L_grayii 12      
	     |  |  +--+                       
	     |  |     |  +-- L_grayii 14      
	     +--+     +--+                    
	        |        +-- L_lanceolata 13  
	        |                             
	        |  +-------- I_jokohamensis 15
	        |  |                          
	        +--+  +----- I_yanagawensis 16
	           |  |                       
	           +--+  +-- I_reinianus 19   
	              |  |                    
	              +--+-- I_yanagawensis 17
	                 |                    
	                 +-- I_yanagawensis 18
  

Wu et al., 2018

fig. 2: [clade_id: 10516] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 16, direct-child terminals: 7
rigorous outgroups.: 21, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(L_languilati, ((A_tortuosa, (A_scripta, (A_coreana, (A_fibrosa, A_tientsinensis)))), ((U_crassus, U_pictorum), ((N_douglasiae, (S_lampreyanus, S_spinosus)), (C_pisciculus, (C_rufescens, (C_celtiformis, C_heudei)))))), ((A_chinensis, (L_gladiola, (L_grayii, (L_lanceolata, L_triformis)))), ((A_cygnea, (A_anatina, (S_undulatus, (L_compressa, A_marginata, (P_cataracta, P_grandis))))), (C_plicata, ((S_woodiana, S_elliptica), (S_lucida, S_angula)), (A_arcaeformis, A_arcaeformis, A_globosula, A_globosula, A_globosula)))))


	  +----------------------- L_languilati 1   
	  |                                         
	  |           +----------- A_tortuosa 2     
	  |     +-----+                             
	  |     |     |  +-------- A_scripta 3      
	  |     |     +--+                          
	  |     |        |  +----- A_coreana 4      
	  |     |        +--+                       
	  |     |           |  +-- A_fibrosa 5      
	  +-----+           +--+                    
	  |     |              +-- A_tientsinensis 6
	  |     |                                   
	  |     |              +-- U_crassus 7      
	  |     |  +-----------+                    
	  |     |  |           +-- U_pictorum 8     
	  |     |  |                                
	  |     +--+        +----- N_douglasiae 9   
	  |        |  +-----+                       
	  |        |  |     |  +-- S_lampreyanus 10 
	  |        |  |     +--+                    
	--+        +--+        +-- S_spinosus 11    
	  |           |                             
	  |           |  +-------- C_pisciculus 12  
	  |           +--+                          
	  |              |  +----- C_rufescens 13   
	  |              +--+                       
	  |                 |  +-- C_celtiformis 14 
	  |                 +--+                    
	  |                    +-- C_heudei 15      
	  |                                         
	  |           +----------- A_chinensis 16   
	  |  +--------+                             
	  |  |        |  +-------- L_gladiola 17    
	  |  |        +--+                          
	  |  |           |  +----- L_grayii 18      
	  |  |           +--+                       
	  |  |              |  +-- L_lanceolata 19  
	  |  |              +--+                    
	  |  |                 +-- L_triformis 20   
	  |  |                                      
	  |  |     +-------------- A_cygnea 21      
	  +--+     |                                
	     |  +--+  +----------- A_anatina 22     
	     |  |  |  |                             
	     |  |  +--+  +-------- S_undulatus 23   
	     |  |     |  |                          
	     |  |     +--+  +----- A_marginata 25   
	     |  |        |  |                       
	     |  |        +--+----- L_compressa 24   
	     |  |           |                       
	     |  |           |  +-- P_cataracta 26   
	     +--+           +--+                    
	        |              +-- P_grandis 27     
	        |                                   
	        |        +-------- C_plicata 28     
	        |        |                          
	        |        |     +-- S_elliptica 30   
	        |        |  +--+                    
	        |        |  |  +-- S_woodiana 29    
	        |        +--+                       
	        |        |  |  +-- S_angula 32      
	        +--------+  +--+                    
	                 |     +-- S_lucida 31      
	                 |                          
	                 |     +-- A_arcaeformis 33 
	                 |     |                    
	                 |     +-- A_arcaeformis 34 
	                 |     |                    
	                 +-----+-- A_globosula 35   
	                       |                    
	                       +-- A_globosula 36   
	                       |                    
	                       +-- A_globosula 37   
  

Wu et al., 2020

fig. 2: [clade_id: 17725] "Unionini"
spp. terminals: 4, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
(U_pictorum, (A_tortuosa, (G_polysticta, (A_fibrosa, A_tientsinensis))))


	  +----------- U_pictorum 1     
	--+                             
	  |  +-------- A_tortuosa 2     
	  +--+                          
	     |  +----- G_polysticta 3   
	     +--+                       
	        |  +-- A_fibrosa 4      
	        +--+                    
	           +-- A_tientsinensis 5
  

fig. 3: [clade_id: 17882] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 15, direct-child terminals: 7
rigorous outgroups.: 12, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(L_languilati, (((A_chinensis, (L_lanceolata, L_grayii)), ((A_anatina, (L_compressa, (P_grandis, (U_peninsularis, U_imbecillis)))), (C_plicata, ((S_woodiana, S_lauta), (A_arcaeformis, A_euscaphys))))), ((A_tortuosa, ((A_coreana, A_tientsinensis), (G_polysticta, A_scripta))), ((U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_delphinus, U_pictorum))), (C_capitatus, (N_douglasiae, (C_pisciculus, (C_heudei, S_lampreyanus))))))))


	  +----------------------- L_languilati 1    
	  |                                          
	  |                 +----- A_chinensis 2     
	  |     +-----------+                        
	  |     |           |  +-- L_grayii 4        
	  |     |           +--+                     
	  |     |              +-- L_lanceolata 3    
	  |     |                                    
	  |  +--+     +----------- A_anatina 5       
	  |  |  |  +--+                              
	  |  |  |  |  |  +-------- L_compressa 6     
	--+  |  |  |  +--+                           
	  |  |  |  |     |  +----- P_grandis 7       
	  |  |  |  |     +--+                        
	  |  |  +--+        |  +-- U_imbecillis 9    
	  |  |     |        +--+                     
	  |  |     |           +-- U_peninsularis 8  
	  |  |     |                                 
	  |  |     |     +-------- C_plicata 10      
	  |  |     |     |                           
	  |  |     +-----+     +-- S_lauta 12        
	  |  |           |  +--+                     
	  +--+           |  |  +-- S_woodiana 11     
	     |           +--+                        
	     |              |  +-- A_arcaeformis 13  
	     |              +--+                     
	     |                 +-- A_euscaphys 14    
	     |                                       
	     |           +-------- A_tortuosa 15     
	     |           |                           
	     |  +--------+     +-- A_coreana 16      
	     |  |        |  +--+                     
	     |  |        |  |  +-- A_tientsinensis 17
	     |  |        +--+                        
	     |  |           |  +-- A_scripta 19      
	     |  |           +--+                     
	     +--+              +-- G_polysticta 18   
	        |                                    
	        |        +-------- U_tumidus 20      
	        |  +-----+                           
	        |  |     |  +----- U_crassus 21      
	        |  |     +--+                        
	        |  |        |  +-- U_delphinus 22    
	        +--+        +--+                     
	           |           +-- U_pictorum 23     
	           |                                 
	           |  +----------- C_capitatus 24    
	           +--+                              
	              |  +-------- N_douglasiae 25   
	              +--+                           
	                 |  +----- C_pisciculus 26   
	                 +--+                        
	                    |  +-- C_heudei 27       
	                    +--+                     
	                       +-- S_lampreyanus 28  
  

fig. S1: [clade_id: 17792] "Unionini"
spp. terminals: 4, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
(U_pictorum, (A_tortuosa, (G_polysticta, (A_tientsinensis, A_fibrosa))))


	  +----------- U_pictorum 1     
	--+                             
	  |  +-------- A_tortuosa 2     
	  +--+                          
	     |  +----- G_polysticta 3   
	     +--+                       
	        |  +-- A_fibrosa 5      
	        +--+                    
	           +-- A_tientsinensis 4
  

Araujo et al., 2018

fig. 1: [clade_id: 10076] Unionini
spp. terminals: 15, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(N_douglasiae, ((U_durieui, U_gibbus), (U_tumidus, ((U_tumidiformis, (U_bruguierianus, (U_crassus, U_ionicus))), ((U_delphinus, U_foucauldianus), (U_pictorum, U_elongatulus, U_mancus, U_ravoisieri, U_tigridis))))))


	  +-------------------- N_douglasiae 1    
	  |                                       
	  |                 +-- U_durieui 2       
	--+  +--------------+                     
	  |  |              +-- U_gibbus 3        
	  |  |                                    
	  +--+  +-------------- U_tumidus 4       
	     |  |                                 
	     |  |     +-------- U_tumidiformis 5  
	     |  |  +--+                           
	     +--+  |  |  +----- U_bruguierianus 6 
	        |  |  +--+                        
	        |  |     |  +-- U_crassus 7       
	        |  |     +--+                     
	        +--+        +-- U_ionicus 8       
	           |                              
	           |        +-- U_delphinus 9     
	           |     +--+                     
	           |     |  +-- U_foucauldianus 10
	           |     |                        
	           +-----+  +-- U_elongatulus 12  
	                 |  |                     
	                 |  +-- U_mancus 13       
	                 |  |                     
	                 +--+-- U_pictorum 11     
	                    |                     
	                    +-- U_ravoisieri 14   
	                    |                     
	                    +-- U_tigridis 15     
  

Wu et al., 2019

fig. 3: [clade_id: 13650] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 15, direct-child terminals: 7
rigorous outgroups.: 12, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(L_languilati, (((A_tortuosa, (A_scripta, (A_tientsinensis, A_coreana))), ((U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_delphinus, U_pictorum))), (C_capitatus, (N_douglasiae, (C_pisciculus, (C_heudei, S_lampreyanus)))))), ((A_chinensis, (L_grayii, L_lanceolata)), ((A_anatina, (L_compressa, (P_grandis, (U_peninsularis, U_imbecillis)))), (C_plicata, ((A_arcaeformis, A_euscaphys), (S_lucida, S_woodiana)))))))


	  +----------------------- L_languilati 1   
	  |                                         
	  |                 +----- A_chinensis 15   
	  |     +-----------+                       
	  |     |           |  +-- L_grayii 16      
	  |     |           +--+                    
	  |     |              +-- L_lanceolata 17  
	  |     |                                   
	  |  +--+     +----------- A_anatina 18     
	  |  |  |  +--+                             
	--+  |  |  |  |  +-------- L_compressa 19   
	  |  |  |  |  +--+                          
	  |  |  |  |     |  +----- P_grandis 20     
	  |  |  |  |     +--+                       
	  |  |  +--+        |  +-- U_imbecillis 22  
	  |  |     |        +--+                    
	  |  |     |           +-- U_peninsularis 21
	  |  |     |                                
	  |  |     |     +-------- C_plicata 23     
	  |  |     |     |                          
	  |  |     +-----+     +-- A_arcaeformis 24 
	  +--+           |  +--+                    
	     |           |  |  +-- A_euscaphys 25   
	     |           +--+                       
	     |              |  +-- S_lucida 26      
	     |              +--+                    
	     |                 +-- S_woodiana 27    
	     |                                      
	     |           +-------- A_tortuosa 2     
	     |  +--------+                          
	     |  |        |  +----- A_scripta 3      
	     |  |        +--+                       
	     |  |           |  +-- A_coreana 5      
	     |  |           +--+                    
	     |  |              +-- A_tientsinensis 4
	     +--+                                   
	        |        +-------- U_tumidus 6      
	        |  +-----+                          
	        |  |     |  +----- U_crassus 7      
	        |  |     +--+                       
	        |  |        |  +-- U_delphinus 8    
	        +--+        +--+                    
	           |           +-- U_pictorum 9     
	           |                                
	           |  +----------- C_capitatus 10   
	           +--+                             
	              |  +-------- N_douglasiae 11  
	              +--+                          
	                 |  +----- C_pisciculus 12  
	                 +--+                       
	                    |  +-- C_heudei 13      
	                    +--+                    
	                       +-- S_lampreyanus 14 
  

Fukata & Iigo, 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 17135] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 14, direct-child terminals: 7
rigorous outgroups.: 14, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(L_languilati, ((L_gladiola, (L_grayii, L_lanceolata)), (((A_tortuosa, (A_tientsinensis, A_coreana)), ((U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_pictorum, U_delphinus))), ((S_lampreyanus, C_heudei), (C_capitatus, (N_douglasiae, C_pisciculus))))), (A_chinensis, ((C_plicata, ((S_woodiana, S_lucida), (A_arcaeformis, A_euscaphys))), ((A_anatina, A_cygnea), ((P_grandis, U_peninsularis), (A_varicosa, A_heterodon))))))))


	  +----------------------- L_languilati 1   
	  |                                         
	  |                 +----- L_gladiola 2     
	  |  +--------------+                       
	  |  |              |  +-- L_grayii 3       
	  |  |              +--+                    
	  |  |                 +-- L_lanceolata 4   
	--+  |                                      
	  |  |     +-------------- A_chinensis 17   
	  |  |     |                                
	  |  |     |     +-------- C_plicata 18     
	  |  |     |     |                          
	  |  |     |  +--+     +-- S_lucida 20      
	  |  |  +--+  |  |  +--+                    
	  +--+  |  |  |  |  |  +-- S_woodiana 19    
	     |  |  |  |  +--+                       
	     |  |  |  |     |  +-- A_arcaeformis 21 
	     |  |  |  |     +--+                    
	     |  |  +--+        +-- A_euscaphys 22   
	     |  |     |                             
	     |  |     |        +-- A_anatina 23     
	     |  |     |  +-----+                    
	     |  |     |  |     +-- A_cygnea 24      
	     |  |     |  |                          
	     |  |     +--+     +-- P_grandis 25     
	     +--+        |  +--+                    
	        |        |  |  +-- U_peninsularis 26
	        |        +--+                       
	        |           |  +-- A_heterodon 28   
	        |           +--+                    
	        |              +-- A_varicosa 27    
	        |                                   
	        |           +----- A_tortuosa 5     
	        |  +--------+                       
	        |  |        |  +-- A_coreana 7      
	        |  |        +--+                    
	        |  |           +-- A_tientsinensis 6
	        |  |                                
	        +--+     +-------- U_tumidus 8      
	           |  +--+                          
	           |  |  |  +----- U_crassus 9      
	           |  |  +--+                       
	           |  |     |  +-- U_delphinus 11   
	           |  |     +--+                    
	           +--+        +-- U_pictorum 10    
	              |                             
	              |        +-- C_heudei 13      
	              |  +-----+                    
	              |  |     +-- S_lampreyanus 12 
	              +--+                          
	                 |  +----- C_capitatus 14   
	                 +--+                       
	                    |  +-- C_pisciculus 16  
	                    +--+                    
	                       +-- N_douglasiae 15  
  

Sano et al., 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 18194] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 12, direct-child terminals: 7
rigorous outgroups.: 20, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(L_grayii, L_grayii, C_plicata, C_plicata, S_lauta, S_lauta, B_japonica, B_japonica, S_calipygos, S_calipygos, A_arcaeformis, A_arcaeformis, S_tumens, S_tumens, P_tenuis, A_arcaeformis, L_lanceolata, C_plicata, L_gladiola, S_angula, L_languilati, (N_douglasiae, C_celtiformis), (A_tortuosa, A_chinensis), (S_lampreyanus, (I_reinianus, I_reinianus, I_jokohamensis, I_jokohamensis, I_jokohamensis, I_jokohamensis)))


	  +-------- A_arcaeformis 11 
	  |                          
	  +-------- A_arcaeformis 12 
	  |                          
	  +-------- A_arcaeformis 16 
	  |                          
	  +-------- B_japonica 7     
	  |                          
	  +-------- B_japonica 8     
	  |                          
	  +-------- C_plicata 18     
	  |                          
	  +-------- C_plicata 3      
	  |                          
	  +-------- C_plicata 4      
	  |                          
	  +-------- L_gladiola 19    
	  |                          
	  +-------- L_grayii 1       
	  |                          
	  +-------- L_grayii 2       
	  |                          
	  +-------- L_lanceolata 17  
	  |                          
	  +-------- L_languilati 21  
	  |                          
	--+-------- P_tenuis 15      
	  |                          
	  +-------- S_angula 20      
	  |                          
	  +-------- S_calipygos 10   
	  |                          
	  +-------- S_calipygos 9    
	  |                          
	  +-------- S_lauta 5        
	  |                          
	  +-------- S_lauta 6        
	  |                          
	  +-------- S_tumens 13      
	  |                          
	  +-------- S_tumens 14      
	  |                          
	  |     +-- C_celtiformis 23 
	  +-----+                    
	  |     +-- N_douglasiae 22  
	  |                          
	  |     +-- A_chinensis 25   
	  +-----+                    
	  |     +-- A_tortuosa 24    
	  |                          
	  |  +----- S_lampreyanus 26 
	  |  |                       
	  |  |  +-- I_jokohamensis 29
	  +--+  |                    
	     |  +-- I_jokohamensis 30
	     |  |                    
	     |  +-- I_jokohamensis 31
	     +--+                    
	        +-- I_jokohamensis 32
	        |                    
	        +-- I_reinianus 27   
	        |                    
	        +-- I_reinianus 28   
  

fig. 2: [clade_id: 18278] Unionini
spp. terminals: 14, direct-child terminals: 7
rigorous outgroups.: 27, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(L_languilati, ((A_tortuosa, (A_tientsinensis, A_coreana)), ((U_crassus, (U_delphinus, U_pictorum)), ((N_douglasiae, (C_pisciculus, S_lampreyanus)), (I_jokohamensis, (I_yanagawensis, (I_reinianus, I_yanagawensis)))))))


	  +-------------------- L_languilati 1   
	  |                                      
	  |              +----- A_tortuosa 2     
	  |  +-----------+                       
	--+  |           |  +-- A_coreana 4      
	  |  |           +--+                    
	  |  |              +-- A_tientsinensis 3
	  |  |                                   
	  +--+           +----- U_crassus 5      
	     |  +--------+                       
	     |  |        |  +-- U_delphinus 6    
	     |  |        +--+                    
	     |  |           +-- U_pictorum 7     
	     +--+                                
	        |        +----- N_douglasiae 8   
	        |  +-----+                       
	        |  |     |  +-- C_pisciculus 9   
	        |  |     +--+                    
	        +--+        +-- S_lampreyanus 10 
	           |                             
	           |  +-------- I_jokohamensis 11
	           +--+                          
	              |  +----- I_yanagawensis 12
	              +--+                       
	                 |  +-- I_reinianus 13   
	                 +--+                    
	                    +-- I_yanagawensis 14
  

fig. 3: [clade_id: 18435] Unionini
spp. terminals: 14, direct-child terminals: 7
rigorous outgroups.: 27, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(L_languilati, ((A_tortuosa, (A_tientsinensis, A_coreana)), ((U_crassus, (U_delphinus, U_pictorum)), ((N_douglasiae, (S_lampreyanus, C_pisciculus)), (I_jokohamensis, (I_yanagawensis, (I_reinianus, I_yanagawensis)))))))


	  +-------------------- L_languilati 1   
	  |                                      
	  |              +----- A_tortuosa 2     
	  |  +-----------+                       
	--+  |           |  +-- A_coreana 4      
	  |  |           +--+                    
	  |  |              +-- A_tientsinensis 3
	  |  |                                   
	  +--+           +----- U_crassus 5      
	     |  +--------+                       
	     |  |        |  +-- U_delphinus 6    
	     |  |        +--+                    
	     |  |           +-- U_pictorum 7     
	     +--+                                
	        |        +----- N_douglasiae 8   
	        |  +-----+                       
	        |  |     |  +-- C_pisciculus 10  
	        |  |     +--+                    
	        +--+        +-- S_lampreyanus 9  
	           |                             
	           |  +-------- I_jokohamensis 11
	           +--+                          
	              |  +----- I_yanagawensis 12
	              +--+                       
	                 |  +-- I_reinianus 13   
	                 +--+                    
	                    +-- I_yanagawensis 14
  

fig. 4: [clade_id: 18594] "Unionini" + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 14, direct-child terminals: 7
rigorous outgroups.: 27, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(L_languilati, ((L_grayii, (L_lanceolata, L_grayii)), ((A_tortuosa, (A_tientsinensis, A_coreana)), ((U_crassus, (U_delphinus, U_pictorum)), (N_douglasiae, ((S_lampreyanus, C_pisciculus), (I_jokohamensis, (I_yanagawensis, (I_reinianus, I_yanagawensis)))))))))


	  +-------------------------- L_languilati 1   
	  |                                            
	  |                    +----- L_grayii 2       
	  |  +-----------------+                       
	--+  |                 |  +-- L_grayii 4       
	  |  |                 +--+                    
	  |  |                    +-- L_lanceolata 3   
	  |  |                                         
	  +--+                 +----- A_tortuosa 5     
	     |  +--------------+                       
	     |  |              |  +-- A_coreana 7      
	     |  |              +--+                    
	     |  |                 +-- A_tientsinensis 6
	     +--+                                      
	        |              +----- U_crassus 8      
	        |  +-----------+                       
	        |  |           |  +-- U_delphinus 9    
	        |  |           +--+                    
	        +--+              +-- U_pictorum 10    
	           |                                   
	           |  +-------------- N_douglasiae 11  
	           |  |                                
	           +--+           +-- C_pisciculus 13  
	              |  +--------+                    
	              |  |        +-- S_lampreyanus 12 
	              +--+                             
	                 |  +-------- I_jokohamensis 14
	                 +--+                          
	                    |  +----- I_yanagawensis 15
	                    +--+                       
	                       |  +-- I_reinianus 16   
	                       +--+                    
	                          +-- I_yanagawensis 17
  

Froufe et al., 2016

fig. 3: [clade_id: 7621] Unionini
spp. terminals: 14, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
((N_douglasiae, N_breviconcha), ((U_gibbus, U_durieui), (U_tumidus, ((U_crassus, U_tumidiformis), (U_delphinus, (U_foucauldianus, (U_ravoisieri, (U_mancus, (U_elongatulus, (U_pictorum, U_caffer))))))))))


	                             +-- N_breviconcha 2  
	  +--------------------------+                    
	  |                          +-- N_douglasiae 1   
	  |                                               
	--+                          +-- U_durieui 4      
	  |  +-----------------------+                    
	  |  |                       +-- U_gibbus 3       
	  +--+                                            
	     |  +----------------------- U_tumidus 5      
	     |  |                                         
	     +--+                    +-- U_crassus 6      
	        |  +-----------------+                    
	        |  |                 +-- U_tumidiformis 7 
	        +--+                                      
	           |  +----------------- U_delphinus 8    
	           +--+                                   
	              |  +-------------- U_foucauldianus 9
	              +--+                                
	                 |  +----------- U_ravoisieri 10  
	                 +--+                             
	                    |  +-------- U_mancus 11      
	                    +--+                          
	                       |  +----- U_elongatulus 12 
	                       +--+                       
	                          |  +-- U_caffer 14      
	                          +--+                    
	                             +-- U_pictorum 13    
  

Liu et al., 2017

fig. 2: [clade_id: 15558] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Gonideini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 14, direct-child terminals: 5
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
((A_chinensis, (A_arcaeformis, S_oleivora)), (L_grayii, ((U_tumidus, U_gibbus, (U_crassus, U_pictorum)), (S_lampreyanus, (C_heudei, C_rufescens), (N_breviconcha, (N_douglasiae, (N_douglasiae, (N_douglasiae, N_nuxpersicae, N_nipponensis))))))))


	                    +----- A_chinensis 1   
	  +-----------------+                      
	  |                 |  +-- A_arcaeformis 2 
	  |                 +--+                   
	  |                    +-- S_oleivora 3    
	--+                                        
	  |  +-------------------- L_grayii 4      
	  |  |                                     
	  |  |              +----- U_gibbus 6      
	  |  |              |                      
	  +--+  +-----------+----- U_tumidus 5     
	     |  |           |                      
	     |  |           |  +-- U_crassus 7     
	     |  |           +--+                   
	     |  |              +-- U_pictorum 8    
	     +--+                                  
	        |  +-------------- S_lampreyanus 9 
	        |  |                               
	        |  |           +-- C_heudei 10     
	        |  +-----------+                   
	        +--+           +-- C_rufescens 11  
	           |                               
	           |  +----------- N_breviconcha 12
	           |  |                            
	           +--+  +-------- N_douglasiae 13 
	              |  |                         
	              +--+  +----- N_douglasiae 14 
	                 |  |                      
	                 +--+  +-- N_douglasiae 15 
	                    |  |                   
	                    +--+-- N_nipponensis 17
	                       |                   
	                       +-- N_nuxpersicae 16
  

Sayenko et al., 2021

fig. 6: [clade_id: 19387] Unionini
spp. terminals: 13, direct-child terminals: 4
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
((U_pictorum, U_crassus), ((I_jokohamensis, (I_yanagawensis, I_verrucosus, (I_reinianus, I_yanagawensis))), (M_mongolica, (N_breviconcha, (N_douglasiae, (N_nuxpersicae, (N_douglasiae, N_nipponensis)))))))


	                    +-- U_crassus 2     
	  +-----------------+                   
	  |                 +-- U_pictorum 1    
	  |                                     
	  |           +-------- I_jokohamensis 3
	--+           |                         
	  |  +--------+  +----- I_verrucosus 5  
	  |  |        |  |                      
	  |  |        +--+----- I_yanagawensis 4
	  |  |           |                      
	  +--+           |  +-- I_reinianus 6   
	     |           +--+                   
	     |              +-- I_yanagawensis 7
	     |                                  
	     |  +-------------- M_mongolica 8   
	     +--+                               
	        |  +----------- N_breviconcha 9 
	        +--+                            
	           |  +-------- N_douglasiae 10 
	           +--+                         
	              |  +----- N_nuxpersicae 11
	              +--+                      
	                 |  +-- N_douglasiae 12 
	                 +--+                   
	                    +-- N_nipponensis 13
  

Aunins et al., 2018

fig. 1: [clade_id: 13574] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 13, direct-child terminals: 7
rigorous outgroups.: 14, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(L_languilati, (((A_tortuosa, (A_coreana, A_tientsinensis)), ((N_douglasiae, (C_pisciculus, (C_heudei, S_lampreyanus))), (U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_pictorum, U_delphinus))))), ((A_chinensis, (L_grayii, L_lanceolata)), ((C_plicata, ((A_arcaeformis, A_euscaphys), (S_woodiana, S_lucida))), ((A_anatina, A_cygnea), ((A_heterodon, A_varicosa), (P_grandis, (U_imbecillis, U_peninsularis))))))))


	  +----------------------- L_languilati 1   
	  |                                         
	  |                 +----- A_tortuosa 2     
	  |        +--------+                       
	  |        |        |  +-- A_coreana 3      
	  |        |        +--+                    
	  |        |           +-- A_tientsinensis 4
	  |        |                                
	  |  +-----+     +-------- N_douglasiae 5   
	--+  |     |  +--+                          
	  |  |     |  |  |  +----- C_pisciculus 6   
	  |  |     |  |  +--+                       
	  |  |     |  |     |  +-- C_heudei 7       
	  |  |     +--+     +--+                    
	  |  |        |        +-- S_lampreyanus 8  
	  |  |        |                             
	  |  |        |  +-------- U_tumidus 9      
	  |  |        +--+                          
	  |  |           |  +----- U_crassus 10     
	  +--+           +--+                       
	     |              |  +-- U_delphinus 12   
	     |              +--+                    
	     |                 +-- U_pictorum 11    
	     |                                      
	     |              +----- A_chinensis 13   
	     |  +-----------+                       
	     |  |           |  +-- L_grayii 14      
	     |  |           +--+                    
	     |  |              +-- L_lanceolata 15  
	     |  |                                   
	     |  |        +-------- C_plicata 16     
	     +--+        |                          
	        |  +-----+     +-- A_arcaeformis 17 
	        |  |     |  +--+                    
	        |  |     |  |  +-- A_euscaphys 18   
	        |  |     +--+                       
	        |  |        |  +-- S_lucida 20      
	        |  |        +--+                    
	        +--+           +-- S_woodiana 19    
	           |                                
	           |           +-- A_anatina 21     
	           |  +--------+                    
	           |  |        +-- A_cygnea 22      
	           |  |                             
	           +--+        +-- A_heterodon 23   
	              |  +-----+                    
	              |  |     +-- A_varicosa 24    
	              +--+                          
	                 |  +----- P_grandis 25     
	                 +--+                       
	                    |  +-- U_imbecillis 26  
	                    +--+                    
	                       +-- U_peninsularis 27
  

Fukata & Iigo, 2019

fig. 1: [clade_id: 17640] "Unionini" + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 11, direct-child terminals: 6
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
((A_tientsinensis, (A_chinensis, (L_gladiola, (L_grayii, L_lanceolata)))), ((U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_delphinus, U_pictorum))), (C_capitatus, ((N_douglasiae, C_pisciculus), (S_lampreyanus, C_heudei)))))


	     +----------- A_tientsinensis 1
	  +--+                             
	  |  |  +-------- A_chinensis 2    
	  |  +--+                          
	  |     |  +----- L_gladiola 3     
	  |     +--+                       
	  |        |  +-- L_grayii 4       
	  |        +--+                    
	--+           +-- L_lanceolata 5   
	  |                                
	  |     +-------- U_tumidus 6      
	  |  +--+                          
	  |  |  |  +----- U_crassus 7      
	  |  |  +--+                       
	  |  |     |  +-- U_delphinus 8    
	  +--+     +--+                    
	     |        +-- U_pictorum 9     
	     |                             
	     |  +-------- C_capitatus 10   
	     |  |                          
	     +--+     +-- C_pisciculus 12  
	        |  +--+                    
	        |  |  +-- N_douglasiae 11  
	        +--+                       
	           |  +-- C_heudei 14      
	           +--+                    
	              +-- S_lampreyanus 13 
  

Choi et al., 2020

fig. 2a: [clade_id: 18927] Unionini
spp. terminals: 11, direct-child terminals: 4
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
((S_lampreyanus, ((U_pictorum, C_pisciculus), (C_heudei, C_rufescens))), (N_breviconcha, (Nodularia, (Nodularia, (N_douglasiae, (N_nipponensis, N_nuxpersicae))))))


	           +-------- S_lampreyanus 1 
	           |                         
	  +--------+     +-- C_pisciculus 3  
	  |        |  +--+                   
	  |        |  |  +-- U_pictorum 2    
	  |        +--+                      
	--+           |  +-- C_heudei 4      
	  |           +--+                   
	  |              +-- C_rufescens 5   
	  |                                  
	  |  +-------------- N_breviconcha 6 
	  +--+                               
	     |  +----------- Nodularia 7     
	     +--+                            
	        |  +-------- Nodularia 8     
	        +--+                         
	           |  +----- N_douglasiae 9  
	           +--+                      
	              |  +-- N_nipponensis 10
	              +--+                   
	                 +-- N_nuxpersicae 11
  

fig. 3a: [clade_id: 18945] Unionini
spp. terminals: 5, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
((C_heudei, U_pictorum), (N_breviconcha, (N_douglasiae, N_nipponensis)))


	        +-- C_heudei 1     
	  +-----+                  
	  |     +-- U_pictorum 2   
	--+                        
	  |  +----- N_breviconcha 3
	  +--+                     
	     |  +-- N_douglasiae 4 
	     +--+                  
	        +-- N_nipponensis 5
  

fig. 5: [clade_id: 18960] Unionini
spp. terminals: 6, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
(N_breviconcha, ((Nodularia, Nodularia), (N_douglasiae, (N_nipponensis, N_nuxpersicae))))


	  +----------- N_breviconcha 1
	  |                           
	--+        +-- Nodularia 2    
	  |  +-----+                  
	  |  |     +-- Nodularia 3    
	  +--+                        
	     |  +----- N_douglasiae 4 
	     +--+                     
	        |  +-- N_nipponensis 5
	        +--+                  
	           +-- N_nuxpersicae 6
  

Zhou et al., 2007

fig. 1: [clade_id: 3335] "Unionini" + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 11, direct-child terminals: 5
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(((S_lampreyanus, S_spinosus), ((L_triformis, L_lanceolata), (A_retiaria, A_chinensis))), ((C_pisciculus, N_douglasiae), (A_tortuosa, (A_scripta, (A_tientsinensis, (A_zonata, A_fibrosa))))))


	                 +-- S_lampreyanus 1   
	           +-----+                     
	           |     +-- S_spinosus 2      
	           |                           
	  +--------+     +-- L_lanceolata 4    
	  |        |  +--+                     
	  |        |  |  +-- L_triformis 3     
	  |        +--+                        
	  |           |  +-- A_chinensis 6     
	--+           +--+                     
	  |              +-- A_retiaria 5      
	  |                                    
	  |              +-- C_pisciculus 7    
	  |  +-----------+                     
	  |  |           +-- N_douglasiae 8    
	  +--+                                 
	     |  +----------- A_tortuosa 9      
	     +--+                              
	        |  +-------- A_scripta 10      
	        +--+                           
	           |  +----- A_tientsinensis 11
	           +--+                        
	              |  +-- A_fibrosa 13      
	              +--+                     
	                 +-- A_zonata 12       
  

fig. 2: [clade_id: 3391] Unionini
spp. terminals: 8, direct-child terminals: 4
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
((A_chinensis, (N_douglasiae, C_celtiformis)), (A_tortuosa, (A_scripta, (A_fibrosa, (A_zonata, A_tientsinensis)))))


	           +----- A_chinensis 1    
	  +--------+                       
	  |        |  +-- C_celtiformis 3  
	  |        +--+                    
	--+           +-- N_douglasiae 2   
	  |                                
	  |  +----------- A_tortuosa 4     
	  +--+                             
	     |  +-------- A_scripta 5      
	     +--+                          
	        |  +----- A_fibrosa 6      
	        +--+                       
	           |  +-- A_tientsinensis 8
	           +--+                    
	              +-- A_zonata 7       
  

Kim et al., 2021

fig. 1: [clade_id: 19484] "Unionini" + Chamberlainiini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 11, direct-child terminals: 7
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
((S_schlegelii, L_languilati), (A_tientsinensis, ((A_chinensis, (L_gladiola, (L_grayii, L_lanceolata))), (((N_douglasiae, N_breviconcha), (S_lampreyanus, C_heudei)), (U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_delphinus, U_pictorum)))))))


	                    +-- L_languilati 2   
	  +-----------------+                    
	  |                 +-- S_schlegelii 1   
	  |                                      
	--+  +----------------- A_tientsinensis 3
	  |  |                                   
	  |  |        +-------- A_chinensis 4    
	  |  |  +-----+                          
	  +--+  |     |  +----- L_gladiola 5     
	     |  |     +--+                       
	     |  |        |  +-- L_grayii 6       
	     |  |        +--+                    
	     |  |           +-- L_lanceolata 7   
	     +--+                                
	        |     +-------- U_tumidus 12     
	        |  +--+                          
	        |  |  |  +----- U_crassus 13     
	        |  |  +--+                       
	        |  |     |  +-- U_delphinus 14   
	        |  |     +--+                    
	        +--+        +-- U_pictorum 15    
	           |                             
	           |        +-- N_breviconcha 9  
	           |     +--+                    
	           |     |  +-- N_douglasiae 8   
	           +-----+                       
	                 |  +-- C_heudei 11      
	                 +--+                    
	                    +-- S_lampreyanus 10 
  

Zieritz et al., 2021

fig. 3-F, 5: [clade_id: 20347] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 11, direct-child terminals: 6
rigorous outgroups.: 12, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(L_languilati, (((A_tortuosa, (A_tientsinensis, A_coreana)), ((N_douglasiae, (S_lampreyanus, C_pisciculus)), (U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_pictorum, U_delphinus))))), ((L_grayii, L_lanceolata), ((A_anatina, (L_compressa, (P_grandis, (U_imbecillis, U_peninsularis)))), (C_plicata, ((S_lucida, S_woodiana), (A_arcaeformis, A_euscaphys)))))))


	  +----------------------- L_languilati 1   
	  |                                         
	  |                 +----- A_tortuosa 2     
	  |        +--------+                       
	  |        |        |  +-- A_coreana 4      
	  |        |        +--+                    
	  |        |           +-- A_tientsinensis 3
	  |  +-----+                                
	--+  |     |        +----- N_douglasiae 5   
	  |  |     |  +-----+                       
	  |  |     |  |     |  +-- C_pisciculus 7   
	  |  |     |  |     +--+                    
	  |  |     +--+        +-- S_lampreyanus 6  
	  |  |        |                             
	  |  |        |  +-------- U_tumidus 8      
	  |  |        +--+                          
	  |  |           |  +----- U_crassus 9      
	  +--+           +--+                       
	     |              |  +-- U_delphinus 11   
	     |              +--+                    
	     |                 +-- U_pictorum 10    
	     |                                      
	     |                 +-- L_grayii 12      
	     |  +--------------+                    
	     |  |              +-- L_lanceolata 13  
	     |  |                                   
	     |  |     +----------- A_anatina 14     
	     +--+  +--+                             
	        |  |  |  +-------- L_compressa 15   
	        |  |  +--+                          
	        |  |     |  +----- P_grandis 16     
	        |  |     +--+                       
	        +--+        |  +-- U_imbecillis 17  
	           |        +--+                    
	           |           +-- U_peninsularis 18
	           |                                
	           |     +-------- C_plicata 19     
	           |     |                          
	           +-----+     +-- S_lucida 20      
	                 |  +--+                    
	                 |  |  +-- S_woodiana 21    
	                 +--+                       
	                    |  +-- A_arcaeformis 22 
	                    +--+                    
	                       +-- A_euscaphys 23   
  

fig. 3-M, 4: [clade_id: 20397] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_tumidus, (U_delphinus, U_crassus))


	  +----- U_tumidus 1  
	--+                   
	  |  +-- U_crassus 3  
	  +--+                
	     +-- U_delphinus 2
  

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017

fig. 1-2: [clade_id: 8724] Unionini
spp. terminals: 11, direct-child terminals: 5
rigorous outgroups.: 18, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
((U_gibbus, U_tumidus, (U_crassus, U_pictorum)), (A_tortuosa, ((N_nuxpersicae, N_douglasiae), (S_lampreyanus, (C_pisciculus, (C_heudei, C_rufescens))))))


	              +----- U_gibbus 1     
	              |                     
	  +-----------+----- U_tumidus 2    
	  |           |                     
	  |           |  +-- U_crassus 3    
	  |           +--+                  
	--+              +-- U_pictorum 4   
	  |                                 
	  |  +-------------- A_tortuosa 5   
	  |  |                              
	  +--+           +-- N_douglasiae 7 
	     |  +--------+                  
	     |  |        +-- N_nuxpersicae 6
	     +--+                           
	        |  +-------- S_lampreyanus 8
	        +--+                        
	           |  +----- C_pisciculus 9 
	           +--+                     
	              |  +-- C_heudei 10    
	              +--+                  
	                 +-- C_rufescens 11 
  

Soroka & Burzynski, 2017

fig. 1: [clade_id: 10576] Unionini
spp. terminals: 11, direct-child terminals: 6
rigorous outgroups.: 13, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(L_languilati, ((A_tortuosa, (A_tientsinensis, A_coreana)), ((S_lampreyanus, (C_pisciculus, N_douglasiae)), (U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_pictorum, U_delphinus))))))


	  +----------------- L_languilati 1   
	  |                                   
	  |           +----- A_tortuosa 2     
	--+  +--------+                       
	  |  |        |  +-- A_coreana 4      
	  |  |        +--+                    
	  |  |           +-- A_tientsinensis 3
	  +--+                                
	     |        +----- S_lampreyanus 5  
	     |  +-----+                       
	     |  |     |  +-- C_pisciculus 6   
	     |  |     +--+                    
	     +--+        +-- N_douglasiae 7   
	        |                             
	        |  +-------- U_tumidus 8      
	        +--+                          
	           |  +----- U_crassus 9      
	           +--+                       
	              |  +-- U_delphinus 11   
	              +--+                    
	                 +-- U_pictorum 10    
  

Cha et al., 2018

fig. 1: [clade_id: 14618] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 11, direct-child terminals: 6
rigorous outgroups.: 11, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(L_languilati, (((A_tortuosa, (A_coreana, A_tientsinensis)), ((S_lampreyanus, (N_douglasiae, C_pisciculus)), (U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_pictorum, U_delphinus))))), (L_grayii, ((A_anatina, (L_compressa, (P_grandis, (U_peninsularis, U_imbecillis)))), (C_plicata, ((A_arcaeformis, A_euscaphys), (S_lucida, S_woodiana)))))))


	  +----------------------- L_languilati 1   
	  |                                         
	  |                 +----- A_tortuosa 2     
	  |        +--------+                       
	  |        |        |  +-- A_coreana 3      
	  |        |        +--+                    
	  |        |           +-- A_tientsinensis 4
	  |  +-----+                                
	--+  |     |        +----- S_lampreyanus 5  
	  |  |     |  +-----+                       
	  |  |     |  |     |  +-- C_pisciculus 7   
	  |  |     |  |     +--+                    
	  |  |     +--+        +-- N_douglasiae 6   
	  |  |        |                             
	  |  |        |  +-------- U_tumidus 8      
	  |  |        +--+                          
	  +--+           |  +----- U_crassus 9      
	     |           +--+                       
	     |              |  +-- U_delphinus 11   
	     |              +--+                    
	     |                 +-- U_pictorum 10    
	     |                                      
	     |  +----------------- L_grayii 12      
	     |  |                                   
	     |  |     +----------- A_anatina 13     
	     |  |  +--+                             
	     +--+  |  |  +-------- L_compressa 14   
	        |  |  +--+                          
	        |  |     |  +----- P_grandis 15     
	        |  |     +--+                       
	        +--+        |  +-- U_imbecillis 17  
	           |        +--+                    
	           |           +-- U_peninsularis 16
	           |                                
	           |     +-------- C_plicata 18     
	           |     |                          
	           +-----+     +-- A_arcaeformis 19 
	                 |  +--+                    
	                 |  |  +-- A_euscaphys 20   
	                 +--+                       
	                    |  +-- S_lucida 21      
	                    +--+                    
	                       +-- S_woodiana 22    
  

Froufe et al., 2019

fig. 3: [clade_id: 15256] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 11, direct-child terminals: 6
rigorous outgroups.: 12, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(L_languilati, (((A_tortuosa, (A_tientsinensis, A_coreana)), ((N_douglasiae, (C_pisciculus, S_lampreyanus)), (U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_pictorum, U_delphinus))))), ((L_lanceolata, L_grayii), ((C_plicata, ((A_arcaeformis, A_euscaphys), (S_lucida, S_woodiana))), (A_anatina, (L_complanata, (P_grandis, (U_peninsularis, U_imbecillis))))))))


	  +----------------------- L_languilati 1   
	  |                                         
	  |                 +----- A_tortuosa 2     
	  |        +--------+                       
	  |        |        |  +-- A_coreana 4      
	  |        |        +--+                    
	  |        |           +-- A_tientsinensis 3
	  |  +-----+                                
	--+  |     |        +----- N_douglasiae 5   
	  |  |     |  +-----+                       
	  |  |     |  |     |  +-- C_pisciculus 6   
	  |  |     |  |     +--+                    
	  |  |     +--+        +-- S_lampreyanus 7  
	  |  |        |                             
	  |  |        |  +-------- U_tumidus 8      
	  |  |        +--+                          
	  |  |           |  +----- U_crassus 9      
	  +--+           +--+                       
	     |              |  +-- U_delphinus 11   
	     |              +--+                    
	     |                 +-- U_pictorum 10    
	     |                                      
	     |                 +-- L_grayii 13      
	     |  +--------------+                    
	     |  |              +-- L_lanceolata 12  
	     |  |                                   
	     |  |        +-------- C_plicata 14     
	     +--+        |                          
	        |  +-----+     +-- A_arcaeformis 15 
	        |  |     |  +--+                    
	        |  |     |  |  +-- A_euscaphys 16   
	        |  |     +--+                       
	        +--+        |  +-- S_lucida 17      
	           |        +--+                    
	           |           +-- S_woodiana 18    
	           |                                
	           |  +----------- A_anatina 19     
	           +--+                             
	              |  +-------- L_complanata 20  
	              +--+                          
	                 |  +----- P_grandis 21     
	                 +--+                       
	                    |  +-- U_imbecillis 23  
	                    +--+                    
	                       +-- U_peninsularis 22
  

fig. 3-M: [clade_id: 15312] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_tumidus, (U_crassus, U_delphinus))


	  +----- U_tumidus 1  
	--+                   
	  |  +-- U_crassus 2  
	  +--+                
	     +-- U_delphinus 3
  

fig. 4: [clade_id: 15350] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_tumidus, (U_crassus, U_delphinus))


	  +----- U_tumidus 1  
	--+                   
	  |  +-- U_crassus 2  
	  +--+                
	     +-- U_delphinus 3
  

fig. 6: [clade_id: 15444] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 11, direct-child terminals: 6
rigorous outgroups.: 12, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(L_languilati, (((A_tortuosa, (A_tientsinensis, A_coreana)), ((N_douglasiae, (C_pisciculus, S_lampreyanus)), (U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_pictorum, U_delphinus))))), ((L_lanceolata, L_grayii), ((A_anatina, (L_complanata, (P_grandis, (U_peninsularis, U_imbecillis)))), (C_plicata, ((S_lucida, S_woodiana), (A_arcaeformis, A_euscaphys)))))))


	  +----------------------- L_languilati 1   
	  |                                         
	  |                 +----- A_tortuosa 2     
	  |        +--------+                       
	  |        |        |  +-- A_coreana 4      
	  |        |        +--+                    
	  |        |           +-- A_tientsinensis 3
	  |  +-----+                                
	--+  |     |        +----- N_douglasiae 5   
	  |  |     |  +-----+                       
	  |  |     |  |     |  +-- C_pisciculus 6   
	  |  |     |  |     +--+                    
	  |  |     +--+        +-- S_lampreyanus 7  
	  |  |        |                             
	  |  |        |  +-------- U_tumidus 8      
	  |  |        +--+                          
	  |  |           |  +----- U_crassus 9      
	  +--+           +--+                       
	     |              |  +-- U_delphinus 11   
	     |              +--+                    
	     |                 +-- U_pictorum 10    
	     |                                      
	     |                 +-- L_grayii 13      
	     |  +--------------+                    
	     |  |              +-- L_lanceolata 12  
	     |  |                                   
	     |  |     +----------- A_anatina 14     
	     +--+  +--+                             
	        |  |  |  +-------- L_complanata 15  
	        |  |  +--+                          
	        |  |     |  +----- P_grandis 16     
	        |  |     +--+                       
	        +--+        |  +-- U_imbecillis 18  
	           |        +--+                    
	           |           +-- U_peninsularis 17
	           |                                
	           |     +-------- C_plicata 19     
	           |     |                          
	           +-----+     +-- S_lucida 20      
	                 |  +--+                    
	                 |  |  +-- S_woodiana 21    
	                 +--+                       
	                    |  +-- A_arcaeformis 22 
	                    +--+                    
	                       +-- A_euscaphys 23   
  

Prié & Puillandre, 2014

fig. 2: [clade_id: 6847] Unionini
spp. terminals: 11, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
((U_tumidus, (U_gibbus, U_durieui)), ((U_tumidiformis, (U_crassus, U_courtillieri)), (U_delphinus, (U_elongatulus, (U_mancus, (U_pictorum, U_ravoisieri))))))


	              +----- U_tumidus 1     
	  +-----------+                      
	  |           |  +-- U_durieui 3     
	  |           +--+                   
	  |              +-- U_gibbus 2      
	--+                                  
	  |           +----- U_tumidiformis 4
	  |  +--------+                      
	  |  |        |  +-- U_courtillieri 6
	  |  |        +--+                   
	  +--+           +-- U_crassus 5     
	     |                               
	     |  +----------- U_delphinus 7   
	     +--+                            
	        |  +-------- U_elongatulus 8 
	        +--+                         
	           |  +----- U_mancus 9      
	           +--+                      
	              |  +-- U_pictorum 10   
	              +--+                   
	                 +-- U_ravoisieri 11 
  

Wu et al., 2020

fig. 3: [clade_id: 18793] Unionini
spp. terminals: 10, direct-child terminals: 5
rigorous outgroups.: 7, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
((A_tortuosa, (A_scripta, (A_tientsinensis, A_coreana))), (U_pictorum, (C_capitatus, (N_douglasiae, (S_lampreyanus, (C_heudei, C_pisciculus))))))


	           +-------- A_tortuosa 1     
	  +--------+                          
	  |        |  +----- A_scripta 2      
	  |        +--+                       
	  |           |  +-- A_coreana 4      
	--+           +--+                    
	  |              +-- A_tientsinensis 3
	  |                                   
	  |  +-------------- U_pictorum 5     
	  +--+                                
	     |  +----------- C_capitatus 6    
	     +--+                             
	        |  +-------- N_douglasiae 7   
	        +--+                          
	           |  +----- S_lampreyanus 8  
	           +--+                       
	              |  +-- C_heudei 9       
	              +--+                    
	                 +-- C_pisciculus 10  
  

fig. 4: [clade_id: 18834] Unionini
spp. terminals: 5, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
(U_pictorum, (A_tortuosa, (A_scripta, (A_tientsinensis, A_fibrosa))))


	  +----------- U_pictorum 1     
	--+                             
	  |  +-------- A_tortuosa 2     
	  +--+                          
	     |  +----- A_scripta 3      
	     +--+                       
	        |  +-- A_fibrosa 5      
	        +--+                    
	           +-- A_tientsinensis 4
  

Bolotov et al., 2017

fig. S1: [clade_id: 8959] Unionini
spp. terminals: 10, direct-child terminals: 5
rigorous outgroups.: 17, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
((U_tumidus, (U_pictorum, U_crassus)), (A_tortuosa, ((N_douglasiae, N_nuxpersicae), ((C_rufescens, C_heudei), (C_pisciculus, S_lampreyanus)))))


	           +----- U_tumidus 1     
	  +--------+                      
	  |        |  +-- U_crassus 3     
	  |        +--+                   
	  |           +-- U_pictorum 2    
	--+                               
	  |  +----------- A_tortuosa 4    
	  |  |                            
	  |  |        +-- N_douglasiae 5  
	  +--+  +-----+                   
	     |  |     +-- N_nuxpersicae 6 
	     |  |                         
	     +--+     +-- C_heudei 8      
	        |  +--+                   
	        |  |  +-- C_rufescens 7   
	        +--+                      
	           |  +-- C_pisciculus 9  
	           +--+                   
	              +-- S_lampreyanus 10
  

fig. S2: [clade_id: 9256] Unionini
spp. terminals: 10, direct-child terminals: 5
rigorous outgroups.: 17, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
((U_tumidus, (U_crassus, U_pictorum)), (A_tortuosa, S_lampreyanus, (N_douglasiae, N_nuxpersicae), (C_heudei, (C_pisciculus, C_rufescens))))


	        +----- U_tumidus 1    
	  +-----+                     
	  |     |  +-- U_crassus 2    
	  |     +--+                  
	  |        +-- U_pictorum 3   
	--+                           
	  |  +-------- A_tortuosa 4   
	  |  |                        
	  |  +-------- S_lampreyanus 5
	  |  |                        
	  +--+     +-- N_douglasiae 6 
	     +-----+                  
	     |     +-- N_nuxpersicae 7
	     |                        
	     |  +----- C_heudei 8     
	     +--+                     
	        |  +-- C_pisciculus 9 
	        +--+                  
	           +-- C_rufescens 10 
  

Bolotov et al., 2017

fig. S1: [clade_id: 9451] Unionini
spp. terminals: 10, direct-child terminals: 5
rigorous outgroups.: 18, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(U_crassus, U_pictorum, U_tumidus, A_tortuosa, C_heudei, C_pisciculus, C_rufescens, N_douglasiae, N_nuxpersicae, S_lampreyanus)


	  +-- A_tortuosa 4    
	  |                   
	  +-- C_heudei 5      
	  |                   
	  +-- C_pisciculus 6  
	  |                   
	  +-- C_rufescens 7   
	  |                   
	  +-- N_douglasiae 8  
	--+                   
	  +-- N_nuxpersicae 9 
	  |                   
	  +-- S_lampreyanus 10
	  |                   
	  +-- U_crassus 1     
	  |                   
	  +-- U_pictorum 2    
	  |                   
	  +-- U_tumidus 3     
  

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017

fig. 1: [clade_id: 8238] Unionini
spp. terminals: 9, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
((U_tumidus, U_gibbus), ((U_crassus, U_tumidiformis), (U_ravoisieri, (U_mancus, U_pictorum, U_delphinus, U_elongatulus))))


	           +-- U_gibbus 2      
	  +--------+                   
	  |        +-- U_tumidus 1     
	  |                            
	--+        +-- U_crassus 3     
	  |  +-----+                   
	  |  |     +-- U_tumidiformis 4
	  +--+                         
	     |  +----- U_ravoisieri 5  
	     |  |                      
	     +--+  +-- U_delphinus 8   
	        |  |                   
	        |  +-- U_elongatulus 9 
	        +--+                   
	           +-- U_mancus 6      
	           |                   
	           +-- U_pictorum 7    
  

Khalloufi et al., 2011

fig. 2: [clade_id: 4901] Unionini
spp. terminals: 9, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
((U_tumidus, (U_gibbus, U_durieui)), ((U_tumidiformis, U_crassus), (U_ravoisieri, U_pictorum, (U_delphinus, U_mancus))))


	        +----- U_tumidus 1     
	  +-----+                      
	  |     |  +-- U_durieui 3     
	  |     +--+                   
	  |        +-- U_gibbus 2      
	--+                            
	  |        +-- U_crassus 5     
	  |  +-----+                   
	  |  |     +-- U_tumidiformis 4
	  +--+                         
	     |  +----- U_pictorum 7    
	     |  |                      
	     +--+----- U_ravoisieri 6  
	        |                      
	        |  +-- U_delphinus 8   
	        +--+                   
	           +-- U_mancus 9      
  

Huang et al., 2018

fig. 3, 5: [clade_id: 10631] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
(U_pictorum, A_tientsinensis)


	  +-- A_tientsinensis 2
	--+                    
	  +-- U_pictorum 1     
  

fig. 6: [clade_id: 10693] Unionini
spp. terminals: 9, direct-child terminals: 4
rigorous outgroups.: 10, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
((A_tortuosa, (A_coreana, A_tientsinensis)), ((C_pisciculus, N_douglasiae), (U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_delphinus, U_pictorum)))))


	           +----- A_tortuosa 1     
	  +--------+                       
	  |        |  +-- A_coreana 2      
	  |        +--+                    
	  |           +-- A_tientsinensis 3
	--+                                
	  |           +-- C_pisciculus 4   
	  |  +--------+                    
	  |  |        +-- N_douglasiae 5   
	  +--+                             
	     |  +-------- U_tumidus 6      
	     +--+                          
	        |  +----- U_crassus 7      
	        +--+                       
	           |  +-- U_delphinus 8    
	           +--+                    
	              +-- U_pictorum 9     
  

fig. 6-M: [clade_id: 10754] Unionini
spp. terminals: 4, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(A_tortuosa, (U_tumidus, (U_crassus, U_delphinus)))


	  +-------- A_tortuosa 1 
	--+                      
	  |  +----- U_tumidus 2  
	  +--+                   
	     |  +-- U_crassus 3  
	     +--+                
	        +-- U_delphinus 4
  

Araujo et al., 2009

fig. 7A: [clade_id: 4110] "Unionini" + Anodontini
spp. terminals: 8, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(N_douglasiae, ((U_gibbus, U_tumidus, A_cygnea), (U_pictorum, U_pictorum, U_mancus, (U_tumidiformis, U_crassus))))


	  +----------- N_douglasiae 1  
	  |                            
	  |        +-- A_cygnea 4      
	--+        |                   
	  |  +-----+-- U_gibbus 2      
	  |  |     |                   
	  |  |     +-- U_tumidus 3     
	  +--+                         
	     |  +----- U_mancus 7      
	     |  |                      
	     |  +----- U_pictorum 5    
	     +--+                      
	        +----- U_pictorum 6    
	        |                      
	        |  +-- U_crassus 9     
	        +--+                   
	           +-- U_tumidiformis 8
  

fig. 7B: [clade_id: 4131] Unionini
spp. terminals: 8, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_gibbus, (U_tumidus, ((U_tumidiformis, U_crassus), ((U_pictorum, U_mancus), (U_pictorum, U_caffer)))))


	  +-------------- U_gibbus 1      
	  |                               
	--+  +----------- U_tumidus 2     
	  |  |                            
	  |  |        +-- U_crassus 4     
	  +--+  +-----+                   
	     |  |     +-- U_tumidiformis 3
	     |  |                         
	     +--+     +-- U_caffer 8      
	        |  +--+                   
	        |  |  +-- U_pictorum 7    
	        +--+                      
	           |  +-- U_mancus 6      
	           +--+                   
	              +-- U_pictorum 5    
  

fig. 7C: [clade_id: 4151] Unionini
spp. terminals: 7, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
((U_gibbus, U_tumidus), ((U_tumidiformis, U_crassus), (U_pictorum, U_pictorum, U_mancus)))


	        +-- U_gibbus 1      
	  +-----+                   
	  |     +-- U_tumidus 2     
	  |                         
	--+     +-- U_crassus 4     
	  |  +--+                   
	  |  |  +-- U_tumidiformis 3
	  +--+                      
	     |  +-- U_mancus 7      
	     |  |                   
	     +--+-- U_pictorum 5    
	        |                   
	        +-- U_pictorum 6    
  

Zhang et al., 2004

fig. 1: [clade_id: 2611] "Unionini" + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 8, direct-child terminals: 4
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
((A_chinensis, (L_grayii, L_lanceolata)), (C_pisciculus, (C_heudei, (N_douglasiae, (C_capitatus, (C_rufescens, (S_lampreyanus, S_spinosus)))))))


	                 +----- A_chinensis 1  
	  +--------------+                     
	  |              |  +-- L_grayii 2     
	  |              +--+                  
	--+                 +-- L_lanceolata 3 
	  |                                    
	  |  +----------------- C_pisciculus 4 
	  +--+                                 
	     |  +-------------- C_heudei 5     
	     +--+                              
	        |  +----------- N_douglasiae 6 
	        +--+                           
	           |  +-------- C_capitatus 7  
	           +--+                        
	              |  +----- C_rufescens 8  
	              +--+                     
	                 |  +-- S_lampreyanus 9
	                 +--+                  
	                    +-- S_spinosus 10  
  

Wang et al., 2018

fig. 2: [clade_id: 12793] Unionini
spp. terminals: 8, direct-child terminals: 4
rigorous outgroups.: 10, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(A_tientsinensis, ((N_douglasiae, (C_pisciculus, C_heudei)), (U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_pictorum, U_delphinus)))))


	  +-------------- A_tientsinensis 1
	  |                                
	  |        +----- N_douglasiae 2   
	--+  +-----+                       
	  |  |     |  +-- C_heudei 4       
	  |  |     +--+                    
	  +--+        +-- C_pisciculus 3   
	     |                             
	     |  +-------- U_tumidus 5      
	     +--+                          
	        |  +----- U_crassus 6      
	        +--+                       
	           |  +-- U_delphinus 8    
	           +--+                    
	              +-- U_pictorum 7     
  

Wang et al., 2018

fig. 2: [clade_id: 13739] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 8, direct-child terminals: 5
rigorous outgroups.: 10, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
((A_tientsinensis, ((C_pisciculus, N_douglasiae), (U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_pictorum, U_delphinus))))), ((A_chinensis, (L_grayii, L_lanceolata)), ((A_anatina, (P_grandis, L_compressa)), (C_plicata, ((A_euscaphys, A_arcaeformis), (S_woodiana, S_lucida))))))


	     +-------------- A_tientsinensis 1
	     |                                
	  +--+           +-- C_pisciculus 2   
	  |  |  +--------+                    
	  |  |  |        +-- N_douglasiae 3   
	  |  +--+                             
	  |     |  +-------- U_tumidus 4      
	  |     +--+                          
	  |        |  +----- U_crassus 5      
	  |        +--+                       
	--+           |  +-- U_delphinus 7    
	  |           +--+                    
	  |              +-- U_pictorum 6     
	  |                                   
	  |           +----- A_chinensis 8    
	  |  +--------+                       
	  |  |        |  +-- L_grayii 9       
	  |  |        +--+                    
	  |  |           +-- L_lanceolata 10  
	  +--+                                
	     |        +----- A_anatina 11     
	     |  +-----+                       
	     |  |     |  +-- L_compressa 13   
	     |  |     +--+                    
	     +--+        +-- P_grandis 12     
	        |                             
	        |  +-------- C_plicata 14     
	        |  |                          
	        +--+     +-- A_arcaeformis 16 
	           |  +--+                    
	           |  |  +-- A_euscaphys 15   
	           +--+                       
	              |  +-- S_lucida 18      
	              +--+                    
	                 +-- S_woodiana 17    
  

Klishko et al., 2019

fig. 9: [clade_id: 13972] Unionini
spp. terminals: 8, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
((M_mongolica, (N_breviconcha, (N_douglasiae, Nodularia))), (U_tumidus, U_gibbus, (U_crassus, U_pictorum)))


	     +-------- M_mongolica 1  
	  +--+                        
	  |  |  +----- N_breviconcha 2
	  |  +--+                     
	  |     |  +-- N_douglasiae 3 
	--+     +--+                  
	  |        +-- Nodularia 4    
	  |                           
	  |     +----- U_gibbus 6     
	  |     |                     
	  +-----+----- U_tumidus 5    
	        |                     
	        |  +-- U_crassus 7    
	        +--+                  
	           +-- U_pictorum 8   
  

Marrone et al., 2019

fig. 1: [clade_id: 14423] Unionini
spp. terminals: 8, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
(U_tumidus, (U_delphinus, (U_foucauldianus, (U_mancus, U_elongatulus, U_ravoisieri, (U_pictorum, U_tigridis)))))


	  +-------------- U_tumidus 1      
	  |                                
	--+  +----------- U_delphinus 2    
	  |  |                             
	  +--+  +-------- U_foucauldianus 3
	     |  |                          
	     +--+  +----- U_elongatulus 5  
	        |  |                       
	        |  +----- U_mancus 4       
	        +--+                       
	           +----- U_ravoisieri 6   
	           |                       
	           |  +-- U_pictorum 7     
	           +--+                    
	              +-- U_tigridis 8     
  

Klishko et al., 2018

fig. 8: [clade_id: 15848] Unionini
spp. terminals: 8, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
((N_breviconcha, (Nodularia, (N_douglasiae, N_nipponensis))), (U_tumidus, U_gibbus, (U_crassus, U_pictorum)))


	     +-------- N_breviconcha 1
	  +--+                        
	  |  |  +----- Nodularia 2    
	  |  +--+                     
	  |     |  +-- N_douglasiae 3 
	--+     +--+                  
	  |        +-- N_nipponensis 4
	  |                           
	  |     +----- U_gibbus 6     
	  |     |                     
	  +-----+----- U_tumidus 5    
	        |                     
	        |  +-- U_crassus 7    
	        +--+                  
	           +-- U_pictorum 8   
  

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2013

fig. 2: [clade_id: 6713] Unionini
spp. terminals: 8, direct-child terminals: 4
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(A_chinensis, ((U_pictorum, N_douglasiae), (A_tortuosa, (A_scripta, (A_tientsinensis, A_fibrosa, A_zonata)))))


	  +-------------- A_chinensis 1    
	  |                                
	--+           +-- N_douglasiae 3   
	  |  +--------+                    
	  |  |        +-- U_pictorum 2     
	  +--+                             
	     |  +-------- A_tortuosa 4     
	     |  |                          
	     +--+  +----- A_scripta 5      
	        |  |                       
	        +--+  +-- A_fibrosa 7      
	           |  |                    
	           +--+-- A_tientsinensis 6
	              |                    
	              +-- A_zonata 8       
  

Reis et al., 2013

fig. 4: [clade_id: 6571] Unionini
spp. terminals: 6, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_tumidus, ((U_tumidiformis, U_crassus), (U_delphinus, (U_mancus, U_pictorum))))


	  +----------- U_tumidus 1     
	  |                            
	--+        +-- U_crassus 3     
	  |  +-----+                   
	  |  |     +-- U_tumidiformis 2
	  +--+                         
	     |  +----- U_delphinus 4   
	     +--+                      
	        |  +-- U_mancus 5      
	        +--+                   
	           +-- U_pictorum 6    
  

fig. 5: [clade_id: 6602] Unionini
spp. terminals: 8, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_tumidus, ((U_tumidiformis, U_crassus), (Unio, ((U_delphinus, U_mancus), (U_pictorum, U_caffer)))))


	  +-------------- U_tumidus 1     
	  |                               
	--+           +-- U_crassus 3     
	  |  +--------+                   
	  |  |        +-- U_tumidiformis 2
	  +--+                            
	     |  +-------- Unio 4          
	     |  |                         
	     +--+     +-- U_caffer 8      
	        |  +--+                   
	        |  |  +-- U_pictorum 7    
	        +--+                      
	           |  +-- U_delphinus 5   
	           +--+                   
	              +-- U_mancus 6      
  

Fonseca et al., 2016

fig. 1: [clade_id: 7946] Unionini
spp. terminals: 7, direct-child terminals: 5
rigorous outgroups.: 12, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
((A_tortuosa, A_coreana), ((U_pictorum, U_delphinus), (S_lampreyanus, (N_douglasiae, C_pisciculus))))


	           +-- A_coreana 2    
	  +--------+                  
	  |        +-- A_tortuosa 1   
	  |                           
	--+        +-- U_delphinus 4  
	  |  +-----+                  
	  |  |     +-- U_pictorum 3   
	  +--+                        
	     |  +----- S_lampreyanus 5
	     +--+                     
	        |  +-- C_pisciculus 7 
	        +--+                  
	           +-- N_douglasiae 6 
  

fig. 1-M: [clade_id: 7983] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017

fig. 2: [clade_id: 8553] Unionini
spp. terminals: 7, direct-child terminals: 5
rigorous outgroups.: 12, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
((A_tortuosa, A_coreana), ((U_delphinus, U_pictorum), (S_lampreyanus, (C_pisciculus, N_douglasiae))))


	           +-- A_coreana 2    
	  +--------+                  
	  |        +-- A_tortuosa 1   
	  |                           
	--+        +-- U_delphinus 3  
	  |  +-----+                  
	  |  |     +-- U_pictorum 4   
	  +--+                        
	     |  +----- S_lampreyanus 5
	     +--+                     
	        |  +-- C_pisciculus 6 
	        +--+                  
	           +-- N_douglasiae 7 
  

fig. 2-M: [clade_id: 8592] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Wu et al., 2018

fig. 2: [clade_id: 18736] Unionini
spp. terminals: 6, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 7, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
((U_pictorum, N_douglasiae), (A_tortuosa, (A_scripta, (A_coreana, A_tientsinensis))))


	           +-- N_douglasiae 2   
	  +--------+                    
	  |        +-- U_pictorum 1     
	--+                             
	  |  +-------- A_tortuosa 3     
	  +--+                          
	     |  +----- A_scripta 4      
	     +--+                       
	        |  +-- A_coreana 5      
	        +--+                    
	           +-- A_tientsinensis 6
  

Bolotov et al., 2018

fig. 2: [clade_id: 10367] Unionini
spp. terminals: 6, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 12, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
((U_tumidus, (U_crassus, U_pictorum)), (N_douglasiae, (N_nuxpersicae, N_douglasiae)))


	     +----- U_tumidus 1    
	  +--+                     
	  |  |  +-- U_crassus 2    
	  |  +--+                  
	--+     +-- U_pictorum 3   
	  |                        
	  |  +----- N_douglasiae 4 
	  +--+                     
	     |  +-- N_douglasiae 6 
	     +--+                  
	        +-- N_nuxpersicae 5
  

Klishko et al., 2017

fig. 8: [clade_id: 15942] Unionini
spp. terminals: 6, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
((N_douglasiae, N_breviconcha), (U_tumidus, (U_pictorum, (U_crassus, U_courtillieri))))


	           +-- N_breviconcha 2 
	  +--------+                   
	  |        +-- N_douglasiae 1  
	--+                            
	  |  +-------- U_tumidus 3     
	  +--+                         
	     |  +----- U_pictorum 4    
	     +--+                      
	        |  +-- U_courtillieri 6
	        +--+                   
	           +-- U_crassus 5     
  

Guerra et al., 2019

fig. 1: [clade_id: 19031] Unionini
spp. terminals: 5, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 8, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(A_tortuosa, (S_lampreyanus, (U_tumidus, (U_crassus, U_delphinus))))


	  +----------- A_tortuosa 1   
	--+                           
	  |  +-------- S_lampreyanus 2
	  +--+                        
	     |  +----- U_tumidus 3    
	     +--+                     
	        |  +-- U_crassus 4    
	        +--+                  
	           +-- U_delphinus 5  
  

fig. 1-M: [clade_id: 18982] Unionini
spp. terminals: 5, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_lampreyanus, (A_tortuosa, (U_tumidus, (U_crassus, U_delphinus))))


	  +----------- S_lampreyanus 1
	--+                           
	  |  +-------- A_tortuosa 2   
	  +--+                        
	     |  +----- U_tumidus 3    
	     +--+                     
	        |  +-- U_crassus 4    
	        +--+                  
	           +-- U_delphinus 5  
  

fig. 2: [clade_id: 19159] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 5, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 8, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(A_tortuosa, ((S_lampreyanus, (U_tumidus, (U_crassus, U_delphinus))), (L_lanceolata, (S_woodiana, (A_anatina, ((L_compressa, L_subviridis), (P_grandis, (U_peninsularis, U_imbecillis))))))))


	  +----------------------- A_tortuosa 1     
	  |                                         
	  |              +-------- S_lampreyanus 2  
	--+  +-----------+                          
	  |  |           |  +----- U_tumidus 3      
	  |  |           +--+                       
	  |  |              |  +-- U_crassus 4      
	  +--+              +--+                    
	     |                 +-- U_delphinus 5    
	     |                                      
	     |  +----------------- L_lanceolata 6   
	     |  |                                   
	     +--+  +-------------- S_woodiana 7     
	        |  |                                
	        +--+  +----------- A_anatina 8      
	           |  |                             
	           +--+        +-- L_compressa 9    
	              |  +-----+                    
	              |  |     +-- L_subviridis 10  
	              +--+                          
	                 |  +----- P_grandis 11     
	                 +--+                       
	                    |  +-- U_imbecillis 13  
	                    +--+                    
	                       +-- U_peninsularis 12
  

fig. 2-M: [clade_id: 19107] Unionini
spp. terminals: 5, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(A_tortuosa, (S_lampreyanus, (U_tumidus, (U_crassus, U_delphinus))))


	  +----------- A_tortuosa 1   
	--+                           
	  |  +-------- S_lampreyanus 2
	  +--+                        
	     |  +----- U_tumidus 3    
	     +--+                     
	        |  +-- U_crassus 4    
	        +--+                  
	           +-- U_delphinus 5  
  

Huang et al., 2002

fig. 1: [clade_id: 1828] "Unionini" + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 5, direct-child terminals: 5
rigorous outgroups.: 9, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
((A_retiaria, (N_douglasiae, C_pisciculus)), ((L_grayii, L_lanceolata), (S_lampreyanus, L_languilati)))


	     +----- A_retiaria 1   
	  +--+                     
	  |  |  +-- C_pisciculus 3 
	  |  +--+                  
	  |     +-- N_douglasiae 2 
	--+                        
	  |     +-- L_languilati 7 
	  |  +--+                  
	  |  |  +-- S_lampreyanus 6
	  +--+                     
	     |  +-- L_grayii 4     
	     +--+                  
	        +-- L_lanceolata 5 
  

fig. 2: [clade_id: 1881] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 5, direct-child terminals: 5
rigorous outgroups.: 9, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_radiatus, S_lampreyanus, L_languilati, A_retiaria, (S_woodiana, C_plicata), (L_grayii, L_lanceolata), (N_douglasiae, C_pisciculus), (U_imbecillis, U_couperiana, (A_triangulata, L_costata)))


	  +-------- A_retiaria 4    
	  |                         
	  +-------- L_languilati 3  
	  |                         
	  +-------- S_lampreyanus 2 
	  |                         
	  +-------- S_radiatus 1    
	  |                         
	  |     +-- C_pisciculus 10 
	  +-----+                   
	  |     +-- N_douglasiae 9  
	--+                         
	  |     +-- C_plicata 6     
	  +-----+                   
	  |     +-- S_woodiana 5    
	  |                         
	  |     +-- L_grayii 7      
	  +-----+                   
	  |     +-- L_lanceolata 8  
	  |                         
	  |  +----- U_couperiana 12 
	  |  |                      
	  +--+----- U_imbecillis 11 
	     |                      
	     |  +-- A_triangulata 13
	     +--+                   
	        +-- L_costata 14    
  

Wu et al., 2016

fig. 1: [clade_id: 7381] Unionini
spp. terminals: 5, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 7, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
((U_pictorum, N_douglasiae), (A_tortuosa, (A_coreana, A_tientsinensis)))


	        +-- N_douglasiae 2   
	  +-----+                    
	  |     +-- U_pictorum 1     
	--+                          
	  |  +----- A_tortuosa 3     
	  +--+                       
	     |  +-- A_coreana 4      
	     +--+                    
	        +-- A_tientsinensis 5
  

Burzynski & Soroka, 2018

fig. 5a: [clade_id: 13449] Unionini
spp. terminals: 5, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(A_tortuosa, (U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_pictorum, U_delphinus))))


	  +----------- A_tortuosa 1 
	--+                         
	  |  +-------- U_tumidus 2  
	  +--+                      
	     |  +----- U_crassus 3  
	     +--+                   
	        |  +-- U_delphinus 5
	        +--+                
	           +-- U_pictorum 4 
  

fig. 5b: [clade_id: 13489] Unionini
spp. terminals: 5, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(A_tortuosa, (U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_pictorum, U_delphinus))))


	  +----------- A_tortuosa 1 
	--+                         
	  |  +-------- U_tumidus 2  
	  +--+                      
	     |  +----- U_crassus 3  
	     +--+                   
	        |  +-- U_delphinus 5
	        +--+                
	           +-- U_pictorum 4 
  

Prie et al., 2012

fig. 2: [clade_id: 6383] Unionini
spp. terminals: 5, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
(U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_pictorum, (U_mancus, U_elongatulus))))


	  +----------- U_tumidus 1    
	--+                           
	  |  +-------- U_crassus 2    
	  +--+                        
	     |  +----- U_pictorum 3   
	     +--+                     
	        |  +-- U_elongatulus 5
	        +--+                  
	           +-- U_mancus 4     
  

Bolotov et al., 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 16336] Unionini
spp. terminals: 5, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 14, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(M_mongolica, (N_douglasiae, (U_tumidus, (U_pictorum, U_crassus))))


	  +----------- M_mongolica 1 
	--+                          
	  |  +-------- N_douglasiae 2
	  +--+                       
	     |  +----- U_tumidus 3   
	     +--+                    
	        |  +-- U_crassus 5   
	        +--+                 
	           +-- U_pictorum 4  
  

Chen et al., 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 19254] Unionini
spp. terminals: 4, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 11, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(S_lampreyanus, (L_languilati, (A_coreana, A_tortuosa)))


	  +-------- S_lampreyanus 1
	--+                        
	  |  +----- L_languilati 2 
	  +--+                     
	     |  +-- A_coreana 3    
	     +--+                  
	        +-- A_tortuosa 4   
  

Xue et al., 2016

fig. 1: [clade_id: 7111] Unionini
spp. terminals: 4, direct-child terminals: 4
rigorous outgroups.: 8, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(A_tortuosa, (S_lampreyanus, (N_douglasiae, U_pictorum)))


	  +-------- A_tortuosa 1   
	--+                        
	  |  +----- S_lampreyanus 2
	  +--+                     
	     |  +-- N_douglasiae 3 
	     +--+                  
	        +-- U_pictorum 4   
  

Jadhav & Jamkhedkar, 2009

fig. 11: [clade_id: 4490] "Unionini" + Anodontini
spp. terminals: 4, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(N_douglasiae, (A_cygnea, (U_pictorum, ((U_pictorum, U_caffer), (Anodonta, (L_compressa, (S_undulatus, A_marginata, P_grandis)))))))


	  +-------------------- N_douglasiae 1
	  |                                   
	--+  +----------------- A_cygnea 2    
	  |  |                                
	  +--+  +-------------- U_pictorum 3  
	     |  |                             
	     +--+           +-- U_caffer 5    
	        |  +--------+                 
	        |  |        +-- U_pictorum 4  
	        +--+                          
	           |  +-------- Anodonta 6    
	           |  |                       
	           +--+  +----- L_compressa 7 
	              |  |                    
	              +--+  +-- A_marginata 9 
	                 |  |                 
	                 +--+-- P_grandis 10  
	                    |                 
	                    +-- S_undulatus 8 
  

Wu et al., 2021

fig. 3: [clade_id: 19812] Unionini
spp. terminals: 4, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
(A_chinensis, (N_douglasiae, (I_jokohamensis, I_reinianus)))


	  +-------- A_chinensis 1   
	--+                         
	  |  +----- N_douglasiae 2  
	  +--+                      
	     |  +-- I_jokohamensis 3
	     +--+                   
	        +-- I_reinianus 4   
  

Soroka, 2005

fig. 3: [clade_id: 2693] Unionini
spp. terminals: 4, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
(U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_caffer, U_pictorum)))


	  +-------- U_tumidus 1 
	--+                     
	  |  +----- U_crassus 2 
	  +--+                  
	     |  +-- U_caffer 3  
	     +--+               
	        +-- U_pictorum 4
  

Zhou et al., 2017

fig. 2: [clade_id: 8341] Unionini
spp. terminals: 4, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
((N_douglasiae, C_pisciculus), (A_tientsinensis, A_tortuosa))


	     +-- C_pisciculus 2   
	  +--+                    
	  |  +-- N_douglasiae 1   
	--+                       
	  |  +-- A_tientsinensis 3
	  +--+                    
	     +-- A_tortuosa 4     
  

Wen et al., 2017

fig. 3: [clade_id: 8367] Unionini
spp. terminals: 4, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
((A_coreana, A_tortuosa), (L_languilati, U_pictorum))


	     +-- A_coreana 1   
	  +--+                 
	  |  +-- A_tortuosa 2  
	--+                    
	  |  +-- L_languilati 3
	  +--+                 
	     +-- U_pictorum 4  
  

Chase et al., 2018

fig. 1: [clade_id: 13427] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Quadrulini + Lamprotulini + Lampsilini
spp. terminals: 4, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
((E_menziesii, (C_monodonta, ((Q_quadrula, (L_powellii, L_siliquoidea)), (L_leaii, ((U_delphinus, U_tumidus), (A_anatina, (U_peninsularis, P_grandis))))))), ((C_monodonta, E_menziesii), ((L_leaii, (Q_quadrula, (L_powellii, L_siliquoidea))), ((U_delphinus, U_tumidus), (A_anatina, (U_peninsularis, P_grandis))))))


	     +-------------------- E_menziesii 1    
	     |                                      
	  +--+  +----------------- C_monodonta 2    
	  |  |  |                                   
	  |  |  |           +----- Q_quadrula 3     
	  |  +--+  +--------+                       
	  |     |  |        |  +-- L_powellii 4     
	  |     |  |        +--+                    
	  |     +--+           +-- L_siliquoidea 5  
	  |        |                                
	  |        |  +----------- L_leaii 6        
	  |        |  |                             
	  |        +--+        +-- U_delphinus 7    
	  |           |  +-----+                    
	--+           |  |     +-- U_tumidus 8      
	  |           +--+                          
	  |              |  +----- A_anatina 9      
	  |              +--+                       
	  |                 |  +-- P_grandis 11     
	  |                 +--+                    
	  |                    +-- U_peninsularis 10
	  |                                         
	  |                    +-- C_monodonta 12   
	  |        +-----------+                    
	  |        |           +-- E_menziesii 13   
	  |        |                                
	  |        |     +-------- L_leaii 14       
	  +--------+  +--+                          
	           |  |  |  +----- Q_quadrula 15    
	           |  |  +--+                       
	           |  |     |  +-- L_powellii 16    
	           |  |     +--+                    
	           +--+        +-- L_siliquoidea 17 
	              |                             
	              |        +-- U_delphinus 18   
	              |  +-----+                    
	              |  |     +-- U_tumidus 19     
	              +--+                          
	                 |  +----- A_anatina 20     
	                 +--+                       
	                    |  +-- P_grandis 22     
	                    +--+                    
	                       +-- U_peninsularis 21
  

Soroka, 2010

fig. 2: [clade_id: 4570] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_tumidus, U_pictorum, U_crassus)


	  +-- U_crassus 3 
	  |               
	--+-- U_pictorum 2
	  |               
	  +-- U_tumidus 1 
  

fig. 2-M: [clade_id: 4583] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_crassus, (U_tumidus, U_pictorum))


	  +----- U_crassus 1 
	--+                  
	  |  +-- U_pictorum 3
	  +--+               
	     +-- U_tumidus 2 
  

fig. 3a: [clade_id: 4595] Unionini
spp. terminals: 4, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_pictorum, U_mancus)))


	  +-------- U_tumidus 1 
	--+                     
	  |  +----- U_crassus 2 
	  +--+                  
	     |  +-- U_mancus 4  
	     +--+               
	        +-- U_pictorum 3
  

fig. 3a-M: [clade_id: 4608] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_crassus, (U_tumidus, U_pictorum))


	  +----- U_crassus 1 
	--+                  
	  |  +-- U_pictorum 3
	  +--+               
	     +-- U_tumidus 2 
  

fig. 3b: [clade_id: 4620] Unionini
spp. terminals: 4, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_pictorum, U_mancus)))


	  +-------- U_tumidus 1 
	--+                     
	  |  +----- U_crassus 2 
	  +--+                  
	     |  +-- U_mancus 4  
	     +--+               
	        +-- U_pictorum 3
  

fig. 3b-M: [clade_id: 4631] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_tumidus, (U_crassus, U_pictorum))


	  +----- U_tumidus 1 
	--+                  
	  |  +-- U_crassus 2 
	  +--+               
	     +-- U_pictorum 3
  

fig. 4: [clade_id: 4641] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_tumidus, (U_pictorum, U_crassus))


	  +----- U_tumidus 1 
	--+                  
	  |  +-- U_crassus 3 
	  +--+               
	     +-- U_pictorum 2
  

fig. 5a: [clade_id: 4658] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_crassus, (U_pictorum, U_tumidus))


	  +----- U_crassus 1 
	--+                  
	  |  +-- U_pictorum 2
	  +--+               
	     +-- U_tumidus 3 
  

fig. 5b: [clade_id: 4675] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_tumidus, (U_pictorum, U_crassus))


	  +----- U_tumidus 1 
	--+                  
	  |  +-- U_crassus 3 
	  +--+               
	     +-- U_pictorum 2
  

fig. 8a: [clade_id: 4691] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_tumidus, (U_pictorum, U_crassus))


	  +----- U_tumidus 1 
	--+                  
	  |  +-- U_crassus 3 
	  +--+               
	     +-- U_pictorum 2
  

fig. 8a-M: [clade_id: 4700] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_pictorum, U_tumidus)


	  +-- U_pictorum 1
	--+               
	  +-- U_tumidus 2 
  

fig. 8b: [clade_id: 4708] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_tumidus, (U_pictorum, U_crassus))


	  +----- U_tumidus 1 
	--+                  
	  |  +-- U_crassus 3 
	  +--+               
	     +-- U_pictorum 2
  

fig. 8b-M: [clade_id: 4717] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_pictorum, U_tumidus)


	  +-- U_pictorum 1
	--+               
	  +-- U_tumidus 2 
  

Ouyang et al., 2011

fig. 1: [clade_id: 5025] "Unionini" + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 4, direct-child terminals: 4
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
((N_douglasiae, C_heudei), (L_grayii, A_chinensis, (L_gladiola, A_tortuosa)))


	        +-- C_heudei 2    
	  +-----+                 
	  |     +-- N_douglasiae 1
	--+                       
	  |  +----- A_chinensis 4 
	  |  |                    
	  +--+----- L_grayii 3    
	     |                    
	     |  +-- A_tortuosa 6  
	     +--+                 
	        +-- L_gladiola 5  
  

Nagel et al., 1998

fig. 1: [clade_id: 723] Unionini
spp. terminals: 4, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_crassus, (U_tumidus, (U_pictorum, U_mancus)))


	  +-------- U_crassus 1 
	--+                     
	  |  +----- U_tumidus 2 
	  +--+                  
	     |  +-- U_mancus 4  
	     +--+               
	        +-- U_pictorum 3
  

fig. 8: [clade_id: 750] Unionini
spp. terminals: 4, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
(U_tumidus, (U_pictorum, U_crassus, U_mancus))


	  +----- U_tumidus 1 
	  |                  
	--+  +-- U_crassus 3 
	  |  |               
	  +--+-- U_mancus 4  
	     |               
	     +-- U_pictorum 2
  

fig. 9: [clade_id: 754] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Zieritz et al., 2012

fig. 4: [clade_id: 6066] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_crassus, (U_tumidus, U_pictorum))


	  +----- U_crassus 1 
	--+                  
	  |  +-- U_pictorum 3
	  +--+               
	     +-- U_tumidus 2 
  

Plazzi et al., 2011

fig. 5: [clade_id: 5005] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(U_tumidus, (U_crassus, U_pictorum))


	  +----- U_tumidus 1 
	--+                  
	  |  +-- U_crassus 2 
	  +--+               
	     +-- U_pictorum 3
  

Manendo et al., 2008

fig. 1: [clade_id: 3721] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_crassus, (U_pictorum, U_tumidus))


	  +----- U_crassus 1 
	--+                  
	  |  +-- U_pictorum 2
	  +--+               
	     +-- U_tumidus 3 
  

Källersjö et al., 2005

fig. 1A: [clade_id: 2672] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_crassus, U_pictorum, U_tumidus)


	  +-- U_crassus 1 
	  |               
	--+-- U_pictorum 2
	  |               
	  +-- U_tumidus 3 
  

fig. 1B-F: [clade_id: 2684] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_tumidus, (U_crassus, U_pictorum))


	  +----- U_tumidus 1 
	--+                  
	  |  +-- U_crassus 2 
	  +--+               
	     +-- U_pictorum 3
  

Sonowal et al., 2021

fig. 3a: [clade_id: 20140] "Unionini" + Anodontini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(A_cygnea, U_ravoisieri, U_pictorum, A_tientsinensis)


	  +-- A_cygnea 1       
	  |                    
	  +-- A_tientsinensis 4
	--+                    
	  +-- U_pictorum 3     
	  |                    
	  +-- U_ravoisieri 2   
  

fig. 3b: [clade_id: 20168] "Unionini" + Lamellidentini + Anodontini + Lamprotulini + Pleurobemini + Lampsilini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(A_tientsinensis, L_leaii, L_cardium, P_littoralis, U_pictorum, A_cygnea, U_ravoisieri, L_phenchooganjensis, E_complanata)


	  +-- A_cygnea 6           
	  |                        
	  +-- A_tientsinensis 1    
	  |                        
	  +-- E_complanata 9       
	  |                        
	  +-- L_cardium 3          
	  |                        
	--+-- L_leaii 2            
	  |                        
	  +-- L_phenchooganjensis 8
	  |                        
	  +-- P_littoralis 4       
	  |                        
	  +-- U_pictorum 5         
	  |                        
	  +-- U_ravoisieri 7       
  

fig. 4: [clade_id: 20187] "Unionini" + Anodontini + Lamellidentini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(A_tientsinensis, (U_pictorum, (A_cygnea, (U_ravoisieri, L_corrianus))))


	  +----------- A_tientsinensis 1
	--+                             
	  |  +-------- U_pictorum 2     
	  +--+                          
	     |  +----- A_cygnea 3       
	     +--+                       
	        |  +-- L_corrianus 5    
	        +--+                    
	           +-- U_ravoisieri 4   
  

Zhou et al., 2016

fig. 1: [clade_id: 7437] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(L_languilati, (S_lampreyanus, U_pictorum))


	  +----- L_languilati 1 
	--+                     
	  |  +-- S_lampreyanus 2
	  +--+                  
	     +-- U_pictorum 3   
  

Burzynski et al., 2017

fig. 1 bottom: [clade_id: 8295] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(A_tortuosa, (U_crassus, U_tumidus))


	  +----- A_tortuosa 1
	--+                  
	  |  +-- U_crassus 2 
	  +--+               
	     +-- U_tumidus 3 
  

fig. 1 top: [clade_id: 8270] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(A_tortuosa, (U_crassus, U_tumidus))


	  +----- A_tortuosa 1
	--+                  
	  |  +-- U_crassus 2 
	  +--+               
	     +-- U_tumidus 3 
  

Araujo et al., 2017

fig. 2: [clade_id: 9753] "Unionini" + Anodontini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
((S_lampreyanus, A_tortuosa), (A_anatina, U_delphinus))


	     +-- A_tortuosa 2   
	  +--+                  
	  |  +-- S_lampreyanus 1
	--+                     
	  |  +-- A_anatina 3    
	  +--+                  
	     +-- U_delphinus 4  
  

Froufe et al., 2017

fig. 7: [clade_id: 9726] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_mancus, (U_elongatulus, U_pictorum))


	  +----- U_mancus 1     
	--+                     
	  |  +-- U_elongatulus 2
	  +--+                  
	     +-- U_pictorum 3   
  

Dyduch-Falniowska & Koziol, 1989

fig. 5, 7: [clade_id: 716] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_pictorum, (U_tumidus, U_crassus))


	  +----- U_pictorum 1
	--+                  
	  |  +-- U_crassus 3 
	  +--+               
	     +-- U_tumidus 2 
  

Bogatov et al., 2018

fig. 1: [clade_id: 12921] "Unionini" + Anodontini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_tumidus, ((A_anatina, P_complanata), (U_crassus, U_pictorum)))


	  +-------- U_tumidus 1   
	  |                       
	--+     +-- A_anatina 2   
	  |  +--+                 
	  |  |  +-- P_complanata 3
	  +--+                    
	     |  +-- U_crassus 4   
	     +--+                 
	        +-- U_pictorum 5  
  

fig. 2: [clade_id: 12932] "Unionini" + Anodontini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_crassus, (U_pictorum, (U_tumidus, (A_anatina, P_complanata))))


	  +----------- U_crassus 1   
	--+                          
	  |  +-------- U_pictorum 2  
	  +--+                       
	     |  +----- U_tumidus 3   
	     +--+                    
	        |  +-- A_anatina 4   
	        +--+                 
	           +-- P_complanata 5
  

Pfeiffer et al., 2019

fig. 4-5: [clade_id: 15015] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(U_gibbus, (N_douglasiae, C_pisciculus))


	  +----- U_gibbus 1    
	--+                    
	  |  +-- C_pisciculus 3
	  +--+                 
	     +-- N_douglasiae 2
  

fig. 6: [clade_id: 15178] Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(U_gibbus, (C_pisciculus, N_douglasiae))


	  +----- U_gibbus 1    
	--+                    
	  |  +-- C_pisciculus 2
	  +--+                 
	     +-- N_douglasiae 3
  

Tomilova et al., 2020

fig. 3: [clade_id: 16857] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_tumidus, U_pictorum)


	  +-- U_pictorum 2
	--+               
	  +-- U_tumidus 1 
  

Mabuchi & Nishida, 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 17684] "Unionini" + Lanceolariini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 31, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(N_douglasiae, (L_grayii, I_reinianus))


	  +----- N_douglasiae 1
	--+                    
	  |  +-- I_reinianus 3 
	  +--+                 
	     +-- L_grayii 2    
  

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000

fig. 2A: [clade_id: 73] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_pictorum, U_caffer)


	  +-- U_caffer 2  
	--+               
	  +-- U_pictorum 1
  

fig. 2B: [clade_id: 137] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_pictorum, U_caffer)


	  +-- U_caffer 2  
	--+               
	  +-- U_pictorum 1
  

Bogan & Hoeh, 2000

fig. 1: [clade_id: 1226] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_pictorum, U_tumidus)


	  +-- U_pictorum 1
	--+               
	  +-- U_tumidus 2 
  

Graf, 2002

fig. 2: [clade_id: 1674] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_pictorum, U_caffer)


	  +-- U_caffer 2  
	--+               
	  +-- U_pictorum 1
  

Hoeh et al., 2002

fig. 2: [clade_id: 1735] "Unionini" + Anodontini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_pictorum, (U_tumidus, (A_cygnea, (P_grandis, S_undulatus))))


	  +----------- U_pictorum 1 
	--+                         
	  |  +-------- U_tumidus 2  
	  +--+                      
	     |  +----- A_cygnea 3   
	     +--+                   
	        |  +-- P_grandis 4  
	        +--+                
	           +-- S_undulatus 5
  

Hoeh et al., 2001

fig. 14.2: [clade_id: 1584] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_pictorum, U_tumidus)


	  +-- U_pictorum 1
	--+               
	  +-- U_tumidus 2 
  

fig. 14.4: [clade_id: 1654] "Unionini" + Anodontini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_pictorum, U_tumidus, (A_cygnea, (S_undulatus, P_grandis)))


	  +-------- U_pictorum 1 
	  |                      
	--+-------- U_tumidus 2  
	  |                      
	  |  +----- A_cygnea 3   
	  +--+                   
	     |  +-- P_grandis 5  
	     +--+                
	        +-- S_undulatus 4
  

Roe & Hoeh, 2003

fig. 4.2: [clade_id: 2006] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_pictorum, U_tumidus)


	  +-- U_pictorum 1
	--+               
	  +-- U_tumidus 2 
  

fig. 4.3: [clade_id: 2078] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_pictorum, U_tumidus)


	  +-- U_pictorum 1
	--+               
	  +-- U_tumidus 2 
  

Kano et al., 2019

fig. 6: [clade_id: 19404] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(I_yanagawensis, N_nipponensis)


	  +-- I_yanagawensis 1
	--+                   
	  +-- N_nipponensis 2 
  

Hoeh et al., 2009

fig. 3: [clade_id: 4219] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_pictorum, U_caffer)


	  +-- U_caffer 2  
	--+               
	  +-- U_pictorum 1
  

fig. 4: [clade_id: 4302] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_pictorum, U_caffer)


	  +-- U_caffer 2  
	--+               
	  +-- U_pictorum 1
  

fig. 5: [clade_id: 4389] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_pictorum, U_caffer)


	  +-- U_caffer 2  
	--+               
	  +-- U_pictorum 1
  

Rosenberg et al., 1997

fig. 2A: [clade_id: 1022] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

fig. 2B: [clade_id: 1057] "Unionini" + Quadrulini + Gonideini + Amblemini + Anodontini + Pleurobemini + Lampsilini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(G_angulata, P_grandis, U_imbecillis, P_cataracta, L_straminea, L_teres, M_nervosa, O_reflexa, T_cylindrica, Q_quadrula, U_tetralasmus, A_plicata, E_complanata, F_cerina, P_dombeyanus, A_tortuosa, U_pictorum)


	  +-- A_plicata 12    
	  |                   
	  +-- A_tortuosa 16   
	  |                   
	  +-- E_complanata 13 
	  |                   
	  +-- F_cerina 14     
	  |                   
	  +-- G_angulata 1    
	  |                   
	  +-- L_straminea 5   
	  |                   
	  +-- L_teres 6       
	  |                   
	  +-- M_nervosa 7     
	  |                   
	--+-- O_reflexa 8     
	  |                   
	  +-- P_cataracta 4   
	  |                   
	  +-- P_dombeyanus 15 
	  |                   
	  +-- P_grandis 2     
	  |                   
	  +-- Q_quadrula 10   
	  |                   
	  +-- T_cylindrica 9  
	  |                   
	  +-- U_imbecillis 3  
	  |                   
	  +-- U_pictorum 17   
	  |                   
	  +-- U_tetralasmus 11
  

Bolotov et al., 2016

fig. 2: [clade_id: 7775] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_pictorum, Unio)


	  +-- U_pictorum 1
	--+               
	  +-- Unio 2      
  

fig. 4: [clade_id: 7830] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_pictorum, Unio)


	  +-- U_pictorum 1
	--+               
	  +-- Unio 2      
  

Soroka & Burzynski, 2018

fig. 3: [clade_id: 10180] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_tumidus, A_tortuosa)


	  +-- A_tortuosa 2
	--+               
	  +-- U_tumidus 1 
  

fig. 3-M: [clade_id: 10193] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_tumidus, A_tortuosa)


	  +-- A_tortuosa 2
	--+               
	  +-- U_tumidus 1 
  

Guerra et al., 2017

fig. 2a: [clade_id: 9782] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 8, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(A_tortuosa, U_pictorum)


	  +-- A_tortuosa 1
	--+               
	  +-- U_pictorum 2
  

fig. 2b: [clade_id: 9847] "Unionini" + Anodontini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 8, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_pictorum, (A_tortuosa, ((C_plicata, S_woodiana), (A_anatina, ((L_subviridis, L_compressa), (P_grandis, (U_peninsularis, U_imbecillis)))))))


	  +-------------------- U_pictorum 1    
	  |                                     
	--+  +----------------- A_tortuosa 2    
	  |  |                                  
	  +--+              +-- C_plicata 3     
	     |  +-----------+                   
	     |  |           +-- S_woodiana 4    
	     +--+                               
	        |  +----------- A_anatina 5     
	        |  |                            
	        +--+        +-- L_compressa 7   
	           |  +-----+                   
	           |  |     +-- L_subviridis 6  
	           +--+                         
	              |  +----- P_grandis 8     
	              +--+                      
	                 |  +-- U_imbecillis 10 
	                 +--+                   
	                    +-- U_peninsularis 9
  

Chase et al., 2018

fig. 4: [clade_id: 12846] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 15, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_delphinus, U_tumidus)


	  +-- U_delphinus 1
	--+                
	  +-- U_tumidus 2  
  

fig. 5: [clade_id: 12899] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_delphinus, U_tumidus)


	  +-- U_delphinus 1
	--+                
	  +-- U_tumidus 2  
  

Whelan et al., 2011

fig. 1 ML: [clade_id: 5118] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_pictorum, U_caffer)


	  +-- U_caffer 2  
	--+               
	  +-- U_pictorum 1
  

fig. 1 MP: [clade_id: 5045] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_pictorum, U_caffer)


	  +-- U_caffer 2  
	--+               
	  +-- U_pictorum 1
  

Graf & Cummings, 2006

fig. 2: [clade_id: 184] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(U_pictorum, U_caffer)


	  +-- U_caffer 2  
	--+               
	  +-- U_pictorum 1
  

Riccardi et al., 2019

fig. 2: [clade_id: 19443] Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 16, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(U_mancus, U_elongatulus)


	  +-- U_elongatulus 2
	--+                  
	  +-- U_mancus 1     
  

Graf et al., 2014

fig. 3: [clade_id: 6926] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Marshall et al., 2014

fig. 1: [clade_id: 6818] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Graf et al., 2015

fig. 1: [clade_id: 7018] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2015

fig. 2: [clade_id: 7255] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Bieler et al., 2014

fig. 26, 27, 29, 30: [clade_id: 6736] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 28: [clade_id: 6745] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Huang et al., 2013

fig. 3: [clade_id: 6649] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

González & Giribet, 2015

fig. 2: [clade_id: 7062] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 3: [clade_id: 7071] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 4: [clade_id: 7076] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 6: [clade_id: 7088] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Bolotov et al., 2015

fig. 2A: [clade_id: 7040] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 2B: [clade_id: 7057] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Graf, 2000

fig. 1: [clade_id: 1174] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000

fig. 1, 2: [clade_id: 1194] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Chong et al., 2008

fig. 3: [clade_id: 3697] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 20, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Wang et al., 2016

fig. 2: [clade_id: 7353] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Taylor et al., 2007

fig. 1-3: [clade_id: 3620] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Rosenberg et al., 1994

fig. 3: [clade_id: 855] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Feng et al., 2016

fig. 2: [clade_id: 8127] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 7, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Combosch et al., 2017

fig. 1: [clade_id: 9649] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 2: [clade_id: 9674] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Lopes-Lima et al., 2018

fig. 1: [clade_id: 10805] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 3: [clade_id: 10858] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Araujo et al., 2009

fig. 3: [clade_id: 4173] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Gomes-dos-Santos et al., 2019

fig. 1: [clade_id: 15787] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

fig. 1-M: [clade_id: 15798] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Klunzinger et al., 2020

fig. 2: [clade_id: 16325] Unionini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Page updated: 09:21:10 Tue 04 Jan 2022

 
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