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Page last updated
Tue 08 Oct 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page documents data for Lea (1836), such as genera and species attributed to that publication (including known misspellings, misidentifications, and other unavailable names) as well as taxonomic opinions, if available. Taxonomic opinions refer to uses of genera and species as valid and invalid in that work.

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Publication information

Lea, I. 1836. A Synopsis of the Family of Naïades. 59 pp.

Click here for online access.

Attributed Genus Names

Alasmodonta Say, 1819
‘Say’ of Authors.
Say, 1819, Nich. Encyc. 4: [18].
Say, 1825, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5(3-4): 131.
Férussac, 1827, Bull. Sci. Nat. et Géol. 10: 417.
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 421.
Menke, 1830, Syn. Method. Moll.: 106.
Ferussac, 1835, Mag. Zool. 5: 25.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 43.
Schlüter, 1838, Kurzgef. Syst. Verz. Conch. Samml.: 32.
Agassiz, 1852, Arch. Naturg. 18(1): 46.
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll. 2: 499.
Vest, 1866, Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Ver. Naturw. (17): 197.
Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 1.
(new name for Alasmidonta Say, 1818; renamed Anelasmodon Agassiz, 1846)

Diptodon Lea, 1836
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 11 [corrected in the errata].
(error for Diplodon Spix & Wagner, 1827)

Triptodon Lea, 1836
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 10 [corrected in the errata].
(error for Triplodon Spix & Wagner, 1827)

Margarita Lea, 1836
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 10.
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 118.
(homonym of Leach, 1814 [Pteriidae]; renamed Margaron Lea, 1852)
Type species: Mya pictorum Linnaeus, 1758 (herein) = Unio pictorum

Niäa Lea, 1836
‘Swainson’ of Authors.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 31.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 33.
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll. 2: 492.
(error for Naia Swainson, 1840)

Attributed Species Names

Anodonta trapezialis Blainville, 1825
‘Lamarck’ of Authors.
Blainville, 1825, Manuel Malacol. et Conch.: 538.
Bory de St. Vincent, 1827, Encycl. Méth. 2: 147.
Menke, 1828, Syn. Method. Moll.: 63.
Menke, 1830, Syn. Method. Moll.: 106.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 93.
d’Orbigny, 1835, Mag. Zool. 5(61-62): 43.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 53.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 287.
Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 220.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 52.
Hupé, 1857, [in] Castelnau, Amim. Nouv. Rares d’Amer. Sud: 85.
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll. 2: 504.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 82.
Ihering, 1893, Arch. Naturg. 59(1): 135.
Corsi, 1900, Anais Mus. Nac. Montevideo 2: 456.
Marshall, 1915, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 49(2122): 529.
Haas, 1929, Senckenbergiana 11: 340.
H.B. Baker, 1930, Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. (210): 70.
Morretes, 1949, Arqu. Mus. Paranaense 7: 27.
(error for Anodonta trapesialis Lamarck, 1819)

Unio litoralis Menke, 1828
‘Lamarck’ of Authors.
Menke, 1828, Syn. Method. Moll.: 64.
Menke, 1830, Syn. Method. Moll.: 107.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 32.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 282.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 34.
Rossmässler, 1854, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 3 (1-2): 37.
Küster, 1855, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 128.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 22, sp. 98.
Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 86, sp. 461.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 54.
Westerlund, 1890, Fauna Paläarct. Binnenconch. 2(7): 52.
(error for Unio littoralis Cuvier, 1798)

Anodonta pennsylvanica Stark, 1828
‘Lamarck’ of Authors.
Stark, 1828, Elements Nat. Hist. 2: 89.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 50.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 49.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 263.
Sowerby, 1867, Conch. Icon. 17: pl. 11, sp. 30.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 79.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 618.
Ortmann & Walker, 1922, Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. (112): 40.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 22 [as ‘Strophitus undulatus-pennsylvanicus’].
Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich 88: 373 [as ‘Strophitus undulatus pennsylvanicus’].
(error for Anodonta pensylvanica Lamarck, 1819)

Unio laevigatus Say, 1834
‘Rafinesque’ of Authors.
Say, 1834, Amer. Conch. 6: [no pagination].
Conrad, 1834, New Fresh-Water Shells: 70.
Ferussac, 1835, Mag. Zool. 5: 28.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 59.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 57.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 251.
Ortmann, 1921, Mem. Carnegie Mus. 8: 92.
(error for Unio (Aximedia) levigata Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio limagnae Jay, 1835
Jay, 1835, Cat. Rec. Shells: 16 [as ‘limagnæ’].
‘Bouillet’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 36 [as ‘limagnæ’].
(error for Unio limaniae Dupuy, 1852)

Margarita (Unio) modestus Lea, 1836
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 32. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 33. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 54. [nomen nudum]

Anodonta inflata Lea, 1836
‘Major Le Conte’s Cabinet’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 52. [nomen nudum]
‘Major Le Conte’s Cabinet’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 51. [nomen nudum]

Unio spinosus Lea, 1836
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 17, fronticepiece.
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 57, pl. 16, fig. 50.
Type(s): SYNTYPE ANSP_128763, Darien, Ga.

Unio carynthiacus Lea, 1836
‘Zeigler’ of Authors.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 27.
Schlüter, 1838, Kurzgef. Syst. Verz. Conch. Samml.: 33.
J.F. Schmidt, 1840, Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscow 12: 435.
C.B. Adams, 1847, Cat. Gen. Sp. Adams: 14.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 30.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 47.
Schröder, 1885, Bull. Soc. Malac. France 2: 229.
Servain, 1888, Bull. Soc. Malac. France 5: 317.
Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc. 13: 141 [35].
Germain, 1904, Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Ouest France 4: 264.
Germain, 1931, Faune de France 22: 728.
(error for Unio carinthiacus Rossmässler, 1836)

Margarita (Unio) crassissimus Lea, 1836
‘Ferussac’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 40.
Lea, 1838, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 26.
(reference to Unio crassissima Férussac, 1827)

Alasmodonta truncata Lea, 1836
‘Say, in lit.’ of Authors.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 44.
Lea, 1838, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 135.
Agassiz, 1852, Arch. Naturg. 18(1): 46.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 262.
(intro'd as syn of Alasmidonta marginata Say, 1818)

Margarita (Unio) cailliaudii Lea, 1836
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: . [nomen nudum]
‘Ferussac ms’ Lea, 1838, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 24. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 36. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 58.

Margarita (Unio) egyptiacus Jay, 1836
‘Cailliaud’ of Authors.
Jay, 1836, Cat. Rec. Shells: 20.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 29.
Lea, 1838, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 21.
Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 198.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 32.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 267.
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll. 2: 494.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 50.
Haas, 1940, Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. 24: 140 [as ‘Caelatura egyptiaca’].
Araujo et al., 2017, Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 179(2): 280.
(error for Unio aegyptiacus Cailliaud, 1827)

Diptodon [sic] fuscatum Lea, 1836
‘Spix’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 11.
(error for Diplodon furcatum Spix & Wagner, 1827)

Margarita (Unio) merchisonianus Lea, 1836
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 14 [corrected in the errata].
(error for Unio murchisonianus Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) fragrosus Lea, 1836
‘Con.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 14 [corrected in the errata].
(error for Unio fragosus Conrad, 1836)

Unio gibba Lea, 1836
‘Mühl. Pfeif.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 27.
(intro'd as syn of Mya batava Maton & Rackett, 1807)

Unio fuscus Lea, 1836
‘Zieg.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 27.
(intro'd as syn of Mya batava Maton & Rackett, 1807)

Unio triradiata Lea, 1836
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 29.
(intro'd as syn of Mya corrugata Müller, 1774)

Unio limovianscae Lea, 1836
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 37.
(intro'd as syn of Mya pictorum Linnaeus, 1758)

Unio elongatus Lea, 1836
‘Pfeiffer’ of Authors.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 37.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 37.
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll. 2: 491.
Haas, 1952, Nautilus 65(4): 118.
Bogan, 1993, Amer. Zool. 33: 602.
(error for Unio elongatula C. Pfeiffer, 1825)

Unio carolinensis Lea, 1836
“Prof. Ravenel’s Letter” Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 39.
“Professor Ravenel’s Letter” Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 5.
(intro'd as syn of Unio vaughanianus Lea, 1838)

Unio auricularis Lea, 1836
‘Speng.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 40.
(error for Unio auricularius Spengler, 1793)

Margarita (Unio) atratus Lea, 1836
‘Swain.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 31.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 33.
(reference to Unio (Niaa) atrata Swainson, 1823)

Unio orientalis Lea, 1836
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 41. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer,’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 40. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer,’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 63. [nomen nudum]

Unio nitidens Lea, 1836
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 41. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 40. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 63. [nomen nudum]

Unio preciosus Lea, 1836
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 41. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 40. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 64. [nomen nudum]

Unio pulchellus Lea, 1836
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 41. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 40. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 64. [nomen nudum]

Mya regulosa Lea, 1836
‘Wood’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 44.
‘Wood’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 42.
‘Wood’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 67.
(error for Unio rugulosus Wood, 1828)

Alasmodonta abducta Lea, 1836
‘Say’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 44.
‘Say’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 42.
(intro'd as syn of Alasmodonta rugosa Barnes, 1823)

Unio rivalis Lea, 1836
‘Zeig.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 46.
(intro'd as syn of Mya margaritifera Linnaeus, 1758)

Alasmodonta incurva Lea, 1836
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 46. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 44. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 70. [nomen nudum]

Anodonta proboscidalis Lea, 1836
‘Zieg.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 50.
(intro'd as syn of Mytilus cygneus Linnaeus, 1758)

Anodon trapezius Lea, 1836
‘Spix & Wagner’ of Authors.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 53.
Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 221.
Lucena, 1951, Pap. Avuls. Dept. Zool. 10(3): 98.
(error for Anodon trapezeus Spix & Wagner, 1827)

Margarita (Unio) paliatus Lea, 1836
“Ravenel’s letter” Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 31. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 22. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 33. [nomen nudum]
‘Ravenel’s Letter’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 53. [nomen nudum]
Type(s): NOMEN NUDUM USNM_85658, Santee Canal, S.C.

Anodonta folium Lea, 1836
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 54. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 53. [nomen nudum]

Anodonta chinensis Lea, 1836
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 54. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 53. [nomen nudum]

Anodonta curvata Lea, 1836
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 54. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 53. [nomen nudum]

Unio melaplata Lea, 1836
‘Rafinesque’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 59.
‘Rafinesque’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 58.
‘Rafinesque’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 92.
(error for Truncilla metaplata Rafinesque, 1831)

Unio pusella Lea, 1836
‘Rafinesque’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 59.
‘Rafinesque’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 58.
‘Rafinesque’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 92.
(error for Obliquaria (Rotundaria) pusilla Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio dorfuillianus Lea, 1836
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: addenda. [nomen nudum]
(incorrect original spelling of Unio dorfeuillianus Lea, 1838)

Margarita (Anodonta) chiziana Lea, 1836
‘Rang’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: addenda.
(error for Anodonta chaiziana Rang, 1835)

Margarita (Unio) tenerus Lea, 1836
‘Ravenel’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 39.
‘Rav.’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 39.
‘Rav. Han.’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 44.
(reference to Unio tenerus Simpson, 1892)

Margarita (Unio) watereensis Lea, 1836
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 31.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 33.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 53.
(new name for Unio raveneli Conrad, 1834)

Anodonta imbecilis Lea, 1836
‘Say’ of Authors.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 54.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 264.
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll. 2: 502.
Say, 1858, [in] Binney, Compl. Writings T. Say: 140.
Clench & Turner, 1956, Bull. Fla. State Mus. 1: 187.
Murray & Leonard, 1962, Handbk. Unionid Muss. Kansas: 95.
R.I. Johnson, 1970, Bull. MCZ 140(6): 362.
Heard, 1975, Malacologia 15(1): 84.
Kat, 1983, Malacologia 23(2): 362.
Hoeh, 1990, Malac. Review 23: 63.
Lydeard et al., 1996, Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc. London (B, Biol. Sci.) 351: 1595.
Rosenberg et al., 1997, J. Moll. Studies 63: 303.
Adamkewicz et al., 1997, MBE 14(6): 622.
(error for Anodonta imbecillis Say, 1829)

Margarita (Unio) orbiculatus Lea, 1836
‘Hild.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 25.
(reference to Unio orbiculatus Hildreth, 1828)

Unio rangianus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: addenda. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 95, pl. 18, fig. 56.
Type(s): SYNTYPES USNM_84798, Mahoning R., near Poland, Ohio.

Anodonta gigantea Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 52. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 1 [1], pl. 1, fig. 1.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) USNM_86659, Port Gibson, Mississippi.

Anodonta ovata Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 52. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 2, pl. 2, fig. 2.
(homonym of Unio ovata Stark, 1828)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86615, Marietta, Ohio.

Unio bengalensis Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 26. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 3, pl. 2, fig. 3.

Unio venustus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 24. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 4, pl. 2, fig. 4.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84971, Potosi, Missouri.

Unio vaughanianus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 39. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 5, pl. 3, fig. 5.
Type(s): SYNTYPE USNM_86106, Sawneys Creek, Camden, S. Carolina.

Unio pulcher Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 25. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 6, pl. 3, fig. 6.

Unio obscurus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 26. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 7, pl. 3, fig. 7.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85128, Tennessee.

Unio fisherianus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 37. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 8, pl. 4, fig. 8.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86022, Chester R., (head of), Md.

Unio jejunus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 30. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 9, pl. 4, fig. 9.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85475, near Camden, S.C.

Unio arctior Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 39. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 10, pl. 4, fig. 10.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86103, Ohio R., Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio turgidus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 16. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 11, pl. 5, fig. 11.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84277, near New Orleans, La.

Unio coccineus Lea, 1838
“Dr. Hildreth’s Letter” Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 34. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 12, pl. 5, fig. 12.
(homonym of Unio coccineus Conrad, 1836)
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE USNM_85848, Columbus, Ohio.

Unio solidus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 20. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 13, pl. 5, fig. 13.

Unio hydianus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 25. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 14, pl. 6, fig. 14.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85010, Bayou Teche, Louisiana.

Unio interruptus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 24. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 15, pl. 6, fig. 15.
(homonym of Unio (Eurynia) solenoides var. interrupta Rafinesque, 1820; renamed Unio latiradiatus Conrad, 1838)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84962, Harpeth R., Tenn.

Unio lamellatus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 26. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 19, pl. 6, fig. 16.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85173, Ganges R., India.

Unio pumilus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 20. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 23, pl. 7, fig. 17.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84545, Black Cr., N.C.

Unio cumberlandicus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 27 [as ‘cumberlandianus’]. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 25, pl. 7, fig. 19.
(renamed Margaritana (Unio) cumberlandianus Lea, 1852)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85254, Tenn.

Unio simus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 29. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 26, pl. 8, fig. 20.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85342, Cumberland R., Tenn.

Unio roanokensis Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 30. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 27, pl. 8, fig. 21.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85423, Roanoke R., near Tarborough, N.C.

Unio notatus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 26. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 28, pl. 8, fig. 22.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) USNM_85075, Cumberland R., Tenn.

Unio jayensis Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 37. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 28, pl. 9, fig. 23.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86031, Florida.

Unio hopetonensis Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 30. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 29, pl. 9, fig. 24.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85391, Hopeton, near Darien, Georgia.

Unio lugubris Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 37. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 30, pl. 9, fig. 25.
(homonym of Unio lugubris Say, 1832; renamed Elliptio cylindraceus Frierson, 1927)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85638, Hopeton, near Darien, Georgia.

Unio barnesianus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 20. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 31, pl. 10, fig. 26.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) USNM_84586, Cumberland R., Tenn.

Unio zeiglerianus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 26. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 32, pl. 10, fig. 27.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85130, Cumberland R., Tenn.

Unio creperus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 28. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 33, pl. 10, fig. 28.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) USNM_85264, Tennessee.

Unio glaber Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 29. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 34, pl. 10, fig. 29.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85266, Holston R., Tenn.

Unio gibber Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 20. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 35, pl. 10, fig. 30.
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE USNM_84544, Carry [Caney] Fork, Tenn.

Unio vanuxemensis Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 26. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 36, pl. 11, fig. 31.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85146, Cumberland R., Tenn.

Unio carbonarius Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 19. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 37, pl. 11, fig. 32.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84080A, River Medellin, Vera Cruz, Mexico.

Unio folliculatus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 34. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 38, pl. 11, fig. 33.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85861, Savannah R., S.C.

Unio medellinus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 26. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 39, pl. 12, fig. 34.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE ANSP_9679, Vera Cruz, Mex.

Unio lecontianus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 23. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 40, pl. 12, fig. 35.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84852, Canoochie R., Liberty Co., Ga.

Unio muhlfeldianus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 27 [as ‘mühlfeldianus’]. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 41, pl. 12, fig. 36.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85262, Cumberland R., Tenn.

Margaritana holstonia Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 45. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 42, pl. 13, fig. 37.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) USNM_86320, Holston R., Tenn.

Margaritana deltoidea Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 44. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 43, pl. 13, fig. 38.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_86215, Scioto R., Ohio.

Margaritana fabula Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 46. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 44, pl. 13, fig. 39.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_86325, Cumberland R., Tenn.

Anodonta cylindracea Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 54. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 45, pl. 13, fig. 40.
Type(s): IDIOTYPE USNM_86712, Riv. Medellin, Vera Cruz, Mexico.

Anodonta salmonia Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 51. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 45, pl. 14, fig. 41.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86540, Poland, Ohio.

Anodonta wardiana Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 50. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 46, pl. 14, fig. 42.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86488, Chillicothe, Ohio.

Anodonta buchanensis Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 54. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 47, pl. 14, fig. 43.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86719, Buck Creek.

Unio pliciferus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 13. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 61, pl. 17, fig. 53.
Type(s): SYNTYPE USNM_84080, Mexico.

Unio tappanianus Lea, 1838
‘Rafinesque’ Conrad, 1835, New Fresh-Water Shells, Appendix: 4, pl. 9, fig. 1 [as ‘Unio viridis?’].
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 39. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 62, pl. 17, fig. 55.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86133, Juniata River, near Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania.

Anodonta decora Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 52. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 64, pl. 20, fig. 63.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86633, canal, near Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio graniferus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: addenda. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 69, pl. 19, fig. 60.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84296, Tuscumbia, Ala.

Unio splendidus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 23. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 70, pl. 19, fig. 61.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84893, Altamaha R., Georgia.

Margaritana arcula Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 43. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 71, pl. 22, fig. 69.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_86170, Altamaha R., Liberty Co., Georgia.

Unio dorfeuillianus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: addenda [as ‘dorfuillianus’]. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 73, pl. 17, fig. 54.
(correct name for Unio dorfuillianus Lea, 1836)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84215, Wabash River, Ind.

Unio discus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: addenda. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 74, pl. 18, fig. 57.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85341, Found in sand ballast, Phila, Pa [Mexico].

Unio contradens Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: addenda. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 75, pl. 18, fig. 58.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85185, [Java].

Unio menkianus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: addenda. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 76, pl. 19, fig. 59.
Type(s): SYNTYPES USNM_84965, Harpeth R., Tenn.

Anodonta nuttalliana Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: addenda. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 77, fig. 20, fig. 62.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86391, Willamette R., Oregon.

Anodonta wahlamatensis Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: addenda. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 78, pl. 20, fig. 64.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86363, Wahlamat. R., Oregon.

Anodonta pavonia Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: addenda. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 78, pl. 21, fig. 65.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_86514, Little Beaver Cr., Ohio.

Anodonta newtonensis Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: addenda. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 79 [as ‘newtoniensis’], pl. 21, fig. 66.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_86561, Schuylkill, near Phila. Pa.

Anodonta oregonensis Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: addenda. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 80, pl. 21, fig. 67.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86432, Wahlamat R., Oregon.

Anodonta exilis Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: addenda. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 81, pl. 22, fig. 68.
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE USNM_86726, Java ? .

Iridina coelestis Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 57 [as ‘cœlestis’]. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 82, pl. 22, fig. 70 [as ‘cœlestis’].
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_86785, Africa.

Anodonta globosa Lea, 1841
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 52. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1841, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 2: 31.
Lea, 1842, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 8 [O. 3]: 241 [79], pl. 24, fig. 56.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86701, Concha Lake, 20 leagues S Vera Cruz near Tlocatalpan, Mexico.

Margaritana (Unio) cumberlandianus Lea, 1852
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 27. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 20. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 30.
(new name for Unio cumberlandicus Lea, 1838)

Margaron (Unio) tigris Lea, 1870
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 21. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 25. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 39.
(new name for Unio tigridis Bourguignat, 1852)
Type(s): MANUSCRIPT NAME USNM_84706, River at Bagdad, Persia.

Diplodon (s.s.) leai Simpson, 1900
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 32 [as ‘Margarita (Unio) modestus’]. [nomen nudum]
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 876, footnote.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 1241.
Type(s): SYNTYPE USNM_85725, Brazil.

Taxonomic Opinions

Iridina cœlestis Lea, 1838

Iridina ensiformis (Spix)

Iridina exotica Lamarck, 1819
+ Dipsas plicatus Leach, 1814
+ Iridina elongata Sowerby & Sowerby, 1821
+ Iridina striata Swainson, 1823

Iridina longina (Spix)

Iridina nilotica Cailliaud, 1823
+ Mytilus dubius Gmelin, 1791

Iridina rubens (Lamarck, 1819)
+ Anodon clappertoni Koenig, 1826

Iridina siliquosa (Spix)
+ Anodon siliquosus var. pygmaeum Spix & Wagner, 1827

Margarita (Anodonta) arcuata Fer.

Margarita (Anodonta) benedictensis (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Anodonta) blainvilliana (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Anodonta) buchanensis (Lea, 1838)

Margarita (Anodonta) chiziana [sic] (Rang, 1835)

Margarita (Anodonta) crassa (Swainson, 1823)

Margarita (Anodonta) crispata Lam.

Margarita (Anodonta) cygnea (Linnaeus, 1758)
+ Anodonta spuria of Authors, date unknown
+ Mytilus anatinus Linnaeus, 1758
+ Mytilus radiatus Müller, 1774
+ Mytilus stagnalis Gmelin, 1791
+ Mytilus fluviatilis Gmelin, 1791
+ Mytilus zellensis Gmelin, 1791
+ Anodonta variabilis Draparnaud, 1801
+ Mytilus avonensis Montagu, 1803
+ Mytilus fucatus Dillwyn, 1817
+ Anodonta sulcata Lamarck, 1819
+ Anodonta intermedia Lamarck, 1819
+ Mytilus incrassatus Sheppard, 1821
+ Mytilus macula Sheppard, 1821
+ Anodonta cellensis Pfeiffer, 1821
+ Anodon paludosus Turton, 1822
+ Anodonta piscinalis Nilsson, 1823
+ Anodonta ventricosa C. Pfeiffer, 1825
+ Anodonta ponderosa C. Pfeiffer, 1825
+ Anodonta dentiens Menke, 1828
+ Anodonta compressa Menke, 1830
+ Anodonta obvoluta Menke, 1830
+ Anodonta proboscidalis Lea, 1836
+ Anodonta grossa Gallenstein, 1852

Margarita (Anodonta) cylindracea (Lea, 1838)

Margarita (Anodonta) decora

Margarita (Anodonta) edentula (Say, 1829)
+ Anodon areolatus Swainson, 1829

Margarita (Anodonta) elongata (Swainson, 1823)

Margarita (Anodonta) exilis

Margarita (Anodonta) ferussaciana (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Anodonta) fluviatilis (Dill.)
+ Mytilus illitus Lightfoot, 1786
+ Anodonta cataracta Say, 1817
+ Anodonta marginata Say, 1817
+ Anodonta implicata Say, 1829
+ Anodonta teres Conrad, 1834

Margarita (Anodonta) fragilis (Lamarck, 1819)

Margarita (Anodonta) georginae (Gray)

Margarita (Anodonta) gigantea (Lea, 1838)

Margarita (Anodonta) glauca (Valenciennes in Humboldt & Bonpland, 1833)

Margarita (Anodonta) globosa
+ Anodonta inflata Lea, 1836

Margarita (Anodonta) grandis (Say, 1829)
+ Anodonta corpulenta Cooper, 1834

Margarita (Anodonta) incerta (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Anodonta) lato-marginata (Lea, 1834)
+ Anodon trapezeus Spix & Wagner, 1827
+ Anodon rotundus Spix & Wagner, 1827

Margarita (Anodonta) magnifica (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Anodonta) membranacea (Maton, 1811)

Margarita (Anodonta) newtonensis

Margarita (Anodonta) nuttalliana

Margarita (Anodonta) obtusa (Spix)
+ Anodon obtusus var. lituratum Spix & Wagner, 1827

Margarita (Anodonta) oregonensis

Margarita (Anodonta) ovata (Lea, 1838)

Margarita (Anodonta) parishii (Gray, 1834)

Margarita (Anodonta) patagonica (Lamarck, 1819)

Margarita (Anodonta) pavonia

Margarita (Anodonta) plana (Lea, 1834)
+ Anodonta declivis Conrad, 1834

Margarita (Anodonta) porcifer (Gray, 1834)

Margarita (Anodonta) purpurea (Valenciennes in Humboldt & Bonpland, 1821)

Margarita (Anodonta) radiata (Spix)

Margarita (Anodonta) salmonia (Lea, 1838)

Margarita (Anodonta) sinuosa (Lamarck, 1819)

Margarita (Anodonta) stewartiana (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Anodonta) suborbiculata (Say, 1831)

Margarita (Anodonta) subvexa (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Anodonta) tenebricosa (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Anodonta) trapezialis [sic] (Lamarck, 1819)
+ Anodonta exotica Lamarck, 1819
+ Anodon giganteus Spix & Wagner, 1827
+ Anodon anserinus Spix & Wagner, 1827
+ Anodon susannae Griffith & Pidgeon, 1833
+ Anodon penicillatus Gray, 1834

Margarita (Anodonta) trigona (Spix)

Margarita (Anodonta) undulata (Say, 1817)
+ Anodonta pensylvanica Lamarck, 1819
+ Anodon rugosus Swainson, 1822

Margarita (Anodonta) uniopsis (Lamarck, 1819)

Margarita (Anodonta) wahlamatensis

Margarita (Anodonta) wardiana
+ Anodonta virgata Conrad, 1836

Margarita (Anodonta) woodiana (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Dipsas) discoideus (Lea, 1834)
+ Unio tenuis Griffith & Pidgeon, 1833

Margarita (Dipsas) plicatus (Leach, 1815)
+ Mytilus dubius Gmelin, 1791
+ Cristaria tuberculata Schumacher, 1817
+ Anodonta dipsas Blainville, 1825
+ Symphynota bialata Lea, 1829

Margarita (Margaritana) arcula

Margarita (Margaritana) bonellii Fer.
+ Unio depressa C. Pfeiffer, 1825
+ Alasmodonta compressa Menke, 1830

Margarita (Margaritana) calceolus (Lea, 1828)
+ Alasmodonta truncata Conrad, 1834

Margarita (Margaritana) complanata (Barnes, 1823)

Margarita (Margaritana) confragosa (Say, 1829)

Margarita (Margaritana) deltoidea

Margarita (Margaritana) fabula

Margarita (Margaritana) holstonia

Margarita (Margaritana) margaritifera (Linnaeus, 1758)
+ Margaritana fluviatilis Schumacher, 1817
+ Unio elongata Lamarck, 1819
+ Alasmodonta arcuata Barnes, 1823
+ Unio sinuata C. Pfeiffer, 1825
+ Unio roissyi Michaud, 1831
+ Unio rivalis Lea, 1836

Margarita (Margaritana) marginata (Say, 1819)
+ Unio cariosa Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio varicosa Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio rugulosus Wood, 1828
+ Alasmodonta truncata Lea, 1836

Margarita (Margaritana) radiata (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Margaritana) raveneliana (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Margaritana) rugosa (Barnes, 1823)
+ Alasmodonta abducta Lea, 1836

Margarita (Margaritana) undulata (Say, 1817)
+ Unio glabratus Sowerby & Sowerby, 1823
+ Unio hians Valenciennes, 1827
+ Alasmodonta sculptilis Say, 1829

Margarita (Pleiodon) macmurtriei (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) acutissimus (Lea, 1831)

Margarita (Unio) aesopus (Green, 1827)
+ Unio cicatricosus Conrad, 1834

Margarita (Unio) alatus (Say, 1817)

Margarita (Unio) altilis (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) ambiguus (Lamarck, 1819)
+ Unio ambigua Blainville, 1825
+ Unio pectinatus Spix & Wagner, 1827

Margarita (Unio) angulatus (Wood, 1828)
+ Paxyodon ponderosus Schumacher, 1817
+ Hyria corrugata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio rugosus Spix & Wagner, 1827

Margarita (Unio) angustatus (Lea, 1831)

Margarita (Unio) angustus (Lamarck, 1819)

Margarita (Unio) anodontoides (Lea, 1831)
+ Unio (Eurynia) teres Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio teres Say, 1834

Margarita (Unio) apiculatus (Say, 1829)

Margarita (Unio) arcaeformis (Lea, 1831)
+ Unio nexus Say, 1831

Margarita (Unio) arctatus (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) arctior

Margarita (Unio) arcus (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) asper (Lea, 1831)

Margarita (Unio) asperrimus (Lea, 1831)

Margarita (Unio) atratus (Swainson, 1823)
+ Unio fragilis Swainson, 1823

Margarita (Unio) auratus Swain.

Margarita (Unio) auricularis [sic] (Spengler, 1793)
+ Unio margaritifera Draparnaud, 1801
+ Unio rugosa Poiret, 1801
+ Unio sinuata Lamarck, 1819

Margarita (Unio) australis (Lamarck, 1819)

Margarita (Unio) barnesianus

Margarita (Unio) batava Lam.
+ Mya ovalis Lightfoot, 1786
+ Mya pictorum Gmelin, 1791
+ Unio pictorum Draparnaud, 1806
+ Unio planus Studer, 1820
+ Unio riparia Pfeiffer, 1821
+ Unio ater Nilsson, 1822
+ Unio labacensis Rossmässler, 1835
+ Unio decurvatus Rossmässler, 1835
+ Unio fusculus Rossmässler, 1836
+ Unio gibba Lea, 1836
+ Unio reniformis Rossmässler, 1836
+ Unio fuscus Lea, 1836
+ Unio consentaneus Rossmässler, 1836
+ Unio amnicus Rossmässler, 1836
+ Unio carinthiacus Rossmässler, 1836
+ Unio batavus var. sinuatus Charpentier, 1837

Margarita (Unio) bengalensis

Margarita (Unio) bilineatus (Lea, 1831)

Margarita (Unio) blandingianus (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) brevidens (Lea, 1831)

Margarita (Unio) burroughianus (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) caeruleus (Lea, 1831)

Margarita (Unio) cailliaudii Fer.

Margarita (Unio) camelus (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) camptodon (Say, 1832)
+ Unio declivis Conrad, 1836

Margarita (Unio) capsaeformis (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) carbonarius

Margarita (Unio) cariosus (Say, 1817)
+ Unio ovatus Valenciennes, 1827

Margarita (Unio) castaneus (Lea, 1831)

Margarita (Unio) childreni (Gray, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) circulus (Lea, 1829)
+ Unio rotundus Wood, 1828

Margarita (Unio) clavus (Lamarck, 1819)
+ Obliquaria (Scalenaria) scalenia Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio modioliformis Lea, 1834

Margarita (Unio) coccineus
+ Unio coccineus Conrad, 1836
+ Unio catillus Conrad, 1836

Margarita (Unio) complanata (‘Solander’ Dillwyn, 1817)
+ Unio violaceus Spengler, 1793
+ Unio purpureus Say, 1817
+ Unio rarisulcata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio coarctata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio purpurascens Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio rhombula Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio carinifera Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio georgina Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio glabrata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio sulcidens Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio fluviatilis Green, 1827
+ Unio rigidus Wood, 1828

Margarita (Unio) compressa (Lea, 1829)

Margarita (Unio) confertus (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) congaraeus (Lea, 1831)

Margarita (Unio) conradicus (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) contradens (Lea, 1838)

Margarita (Unio) cooperianus (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) cor (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) cornutus (Barnes, 1823)
+ Obliquaria (Quadrula) reflexa Rafinesque, 1820

Margarita (Unio) corrianus (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) corrugatus Lam.
+ Mya rugosa Gmelin, 1791
+ Mya nodosa Gmelin, 1791
+ Mya spuria Gmelin, 1791
+ Unio spuria Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio triradiata Lea, 1836

Margarita (Unio) crassidens (Lamarck, 1819)
+ Unio (Elliptio) nigra Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio cuneatus Barnes, 1823

Margarita (Unio) crassissimus ‘Ferussac’ Lea, 1836
+ Unio crassissima Férussac, 1827

Margarita (Unio) crassus (Say, 1817)
+ Unio ligamentina Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio crassus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio ellipticus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio carinatus Barnes, 1823
+ Mya gravis Wood, 1828
+ Unio fasciatus Conrad, 1835

Margarita (Unio) creperus

Margarita (Unio) cumberlandianus Lea

Margarita (Unio) cuprinus (Lea, 1831)
+ Unio metallicus Say, 1831

Margarita (Unio) cylindricus (Say, 1817)
+ Unio naviformis Lamarck, 1819

Margarita (Unio) cœlatus (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) decisus (Lea, 1831)

Margarita (Unio) declivis (Say, 1831)
+ Unio geometricus Lea, 1834

Margarita (Unio) dehiscens (Say, 1829)
+ Unio oriens Lea, 1831

Margarita (Unio) delodonta (Lamarck, 1819)
+ Unio lacteolus Lea, 1834

Margarita (Unio) depressus (Lamarck, 1819)

Margarita (Unio) discus

Margarita (Unio) divaricatus (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) donaciformis (Lea, 1828)

Margarita (Unio) dorfeuillianus

Margarita (Unio) dromas (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) ebenus (Lea, 1831)
+ Unio mytiloides Deshayes, 1830

Margarita (Unio) elegans (Lea, 1831)

Margarita (Unio) ellipsis (Lea, 1828)

Margarita (Unio) elongatus [sic] (Pfeiffer, C., 1825)

Margarita (Unio) fabalis (Lea, 1831)
+ Unio capillus Say, 1831
+ Unio lapillus Say, 1831

Margarita (Unio) fisherianus

Margarita (Unio) foliatus (Hildreth, 1828)
+ Obliquaria (Quadrula) flexuosa Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio flexuosus Conrad, 1835

Margarita (Unio) folliculatus

Margarita (Unio) fragrosus [sic] (Conrad, 1836)

Margarita (Unio) fulvus (Lea, 1834)
+ Unio icterinus Conrad, 1834

Margarita (Unio) gibber

Margarita (Unio) gibbosus (Barnes, 1823)
+ Unio nasuta Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio (Eurynia) dilatata Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio mucronatus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio dilatatus Say, 1834

Margarita (Unio) gigas “Swain.”

Margarita (Unio) glaber

Margarita (Unio) glans (Lea, 1831)

Margarita (Unio) globosa (Lea, 1834)
+ Unio capax Green, 1832

Margarita (Unio) gracilis (Barnes, 1823)
+ Unio planus Barnes, 1823

Margarita (Unio) graniferus

Margarita (Unio) granosus (Bruguière, 1792)

Margarita (Unio) grayanus (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) greenii (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) griffithianus (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) haysianus (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) heterodon (Lea, 1829)

Margarita (Unio) hildrethianus (Lea, 1834)
+ Alasmodonta ambigua Say, 1825

Margarita (Unio) hopetonensis

Margarita (Unio) hydianus

Margarita (Unio) inflatus (Lea, 1831)

Margarita (Unio) infucatus (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) interruptus

Margarita (Unio) iris (Lea, 1829)

Margarita (Unio) irroratus (Lea, 1828)
+ Unio verrucosus albus Hildreth, 1828

Margarita (Unio) jayensis

Margarita (Unio) kirtlandianus (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) lacrymosus (Lea, 1828)

Margarita (Unio) laevissimus (Lea, 1829)

Margarita (Unio) lamellatus

Margarita (Unio) lanceolatus (Lea, 1828)

Margarita (Unio) leaii Gray

Margarita (Unio) lecontianus

Margarita (Unio) lens (Lea, 1831)

Margarita (Unio) lienosus (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) litoralis [sic] (Lamarck, 1801)
+ Unio crassus Retzius, 1788
+ Mya depressa Donovan, 1801
+ Mya ovata Donovan, 1802
+ Unio granosus Schumacher, 1817
+ Unio brevialis Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio semirugata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio nana Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio litoralis Pfeiffer, 1821
+ Unio subtetragonus Michaud, 1831
+ Unio incurvus Lea, 1831
+ Unio pianensis Boubée, 1833
+ Unio rhomboideus Moquin-Tandon, 1855

Margarita (Unio) lugubris

Margarita (Unio) luteola (Lamarck, 1819)
+ Unio siliquoideus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio inflatus Barnes, 1823

Margarita (Unio) maculatus (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) marginalis (Lamarck, 1819)
+ Unio anodontina Lamarck, 1819

Margarita (Unio) masoni (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) medellinus

Margarita (Unio) menkianus

Margarita (Unio) merchisonianus [sic] (Lea, 1834)
+ Unio douglasiae Griffith & Pidgeon, 1833

Margarita (Unio) metanever (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio nodosus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio rugosus Barnes, 1823

Margarita (Unio) modestus ‘Fer.’ Lea, 1836

Margarita (Unio) modioliformis (Lea, 1834)
+ Unio delumbis Conrad, 1834

Margarita (Unio) multiplicatus (Lea, 1831)
+ Unio heros Say, 1829
+ Unio undulatus Say, 1831

Margarita (Unio) multiradiatus (Lea, 1829)
+ Lampsilis fasciola Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio fasciolus Say, 1834

Margarita (Unio) multistriatus (Lea, 1831)
+ Diplodon ellypticum Spix & Wagner, 1827

Margarita (Unio) mytiloides (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio obliquus Wood, 1828

Margarita (Unio) mühlfeldianus

Margarita (Unio) nashvillianus (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) nasutus (Say, 1817)
+ Unio rostrata Valenciennes, 1827
+ Unio subrostratus Say, 1831

Margarita (Unio) nebulosus (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) nicklinianus (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) niloticus Fer.
+ Margarita (Unio) egyptiacus Jay, 1836

Margarita (Unio) nodulosus (Wood, 1815)

Margarita (Unio) notatus

Margarita (Unio) novae hollandiae (Gray, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) obesus (Lea, 1831)

Margarita (Unio) obliqua (Lamarck, 1819)
+ Unio undulatus of Authors, date unknown
+ Obovaria cordata Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio undatus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio mytiloides Short & Eaton, 1831
+ Unio cordatus Conrad, 1836

Margarita (Unio) obscurus

Margarita (Unio) occidens (Lea, 1829)

Margarita (Unio) ochraceus (Say, 1817)

Margarita (Unio) olivarius (Lea, 1831)

Margarita (Unio) orbiculatus (Hildreth, 1828)
+ Unio abruptus Say, 1831
+ Unio crassus Conrad, 1836

Margarita (Unio) ovalis Flem.
+ Mytilus angustior Lister, 1685
+ Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788
+ Mya depressa Donovan, 1801
+ Mya ovata Donovan, 1802
+ Unio nodulosa Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio rostratus Studer, 1820
+ Mysca solida Turton, 1822
+ Unio michaudiana Des Moulins, 1833
+ Unio limaniae Dupuy, 1852

Margarita (Unio) ovatus (Say, 1817)

Margarita (Unio) paliatus “Ravenel’s letter” Lea, 1836

Margarita (Unio) parallelopipedon (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) paranensis (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) parvus (Barnes, 1823)
+ Unio parvus Conrad, 1836

Margarita (Unio) patulus (Lea, 1829)

Margarita (Unio) pectorosus (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) penitus (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) perdix (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) perovalis (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) perovatus (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) perplexus (Lea, 1831)
+ Amblema gibbosa Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio gibbosus Ferussac, 1835

Margarita (Unio) personatus (Say, 1829)

Margarita (Unio) phaseolus (Hildreth, 1828)
+ Unio cuneatus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio planulatus Lea, 1829

Margarita (Unio) phillipsii (Conrad, 1835)

Margarita (Unio) pictorum (Linnaeus, 1758)
+ Mya angustata Schröter, 1779
+ Mya corrugata maroccana Martini & Chemnitz, 1782
+ Unio rostrata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio manca Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio limosus Nilsson, 1822
+ Unio turtonii Payraudeau, 1826
+ Unio capigliolo Payraudeau, 1826
+ Unio requienii Michaud, 1831
+ Unio deshayesii Michaud, 1831
+ Unio elongatulus Rossmässler, 1835
+ Unio longirostris Rossmässler, 1836
+ Unio limovianscae Lea, 1836

Margarita (Unio) pictus (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) pileus (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) platyrhynchus (Rossmässler, 1835)

Margarita (Unio) plicatus (Say, 1819)
+ Unio peruviana Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio rariplicata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio dombeyana Valenciennes, 1827

Margarita (Unio) pliciferus

Margarita (Unio) ponderosus “Solan. Dill.”
+ Mya crassa Wood, 1815

Margarita (Unio) productus (Conrad, 1836)

Margarita (Unio) pulcher

Margarita (Unio) pumilus

Margarita (Unio) purpuratus (Lamarck, 1819)
+ Unio ater Lea, 1829
+ Unio lugubris Say, 1832
+ Unio poulsoni Conrad, 1834
+ Mya ventricosus Ferussac, 1835

Margarita (Unio) pustulatus (Lea, 1831)

Margarita (Unio) pustulosus (Lea, 1831)
+ Unio verrucosus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio verrucosa Valenciennes, 1827

Margarita (Unio) pyramidatus (Lea, 1831)
+ Obliquaria rubra Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio mytiloides Deshayes, 1830

Margarita (Unio) radiata (Gmelin, 1791)
+ Mya pictorum tenuis Martini & Chemnitz, 1782
+ Unio radiatus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio radiatus Hildreth, 1828
+ Unio oblongatus Wood, 1828

Margarita (Unio) rangianus

Margarita (Unio) ravenelianus (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) rectus (Lamarck, 1819)
+ Unio praelongus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio sageri Conrad, 1836

Margarita (Unio) retusus (Lamarck, 1819)
+ Obovaria torsa Rafinesque, 1820

Margarita (Unio) rhombeus (Wag.)
+ Diplodon rhombeum Spix & Wagner, 1827

Margarita (Unio) roanokensis

Margarita (Unio) rotundatus (Lamarck, 1819)
+ Unio suborbiculata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio glebulus Say, 1831
+ Unio subglobosus Lea, 1834

Margarita (Unio) rubellus (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) rubiginosus (Lea, 1829)

Margarita (Unio) schoolcraftensis (Lea, 1834)
+ Unio prasinus Conrad, 1834

Margarita (Unio) securis (Lea, 1829)
+ Obliquaria (Plagiola) depressa Rafinesque, 1820

Margarita (Unio) shepardianus (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) simus

Margarita (Unio) smithii (Gray, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) solidus

Margarita (Unio) sowerbianus (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) spinosus (Lea, 1836)

Margarita (Unio) splendidus

Margarita (Unio) stapes (Lea, 1831)

Margarita (Unio) stramineus (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) subovatus (Lea, 1831)

Margarita (Unio) subrotundus (Lea, 1831)
+ Unio brevialis Crouch, 1827
+ Unio politus Conrad, 1837

Margarita (Unio) subtentus (Say, 1825)

Margarita (Unio) sulcatus (Lea, 1829)
+ Unio ridibundus Say, 1829

Margarita (Unio) syrmatophorus (Gronovius, 1781)
+ Prisodon obliquus Schumacher, 1817
+ Prisodon truncatus Schumacher, 1817
+ Hyria avicularis Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio caudatus Spix & Wagner, 1827
+ Diplodon furcatum Spix & Wagner, 1827
+ Hyria elongata Swainson, 1841

Margarita (Unio) taeniatus (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) taitianus (Lea, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) tampicoensis (Lea, 1838)

Margarita (Unio) tappanianus

Margarita (Unio) tenerus (Ravenel, 1834)
+ Unio tenebrosus Conrad, 1834

Margarita (Unio) tenuissimus (Lea, 1829)
+ Anodon purpurascens Swainson, 1823
+ Unio velum Say, 1829

Margarita (Unio) tetralasmus (Say, 1831)

Margarita (Unio) tigris ‘Fer.’

Margarita (Unio) trapezoides (Lea, 1831)
+ Unio crassidens Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio interruptus Say, 1831

Margarita (Unio) triangularis (Barnes, 1823)
+ Unio cuneatus Swainson, 1823
+ Unio formosus Lea, 1831

Margarita (Unio) troostensis (Lea, 1834)
+ Unio trabalis Conrad, 1834

Margarita (Unio) truncatus (Swainson, 1823)

Margarita (Unio) tuberculatus (Barnes, 1823)

Margarita (Unio) turgidus
+ Unio mortoni Conrad, 1836

Margarita (Unio) undulatus (Barnes, 1823)
+ Amblema costata Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio costatus Conrad, 1836

Margarita (Unio) vanuxemensis

Margarita (Unio) variabilis (Maton, 1811)
+ Unio rotundus Spix & Wagner, 1827

Margarita (Unio) varicosus (Lea, 1831)
+ Unio cicatricosus Say, 1829

Margarita (Unio) vaughanianus (Lea, 1838)
+ Unio carolinensis Lea, 1836

Margarita (Unio) ventricosus (Barnes, 1823)

Margarita (Unio) venustus

Margarita (Unio) verrucosus (Barnes, 1823)
+ Obliquaria (Rotundaria) tuberculata Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio tuberculosus Valenciennes, 1827
+ Unio verrucosus purpureus Hildreth, 1828

Margarita (Unio) vibex (Conrad, 1834)

Margarita (Unio) watereensis Lea, 1836
+ Unio raveneli Conrad, 1834

Margarita (Unio) zeiglerianus

Margarita (Unio) zigzag (Lea, 1829)

Page updated: 16:06:49 Tue 08 Oct 2019

 
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