MUSSELp
 
MUSSELpdb
 
 
Taxonomy
 
 
Geography
 
 
 

Page last updated
Thu 04 Jul 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page documents data for Swainson (1840), such as genera and species attributed to that publication (including known misspellings, misidentifications, and other unavailable names) as well as taxonomic opinions, if available. Taxonomic opinions refer to uses of genera and species as valid and invalid in that work.

Search the database pages:

Publication information

Swainson, W.A. 1840. A Treatise on Malacology: or the Natural Classification of Shells and Shell-Fish. 419 pp.

Click here for online access.

Attributed Genus Names

Dipsus of Authors, 0
Gray, 1825 of Authors.
‘Leach’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 262, 266, 381.
(error for Dipsas Leach, 1814)

Anodon Oken, 1815
Oken, 1815, Lehrb. Naturg. 3: 238.
Wood, 1828, Suppl. Index Testac.: 30.
‘Lam.’ Sowerby, 1839, Conch. Man.: 6.
‘Lam.’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 262.
‘Burguière’ Sowerby, 1870, Conch. Icon. 17: pl. 1.
(new name for Anodonta Lamarck, 1799)
Type species: Mytilus cygneus Linnaeus, 1758 = Anodonta cygnea

Alasmodon Thompson, 1820
Thompson, 1820, Ann. Phil. 16: 116.
‘Say’ Sowerby, 1824, Zool. Jour. 1: 54.
‘Say’ Sowerby, 1839, Conch. Man.: 2.
‘Say’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 262, 264, 266, 269-274, 278-279, 290, 382.
(error for Alasmodonta Say, 1819; renamed Anelasmodon Agassiz, 1846)

Lymnadia Sowerby, 1839
‘Sw.’ Sowerby, 1839, Conch. Man.: 60.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 265-266, 268, 273, 285, 289-290; 379 [as ‘Lymnadea’].
(renamed Limnadea Agassiz, 1846)
Type species: Lymnadia gigas of Authors, 0 (monotypy) = Lasmigona complanata

Brachidontes Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 384.

Canthyria Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 276, 378.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Aeglia Swainson, 1840)
Type species: Unio spinosus Lea, 1836 (orig. desig.) = Elliptio spinosa

Ligumia Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 267, 271, 273-274, 289-290, 378.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 268 [as ‘Ligumea’].
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Unio Retzius, 1788)
Type species: Unio recta Lamarck, 1819 (orig. desig.) = Ligumia recta

Cunicula Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 267-268, 274, 290, 378.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Unio Retzius, 1788)
Type species: Unio purpurascens Lamarck, 1819 (sub. desig. by Herrmannsen, 1847: 335) = Elliptio complanata

Calliscapha Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 380.
Type species: Iridina nilotica Cailliaud, 1823 (monotypy) = Mutela dubia

Uniopsis Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 288, 290, 382.
Type species: Uniopsis mytiloides Swainson, 1840 (sub. desig. by Gray, 1847: 196) = Alasmidonta undulata

Calceola Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 289, 382 (footnote).
(homonym of Lamarck, 1799 [Anthozoa])
Type species: Calceola angulata Swainson, 1840 (monotypy) = Alasmidonta viridis

Lymnadea Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 379.
(error for Lymnadia Sowerby, 1839)

Complanaria Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 288-290, 382.
Type species: Complanaria gigas Swainson, 1840 = Lasmigona complanata

Megadomus Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 265-266, 268-269, 274-275, 290, 378.
Type species: Unio gigas Swainson, 1824 (orig. desig.) = Lasmigona complanata

Ligumea Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 268.
(error for Ligumia Swainson, 1840)

Potomidea Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 275.
(error for Potomida Swainson, 1840)

Hemidon Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 288.
(error for Hemiodon Swainson, 1840)

Hyridella Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 285, 380.
Type species: Unio australis Lamarck, 1819 (monotypy) = Hyridella australis

Lamproscapha Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 286-287, 381.
Type species: Anodon ensiformis Spix & Wagner, 1827 (subsequent designation) = Lamproscapha ensiformis

Hemidonta Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 412 (index).
(error for Hemiodon Swainson, 1840)

Hemiodon Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 286-289, 381; 288 [as ‘Hemidon’].
(homonym of Swainson, 1840 [Helicidae]; renamed Pressodonta Simpson, 1900)
Type species: Anodonta undulata Say, 1817 (sub. desig. by Herrmannsen, 1847: 527) = Strophitus undulatus

Potomida Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 265, 268, 272-275, 280-281, 285, 289-290, 379.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 275 [as ‘Potomidea’].
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Mysca Turton, 1822; renamed Potamida Agassiz, 1846)
Type species: Mysca corrugata Swainson, 1840 (orig. desig.) = Potomida littoralis

Aeglia Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 265-268, 273, 275-277, 281, 285, 289-290, 378 [as ‘Æglia’].
Type species: Unio ovatus Say, 1817 (sub. desig. by Herrmannsen, 1846: 20) = Lampsilis ovata

Naia Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 284, 379 [as ‘Naïa’].
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Castalia Lamarck, 1819)
Type species: Mya corrugata Müller, 1774 (sub. desig. by Herrmannsen, 1847: 89) = Parreysia corrugata

Patularia Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 286-287, 381.
Type species: Anodon ovata Swainson, 1841 = Anodontites trigona

Naidea Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 276, 378.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Aeglia Swainson, 1840)
Type species: Unio ater Lea, 1829 (monotypy) = Potamilus purpuratus

Laevicardium Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: ??.

Iridea Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 283-285, 379.
Type species: Unio granosa Bruguière, 1792 (monotypy) = Diplodon granosus

Theliderma Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 267-273, 275-276, 289-290, 378.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Unio Retzius, 1788; renamed Thelyderma Agassiz, 1846)
Type species: Obliquaria metanevra Rafinesque, 1820 (sub. desig. by Gray, 1847: 196) = Theliderma metanevra

Pleodon Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 286, footnote.
(error for Pleiodon Conrad, 1834)

Attributed Species Names

Anodon rugosus Swainson, 1822
Swainson, 1822, Zool. Illustr. 2: pl. 96.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 262.

Unio truncatus Swainson, 1823
Swainson, 1823, Zool. Illustr. 3(1): pl. 10.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 269-270.
(homonym of Unio truncatus Spengler, 1793)

Anodon purpurascens Swainson, 1823
Swainson, 1823, Zool. Illustr. 3(1): pl. 160 [260?].
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 287; 381 [as ‘Hemiodon purpurscens’].

Iridina ovata Swainson, 1823
Swainson, 1823, Philos. Mag. & J. 61: 113.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 380.
(renamed Arca rostrum Wood, 1828)

Anodon elongatus Swainson, 1823
Swainson, 1823, Zool. Illustr. 3(1): pl. 176.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 381 [as ‘Lamproscapha elongata’].

Unio gigas Swainson, 1824
Swainson, 1824, Quart. J. Sci., Lit. & Arts 17: 15-17.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 262, 265, 378.

Anodonta trapezialis Blainville, 1825
‘Lamarck’ of Authors.
Blainville, 1825, Manuel Malacol. et Conch.: 538.
Bory de St. Vincent, 1827, Encycl. Méth. 2: 147.
Menke, 1828, Syn. Method. Moll.: 63.
Menke, 1830, Syn. Method. Moll.: 106.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 93.
d’Orbigny, 1835, Mag. Zool. 5(61-62): 43.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 53.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 287.
Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 220.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 52.
Hupé, 1857, [in] Castelnau, Amim. Nouv. Rares d’Amer. Sud: 85.
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll. 2: 504.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 82.
Ihering, 1893, Arch. Naturg. 59(1): 135.
Corsi, 1900, Anais Mus. Nac. Montevideo 2: 456.
Marshall, 1915, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 49(2122): 529.
Haas, 1929, Senckenbergiana 11: 340.
H.B. Baker, 1930, Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. (210): 70.
Morretes, 1949, Arqu. Mus. Paranaense 7: 27.
(error for Anodonta trapesialis Lamarck, 1819)

Unio litoralis Menke, 1828
‘Lamarck’ of Authors.
Menke, 1828, Syn. Method. Moll.: 64.
Menke, 1830, Syn. Method. Moll.: 107.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 32.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 282.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 34.
Rossmässler, 1854, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 3 (1-2): 37.
Küster, 1855, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 128.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 22, sp. 98.
Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 86, sp. 461.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 54.
Westerlund, 1890, Fauna Paläarct. Binnenconch. 2(7): 52.
(error for Unio littoralis Cuvier, 1798)

Anodon areolatus Swainson, 1829
Swainson, 1829, Zool. Illustr. 1: pl. 18.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 381 [as ‘Hemiodon areolata’].

Unio (Theliderma) pustulata Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 271, fig. 54d; 273.
(homonym of Unio pustulatus Lea, 1831)

Unio ossidens Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 262.
(error for Unio occidens Lea, 1829)

Unio sinuosa Swainson, 1840
‘Lamarck’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 262.
(error for Unio sinuata Lamarck, 1819)

Naia elongata Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 285. [nomen nudum]

Castalia (Naïa) picta Swainson, 1840
Bruguière, 1797, Encycl. Méth. 2: pl. 248, fig. 6.
‘Müller’ Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert. 6: 78, var. b [as ‘Unio corrugata’]. [in part]
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 379.

Unio (Cunicula) purpurata Swainson, 1840
‘Lam.’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 267, 274.
(error for Unio purpurascens Lamarck, 1819)

Unio nodosa Swainson, 1840
‘Wood’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 268, footnote.
(error for Mya nodulosa Wood, 1815)

Unio (Cunicula) foliacia Swainson, 1840
‘Say’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 274.
(error for Unio foliatus Hildreth, 1828)

Mysca (Potomida) corrugata Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 268-269, fig. 51; 281-282, fig. 57; 379.

Unio marginata Swainson, 1840
‘Lamarck’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 278.
(error for Unio marginalis Lamarck, 1819)

Mysca mexicana Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 279. [nomen nudum]

Anodon rubra Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 287.
(error for Anodonta rubens Lamarck, 1819)

Alasmodon inflata Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 289, footnote.
(intro'd as syn of Uniopsis mytiloides Swainson, 1840)

Uniopsis radiata Swainson, 1840
‘Lea’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 289, fig. 62.
(misidentified reference to Alasmodonta radiata Conrad, 1834; renamed Unio swainsoni Sowerby, 1868)

Unio calciolus Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 289, footnote.
(error for Unio calceolus Lea, 1828)

Unio mytiliodes Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 292.
(error for Unio (s.s.) mytiloides Swainson, 1840)

Uniopsis mytiloides Swainson, 1840
‘Lea’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 289 [as ‘Uniopsis radiata’].
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 382, fig. 62 [as ‘mytiloïdes’].
(renamed Unio swainsoni Sowerby, 1868)

Unio (s.s.) mytiloides Swainson, 1840
‘Rafinesque’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 269-270, figs. 52-53; 292 [as ‘mytilïodes’].
(misidentified reference to Pleurobema mytiloides Rafinesque, 1820)

Potomida sicula Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 282, fig. 58.
Type(s): POSSIBLE SYNTYPE BMNH_1907-10-28-255, Lake Leontini, Sicily.

Complanaria gigas Swainson, 1840
Sowerby, 1839, Conch. Man.: 2, fig. 141.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 288, 382.

Calceola angulata Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 382.
(new name for Unio calceolus Lea, 1828)

Castalia cordata Swainson, 1840
Humphrey, 1797, Mus. Col.: ??. [non-binomial]
‘Humphrey’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 284, 379, footnote.
‘Humphrey’ Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll. 2: 509.
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll. 3: pl. 120, figs. 2-2a.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965197, British Guayana.

Quadrula lachrymosa Swainson, 1840
‘Lea’ of Authors.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 378.
Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 177.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 256.
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll. 2: 497.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 9, sp. 33.
Call, 1895, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 7: 21.
F.C. Baker, 1898, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci. 3(1): 83, pl. 25, fig. 1; pl. 12, fig. 2.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 776.
Call, 1900, Ind. Dept. Geol. Nat. Res. (1899): 489.
Ortmann, 1910, Nautilus 23(11): 140.
Ortmann, 1910, Nautilus 23: 116.
Ortmann, 1912, Ann. Carnegie Mus. 8: 253.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 839, 841.
Ortmann & Walker, 1922, Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. (112): 14, 16.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 47.
F.C. Baker, 1928, Bull. Wisconsin Geol. Nat. Hist. Survey 70(2): 84.
R.I. Johnson, 1980, Bull. MCZ 149(2): 90.
Vidrine, 1993, Histr. Distr. Freshw. Mussels LA: 53.
Strayer & Jirka, 1997, Pearly Mussels NY (26): 98.
(error for Unio lacrymosus Lea, 1828)

Hyria elongata Swainson, 1841
Gray, 1825, Ann. Phil. 9: 138 [as ‘elongatum’]. [nomen nudum]
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 284, 380. [nomen nudum]
Swainson, 1841, Ex. Conch.: 29, pl. 24.

Anodon ovata Swainson, 1841
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 381 [as ‘Patularia ovata’].
Swainson, 1841, Ex. Conch.: 30, pl. 36.

Anodon rotundatus Swainson, 1841
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 381 [as ‘Patularia rotundatus’].
Swainson, 1841, Ex. Conch.: 31, pl. 37.

Taxonomic Opinions

Aeglia (Canthyria) spinosa (Lea, 1836)

Aeglia (Naidea) ater (Lea, 1829)

Aeglia (s.s.) occidens (Lea, 1829)

Aeglia (s.s.) ovata (Say, 1817)

Aeglia cariosus (Say, 1817)

Aeglia cuneata Sw.

Aeglia ochraceus (Say, 1817)

Aeglia radiatus

Aeglia siliquoideus

Aeglia ventricosa

Alasmodon undulata (Say, 1817)

Anodon anatinus

Anodon cataracta Lam.

Anodon cygnea Lam.

Anodon trapezialis [sic] (Lamarck, 1819)

Calceola angulata Swainson, 1840
+ Unio calceolus Lea, 1828

Calceola truncata

Calliscapha nilotica Sow.

Castalia (Naïa) corrugata Lam.

Castalia (Naïa) picta Swainson, 1840
+ Unio corrugata Bruguière, 1797

Castalia (s.s.) cordata Humphrey
+ Castalia ambigua Lamarck, 1819
+ Castalia ambigua Sowerby, 1839

Castalia (s.s.) pectinata Spix
+ Unio pectinatus Spix & Wagner, 1827

Complanaria gigas Swainson, 1840
+ Alasmodon complanatus Sowerby, 1839

Complanaria rugosa (Barnes, 1823)

Hemiodon areolata (Swainson, 1829)

Hemiodon purpurascens (Swainson, 1823)

Hemiodon undulatus (Say, 1817)
+ Anodon rugosus Swainson, 1822

Hyria avicularis Lamarck, 1819

Hyria corrugata Lamarck, 1819

Hyria elongata Swainson, 1841

Hyria syrmatophora Gmelin

Hyridella australis (Lamarck, 1819)

Iridea granosa Lam.

Iridina elongata Sowerby, 1821

Iridina ovata Swainson, 1823

Iridina striata Sw.
+ Iridina exotica Lamarck, 1819

Lamproscapha elongata (Swainson, 1823)

Lamproscapha ensiforme Spix

Lamproscapha pygmaea Spix

Lamproscapha siliquosa Spix

Margaritana arcuata (Barnes, 1823)

Margaritana elongata (Lamarck, 1819)
+ Mya margaritifera Da Costa, 1778

Margaritana margaritifera (Linnaeus, 1758)

Mycetopus solenoides (Sowerby, 1839)

Mysca (Lymnadia) alata (Say, 1817)

Mysca (Lymnadia) compressa (Lea, 1829)

Mysca (Lymnadia) fragilis Sw.

Mysca (Potomida) corrugata Lam.

Mysca (Potomida) elongata

Mysca (Potomida) littoralis (Lamarck, 1801)

Mysca (Potomida) sicula (Swainson, 1840)

Mysca (Potomida) sinuata Lamarck, 1819

Mysca (s.s.) batava Lam.

Mysca (s.s.) marginalis (Lamarck, 1819)

Mysca (s.s.) ovata Sw.

Mysca (s.s.) pictorum (Linnaeus, 1758)

Mysca mexicana Swainson, 1840

Mysca nasuta Say

Mysca nilotica

Patularia ovata (Swainson, 1841)

Patularia rotundatus (Swainson, 1841)

Symphynota bialata Lea, 1829

Symphynota laevissima Lea, 1829

Symphynota plicata (Leach, 1815)

Symphynota rubens (Lamarck, 1819)

Symphynota tenuissima Lea, 1829

Unio (Cunicula) cuneata (Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Cunicula) foliacia ‘Say’ Swainson, 1840

Unio (Cunicula) patula Lea, 1829

Unio (Cunicula) planulata Lea, 1829

Unio (Cunicula) purpurascens Lamarck, 1819

Unio (Cunicula) rubiginosa Lea, 1829

Unio (Cunicula) secura Lea, 1829

Unio (Ligumia) recta Lamarck, 1819

Unio (Megadomus) gigas Sw.

Unio (Theliderma) crassidens Lamarck, 1819

Unio (Theliderma) crassus Barnes, 1823

Unio (Theliderma) cylindrica Say, 1817

Unio (Theliderma) dombeyana Valenciennes

Unio (Theliderma) irrorata Lea, 1828

Unio (Theliderma) lachrymosa [sic] Lea, 1828

Unio (Theliderma) metanevra (Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Theliderma) nodulosa (Wood, 1815)

Unio (Theliderma) peruviana Lamarck, 1819

Unio (Theliderma) plicata LeSueuer

Unio (Theliderma) pustulata Swainson, 1840

Unio (Theliderma) pustulosa Lea, 1831

Unio (Theliderma) rariplicata Lamarck, 1819

Unio (Theliderma) rugosus

Unio (Theliderma) undulata Valenciennes

Unio (Theliderma) undulatus Barnes, 1823

Unio (Theliderma) verrucosa Barnes, 1823

Unio (s.s.) circula Lea, 1829

Unio (s.s.) cornuta Barnes, 1823

Unio (s.s.) ellipsis Lea, 1828

Unio (s.s.) gibbosus “Lea”

Unio (s.s.) mytiloides (Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (s.s.) obliqua “Lea”

Unio (s.s.) sulcata Lea, 1829

Unio (s.s.) torsa (Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (s.s.) truncatus Swainson, 1823

Unio (s.s.) undatus Barnes, 1823

Unio (s.s.) Æsopus

Uniopsis mytiloides Swainson, 1840
+ Alasmodonta radiata Conrad, 1834
+ Alasmodon inflata Swainson, 1840

Page updated: 10:22:42 Thu 04 Jul 2019

 
NSF icon MUSSEL icon
"Making the world a better place, one mollusk at a time."