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Page last updated
Sun 31 Oct 2021

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

The taxonomic history of the valid species (since 1900) is listed at the bottom of the page.

Search the database pages:

Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Pleurobemini | Elliptio

species Elliptio fumata (Lea, 1857): nominal species
     12 specimens available.

Unio fumatus Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 171.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 88, pl. 18, fig. 68.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85552, Chattahooche R., near Columbus, Georiga.

Unio fumatusLea (1857), B.H. Wright (1888), de Gregorio (1914)
Margaron (Unio) fumatusLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) tuomeyiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanatusFrierson (1927)
Elliptio strigosusClench & Turner (1956)
Elliptio (s.s.) violaceus violaceusHaas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio complanataBrim Box & Williams (2000)
Elliptio fumataWilliams et al. (2008), Williams et al. (2011), Haag (2012), Williams et al. (2014), Pfeiffer et al. (2016), Williams et al. (2017), Inoue et al. (2018), Pfeiffer et al. (2019), Graf & Cummings (2021)

Unio plantii Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 171.
Lea, 1859, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 192 [10], pl. 21, fig. 76.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85005, Flint R., Macon, Ga.

Unio plantiiLea (1857), Sowerby (1868), B.H. Wright (1888)
Margaron (Unio) plantiiLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) plantiiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanatus-plantiiFrierson (1927)
Elliptio (s.s.) violaceus plantiiHaas (1969)
Uniomerus tetralasmusR.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975)
Uniomerus carolinianusBrim Box & Williams (2000)
Uniomerus columbensisWilliams et al. (2008)
Elliptio fumataWilliams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014)

Unio subniger Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 172.
Lea, 1859, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 196 [14], pl. 22, fig. 79.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85560, Flint R. Macon, Ga.

Unio subnigerLea (1857), B.H. Wright (1888)
Margaron (Unio) subnigerLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) subnigerSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) subnigerFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio complanataBrim Box & Williams (2000)
Elliptio fumataWilliams et al. (2008), Williams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014)

Unio hallenbeckii Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 170.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 328 [10], pl. 51, fig. 154.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85537, Black Dirt Creek, near Columbus, Georiga.

Unio hallenbeckiiLea (1859), B.H. Wright (1888)
Margaron (Unio) hallenbeckiiLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) tuomeyiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanatus-tuomeyiFrierson (1927)
Elliptio strigosusClench & Turner (1956)
Elliptio (s.s.) violaceus tuomeyiHaas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio complanataBrim Box & Williams (2000)
Elliptio fumataWilliams et al. (2008), Williams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014)

Unio quadratus Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 172.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 338 [20], pl. 54, fig. 163.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85718, Factory Cr., near Columbus, Ga.

Unio quadratusLea (1859), B.H. Wright (1888)
Margaron (Unio) quadratusLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) complanatusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanatusFrierson (1927)
Elliptio (s.s.) violaceus violaceusHaas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio complanataBrim Box & Williams (2000)
Elliptio fumataWilliams et al. (2008)

Unio salebrosus Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 170.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 332 [14], pl. 52, fig. 157.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85574, Flat Rock Cr., near Columbus, Ga.

Unio salebrosusLea (1859), B.H. Wright (1888)
Margaron (Unio) salebrosusLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) tuomeyiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanatusFrierson (1927)
Elliptio strigosusClench & Turner (1956)
Elliptio (s.s.) violaceus violaceusHaas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio complanataBrim Box & Williams (2000)
Elliptio pullataWilliams et al. (2008)
Elliptio fumataWilliams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014)

Unio basalis Lea, 1872
Lea, 1872, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 24: 161.
Lea, 1874, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8 [O. 13]: 48 [52], pl. 16, fig. 46.
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE USNM_85703, Carter’s Cr., near Columbus, Ga.

Unio basalisLea (1872), B.H. Wright (1888)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) complanatusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanatusFrierson (1927)
Elliptio strigosusClench & Turner (1956)
Elliptio (s.s.) violaceus violaceusHaas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio complanataBrim Box & Williams (2000)
Elliptio fumataWilliams et al. (2008), Williams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014)

Unio corneus Lea, 1874
Lea, 1874, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 25: 423.
Lea, 1874, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8 [O. 13]: 59 [63], pl. 20, fig. 58.
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE USNM_85580, Columbus, Ga.

Unio corneusLea (1874), B.H. Wright (1888)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) complanatusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanatusFrierson (1927)
Elliptio (s.s.) violaceus violaceusHaas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio complanataBrim Box & Williams (2000)
Elliptio pullataWilliams et al. (2008)
Elliptio fumataWilliams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014)

Unio dooleyensis Lea, 1874
Lea, 1874, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 25: 424.
Lea, 1874, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8 [O. 13]: 64 [68], pl. 22, fig. 60.
Type(s): FIGURED SPECIMEN USNM_85538, Dooley Co., Flint R., Georgia.

Unio dooleyensisLea (1874)
Unio dooleyannsB.H. Wright (1888)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) tuomeyiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanatusFrierson (1927)
Elliptio strigosusClench & Turner (1956)
Elliptio (s.s.) violaceus violaceusHaas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio complanataBrim Box & Williams (2000)
Elliptio pullataWilliams et al. (2008)
Elliptio fumataWilliams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014)

Unio gesnerii Lea, 1874
Lea, 1874, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 25: 424.
Lea, 1874, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8 [O. 13]: 65 [68], pl. 22, fig. 61.
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE USNM_85670, Uchee R., near Columbus, Ga.

Unio gesneriiLea (1874), B.H. Wright (1888)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) tuomeyiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanatusFrierson (1927)
Elliptio strigosusClench & Turner (1956)
Elliptio (s.s.) violaceus violaceusHaas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio complanataBrim Box & Williams (2000)
Elliptio fumataWilliams et al. (2008), Williams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014)

Unio invenustus Lea, 1874
Lea, 1874, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 25: 424.
Lea, 1874, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8 [O. 13]: 66 [70], pl. 22, fig. 62.
Type(s): FIGURED SPECIMEN USNM_85704, Columbus, Ga.

Unio invenustusLea (1874), B.H. Wright (1888)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) complanatusSimpson (1900)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) tuomeyiSimpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanatusFrierson (1927)
Elliptio strigosusClench & Turner (1956)
Elliptio (s.s.) violaceus violaceusHaas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio complanataBrim Box & Williams (2000)
Elliptio fumataWilliams et al. (2008), Williams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014)

Unio dooleyanns B.H. Wright, 1888
‘Lea’ B.H. Wright, 1888, Check List N. Amer. Unionidae etc.: [2].
(error for Unio dooleyensis Lea, 1874)

Unio dooleyannsB.H. Wright (1888)

Unio invanutus Clench & Turner, 1956
‘Lea’ Clench & Turner, 1956, Bull. Fla. State Mus. 1: 166.
(error for Unio invenustus Lea, 1874)

Unio invanutusClench & Turner (1956)

Taxonomic History (since 1900)

Unio (sec. Elliptio) tuomeyiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) plantiiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) subnigerSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) complanatusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio fumatusde Gregorio (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanatusFrierson (1927)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanatus-plantiiFrierson (1927)
Elliptio (s.s.) subnigerFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanatus-tuomeyiFrierson (1927)
Elliptio strigosusClench & Turner (1956)
Unio invanutusClench & Turner (1956)
Elliptio (s.s.) violaceus violaceusHaas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) violaceus plantiiHaas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) violaceus tuomeyiHaas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Uniomerus tetralasmusR.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975)
Elliptio complanataBrim Box & Williams (2000)
Uniomerus carolinianusBrim Box & Williams (2000)
Elliptio fumataWilliams et al. (2008), Williams et al. (2011), Haag (2012), Williams et al. (2014), Pfeiffer et al. (2016), Williams et al. (2017), Inoue et al. (2018), Pfeiffer et al. (2019), Graf & Cummings (2021)
Uniomerus columbensisWilliams et al. (2008)
Elliptio pullataWilliams et al. (2008)

Page updated: 17:23:20 Sun 31 Oct 2021

 
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