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Page last updated
Sat 17 Feb 2024

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Cladomics pages are experimental — even more so than the rest of this site!

The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page. Abbreviations for the various statistics are explained on the FARQ!

Search the database pages:

Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Unioninae | Anodontini | Cristariina

genus Buldowskia Moskvicheva, 1973: cladomics
     5 valid species

Cladomics Summary

number of species = 5

analyzed in 16 cladograms in 8 publications
maximum number of terminals in an analysis = 5, mean = 2.06

Basic Monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species) = 8
maximum number of included terminals = 5, mean = 3.12
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly = 0.88


Pairwise Cladogram Clustering

The graphs below depict in two dimensions all pair-wise ingroup distances within the cladome. See the Cladmoics FARQ for more information.


PCoA Ordination


NJ tree


Bogan et al., 2023 [Publ 4295], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 5 26 22 6 0.0

*** Top Monophyly Cladogram *** *** Top Sister-Group Cladogram ***

  +-------------- Amuranodonta_kijaensis
  |                                     
--+  +----------- Anemina_arcaeformis   
  |  |                                  
  +--+  +-------- Buldowskia_suifunica **  
     |  |                               
     +--+     +-- Buldowskia_flavotincta **
        |  +--+                         
        |  |  +-- Buldowskia_shadini **    
        +--+                            
           |  +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai **   
           +--+                         
              +-- Buldowskia_kamiyai **    

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020 [Publ 4080], fig. 2-4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 5 117 19 6 0.0
  +-------------- Anemina_arcaeformis   
  |                                     
--+  +----------- Amuranodonta_kijaensis
  |  |                                  
  +--+  +-------- Buldowskia_suifunica **  
     |  |                               
     +--+     +-- Buldowskia_flavotincta **
        |  +--+                         
        |  |  +-- Buldowskia_shadini **    
        +--+                            
           |  +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai **   
           +--+                         
              +-- Buldowskia_kamiyai **    

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020 [Publ 4080], fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 5 7 5 3 4.0
  +-------------- Amuranodonta_kijaensis
  |                                     
  |           +-- Anemina_arcaeformis   
--+  +--------+                         
  |  |        +-- Anemina_euscaphys     
  |  |                                  
  +--+        +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai **   
     |  +-----+                         
     |  |     +-- Buldowskia_kamiyai **    
     +--+                               
        |  +----- Buldowskia_shadini **    
        +--+                            
           |  +-- Buldowskia_suifunica **  
           +--+                         
              +-- Buldowskia_flavotincta **

Bolotov et al., 2020 [Publ 4084], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 34 7 5 --
  +-------- Amuranodonta_kijaensis
--+                               
  |  +----- Anemina_arcaeformis   
  +--+                            
     |  +-- Buldowskia_suifunica **  
     +--+                         
        +-- Buldowskia_shadini **    

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 34 0 2 46 14 5 36.0
  +-------- Lanceolaria_grayii[1]      
  |                                    
  +-------- Lanceolaria_grayii[2]      
  |                                    
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata[1]       
  |                                    
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata[2]       
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_lauta          
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_japonica        
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai[1]    
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_beringiana      
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai[2]    
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai[3]    
  |                                    
  +-------- Buldowskia_iwakawai[1] **     
  |                                    
  +-------- Buldowskia_iwakawai[2] **     
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_tumens[1]      
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_tumens[2]      
  |                                    
--+-------- Pletholophus_tenuis        
  |                                    
  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis        
  |                                    
  +-------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
  |                                    
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata[3]       
  |                                    
  +-------- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_angula         
  |                                    
  +-------- Lepidodesma_languilati     
  |                                    
  |     +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
  +-----+                              
  |     +-- Acuticosta_chinensis       
  |                                    
  |  +----- Cuneopsis_celtiformis      
  |  |                                 
  +--+  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[1]    
  |  |  |                              
  |  +--+-- Nodularia_douglasiae[2]    
  |     |                              
  |     +-- Nodularia_nipponensis      
  |                                    
  |  +----- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
  |  |                                 
  |  |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus[1]   
  +--+  |                              
     |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus[2]   
     |  |                              
     |  +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[1]
     +--+                              
        +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[2]
        |                              
        +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[3]
        |                              
        +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[4]

Konopleva et al., 2023 [Publ 4269], fig. S1, 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 54 11 5 --
  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis   
--+                               
  |  +----- Amuranodonta_kijaensis
  +--+                            
     |  +-- Buldowskia_suifunica **  
     +--+                         
        +-- Buldowskia_shadini **    

Sano et al., 2022 [Publ 4311], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 12 12 4 --
  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis
--+                            
  |  +----- Cristaria_plicata  
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai **
     +--+                      
        +-- Buldowskia_kamiyai ** 

Sano et al., 2022 [Publ 4311], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 16 16 4 --
  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis
--+                            
  |  +----- Cristaria_plicata  
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Buldowskia_kamiyai ** 
     +--+                      
        +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai **

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 9a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 4 2 --
  +----------- Buldowskia_flavotincta **
--+                                  
  |  +-------- Beringiana_beringiana 
  +--+                               
     |  +----- Sinanodonta_schrenkii 
     +--+                            
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta     
        +--+                         
           +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana  

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 9b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 3 1 --
  +-------- Buldowskia_flavotincta **
--+                               
  |  +----- Sinanodonta_schrenkii 
  +--+                            
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta     
     +--+                         
        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana  

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 9c

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 4 1 --
  +----------- Buldowskia_flavotincta ** 
--+                                   
  |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]
  +--+                                
     |  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]
     +--+                             
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta      
        +--+                          
           +-- Sinanodonta_schrenkii  

Sano et al., 2017 [Publ 3799], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 26 7 4 --
              +-- Cristaria_plicata    
  +-----------+                        
  |           +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai **  
--+                                    
  |  +----------- Pletholophus_tenuis  
  |  |                                 
  +--+        +-- Sinanodonta_tumens   
     |  +-----+                        
     |  |     +-- Sinanodonta_lauta    
     +--+                              
        |  +----- Beringiana_fukuharai 
        +--+                           
           |  +-- Beringiana_japonica  
           +--+                        
              +-- Beringiana_beringiana

Sano et al., 2017 [Publ 3799], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 35 8 4 --
              +-- Cristaria_plicata    
  +-----------+                        
  |           +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai **  
  |                                    
--+        +----- Beringiana_fukuharai 
  |  +-----+                           
  |  |     |  +-- Beringiana_japonica  
  |  |     +--+                        
  +--+        +-- Beringiana_beringiana
     |                                 
     |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis  
     +--+                              
        |  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana 
        +--+                           
           |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta    
           +--+                        
              +-- Sinanodonta_tumens   

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 72 11 5 --
  +----- Buldowskia_iwakawai **
--+                         
  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis
  +--+                      
     +-- Anemina_euscaphys  

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 71 11 5 --
  +----- Buldowskia_iwakawai **
--+                         
  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis
  +--+                      
     +-- Anemina_euscaphys  

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 71 11 5 --
  +----- Buldowskia_iwakawai **
--+                         
  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis
  +--+                      
     +-- Anemina_euscaphys  

Page updated: 11:00:06 Sat 17 Feb 2024

 
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