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Page last updated
Thu 04 Jul 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page documents data for Lea (1829), such as genera and species attributed to that publication (including known misspellings, misidentifications, and other unavailable names) as well as taxonomic opinions, if available. Taxonomic opinions refer to uses of genera and species as valid and invalid in that work.

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Publication information

Lea, I. 1829. Description of a new genus of the family of naïades, including eight species, four of which are new; also the description of eleven new species of the genus Unio from the rivers of the United States: with observations on some of the characters of the Naïades. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 3 [O. 1]: 403-457, pls. 7-14 (Obs. 1: 17-71).

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Attributed Genus Names

Alasmodonta Say, 1819
‘Say’ of Authors.
Say, 1819, Nich. Encyc. 4: [18].
Say, 1825, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5(3-4): 131.
Férussac, 1827, Bull. Sci. Nat. et Géol. 10: 417.
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 421.
Menke, 1830, Syn. Method. Moll.: 106.
Ferussac, 1835, Mag. Zool. 5: 25.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 43.
Schlüter, 1838, Kurzgef. Syst. Verz. Conch. Samml.: 32.
Agassiz, 1852, Arch. Naturg. 18(1): 46.
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll. 2: 499.
Vest, 1866, Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Ver. Naturw. (17): 197.
Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 1.
(new name for Alasmidonta Say, 1818; renamed Anelasmodon Agassiz, 1846)

Symphynota Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 424, 442 [38].
Type species: Unio alatus Say, 1817 (orig. desig.) = Potamilus alatus

Attributed Species Names

Symphynota laevissima Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 444 [58], pl. 13, fig. 23 [as ‘lævissima’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_83938, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Symphynota bialata Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 445, pl. 14, fig. 24 [as ‘bi-alata’].
(renamed Dianisotis chinensis Rafinesque, 1831)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86356A, Canton, China.

Symphynota compressa Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 450, pl. 12, fig. 22.
(renamed Margaron (Unio) pressus Lea, 1852)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_83961, Yellow Cr., Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio patulus Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 441, pl. 12, fig. 20.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84760, Ohio ?

Symphynota tenuissima Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 453, pl. 11, fig. 21.
Type(s): PARATYPE USNM_86052, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio alasmodontina Lea, 1829
‘Barnes’ Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 451.
(intro'd as syn of Symphynota compressa Lea, 1829)

Unio metanever Lea, 1829
‘Rafinesque’ of Authors.
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 418.
Jay, 1835, Cat. Rec. Shells: 17.
Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 179.
Agassiz, 1852, Arch. Naturg. 18(1): 48.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 252.
Mörch, 1853, Cat. Conch. Yoldi 2: 44.
(reference to Obliquaria (Quadrula) metanevra Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio ater Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 426, pl. 7, fig. 9.
(homonym of Unio ater Nilsson, 1822; renamed Unio lugubris Say, 1832)
Type(s): SYNTYPE USNM_86108, Port Gibson, Miss.

Unio rubiginosus Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 427 [41], pl. 8, fig. 10.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84556, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio heterodon Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 428, pl. 8, fig. 11.
Type(s): SYNTYPES ANSP_41004, Schuylkill [River] and Derby [sic] Creek, Pennsylvania.

Unio sulcatus Lea, 1829
Lea, 1828, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 269 [as ‘Unio ellipsis var. a’].
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 430, pl. 8, fig. 12.
Say, 1830, Amer. Conch. 1: pl. 5, lower figs.
Type(s): SYNTYPES USNM_84803, Ohio.

Unio planulatus Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 431 [45], pl. 9, fig. 13.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86059, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio circulus Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 433 [47], pl. 9, fig. 14.
Type(s): UNKNOWN USNM_85734, Cincinatti, Ohio.

Unio multiradiatus Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 434 [48], pl. 9, fig. 15 [as ‘multi-radiatus’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84930, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio occidens Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 435, pl. 10, fig. 16.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84866, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio securis Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 437 [51], pl. 11, fig. 17.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84475, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio iris Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 439, pl. 11, fig. 18.
Type(s): SYNTYPES USNM_86035, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio zigzag Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 440, pl. 12, fig. 19 [as ‘zig-zag’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84459, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Taxonomic Opinions

Alasmodonta [sic] margaritifera Linnaeus
+ Unio sinuata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio elongata Lamarck, 1819

Alasmodonta [sic] undulata Say
+ Unio nodulosa Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio varicosa Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio anodontina Lamarck, 1819

Symphynota alata Say

Symphynota bi-alata

Symphynota complanata

Symphynota compressa

Symphynota cygnea Linn.

Symphynota gracilis
+ Unio fragilis Swainson, 1823
+ Unio planus Barnes, 1823

Symphynota lævissima

Symphynota ochracea Say

Symphynota tenuissima

Unio ater Lea

Unio brevialis Lamarck

Unio calceolus Lea

Unio cariosus Say
+ Unio crassus Say, 1817
+ Unio luteola Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio glabrata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio cariosa Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio carinatus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio ellipticus Barnes, 1823

Unio circulus Lea
+ Unio rotundata Lamarck, 1819

Unio complanatus Solander MSS.
+ Unio caroliniana Bosc, 1801
+ Unio purpureus Say, 1817
+ Unio rarisulcata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio coarctata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio purpurascens Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio rhombula Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio carinifera Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio georgina Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio sulcidens Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio fluviatilis Green, 1827

Unio cornutus Bar.

Unio corrugata

Unio cuneatus Bar.

Unio cylindricus Say
+ Unio naviformis Lamarck, 1819

Unio depressa Lamarck

Unio donaciformis Lea

Unio ellipsis Lea

Unio gibbosus Bar.
+ Unio mucronatus Barnes, 1823

Unio granosa Lamarck

Unio heterodon Lea

Unio iris Lea

Unio irroratus Lea

Unio lacrymosus Lea

Unio lanceolatus Lea

Unio littoralis Lamarck

Unio marginalis Lamarck

Unio metanever [sic] Rafin.
+ Unio nodosus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio rugosus Barnes, 1823

Unio multiradiatus Lea

Unio mytiloides Rafin.
+ Unio undatus Barnes, 1823

Unio nasutus Say
+ Unio rostrata Valenciennes, 1827

Unio occidens Lea

Unio ovatus Say
+ Unio ovata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio ovata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio ovatus Valenciennes, 1827

Unio parvus Bar.

Unio patulus Lea

Unio pictorum
+ Mya batava Maton & Rackett, 1807
+ Unio rostrata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio angusta Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio manca Lamarck, 1819

Unio planulatus Lea

Unio plicatus Le Sueur
+ Unio crassidens Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio peruviana Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio rariplicata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio undulatus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio crassus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio undulata Valenciennes, 1827
+ Unio dombeyana Valenciennes, 1827

Unio radiatus Gmelin
+ Unio virginiana Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio radiatus Barnes, 1823

Unio rectus Lam.
+ Unio nasuta Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio purpurata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio praelongus Barnes, 1823

Unio rubiginosus Lea

Unio scalenius Rafin.

Unio securis Lea
+ Obliquaria (Plagiola) depressa Rafinesque, 1820

Unio siliquoideus Bar.
+ Unio inflatus Barnes, 1823

Unio subtentus Say

Unio sulcatus Lea

Unio torsus Rafin.

Unio triangularis Bar.

Unio tuberculatus Bar.

Unio ventricosus Bar.

Unio verrucosus Bar.
+ Unio verrucosa Valenciennes, 1827
+ Unio tuberculosus Valenciennes, 1827

Unio zig-zag Lea

Unio æsopus Green

Page updated: 10:22:23 Thu 04 Jul 2019

 
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