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Page last updated
Wed 01 Dec 2021

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

For each valid genus, the nominal generic synonyms are listed. The taxonomic history (since 1900) at the bottom of the page lists the genera to which all of the currently included species have been classified.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Pleurobemini

genus Pleurobema Rafinesque, 1819: nominal genera
     31 valid species

Pleurobema Rafinesque, 1819
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 427.
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 313 [as ‘Pleurobema’].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 56.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Unio Retzius, 1788)
Type species: Pleurobema mytiloides Rafinesque, 1820 (sub. desig. by Herrmannsen, 1847: 291) = Pleurobema clava

Aximedia Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 296.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 41, 75.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Unio Retzius, 1788)
Type species: Unio (Aximedia) elliptica Rafinesque, 1820 (sub. desig. by Fischer, 1887: 1000) = Pleurobema clava

Scalenaria Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 309.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 52, 76.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Obliquaria Rafinesque, 1820)
Type species: Obliquaria (Scalenaria) scalenia Rafinesque, 1820 (sub. desig. by Herrmannsen, 1848: 422) = Pleurobema clava

Scatenaria Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 419.
(error for Scalenaria Rafinesque, 1820)

Sintoxia Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 310.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 53, 75.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Obliquaria Rafinesque, 1820)
Type species: Obliquaria (Sintoxia) sintoxia Rafinesque, 1820 (tautonomy) = Pleurobema sintoxia

Syntoxia Agassiz, 1846
Agassiz, 1846, Nomencl. Zool. Index Univ.: 359.
(new name for Sintoxia Rafinesque, 1820)

Syntonia Schaufuss, 1869
Schaufuss, 1869, Moll. Syst. Cat. Paetel 7: 21.
(error for Sintoxia Rafinesque, 1820)

Sintoina Paetel, 1875
Paetel, 1875, Fam. Gatt. Moll.: 191.
(error for Sintoxia Rafinesque, 1820)

Pleurobenea Salisbury, 1948
Salisbury, 1948, Zool. Rec. 82: 82.
(error for Pleurobema Rafinesque, 1819)

Lintoxia Haas, 1969
‘Rafinesque’ Haas, 1969, Treatise on Invert. Paleo: N439.
(error for Sintoxia Rafinesque, 1820)

Lyntoxia Haas, 1969
‘Rafinesque’ Haas, 1969, Treatise on Invert. Paleo: N439.
(error for Syntoxia Agassiz, 1846)

Taxonomic History (since 1900)

Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia)Simpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Pleurobema (s.s.)Simpson (1900), Simpson (1914), Frierson (1927), Haas (1930)
ObovariaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (sec. Elliptio)Simpson (1900)
Simpson (1900), de Gregorio (1914), Simpson (1914), Ortmann (1914), Vanatta (1915), Haas (1969), Burch (1975)
UnioSimpson (1900), de Gregorio (1914), Simpson (1914), Branson (1935), Henderson (1935), Yen (1952), Good (2004)
Unio (s.s.)Call (1900)
PleurobemaSimpson (1900), Ortmann (1909), Ortmann (1909), Ortmann (1909), ..., Klymus et al. (2020), Bolotov et al. (2020), Graf & Cummings (2021), Patterson et al. (2021)
QuadrulaOrtmann (1909), Ortmann (1909), Vanatta (1915)
ElliptioOrtmann (1912), ITIS (2012)
FusconaiaOrtmann & Walker (1922), Russell (1934), Modell (1957), Haas (1969), Burch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Parmalee & Bogan (1998)
Quadrula (Obliquata)Frierson (1927), Haas (1930), Haas (1969)
Quadrula (Fusconia [sic])Frierson (1927)
Quadrula (Pleuronaia)Frierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Obovaria (s.s.)Frierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Obovaria (Pseudoon)Frierson (1927), Haas (1969)
ObliquataModell (1957)
Dysnomia (Pilea)Modell (1957)
Elliptio (s.s.)Burch (1975)
ObliquariaBurch (1975)
“Unio”Evanoff et al. (1998)
PleuronaiaWilliams et al. (2008)
Pleurobema (Sintoxia)Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Burlakova et al. (2012)

Page updated: 16:36:18 Wed 01 Dec 2021

 
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