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Page last updated
Wed 06 Nov 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page documents data for Parmalee & Bogan (1998), such as genera and species attributed to that publication (including known misspellings, misidentifications, and other unavailable names) as well as taxonomic opinions, if available. Taxonomic opinions refer to uses of genera and species as valid and invalid in that work.

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Publication information

Parmalee, P.W. & A.E. Bogan. 1998. The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee. 328 pp.

Attributed Species Names

Unio sowerbyanus Küster, 1852
‘Lea’ of Authors.
Küster, 1852, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 62.
Agassiz, 1852, Arch. Naturg. 18(1): 43.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 14, sp. 58.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 520.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 17.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 94.
Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich 88: 483.
Burch, 1975, Freshw. Unio. North Amer.: 173.
R.I. Johnson, 1978, Bull. MCZ 148: 280.
Parmalee & Bogan, 1998, The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee: 91.
(error for Unio sowerbianus Lea, 1834)

Anodonta linneana Conrad, 1853
‘Lea’ of Authors.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 264.
Hanley, 1856, Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells, Suppl.: 387.
Sowerby, 1870, Conch. Icon. 17: pl. 35, sp. 144.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 646.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 431.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 14.
Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich 88: 364.
Parmalee & Bogan, 1998, The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee: 206.
Watters et al., 2009, Freshw. Mussels OH: 260.
(error for Anodonta linnaeana Lea, 1852)

Unio hanleyanus Conrad, 1853
‘Lea’ of Authors.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 250.
Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 46, sp. 249.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 759.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 780.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 42, sp. 175.
Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich 88: 256.
Burch, 1975, Freshw. Unio. North Amer.: 13.
Turgeon et al., 1988, Am. Fisher. Soc. Spec. Publ. (16): 32.
Williams et al., 1993, Fisheries 18(9): 13.
Parmalee & Bogan, 1998, The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee: 184.
Lydeard et al., 1999, Gulf Mex. Sci. 17(2): 129.
(error for Unio hanleyianus Lea, 1852)

Unio triangularis var. longisculus Parmalee & Bogan, 1998
‘de Gregorio’ Parmalee & Bogan, 1998, The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee: 108.
‘de Gregorio’ Williams et al., 2008, Freshw. Mussels AL and Mobile Basin: 283.
(error for Unio triangularis var. longiusculus de Gregorio, 1914)

Unio propecaelatus Parmalee & Bogan, 1998
‘de Gregorio’ Parmalee & Bogan, 1998, The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee: 169.
‘de Gregorio’ Williams et al., 2008, Freshw. Mussels AL and Mobile Basin: 483.
(error for Unio propecoelatus de Gregorio, 1914)

Unio propeculcatus Parmalee & Bogan, 1998
‘de Gregorio’ Parmalee & Bogan, 1998, The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee: 97.
(error for Unio propesulcatus de Gregorio, 1914)

Unio subteritus [sic] var. purcheornatus Parmalee & Bogan, 1998
‘de Gregorio’ Parmalee & Bogan, 1998, The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee: 204.
‘de Gregorio’ Williams et al., 2008, Freshw. Mussels AL and Mobile Basin: 629.
(error for Unio subteritus [sic] var. purchreornatus de Gregorio, 1914)

Unio stewardsonii var. stewardsonii Parmalee & Bogan, 1998
‘De Gregorio’ of Authors.
Parmalee & Bogan, 1998, The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee: 97.
Watters et al., 2009, Freshw. Mussels OH: 95.
(error for Unio stewardsonii var. stewensoni de Gregorio, 1914)

Taxonomic Opinions

Actinonaias ligamentina (Lamarck, 1819)
+ Unio crassus Say, 1817
+ Unio (Elliptio) fasciata Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio (Elliptio) fasciata var. nigrofasciata Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio (Elliptio) fasciata var. alternata Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio (Elliptio) fasciata var. cuprea Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio carinatus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio ellipticus Barnes, 1823
+ Mya gravis Wood, 1828
+ Obliquaria (Sintoxia) calendis Rafinesque, 1831
+ Unio ellipsarius Say, 1834
+ Unio pinguis Lea, 1857
+ Unio luteolus Sowerby, 1867
+ Unio delodontus Sowerby, 1867
+ Unio crassidens Sowerby, 1868
+ Unio pictus Sowerby, 1868
+ Unio venustus Sowerby, 1868
+ Unio upsonii Marsh, 1887
+ Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) ligamentina var. gibbus Simpson, 1900
+ Lampsilis (Eurynia) ligamentina var. nigrescens Simpson, 1914
+ Actinonaias carinata orbis Morrison, 1942

Actinonaias pectorosa (Conrad, 1834)
+ Unio perdix Lea, 1834
+ Unio biangularis Lea, 1840
+ Unio biangulatus Lea, 1840

Alasmidonta atropurpurea (Rafinesque, 1831)

Alasmidonta marginata Say, 1819
+ Unio rugulosus Wood, 1828
+ Alasmodonta truncata Lea, 1836
+ Alasmidonta (Decurambis) marginata susquehannae Ortmann, 1919
+ Alasmidonta (Decurambis) marginata variabilis F.C. Baker, 1928

Alasmidonta raveneliana (Lea, 1834)
+ Unio swananoensis Hanley, 1843

Alasmidonta viridis (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio calceolus Lea, 1828
+ Alasmodonta truncata Conrad, 1834
+ Margaritana deltoidea Lea, 1838
+ Calceola angulata Swainson, 1840
+ Margaritana minor Lea, 1845
+ Unio diversus Conrad, 1856

Amblema plicata (Say, 1817)
+ Unio peruviana Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio rariplicata Lamarck, 1819
+ Amblema costata Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio gigantea Lea, 1834
+ Unio perplicatus Conrad, 1841
+ Unio undulatus Hanley, 1843
+ Unio hippopoeus Lea, 1845
+ Unio heros Küster, 1855
+ Unio pearlensis Conrad, 1855
+ Unio perlensis Reeve, 1864
+ Unio brazosensis Lea, 1868
+ Unio lincecumii Lea, 1868
+ Unio pauciplicatus Lea, 1872
+ Unio quintardii Cragin, 1887
+ Unio pilsbryi Marsh, 1891
+ Cokeria southalli Marshall, 1916

Anodonta suborbiculata Say, 1831
+ Anodonta (Nayadina) venusta de Gregorio, 1914

Anodontoides ferussacianus (Lea, 1834)
+ Anodonta buchanensis Lea, 1838
+ Anodonta subcylindracea Lea, 1838
+ Anodonta argentea Lea, 1840
+ Anodonta ferruginea Lea, 1840
+ Anodon plicatus Haldeman, 1842
+ Anodonta denigrata Lea, 1852
+ Anodonta oblita Lea, 1852
+ Anodonta modesta Lea, 1857
+ Anodontoides birgei F.C. Baker, 1923

Arcidens confragosa (Say, 1829)
+ Arcidens confragosa jacintoensis Strecker, 1931

Cumberlandia monodonta (Say, 1829)
+ Unio soleniformis Lea, 1831

Cyclonaias tuberculata (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio verrucosus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio tuberculosus Valenciennes, 1827
+ Unio verrucosus purpureus Hildreth, 1828
+ Unio graniferus Lea, 1838
+ Quadrula (sec. Rotundaria) granifera var. pusilla Simpson, 1900
+ Plethobasus cooperianus Utterback, 1915

Cyprogenia stegaria (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio verrucosus albus Hildreth, 1828
+ Unio irroratus Lea, 1828
+ Cyprogenia irrorata var. pusilla Simpson, 1900

Dromus dromas (Lea, 1834)
+ Unio caperatus Lea, 1845
+ Unio abacoides Haldeman, 1846

Ellipsaria lineolata (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) ellipsaria Rafinesque, 1820
+ Obliquaria (Plagiola) depressa Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio securis Lea, 1829

Elliptio arca (Conrad, 1834)
+ Unio luridus Lea, 1852
+ Unio rufus Lea, 1857
+ Unio subgibbosus Lea, 1857
+ Unio lazarus Sowerby, 1868

Elliptio arctata (Conrad, 1834)
+ Unio strigosus Lea, 1840
+ Unio tortivus Lea, 1840
+ Unio purpurellus Lea, 1857
+ Unio tetricus Lea, 1857
+ Unio viridans Lea, 1859
+ Unio mercerii Lea, 1862

Elliptio crassidens Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio (Elliptio) nigra Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio (Elliptio) nigra var. fusca Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio (Elliptio) nigra var. maculata Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio cuneatus Barnes, 1823
+ Obliquaria (Aximedia) venus Rafinesque, 1831
+ Unio incrassatus Lea, 1840
+ Unio crassus Sowerby, 1868
+ Unio discus Sowerby, 1868
+ Unio lehmanii S.H. Wright, 1897
+ Unio polymorphus B.H. Wright, 1899
+ Unio danielsii B.H. Wright, 1899

Elliptio dilatata (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio nasuta Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio mucronatus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio gibbosus Barnes, 1823
+ Obliquaria violacea Rafinesque, 1831
+ Bariosta fulvus Rafinesque, 1831
+ Obliquaria bicolor Rafinesque, 1831
+ Unio arctior Lea, 1838
+ Unio stonensis Lea, 1840
+ Unio gibbosus var. armathwaitensis B.H. Wright, 1898
+ Unio (sec. Elliptio) gibbosus var. delicatus Simpson, 1900
+ Elliptio dilatata var. subgibbosa Utterback, 1915
+ Elliptio dilatata var. sterkii Grier, 1918

Epioblasma arcaeformis (Lea, 1831)
+ Unio nexus Say, 1831

Epioblasma biemarginata (Lea, 1857)

Epioblasma brevidens (Lea, 1831)
+ Unio interruptus Conrad, 1834

Epioblasma capsaeformis (Lea, 1834)

Epioblasma flexuosa (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio foliatus Hildreth, 1828

Epioblasma florentina (Lea, 1857)
+ Unio saccatus Küster, 1862
+ Unio sacculus Reeve, 1864
+ Truncilla walkeri Wilson & Clark, 1914

Epioblasma florentina curtisi

Epioblasma haysianus (Lea, 1834)
+ Unio sowerbianus Lea, 1834

Epioblasma lenior (Lea, 1840)
+ Unio lenis Lea, 1840

Epioblasma lewisi (Walker, 1910)

Epioblasma metastriatus (Conrad, 1840)
+ Unio compactus Lea, 1859

Epioblasma obliquata Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio sulcatus Lea, 1829
+ Unio perplexus Say, 1829
+ Unio ridibundus Say, 1829
+ Unio flagellatus Say, 1830
+ Unio gibbosus var. perobliquus Conrad, 1836
+ Unio pectitus Conrad, 1854
+ Truncilla (Scalenaria) sulcata var. delicata Simpson, 1900
+ Unio stewardsonii var. stewensoni de Gregorio, 1914
+ Unio propesulcatus de Gregorio, 1914

Epioblasma othcaloogensis (Lea, 1857)
+ Unio modicellus Lea, 1859

Epioblasma personata (Say, 1829)
+ Unio pileus Lea, 1831
+ Unio capillaris Lea, 1834

Epioblasma propinqua (Lea, 1857)

Epioblasma stewardsoni (Lea, 1852)

Epioblasma torulosa (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Amblema torulosa var. angulata Rafinesque, 1820
+ Amblema gibbosa Rafinesque, 1820
+ Amblema gibbosa var. olivacea Rafinesque, 1820
+ Amblema gibbosa var. radiata Rafinesque, 1820
+ Amblema gibbosa var. difformis Rafinesque, 1820
+ Epioblasma biloba Rafinesque, 1831
+ Unio perplexus Lea, 1831
+ Unio phillipsii Conrad, 1835
+ Unio rangianus Lea, 1838
+ Unio cincinnatiensis Lea, 1840
+ Unio philipsii Hanley, 1843
+ Unio obliquus Potiez & Michaud, 1844
+ Unio gubernaculum Reeve, 1865
+ Unio abnormis Haas, 1930

Epioblasma triquetra (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio triangularis Barnes, 1823
+ Unio cuneatus Swainson, 1823
+ Unio formosus Lea, 1831
+ Unio triangularis var. longiusculus de Gregorio, 1914
+ Unio triangularis var. pergibosus de Gregorio, 1914

Epioblasma turgidula (Lea, 1858)
+ Unio nux Küster, 1861
+ Unio deviatus Reeve, 1864
+ Truncilla lefevrei Utterback, 1916

Fusconaia barnesiana (Lea, 1838)
+ Unio bigbyensis Lea, 1841
+ Unio estabrookianus Lea, 1845
+ Unio tumescens Lea, 1845
+ Unio meredithii Lea, 1858
+ Unio pudicus Lea, 1860
+ Unio raveneliensis Reeve, 1864
+ Unio lyonii Lea, 1865
+ Unio striatissimus J.G. Anthony, 1865
+ Unio fassinans Lea, 1868
+ Unio crudus Lea, 1871
+ Unio radiosus Lea, 1871
+ Unio lenticularis Lea, 1872
+ Unio tellicoensis Lea, 1872
+ Unio estabrokianus Paetel, 1890
+ Pleurobema fassinans var. rhomboidea Simpson, 1900

Fusconaia cor (Conrad, 1834)
+ Unio edgarianus Lea, 1840
+ Unio obuncus Lea, 1871
+ Unio andersonensis Lea, 1872
+ Fusconaia cor var. analoga Ortmann, 1918
+ Quadrula (Pleuronaia) analogia Frierson, 1927

Fusconaia cuneolus (Lea, 1840)
+ Unio appressus Lea, 1871
+ Unio tuscumbiensis Lea, 1871
+ Unio flavidus Lea, 1872

Fusconaia ebena (Lea, 1831)
+ Obovaria pachostea Rafinesque, 1820
+ Amblema antrosa Rafinesque, 1820
+ Obovaria obovalis Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio obliqua Ferussac, 1835
+ Unio (s.s.) mytiloides Swainson, 1840

Fusconaia flava (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Obliquaria (Sintoxia) lateralis Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio undatus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio rubiginosus Lea, 1829
+ Unio trigonus Lea, 1831
+ Unio triangularis Küster, 1852
+ Unio pilaris Reeve, 1865
+ Fusconaia selecta Wheeler, 1914
+ Fusconaia undata trigonoides Utterback, 1915
+ Fusconaia flava var. parvula Grier, 1918
+ Quadrula (Fusconaia) flava sampsoniana Frierson, 1927
+ Fusconaia undata wagneri F.C. Baker, 1928

Fusconaia subrotunda (Lea, 1831)
+ Unio brevialis Crouch, 1827
+ Unio kirtlandianus Lea, 1834
+ Unio personatus Conrad, 1834
+ Unio politus Conrad, 1837
+ Unio lesueurianus Lea, 1840
+ Unio pilaris Lea, 1840
+ Unio kirklandianus Hanley, 1843
+ Unio globatus Lea, 1871
+ Unio bursapastoris B.H. Wright, 1896
+ Quadrula flexuosa Simpson, 1900
+ Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) kirtlandiana var. minor Simpson, 1900
+ Quadrula andrewsii Marsh, 1902
+ Quadrula andrewsae Marsh, 1902
+ Quadrula beauchampii Marsh, 1902
+ Fusconaja [sic] subrotunda leucogona Ortmann, 1913

Hemistena lata (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio dehiscens Say, 1829
+ Unio oriens Lea, 1831
+ Odatelia radiata Rafinesque, 1832
+ Unio hildrethi Delessert, 1841
+ Unio (Sayunio) dehiscens var. oriensopsis de Gregorio, 1914

Lampsilis abrupta (Say, 1831)
+ Unio orbiculatus Hildreth, 1828
+ Toxolasma cyclips Rafinesque, 1831
+ Unio cyclips Ferussac, 1835
+ Margarita (Unio) orbiculatus Lea, 1836

Lampsilis altilis (Conrad, 1834)
+ Unio clarkianus Lea, 1852
+ Unio spillmanii Lea, 1861
+ Unio gerhardtii Lea, 1862
+ Unio doliaris Lea, 1865

Lampsilis cardium Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio ventricosus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio occidens Lea, 1829
+ Unio subovatus Lea, 1831
+ Unio lenis Conrad, 1838
+ Unio ovatus Deshayes, 1839
+ Unio canadensis Lea, 1857
+ Unio dolabraeformis Sowerby, 1867
+ Unio latissimus Sowerby, 1868
+ Lampsilis ventricosa cohongoronta Ortmann, 1912
+ Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosa var. lurida Simpson, 1914
+ Lampsilis ventricosa perglobosa F.C. Baker, 1928
+ Lampsilis ventricosa winnebagoensis F.C. Baker, 1928

Lampsilis fasciola Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio multiradiatus Lea, 1829
+ Unio perradiatus Lea, 1858
+ Unio altilis Reeve, 1865
+ Unio perovalis Sowerby, 1866

Lampsilis ornata (Conrad, 1835)
+ Unio excavatus Lea, 1857

Lampsilis ovata (Say, 1817)

Lampsilis siliquoidea (Barnes, 1823)
+ Unio inflatus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio childreni Hanley, 1843
+ Unio rosaceus DeKay, 1843
+ Unio siliquoides Küster, 1848
+ Unio hydianus Küster, 1861
+ Unio distans J.G. Anthony, 1865
+ Unio multiradiatus Sowerby, 1868
+ Unio affinis Sowerby, 1868
+ Unio superiorensis Marsh, 1897
+ Lampsilis siliquoidea pepinensis F.C. Baker, 1927
+ Lampsilis siliquoidea chadwicki F.C. Baker, 1928

Lampsilis straminea claibornensis (Lea, 1838)
+ Unio obtusus Lea, 1840
+ Unio pallescens Lea, 1845
+ Unio contrarius Conrad, 1849
+ Unio perpastus Lea, 1861

Lampsilis teres (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio anodontoides Lea, 1831
+ Unio floridensis Lea, 1852
+ Unio oriens Sowerby, 1868
+ Lampsilis fallaciosus Smith, 1899

Lampsilis virescens (Lea, 1858)

Lasmigona complanata (Barnes, 1823)
+ Unio gigas Swainson, 1824
+ Unio katherinae Lea, 1838
+ Complanaria gigas Swainson, 1840
+ Lasmigona (Lasmigona) complanata alabamensis Clarke, 1985

Lasmigona costata (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Alasmodonta rugosa Barnes, 1823
+ Amblasmodon hians Rafinesque, 1831
+ Lasmigona rugosa Rafinesque, 1831
+ Lasmigona costata var. ereganensis Grier, 1918
+ Lasmigona costata pepinensis F.C. Baker, 1928
+ Lasmigona costata nuda F.C. Baker, 1928

Lasmigona holstonia (Lea, 1838)
+ Sulcularia badia Rafinesque, 1831
+ Unio holstonianus Hanley, 1843
+ Margaritana etowaensis Conrad, 1849
+ Margaritana etowahensis Lea, 1858
+ Margaritana georgiana Lea, 1859
+ Margaritana holstoniana Küster, 1862
+ Alasmodonta impressa J.G. Anthony, 1865

Lasmigona subviridis (Conrad, 1835)
+ Unio viridis Conrad, 1835
+ Unio tappanianus Lea, 1838
+ Unio tappianus Catlow & Reeve, 1845
+ Unio hyalinus Lea, 1845
+ Margaritana quadrata Lea, 1861
+ Unio pertenuis Lea, 1863

Lemiox rimosus (Rafinesque, 1831)
+ Unio caelatus Conrad, 1834
+ Unio coelatus Conrad, 1834

Leptodea fragilis (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio (Niaa) atrata Swainson, 1823
+ Mya plana Eaton, 1826
+ Lasmonos fragilis Rafinesque, 1831
+ Unio leptodea var. planus Jay, 1850
+ Lampsilis simpsoni Ferriss, 1900
+ Lampsilis gracilis lacustris F.C. Baker, 1922

Leptodea leptodon (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Anodon purpurascens Swainson, 1823
+ Symphynota tenuissima Lea, 1829
+ Unio velum Say, 1829
+ Lampsilis blatchleyi Daniels, 1902

Lexingtonia dolabelloides (Lea, 1840)
+ Unio thorntonii Lea, 1857
+ Unio mooresianus Lea, 1857
+ Unio recurvatus Lea, 1871
+ Unio circumactus Lea, 1871
+ Unio subglobatus Lea, 1871
+ Pleurobema conradi Vanatta, 1915

Ligumia recta (Lamarck, 1819)
+ Unio (Eurynia) latissima Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio praelongus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio sageri Conrad, 1836
+ Unio arquatus Conrad, 1854
+ Unio leprosus Miles, 1861

Ligumia subrostrata (Say, 1831)
+ Unio nashvillianus Lea, 1834
+ Unio mississippiensis Conrad, 1850
+ Lampsilis nashvillensis Agassiz, 1852
+ Unio rutersvillensis Lea, 1859
+ Unio cocoduensis Reeve, 1865
+ Unio topekaensis Lea, 1868
+ Lampsilis (Eurynia) subrostrata var. furva Simpson, 1914

Medionidus acutissimus (Lea, 1831)
+ Unio rubellinus Lea, 1857
+ Unio semiplicatus Küster, 1862
+ Unio rubellianus Sowerby, 1868

Medionidus conradicus (Lea, 1834)
+ Obliquaria plateolus Rafinesque, 1831
+ Unio conradius Conrad, 1838
+ Margaron (Unio) conradianus Lea, 1870

Medionidus parvulus (Lea, 1860)

Megalonaias nervosa (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio (crassus var.) giganteus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio heros Say, 1829
+ Unio undulatus Say, 1831
+ Unio multiplicatus Lea, 1831
+ Unio eightsii Lea, 1860
+ Unio atrocostatus Reeve, 1864
+ Unio eighti Paetel, 1890
+ Unio triumphans B.H. Wright, 1898

Obliquaria reflexa Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio cornutus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio torulosus Short & Eaton, 1831
+ Obliquaria reflexa conradi Frierson, 1927

Obovaria jacksoniana (Frierson, 1912)
+ Unio castaneus Lea, 1831

Obovaria olivaria (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio brevialis Sowerby & Sowerby, 1823
+ Unio ellipsis Lea, 1828
+ Diplasma vitrea Potiez & Michaud, 1844
+ Unio taitanus Sowerby, 1868
+ Unio pealei Lea, 1871
+ Unio pearlii Scammon, 1906

Obovaria retusa (Lamarck, 1819)
+ Obovaria torsa Rafinesque, 1820

Obovaria subrotunda (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio (Aximedia) levigata Rafinesque, 1820
+ Obovaria striata Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio rotundus Wood, 1828
+ Unio circulus Lea, 1829
+ Unio lens Lea, 1831
+ Unio laevigatus Say, 1834
+ Unio leibii Lea, 1862
+ Unio depygis Conrad, 1866
+ Obovaria lens var. parva Simpson, 1914
+ Obovaria lens var. elongata Simpson, 1914
+ Obovaria subrotunda globula Morrison, 1942

Pegias fabula (Lea, 1838)
+ Margaritana curreyiana Lea, 1840
+ Margaritana curreyana Lea, 1842
+ Unio propecoelatus de Gregorio, 1914

Plectomerus dombeyanus (Valenciennes, 1827)
+ Unio crassidens Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio interruptus Say, 1831
+ Unio trapezoides Lea, 1831
+ Quadrula trapezoides var. pentagonoides Frierson, 1902

Plethobasus cicatricosus (Say, 1829)
+ Unio varicosus Lea, 1831
+ Unio cicatricoides Frierson, 1911
+ Unio detectus Frierson, 1911
+ Plethobasus pachosteus Morrison, 1969

Plethobasus cooperianus (Lea, 1834)
+ Unio striatus Reeve, 1864

Plethobasus cyphyus (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio aesopus Green, 1827
+ Unio scyphius Küster, 1861
+ Unio compertus Frierson, 1911

Pleurobema chattanoogaense (Lea, 1858)

Pleurobema clava (Lamarck, 1819)
+ Pleurobema cuneata Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio (Aximedia) elliptica Rafinesque, 1820
+ Obliquaria (Scalenaria) scalenia Rafinesque, 1820
+ Pleurobema mytiloides Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio patulus Lea, 1829
+ Unio cuneatus Say, 1834
+ Unio consanguineus de Gregorio, 1914
+ Unio anaticulus var. ohiensis de Gregorio, 1914

Pleurobema cordatum (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio obliqua Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio mytiloides Short & Eaton, 1831

Pleurobema georgianum (Lea, 1841)
+ Unio favosus Lea, 1856

Pleurobema gibberum (Lea, 1838)

Pleurobema hanleyianum (Lea, 1852)
+ Unio hanleyanus Conrad, 1853
+ Pleurobema aldrichianum Goodrich, 1931

Pleurobema johannis (Lea, 1859)

Pleurobema oviforme (Conrad, 1834)
+ Unio ravenelianus Lea, 1834
+ Unio rudis Conrad, 1837
+ Unio holstonensis Lea, 1840
+ Unio argenteus Lea, 1841
+ Unio decisus Küster, 1852
+ Unio mundus Lea, 1857
+ Unio lesleyi Lea, 1860
+ Unio ornatus Lea, 1861
+ Unio tesserulae Lea, 1862
+ Unio striatissimus J.G. Anthony, 1865
+ Unio clinchensis Lea, 1867
+ Unio planior Lea, 1868
+ Unio pattinoides Lea, 1871
+ Unio acuens Lea, 1871
+ Unio lawi Lea, 1871
+ Unio conasaugaensis Lea, 1872
+ Unio bellulus Lea, 1872
+ Unio brevis Lea, 1872
+ Unio swordianus S.H. Wright, 1897
+ Pleurobema fassinans Ortmann, 1913

Pleurobema perovatum (Conrad, 1834)
+ Unio nux Lea, 1852
+ Unio concolor Lea, 1861
+ Unio flavidulus Lea, 1861
+ Unio cinnamominus Sowerby, 1868
+ Unio pinkstoni S.H. Wright, 1897

Pleurobema plenum (Lea, 1840)
+ Quadrula cordata Vanatta, 1915

Pleurobema rubellum (Conrad, 1834)
+ Unio rudis Conrad, 1837
+ Unio pulvinulus Lea, 1845
+ Unio irrasus Lea, 1861

Pleurobema rubrum (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio cardiacea Guérin, 1823
+ Unio obliquus Wood, 1828
+ Unio mytiloides Deshayes, 1830
+ Unio pyramidatus Lea, 1831
+ Unio ruber Conrad, 1853
+ Unio mytilloides Frierson, 1927

Pleurobema sintoxia (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio rubens Menke, 1828
+ Unio catillus Conrad, 1836
+ Unio coccineus Conrad, 1836
+ Unio solidus Lea, 1838
+ Unio cuneus Conrad, 1838
+ Unio gouldianus Jay, 1839
+ Unio cardiacea Deshayes, 1839
+ Unio fulgidus Lea, 1845
+ Unio obovalis Conrad, 1853
+ Unio catilus B.H. Wright, 1888
+ Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) coccinea var. paupercula Simpson, 1900
+ Pleurobema missouriensis Marsh, 1901
+ Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) coccinea var. magnalacustris Simpson, 1914
+ Pleurobema coccineum var. mississippiensis F.C. Baker, 1928

Pleurobema troschelianum (Lea, 1852)

Potamilus alatus (Say, 1817)
+ Metaptera megaptera Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio poulsoni Conrad, 1834

Potamilus ohiensis (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Symphynota laevissima Lea, 1829
+ Unio ohiensis Say, 1834
+ Unio discoideus Sowerby, 1866

Potamilus purpuratus (Lamarck, 1819)
+ Unio ater Lea, 1829
+ Unio atra Deshayes, 1830
+ Unio poulsoni Conrad, 1834
+ Unio coloradoensis Lea, 1856
+ Unio permiscens Lea, 1859
+ Unio dolosus Lea, 1860

Ptychobranchus fasciolaris (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) fasciolaris var. interrupta Rafinesque, 1820
+ Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) fasciolaris var. fuscata Rafinesque, 1820
+ Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) fasciolaris var. obliterata Rafinesque, 1820
+ Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) fasciolaris var. longa Rafinesque, 1820
+ Obliquaria (Plagiola) interrupta Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio phaseolus Hildreth, 1828
+ Unio planulatus Lea, 1829
+ Unio camelus Lea, 1834
+ Unio compressissimus Lea, 1845
+ Unio arquatus Conrad, 1854
+ Unio compressissimus f.a performosus de Gregorio, 1914
+ Unio lanceolatus var. blandus de Gregorio, 1914
+ Unio imperitus de Gregorio, 1914
+ Ptychobranchus fasciolaris var. lacustris F.C. Baker, 1928

Ptychobranchus greeni (Conrad, 1834)
+ Unio brumleyanus Lea, 1841
+ Unio brumbyanus Lea, 1841
+ Unio foremanianus Lea, 1842
+ Unio flavescens Lea, 1845
+ Unio simplex Lea, 1845
+ Unio velatus Conrad, 1854
+ Unio woodwardius Lea, 1857
+ Unio woodwardianus Lea, 1859
+ Unio trinacrus Lea, 1861

Ptychobranchus subtentum (Say, 1825)
+ Unio subteritus [sic] var. purchreornatus de Gregorio, 1914

Pyganodon grandis (Say, 1829)
+ Anodonta lugubris Say, 1829
+ Symphynota benedictensis Lea, 1834
+ Anodonta corpulenta Cooper, 1834
+ Anodonta declivis Conrad, 1834
+ Anodonta palna Lea, 1834
+ Anodonta plana Lea, 1834
+ Anodonta stewartiana Lea, 1834
+ Anodonta gigantea Lea, 1838
+ Anodonta decora Lea, 1838
+ Anodonta ovata Lea, 1838
+ Anodonta pepinianus Lea, 1838
+ Anodonta salmonia Lea, 1838
+ Anodonta footiana Lea, 1840
+ Anodonta harpethensis Lea, 1840
+ Anodonta maryattiana Lea, 1840
+ Anodonta maryattana Lea, 1840
+ Anodonta nilssonii Küster, 1842
+ Anodonta sulcata Küster, 1842
+ Anodonta linnaeana Lea, 1852
+ Anodonta opaca Lea, 1852
+ Anodonta virens Lea, 1852
+ Anodonta marryattana Conrad, 1853
+ Anodonta lewisii Lea, 1857
+ Anodonta danielsii Lea, 1858
+ Anodonta texasensis Lea, 1859
+ Anodonta fluviatilis Lapham, 1860
+ Anodonta kennicottii Lea, 1861
+ Anodonta simpsoniana Lea, 1861
+ Anodonta leonensis Lea, 1862
+ Anodonta bealei Lea, 1863
+ Anodonta dallasiana Lea, 1863
+ Anodon imbricata J.G. Anthony, 1865
+ Anodon micans J.G. Anthony, 1865
+ Anodon opalina J.G. Anthony, 1865
+ Anodon subangulata J.G. Anthony, 1865
+ Anodon subinflata J.G. Anthony, 1865
+ Anodon inornata J.G. Anthony, 1866
+ Anodon mcnielii J.G. Anthony, 1866
+ Anodon subgibbosa J.G. Anthony, 1866
+ Anodon edentulus Sowerby, 1867
+ Anodonta salmonea Sowerby, 1867
+ Anodon ovata Sowerby, 1869
+ Margaron (Anodonta) benedictii Lea, 1870
+ Margaron (Anodonta) subglobosa Lea, 1870
+ Anodonta hockingensis Call, 1880
+ Anodonta somersii Call, 1880
+ Anodonta houghtonensis DeCamp, 1881
+ Anodonta bealii Singley, 1893
+ Anodonta implicata Chadwick, 1906
+ Anodonta dakota Frierson, 1910
+ Anodonta dakotana Utterback, 1915
+ Anodonta marginata Baker, 1920

Quadrula apiculata (Say, 1829)
+ Unio nobilis Conrad, 1854

Quadrula cylindrica (Say, 1817)
+ Unio naviformis Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio rugosus Chenu, 1862
+ Unio cylindricus var. strigillatus B.H. Wright, 1898

Quadrula fragosa (Conrad, 1836)

Quadrula intermedia (Conrad, 1836)
+ Unio kleinianus Küster, 1861
+ Unio tuberosus var. perlobatus de Gregorio, 1914

Quadrula metanevra (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio nodosus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio tuberosus Lea, 1840
+ Unio metaniver Catlow & Reeve, 1845
+ Unio metaneurus Herrmannsen, 1849
+ Unio wardii Lea, 1862

Quadrula nodulata (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio pustulatus Lea, 1831

Quadrula pustulosa (Lea, 1831)
+ Obliquaria (Quadrula) bullata Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio verrucosa Valenciennes, 1827
+ Unio nodulosus Say, 1834
+ Unio prasinus Conrad, 1834
+ Unio schoolcraftensis Lea, 1834
+ Unio mortoni Conrad, 1836
+ Unio turgidus Lea, 1838
+ Unio dorfeuillianus Lea, 1838
+ Unio pernodosus Lea, 1845
+ Unio schoolcraftii Lea, 1870
+ Quadrula pustulosa asperatus Utterback, 1915

Quadrula quadrula (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio rugosus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio lacrymosus Lea, 1828
+ Unio asperrimus Lea, 1831
+ Quadrula lachrymosa Swainson, 1840
+ Unio quadratus Reeve, 1864
+ Unio lunulatus Pratt, 1876
+ Quadrula quadrula contraryensis Utterback, 1915
+ Quadrula (Quadrula) quadrula bullocki F.C. Baker, 1928
+ Quadrula biangulata Morrison, 1942
+ Quadrula contrayensis R.I. Johnson, 1969

Quadrula sparsa (Lea, 1841)

Simpsonaias ambigua (Say, 1825)
+ Unio hildrethianus Lea, 1834
+ Alasmidonta dubia Ferussac, 1835

Strophitus connasaugaensis (Lea, 1858)
+ Margaritana alabamensis Lea, 1861
+ Unio connasaughensis Sowerby, 1868
+ Margaritana connasaugensis Clessin, 1876

Strophitus undulatus (Say, 1817)
+ Anodonta pensylvanica Lamarck, 1819
+ Anodon rugosus Swainson, 1822
+ Anodonta pennsylvanica Stark, 1828
+ Alasmodonta edentula Say, 1829
+ Anodon areolatus Swainson, 1829
+ Anodonta marginata Ferussac, 1835
+ Anodonta ferussaciana Ferussac, 1835
+ Anodonta virgata Conrad, 1836
+ Anodonta pavonia Lea, 1838
+ Anodonta wardiana Lea, 1838
+ Anodon unadilla DeKay, 1843
+ Anodonta tetragona Lea, 1845
+ Anodonta arkansensis Lea, 1852
+ Anodonta shaefferiana Lea, 1852
+ Anodonta showalterii Lea, 1860
+ Alasmodon rhombica J.G. Anthony, 1865
+ Anodon papyracea J.G. Anthony, 1865
+ Anodon annulatus Sowerby, 1867
+ Anodon quadriplicatus Sowerby, 1870
+ Anodonta salmonea Clessin, 1873
+ Anodonta shefferiana Simpson, 1900
+ Strophitus undulatus ovatus Frierson, 1927
+ Strophitus undulatus tennesseensis Frierson, 1927
+ Strophitus rugosus pepinensis F.C. Baker, 1928
+ Strophitus rugosus winnebagoensis F.C. Baker, 1928
+ Strophitus rugosus lacustris F.C. Baker, 1928

Toxolasma cylindrellus (Lea, 1868)

Toxolasma lividus Rafinesque, 1831
+ Unio glans Lea, 1831
+ Unio moestus Lea, 1841

Toxolasma parvus (Barnes, 1823)
+ Carunculina parva cahni F.C. Baker, 1927

Toxolasma texasensis (Lea, 1857)
+ Unio haleianus Lea, 1842
+ Unio bairdianus Lea, 1857
+ Unio bealei Lea, 1862
+ Unio texasianus Sowerby, 1866
+ Lampsilis (Carunculina) texasensis var. compressus Simpson, 1900

Tritogonia verrucosa (Rafinesque, 1820)
+ Unio tuberculatus Barnes, 1823
+ Unio (Theliderma) pustulata Swainson, 1840
+ Unio gigas Sowerby, 1867
+ Unio conjugans B.H. Wright, 1899
+ Tritogonia tuberculata var. obesa Simpson, 1900
+ Quadrula tritogonia Ortmann, 1909
+ Quadrula parkeri Geiser, 1911

Truncilla donaciformis (Lea, 1828)
+ Unio zigzag Lea, 1829
+ Unio nervosa Conrad, 1834

Truncilla truncata Rafinesque, 1820
+ Truncilla truncata var. fusca Rafinesque, 1820
+ Truncilla truncata var. vermiculata Rafinesque, 1820
+ Unio elegans Lea, 1831
+ Truncilla truncata var. lacustris F.C. Baker, 1928

Uniomerus declivis (Say, 1832)
+ Unio geometricus Lea, 1834

Uniomerus tetralasmus (Say, 1830)
+ Unio camptodon Say, 1832
+ Unio declivis Conrad, 1836
+ Unio excultus Conrad, 1838
+ Unio sayanus Conrad, 1838
+ Unio sayii Tappan, 1839
+ Unio parallelus Conrad, 1841
+ Unio symmetricus Lea, 1845
+ Unio rivularis Conrad, 1853
+ Unio porrectus Conrad, 1854
+ Unio subcroceus Conrad, 1854
+ Unio manubius Gould, 1855
+ Unio jamesianus Lea, 1857
+ Unio electrinus Reeve, 1865
+ Unio manubrius Paetel, 1890
+ Uniomerus tetralasma comptodon Utterback, 1915

Utterbackia imbecillis (Say, 1829)
+ Anodonta incerta Lea, 1834
+ Anodon horda Gould, 1855
+ Anodonta hordeum Paetel, 1890
+ Anodonta ohiensis Utterback, 1915
+ Utterbackia imbecillis fusca F.C. Baker, 1927

Villosa fabalis (Lea, 1831)
+ Unio capillus Say, 1831
+ Unio lapillus Say, 1831
+ Unio donacopsis de Gregorio, 1914

Villosa iris (Lea, 1829)
+ Unio creperus Lea, 1838
+ Unio cumberlandicus Lea, 1838
+ Unio glaber Lea, 1838
+ Unio muhlfeldianus Lea, 1838
+ Unio notatus Lea, 1838
+ Unio novieboraci Lea, 1838
+ Unio obscurus Lea, 1838
+ Unio simus Lea, 1838
+ Unio zeiglerianus Lea, 1838
+ Unio amoenus Lea, 1840
+ Unio dactylus Lea, 1840
+ Unio fatuus Lea, 1840
+ Unio tener Lea, 1840
+ Unio regularis Lea, 1841
+ Unio puniceus Haldeman, 1842
+ Unio cresserus Hanley, 1843
+ Unio radiatus DeKay, 1843
+ Margaritana (Unio) cumberlandianus Lea, 1852
+ Unio discrepans Lea, 1860
+ Unio perpictus Lea, 1860
+ Unio planicostatus Lea, 1860
+ Unio scitulus Lea, 1860
+ Unio subrostratus Küster, 1861
+ Unio proximus Küster, 1861
+ Unio opalinus J.G. Anthony, 1866
+ Unio spatulatus Sowerby, 1868
+ Unio dispansus Lea, 1871
+ Lampsilis (Ligumia) nervosa Frierson, 1927

Villosa lienosa (Conrad, 1834)
+ Unio saxeus Conrad, 1838
+ Unio caliginosus Lea, 1845
+ Unio gouldii Lea, 1845
+ Unio nigerrimus Lea, 1852
+ Unio apicinus Lea, 1857
+ Unio concestator Lea, 1857
+ Unio fallax Lea, 1857
+ Unio intercedens Lea, 1857
+ Unio prattii Lea, 1858
+ Unio porphyreus Lea, 1861
+ Unio contiguus Lea, 1862
+ Unio fuligo Reeve, 1865
+ Unio bicaelatus Reeve, 1865
+ Unio fontanus Conrad, 1866
+ Unio unicostatus B.H. Wright, 1899

Villosa perpurpurea (Lea, 1861)
+ Unio troostensis Sowerby, 1868

Villosa taeniata (Conrad, 1834)
+ Unio pictus Lea, 1834
+ Unio menkianus Lea, 1838
+ Unio pulcher Lea, 1838
+ Unio interruptus Lea, 1838
+ Unio latiradiatus Conrad, 1838
+ Unio tennesseensis Lea, 1840
+ Unio camelopardilis Lea, 1860
+ Unio fucatus Lea, 1860
+ Unio lindsleyi Lea, 1860
+ Unio perdix Reeve, 1864
+ Unio punctatus Lea, 1865

Villosa trabalis (Conrad, 1834)
+ Unio troostensis Lea, 1834
+ Unio vanuxemensis Sowerby, 1866
+ Unio troostii Lea, 1870

Villosa vanuxemensis (Lea, 1836)
+ Unio nitens Lea, 1840
+ Unio tenebricus Lea, 1857
+ Unio pybasii Lea, 1858
+ Unio fabaceus Lea, 1861
+ Unio copei Lea, 1868
+ Margaron (Unio) vanuxemii Lea, 1870
+ Unio caliginosus Pilsbry & Rhoads, 1896

Villosa vibex (Conrad, 1834)
+ Unio modioliformis Lea, 1834
+ Unio exiguus Lea, 1840
+ Unio stagnalis Conrad, 1849
+ Unio prevostianus Lea, 1852
+ Unio nigrinus Lea, 1852
+ Unio gracilior Lea, 1856
+ Unio rutilans Lea, 1856
+ Unio subellipsis Lea, 1856
+ Unio sudus Lea, 1857
+ Unio obfuscus Lea, 1857
+ Unio dispar Lea, 1860
+ Unio averellii B.H. Wright, 1888

Page updated: 10:54:33 Wed 06 Nov 2019

 
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