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Page last updated
Tue 08 Oct 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page lists the nominal species (available and otherwise) currently circumscribed under the valid name.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Hyrioidea | Hyriidae | Hyriinae | Rhipidodontini | Diplodon

species Diplodon chilensis (Gray, 1828): synonymy
     296 specimens available.

Unio chilensis Gray, 1828
Gray, 1828, Spicil. Zool. pt. 1: “pl. 6, fig. 12” [never issued].
Type(s): BMNH_1986147, Chile ?

Unio childreni Griffith & Pidgeon, 1833
Gray in Griffith & Pidgeon, 1833, [in] Cuvier, Animal Kingdom 12(38): pl. 20, fig. 1.
Gray in Griffith & Pidgeon, 1834, [in] Cuvier, Animal Kingdom 12(39-40): 600.

Unio smithii Griffith & Pidgeon, 1833
Gray in Griffith & Pidgeon, 1833, [in] Cuvier, Animal Kingdom 12(38): pl. 20, fig. 3.
Gray in Griffith & Pidgeon, 1834, [in] Cuvier, Animal Kingdom 12(39-40): 600.

Unio chinensis Griffith & Pidgeon, 1834
Griffith & Pidgeon, 1834, [in] Cuvier, Animal Kingdom 12(39-40): 600.
(error for Unio chilensis Gray, 1828)

Unio depressa d’Orbigny, 1835
‘Lamarck’ d’Orbigny, 1835, Mag. Zool. 5(61-62): 34.
(misidentified reference to Unio depressa Lamarck, 1819)

Unio obtusa d’Orbigny, 1835
‘Féruss.’ d’Orbigny, 1835, Mag. Zool. 5(61-62): 35.
d’Orbigny, 1846, Voyage dans l’Amérique Méridionale 5: 610.
(homonym of Unio obtusa Cuvier, 1817)

Unio patagonica d’Orbigny, 1835
d’Orbigny, 1835, Mag. Zool. 5(61-62): 37.
d’Orbigny, 1846, Voyage dans l’Amérique Méridionale 5: 610, pl. 70, figs. 1-4.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE BMNH_1854-12-4-850, Rio Negro, Patagonia.

Unio atratus Sowerby, 1839
Sowerby, 1839, Conch. Man.: 121, fig. 148.
(misidentified reference to Unio (Niaa) atrata Swainson, 1823)

Unio auratus Hanley, 1843
‘Swainson’ of Authors.
Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 199 [as ‘Naia aurata’].
‘Swain.’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 33 [as ‘Niäa aurata’].
‘Swainson MS’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 29, sp. 150.
(reference to Unio auratus Philippi, 1847)
Type(s): FIGURED SPECIMEN BMNH_1965144, I. of Chiloe.

Unio araucanus Philippi, 1847
Philippi, 1847, Abbild. Beschr. Conch. 3: 50, pl. 3, fig. 3.

Unio auratus Philippi, 1847
‘Swainson’ Philippi, 1847, Abbild. Beschr. Conch. 3: 49, pl. 4, fig. 1.
(homonym of Unio (Elliptio) aurata Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio molinae Philippi, 1847
Philippi, 1847, Abbild. Beschr. Conch. 3: 50, pl. 4, fig. 4.

Unio casaeblancae Philippi, 1848
Philippi, 1848, Z. Malak. 5(11): 176.

Unio casablancae Lea, 1852
‘Philippi’ of Authors.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 39.
Pfeiffer, 1869, Novit. Conch. 3: 481, pl. 104, figs. 1-2.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 53.
Parada & Peredo, 2002, Rev. Chilena Hist. Nat. 75: 693.
(error for Unio casaeblancae Philippi, 1848)

Unio gassiesii Lea, 1852
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 33.
(error for Unio gassiei Küster, 1856)

Unio gassiei Küster, 1856
‘Grateloup teste Charpentier’ Küster, 1856, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 148, pl. 43, figs. 3-4.
Type(s): SYNTYPES MNHN-IM-2000-1703, Rio Carampagua, S.O. de Concepcion, Chili.

Unio limensis Küster, 1856
‘Charpentier mss.’ Küster, 1856, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 146, pl. 42, fig. 7; pl. 43, fig. 1.

Unio modestus Küster, 1856
‘Charpentier mss.’ Küster, 1856, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 147, pl. 43, fig. 2.
Type(s): SYNTYPES SMF_4369, Valparaiso.

Unio auratus Küster, 1861
‘Swainson’ Küster, 1861, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 161, pl. 46, fig. 3.
(reference to Unio auratus Philippi, 1847)

Unio chiloensis Küster, 1861
‘Philippi’ Küster, 1861, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 161, pl. 35, fig. 6 [as ‘chiloënsis’].

Unio aplatus Reeve, 1865
‘Swainson ms’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 28, sp. 143.

Unio fragilis Reeve, 1865
‘Swainson MS’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 30, sp. 155.
(homonym of Unio (Leptodea) fragilis Rafinesque, 1820; renamed Diplodon (Dipldon) cuprinus Simpson, 1900)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_MP_365, Id. of Chiloe, Chile.

Unio patagonicus Reeve, 1865
‘d’Orbigny’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 21, sp. 93.
(reference to Unio patagonica d’Orbigny, 1835)

Unio auratus Sowerby, 1866
‘Swainson’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 45, sp. 245.
(reference to Unio auratus Philippi, 1847)
Type(s): FIGURED SPECIMEN BMNH_1968864, (South America).

Unio chilensis Sowerby, 1867
‘Parreyss’ Sowerby, 1867, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 56, sp. 286; errata.
(reference to Unio chilensis Gray, 1828)
Type(s): UNKNOWN BMNH_74-12-11-11, Chili.

Unio colchaguensis Philippi, 1869
Philippi, 1869, Malak. Blatt. 16: 47.
Pfeiffer, 1869, Novit. Conch. 3: 484, pl. 104, figs. 9-10.

Unio diplodon Philippi, 1869
Philippi, 1869, Malak. Blatt. 16: 46.
Pfeiffer, 1869, Novit. Conch. 3: 483, pl. 104, figs. 7-8.

Unio foncki Philippi, 1869
Philippi, 1869, Malak. Blatt. 16: 49.
Pfeiffer, 1869, Novit. Conch. 3: 483, pl. 104, figs. 5-6.
Type(s): SYNTYPE SMF_4322, Laguna Villavira, S. Chile.

Unio ianthinus Philippi, 1869
Philippi, 1869, Malak. Blatt. 16: 46.
Pfeiffer, 1869, Novit. Conch. 3: 485, pl. 104, figs. 11-12.

Unio jacobaeus Philippi, 1869
Philippi, 1869, Malak. Blatt. 16: 44.
Pfeiffer, 1869, Novit. Conch. 3: 478, sp. 635, pl. 103, figs. 3-4.
Type(s): SYNTYPE SMF_3850, Prov. Santiago, Chile.

Unio landbecki Philippi, 1869
Philippi, 1869, Malak. Blatt. 16: 45.
Pfeiffer, 1869, Novit. Conch. 3: 479, pl. 103, figs. 5-6.

Unio longus Philippi, 1869
Philippi, 1869, Malak. Blatt. 16: 44.
Pfeiffer, 1869, Novit. Conch. 3: 477, pl. 103, figs. 1-2.

Unio montanus Philippi, 1869
Philippi, 1869, Malak. Blatt. 16: 48.
Pfeiffer, 1869, Novit. Conch. 3: 482, pl. 104, figs. 3-4.

Unio valdivianus Philippi, 1869
Philippi, 1869, Malak. Blatt. 16: 48.
Pfeiffer, 1869, Novit. Conch. 3: 482, pl. 104, figs. 3-4.
Type(s): SYNTYPE SMF_3851, Valdivia, Chile.

Unio arancanus Paetel, 1890
‘Philippi’ Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml. 3: 144.
(error for Unio araucanus Philippi, 1847)

Unio funcki Paetel, 1890
‘Phl.’ Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml. 3: 153.
(error for Unio foncki Philippi, 1869)

Unio frenzelii Ihering, 1893
Ihering, 1893, Arch. Naturg. 59(1): 111, pl. 4, fig. 14.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE SMF_3854, Patagonien.

Unio frenzelii var. andina Ihering, 1893
Ihering, 1893, Arch. Naturg. 59(1): 113.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio frenzelii Ihering, 1893)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE SMF_3856, Patagonien am Fuss der Kordilleren.

Diplodon frenzellii Simpson, 1900
‘Ihering’ of Authors.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 882.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 1264.
(error for Unio frenzelii Ihering, 1893)

Diplodon (Dipldon) cuprinus Simpson, 1900
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 883.
(new name for Unio fragilis Reeve, 1865)

Diplodon (s.s.) aureus Simpson, 1900
‘Swainson’ Küster, 1861, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 161, pl. 46, fig. 3 [as ‘Unio auratus’].
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 883.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 1268.

Diplodon huapensis Bartsch, 1906
Bartsch, 1906, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 30: 394, pls. 27-29 [figs. 1-2?].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) USNM_186117, Nahuel Huape, Argentina.

Unio janthinus Haas, 1930
‘Philippi’ of Authors.
Haas, 1930, Senckenbergiana 12: 178.
Parodiz, 1968, Sterkiana (30): 7.
(error for Unio ianthinus Philippi, 1869)

Page updated: 16:12:38 Tue 08 Oct 2019

 
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