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Page last updated
Tue 24 Mar 2020

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Pleurobemini | Elliptio

species Elliptio arca (Conrad, 1834): synonymy
     4 specimens available.

Unio arcus Conrad, 1834
Conrad, 1834, Amer. J. Sci. 25(2): 340, pl. 1, fig. 8.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 245.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE ANSP_56784, Alabama.

Unio arcusConrad (1834), Ferussac (1835), Hanley (1843), Adams & Adams (1857)
Margarita (Unio) arcusLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) arcusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Cunicula) arcusConrad (1853)
Unio (s.s.) arcusPaetel (1890)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) gibbosus var. arcusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (Eurynaia) dilatatus-arcusFrierson (1927)
Elliptio (Eurynia) nasutus arcusHaas (1969)
Elliptio arcaTurgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), Vidrine (1993), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Turgeon et al. (1998), Lydeard et al. (1999), IUCN (2000), Jones et al. (2005), Campbell et al. (2005), Graf & Cummings (2007), Williams et al. (2008), Campbell et al. (2008), Cummings & Graf (2010), Bogan (2010), Haag (2012), Burlakova et al. (2012), ITIS (2012), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Abernethy et al. (2013), Williams et al. (2017), Perkins et al. (2017), Inoue et al. (2018)

Unio luridus Lea, 1852
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 5]: 273 [29], pl. 20, fig. 29.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85253, Coosawattee R., Murray Co., Ga.

Unio luridusLea (1852), Conrad (1853)
Margaron (Unio) luridusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Hyridella) luridusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) luridusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (Eurynaia) dilatatus-fulvusFrierson (1927)
Elliptio (Eurynia) nasutus fulvusHaas (1969)
Elliptio arcaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Unio rufus Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 171.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 85, pl. 17, fig. 61.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86070, Etowah R., Cass Co., Ga.

Unio rufusLea (1857)
Margaron (Unio) rufusLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) gibbosus var. subgibbosusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (Eurynaia) dilatatus-fulvusFrierson (1927)
Elliptio (Eurynia) nasutus fulvusHaas (1969)
Elliptio arcaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Unio subgibbosus Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 169.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 53, pl. 6, fig. 36.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86101, Oostanaula R., Floyd Co., Ga.

Unio subgibbosusLea (1857), Call (1895)
Margaron (Unio) subgibbosusLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) gibbosus var. subgibbosusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio dilatata subgibbosaUtterback (1915)
Elliptio (Eurynaia) dilatatus-fulvusFrierson (1927)
Elliptio (Eurynia) nasutus fulvusHaas (1969)
Elliptio dilatataR.I. Johnson (1980), Vidrine (1993)
Elliptio arcaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Unio lazarus Sowerby, 1868
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 68, sp. 348.
(misidentified reference to Unio lazarus Lea, 1852)

Unio lazarusSowerby (1868)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) gibbosus var. subgibbosusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (Eurynaia) dilatatusFrierson (1927)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio arcaParmalee & Bogan (1998)

Page updated: 15:39:36 Tue 24 Mar 2020

 
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