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Page last updated
Fri 07 Aug 2020

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Pleurobemini | Elliptio

species Elliptio lanceolata (Lea, 1828): synonymy
     7 specimens available.

Unio lanceolatus Lea, 1828
Lea, 1828, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 266 [8], pl. 3, fig. 2.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85905, Tar R., at Tarborough, N. Carolina.

Unio lanceolatusLea (1828), Lea (1829), Ferussac (1835), Conrad (1836), Hanley (1843), Adams & Adams (1857), Küster (1861), Sowerby (1866), de Gregorio (1914)
Unio lanceolataDeshayes (1830)
Margarita (Unio) lanceolatusLea (1836)
Eurynia lanceolataAgassiz (1852)
Margaron (Unio) lanceolatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Eurinea) lanceolatusConrad (1853)
Unio (Elliptio) lanceolatusMörch (1853)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) lanceolatusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio lanceolatusOrtmann (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolatusFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio lanceolataDavis et al. (1981), Davis & Fuller (1981), Kat (1983), Davis (1984), Turgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), IUCN (1996), Turgeon et al. (1998), Bogan (2002), Graf & Cummings (2007), Cummings & Graf (2010), Bogan (2010), Haag (2012), ITIS (2012), Jones (2015), Williams et al. (2017), Inoue et al. (2018)

Unio emmonsii Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 86.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 8]: 56 [60], pl. 2, fig. 203.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86028, Roanoke R., Weldon, N.C.

Unio emmonsiiLea (1857)
Margaron (Unio) emmonsiiLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) emmonsiiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio emmonsii, aff.de Gregorio (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) emmonsiiFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio emmonsiiBogan (2002)

Unio viridulus Lea, 1863
Lea, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 15: 193.
Lea, 1866, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 11]: 10 [14], pl. 3, fig. 7.
(homonym of Unio favidens var. viridula Benson, 1862)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) USNM_85908, Neuse R., near Raleigh, N.C.

Unio viridulusLea (1863), Lea (1866), de Gregorio (1914)
Margaron (Unio) viridulusLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) viridulusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) viridulusFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio viridulaBogan (2002)

Unio duttonianus Lea, 1841
Lea, 1841, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 2: 31.
Lea, 1842, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 8 [O. 3]: 236 [74], pl. 22, fig. 50.

Unio duttonianusLea (1841), Conrad (1853), Adams & Adams (1857), Sowerby (1868)
Margaron (Unio) duttonianusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) duttonianusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio shepardianus f.a duttonianusde Gregorio (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) duttonianusFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)

Unio sagittiformis Lea, 1852
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 5]: 277 [33], pl. 22, fig. 35.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85970, Oconee R., near Athens, Ga.

Unio sagittiformisLea (1852), Conrad (1853), Adams & Adams (1857), Sowerby (1868)
Margaron (Unio) sagittiformisLea (1852)
Margaron (Unio) sagittæformisLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) sagittiformisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanatus-catawbensisFrierson (1927)
Elliptio (s.s.) violaceus wheatleyiHaas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)

Unio naviculoides Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 170.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 94, pl. 20, fig. 74.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86005, Buck Head Cr., Burke Co., Ga.

Unio naviculoidesLea (1857)
Unio jayensisSowerby (1867)
Margaron (Unio) naviculoidesLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) naviculoidesSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) naviculoidesFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)

Unio rostraeformis Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8: 262 [as ‘rostræformis’].
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 64, pl. 10, fig. 46 [as ‘rostriformis’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85973, Swift Creek, near Macon, Georgia.

Unio rostraeformisLea (1857)
Margaron (Unio) rostriformisLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) rostraeformisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) rostraeformisFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)

Unio hazelhurstianus Lea, 1858
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 10: 166.
Lea, 1859, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 211 [29], pl. 26, fig. 92 [as ‘hazlehurstianus’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86009, Satilla R., Camden Co., Ga.

Unio hazelhurstianusLea (1858)
Unio haslehurstianusSowerby (1866)
Margaron (Unio) hazlehurstianusLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) hazelhurstianusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) hazelhurstianusFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)

Unio rostriformis Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8: 262 [as ‘rostræformis’].
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 64, pl. 10, fig. 46.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 60.
(error for Unio rostraeformis Lea, 1857)

Unio rostriformisLea (1857)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) rostraeformisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)

Margaron (Unio) hazlehurstianus Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 211.
‘Lea’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 60.
(error for Unio hazelhurstianus Lea, 1858)

Margaron (Unio) hazlehurstianusLea (1859)

Unio haslehurstianus Sowerby, 1866
Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 35, sp. 188.
(error for Unio hazelhurstianus Lea, 1858)

Unio haslehurstianusSowerby (1866)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) hazelhurstianusSimpson (1900)

Margaron (Unio) sagittaeformis Lea, 1870
‘Lea’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 60.
(error for Unio sagittiformis Lea, 1852)

Margaron (Unio) sagittaeformisLea (1870)

Unio rostreformis de Gregorio, 1914
‘Lea’ de Gregorio, 1914, Il Nat. Siciliano 2: 46.
(error for Unio rostraeformis Lea, 1857)

Unio rostreformisde Gregorio (1914)

Unio arctior var. fisheropsis de Gregorio, 1914
de Gregorio, 1914, Il Nat. Siciliano 2: 45, pl. 5, figs. 3a-c.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio arctior Lea, 1838)

Unio arctior var. fisheropsisde Gregorio (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)

Page updated: 15:16:37 Fri 07 Aug 2020

 
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