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Page last updated
Wed 01 Dec 2021

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

The taxonomic history of the valid species (since 1900) is listed at the bottom of the page.

Search the database pages:

Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Pleurobemini | Elliptio

species Elliptio lanceolata (Lea, 1828): nominal species
     7 specimens available.

Unio lanceolatus Lea, 1828
Lea, 1828, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 266 [8], pl. 3, fig. 2.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85905, Tar R., at Tarborough, N. Carolina.

Unio lanceolatusLea (1828), Lea (1829), Ferussac (1835), Conrad (1836), Hanley (1843), Adams & Adams (1857), Küster (1861), Sowerby (1866), B.H. Wright (1888), de Gregorio (1914)
Unio lanceolataDeshayes (1830)
Margarita (Unio) lanceolatusLea (1836), Lea (1838)
Eurynia lanceolataAgassiz (1852)
Margaron (Unio) lanceolatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Eurinea) lanceolatusConrad (1853)
Unio (Elliptio) lanceolatusMörch (1853)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) lanceolatusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio lanceolatusOrtmann (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolatusFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio lanceolataDavis et al. (1981), Davis & Fuller (1981), Kat (1983), Davis (1984), ..., Jones (2015), Williams et al. (2017), Inoue et al. (2018), Graf & Cummings (2021)

Unio emmonsii Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 86.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 8]: 56 [60], pl. 2, fig. 203.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86028, Roanoke R., Weldon, N.C.

Unio emmonsiiLea (1857), B.H. Wright (1888)
Margaron (Unio) emmonsiiLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) emmonsiiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio emmonsii, aff.de Gregorio (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) emmonsiiFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio emmonsiiBogan (2002)

Unio viridulus Lea, 1863
Lea, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 15: 193.
Lea, 1866, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 11]: 10 [14], pl. 3, fig. 7.
(homonym of Unio favidens var. viridula Benson, 1862)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) USNM_85908, Neuse R., near Raleigh, N.C.

Unio viridulusLea (1863), Lea (1866), B.H. Wright (1888), de Gregorio (1914)
Margaron (Unio) viridulusLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) viridulusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) viridulusFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio viridulaBogan (2002)

Unio duttonianus Lea, 1841
Lea, 1841, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 2: 31.
Lea, 1842, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 8 [O. 3]: 236 [74], pl. 22, fig. 50.

Unio duttonianusLea (1841), Conrad (1853), Adams & Adams (1857), Sowerby (1868), B.H. Wright (1888)
Margaron (Unio) duttonianusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) duttonianusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio shepardianus f.a duttonianusde Gregorio (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) duttonianusFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)

Unio sagittiformis Lea, 1852
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 5]: 277 [33], pl. 22, fig. 35.
Lea, 1852, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5: 252 [as ‘sagittaformis’]. [nomen nudum]
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85970, Oconee R., near Athens, Ga.

Unio sagittiformisLea (1852), Conrad (1853), Adams & Adams (1857), Sowerby (1868)
Margaron (Unio) sagittiformisLea (1852)
Margaron (Unio) sagittæformisLea (1870)
Unio sagittæformisB.H. Wright (1888)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) sagittiformisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanatus-catawbensisFrierson (1927)
Elliptio (s.s.) violaceus wheatleyiHaas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)

Unio naviculoides Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 170.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 94, pl. 20, fig. 74.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86005, Buck Head Cr., Burke Co., Ga.

Unio naviculoidesLea (1857), B.H. Wright (1888)
Unio jayensisSowerby (1867)
Margaron (Unio) naviculoidesLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) naviculoidesSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) naviculoidesFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)

Unio rostraeformis Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8: 262 [as ‘rostræformis’].
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 64, pl. 10, fig. 46 [as ‘rostriformis’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85973, Swift Creek, near Macon, Georgia.

Unio rostraeformisLea (1857)
Margaron (Unio) rostriformisLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) rostraeformisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) rostraeformisFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio productaBieler (2021)

Unio hazlehurstianus Lea, 1858
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 10: 166.
Lea, 1859, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 211 [29], pl. 26, fig. 92 .
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86009, Satilla R., Camden Co., Ga.

Unio hazlehurstianusLea (1858)
Unio haslehurstianusSowerby (1866)
Margaron (Unio) hazlehurstianusLea (1870)
Unio hazelhurstianusB.H. Wright (1888)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) hazelhurstianusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) hazelhurstianusFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)

Unio sagittaformis Lea, 1852
Lea, 1852, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5: 252. [nomen nudum]
(error for Unio sagittiformis Lea, 1852)

Unio sagittaformisLea (1852)

Unio rostriformis Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8: 262 [as ‘rostræformis’].
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 64, pl. 10, fig. 46.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 60.
(error for Unio rostraeformis Lea, 1857)

Unio rostriformisLea (1857), B.H. Wright (1888)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) rostraeformisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio productaBieler (2021)

Unio haslehurstianus Sowerby, 1866
Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 35, sp. 188.
(error for Unio hazlehurstianus Lea, 1858)

Unio haslehurstianusSowerby (1866)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) hazelhurstianusSimpson (1900)

Margaron (Unio) sagittaeformis Lea, 1870
‘Lea’ of Authors.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 60.
B.H. Wright, 1888, Check List N. Amer. Unionidae etc.: [5].
(error for Unio sagittiformis Lea, 1852)

Margaron (Unio) sagittaeformisLea (1870)

Unio hazelhurstianus B.H. Wright, 1888
‘Lea’ of Authors.
B.H. Wright, 1888, Check List N. Amer. Unionidae etc.: [3].
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 719 [as ‘Unio (sec. Elliptio) hazelhurstianus’].
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 648.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 29 [as ‘Elliptio (Elliptio) hazelhurstianus’].
Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich 88: 229 [as ‘Elliptio (Elliptio) hazelhurstianus’].
R.I. Johnson, 1970, Bull. MCZ 140(6): 333.
Burch, 1975, Freshw. Unio. North Amer.: 164.
(error for Unio hazlehurstianus Lea, 1858)

Unio hazelhurstianusB.H. Wright (1888)

Unio rostreformis de Gregorio, 1914
‘Lea’ de Gregorio, 1914, Il Nat. Siciliano 2: 46.
(error for Unio rostraeformis Lea, 1857)

Unio rostreformisde Gregorio (1914)

Unio arctior var. fisheropsis de Gregorio, 1914
de Gregorio, 1914, Il Nat. Siciliano 2: 45, pl. 5, figs. 3a-c.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio arctior Lea, 1838)

Unio arctior var. fisheropsisde Gregorio (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)

Taxonomic History (since 1900)

Unio (sec. Elliptio) lanceolatusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) duttonianusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) sagittiformisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) emmonsiiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) naviculoidesSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) rostraeformisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) hazelhurstianusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) viridulusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio lanceolatusOrtmann (1914)
Unio lanceolatusde Gregorio (1914)
Unio shepardianus f.a duttonianusde Gregorio (1914)
Unio emmonsii, aff.de Gregorio (1914)
Unio viridulusde Gregorio (1914)
Unio rostreformisde Gregorio (1914)
Unio arctior var. fisheropsisde Gregorio (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolatusFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) duttonianusFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) complanatus-catawbensisFrierson (1927)
Elliptio (s.s.) emmonsiiFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) naviculoidesFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) rostraeformisFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) hazelhurstianusFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) viridulusFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) violaceus wheatleyiHaas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) lanceolataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio lanceolataDavis et al. (1981), Davis & Fuller (1981), Kat (1983), Davis (1984), ..., Jones (2015), Williams et al. (2017), Inoue et al. (2018), Graf & Cummings (2021)
Elliptio emmonsiiBogan (2002)
Elliptio viridulaBogan (2002)
Elliptio productaBieler (2021)

Page updated: 16:40:44 Wed 01 Dec 2021

 
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