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Page last updated
Wed 01 Jul 2020

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

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Bivalvia | Unionoida | Etherioidea | Iridinidae | Iridininae | Pleiodon

species Pleiodon ovatus (Swainson, 1823): synonymy
     102 specimens available.

Iridina ovata Swainson, 1823
Swainson, 1823, Philos. Mag. & J. 61: 113.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 380.
(renamed Arca rostrum Wood, 1828)

Iridina ovataSwainson (1823), Wood (1828), Swainson (1840), Hanley (1843), Ancey (1888)
Platiris (Iridina) ovataSowerby (1839), Lea (1852), Lea (1870)
Mutela (Pliodon) ovataMörch (1853)
Pleiodon ovataAdams & Adams (1857), Graf & Cummings (2006), Graf & Cummings (2007), Zieritz et al. (2013)
Pleiodon ovatusSowerby (1866), Daget (1998), Bogan (2010), Graf & Cummings (2011)
Pliodon ovatusBourguignat (1879)
Mutela (sec. Pliodon) ovataFischer (1886)
Pleiodon (s.s.) ovatusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914), Pain & Woodward (1961)
Pleiodon ovatumKobelt (1910)
Iridina (Pleiodon) ovataPilsbry & Bequaert (1927), Haas (1969), Haas (1969)
Iridina (sec. Pliodon) ovataThiele (1934)
Mutela ovataMandahl-Barth (1988), IUCN (2010)
Iridina ovatusGraf (2000)

Iridina exotica Children, 1823
‘Lamarck’ Children, 1823, Quart. J. Sci., Lit. & Arts 15: 27, pl. 1, fig. 72.
(misidentified reference to Iridina exotica Lamarck, 1819)

Iridina exoticaChildren (1823)
Platiris (Iridina) ovataLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Pleiodon (s.s.) ovatusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914), Pain & Woodward (1961)
Mutela dubia dubiaDaget (1998)

Arca rostrum Wood, 1828
Wood, 1828, Suppl. Index Testac.: 6, pl. 2, sp. 9.
(new name for Iridina ovata Swainson, 1823)

Arca rostrumWood (1828)
Iridina ovataWood (1828)
Mutela (Pliodon) ovataMörch (1853)
Pleiodon (s.s.) ovatusPain & Woodward (1961)

Pleiodon macmurtrei Conrad, 1834
‘Conrad’ of Authors.
Conrad, 1834, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 7(1): 180.
Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 225.
Mörch, 1853, Cat. Conch. Yoldi 2: 49.
Pilsbry & Bequaert, 1927, Bull. AMNH 53: 443.
Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich 88: 601.
Mandahl-Barth, 1988, Studies on African Freshwater Bivalves: 57.
Daget, 1998, Cat. Bivalves Africains: 151.
(incorrect original spelling of Pleiodon macmurtriei Conrad, 1834)

Pleiodon macmurtreiConrad (1834)

Pleiodon macmurtriei Conrad, 1834
Conrad, 1834, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 7(1): 180, pl. 13 [also as ‘macmurtrei’].
(correct name for Pleiodon macmurtrei Conrad, 1834)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE ANSP_41888, [no locality available - West Africa].

Pleiodon macmurtrieiConrad (1834)
Margarita (Pleiodon) macmurtrieiLea (1836)
Iridina ovataHanley (1843)
Platiris (Iridina) ovataLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Mutela (Pliodon) ovataMörch (1853)
Pleiodon ovatusSowerby (1866), Daget (1998)
Pliodon macmurtrieiBourguignat (1879)
Pleiodon (s.s.) ovatusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914), Pain & Woodward (1961)
Iridina (Pleiodon) ovataPilsbry & Bequaert (1927), Haas (1969)
Mutela ovataMandahl-Barth (1988)
Pleiodon ovataGraf & Cummings (2007)

Iridina valeus Jay, 1850
Jay, 1850, Cat. Rec. Shells: 70. [nomen nudum]

Iridina valeusJay (1850)
Mutela valeusAdams & Adams (1857)
Pleiodon (s.s.) ovatusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914), Pain & Woodward (1961)
Pleiodon ovatusDaget (1998)

Platiris (Iridina) leaii Lea, 1852
‘Sow.’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 54. [nomen nudum]
‘Sow.’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 88. [nomen nudum]
Type(s): NOMEN NUDUM USNM_86774, Senegal.

Platiris (Iridina) leaiiLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Pleiodon leaiiAdams & Adams (1857)
Pleiodon (s.s.) ovatusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914), Pain & Woodward (1961)
Iridina (Pleiodon) ovataPilsbry & Bequaert (1927), Haas (1969)
Pleiodon ovatusDaget (1998)

Pleiodon splendens Conrad, 1854
‘Chenu’ Conrad, 1854, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 299.
Chenu, 1858, Illustr. Conchyl.: pl. 5, figs. 2-2d.

Pleiodon splendensConrad (1854)
Pleiodon (s.s.) ovatusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914), Pain & Woodward (1961)
Iridina (Pleiodon) ovataHaas (1969)
Pleiodon ovatusDaget (1998)

Iridina splendida Chenu, 1858
Chenu, 1858, Illustr. Conchyl.: pl. 1, figs. 2-2d.
Type(s): SYNTYPES MNHN_MP_0311, Senegal.

Iridina splendidaChenu (1858)
Platiris (Iridina) ovataLea (1870)
Pleiodon (s.s.) ovatusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914), Pain & Woodward (1961)
Iridina (Pleiodon) ovataPilsbry & Bequaert (1927), Haas (1969)
Pleiodon ovatusDaget (1998)

Pleiodon mcmurtrei Sowerby, 1866
‘Conrad’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 1, sp. 1.
(error for Pleiodon macmurtriei Conrad, 1834)

Pleiodon mcmurtreiSowerby (1866)

Iridina spendida Lea, 1870
‘Chenu’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 88.
(error for Iridina splendida Chenu, 1858)

Iridina spendidaLea (1870)

Pliodon diolibanus Bourguignat, 1879
Bourguignat, 1879, Descr. Div. Espèces Terr. Fluv. Diff. Genres Moll. Égypte, Abyssinie, Zanzibar, Sénégal, Centre Afrique: 47.
Type(s): SYNTYPE MNHN_MP_0207, Niger.

Pliodon diolibanusBourguignat (1879)
Pleiodon (s.s.) diolibanusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Pleiodon djolibanumKobelt (1910)
Iridina (Pleiodon) diolibanaPilsbry & Bequaert (1927)
Iridina (Pleiodon) ovataHaas (1969)
Pleiodon ovatusDaget (1998)

Pliodon elongatus Bourguignat, 1879
Bourguignat, 1879, Descr. Div. Espèces Terr. Fluv. Diff. Genres Moll. Égypte, Abyssinie, Zanzibar, Sénégal, Centre Afrique: 47.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MNHN_MP_0046, Bakel, Senegal.

Pliodon elongatusBourguignat (1879)
Pleiodon (s.s.) elongatusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Pleiodon elongatumKobelt (1910)
Iridina (Pleiodon) elongataPilsbry & Bequaert (1927)
Iridina (Pleiodon) ovataHaas (1969)
Pleiodon ovatusDaget (1998), Graf & Cummings (2011)

Pliodon letourneuxianus Bourguignat, 1879
Bourguignat, 1879, Descr. Div. Espèces Terr. Fluv. Diff. Genres Moll. Égypte, Abyssinie, Zanzibar, Sénégal, Centre Afrique: 48.

Pliodon letourneuxianusBourguignat (1879)
Pleiodon (s.s.) letourneuxianusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Pleiodon letourneuxianumKobelt (1910)
Iridina (Pleiodon) letourneuxianaPilsbry & Bequaert (1927)
Iridina (Pleiodon) ovataHaas (1969)
Pleiodon ovatusDaget (1998)

Pliodon pachyodon Bourguignat, 1879
Bourguignat, 1879, Descr. Div. Espèces Terr. Fluv. Diff. Genres Moll. Égypte, Abyssinie, Zanzibar, Sénégal, Centre Afrique: 46.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MNHN_MP_0282, Bafing, affluent du Senegal.

Pliodon pachyodonBourguignat (1879)
Pleiodon (s.s.) pachyodonSimpson (1900)
Pleiodon pachyodonKobelt (1910)
Pleiodon (s.s.) ovatus var. pachyodonSimpson (1914)
Iridina (Pleiodon) pachyodonPilsbry & Bequaert (1927)
Pleiodon (s.s.) ovatusPain & Woodward (1961)
Iridina (Pleiodon) ovataHaas (1969)
Pleiodon ovatusDaget (1998)

Pliodon ovatus var. compressa Germain, 1909
Germain, 1909, Arch. Zool. exp. gén. 1: 44, footnote.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Iridina ovata Swainson, 1823)

Pliodon ovatus var. compressaGermain (1909)
Pleiodon ovatusDaget (1998)

Pleiodon djolibanum Kobelt, 1910
‘Bourguignat’ Kobelt, 1910, Abh. Senckenb. Naturf. Ges. 32: 85.
(error for Pliodon diolibanus Bourguignat, 1879)

Pleiodon djolibanumKobelt (1910)

Pliodon ovatus var. ventricosa Paulus & Paulus, 1948
Paulus & Paulus, 1948, Bull. Mus. Hist. nat. Marseille 8(2-3): 87.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Iridina ovata Swainson, 1823)

Pliodon ovatus var. ventricosaPaulus & Paulus (1948)
Pleiodon ovatusDaget (1998)

Pleiodon (s.s.) watersoni Pain & Woodward, 1961
Pain & Woodward, 1961, Annals Mus. R. Afr. Cent. 8: 9, pl. 2-3.

Pleiodon (s.s.) watersoniPain & Woodward (1961)
Mutela ovataMandahl-Barth (1988)
Pleiodon ovatusDaget (1998)

Page updated: 16:19:51 Wed 01 Jul 2020

 
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