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Page last updated
Fri 02 Sep 2022

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

For each valid genus, the nominal generic synonyms are listed. The taxonomic history (since 1900) at the bottom of the page lists the genera to which all of the currently included species have been classified.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Sphaerioida | Sphaeriidae | Sphaeriinae

genus Sphaerium Scopoli, 1777: nominal genera
     70 valid species

Sphaerium Scopoli, 1777
Scopoli, 1777, Intro. His. Nat., etc.: 397.
Type species: Tellina cornea Linnaeus, 1758 () = Sphaerium corneum

Nux Humphrey, 1797
Humphrey, 1797, Mus. Col.: 59.

Cyclas Lamarck, 1799
Bruguière, 1797, Encycl. Méth. 2: 301.
Lamarck, 1799, Mém. Soc. Hist. Nat. 1: 84.
(renamed Cycladea Rafinesque, 1815)
Type species: Tellina cornea Linnaeus, 1758 () = Sphaerium corneum

Musculium Link, 1807
Link, 1807, Beschr. Natr. Samml. Univ. Rostock 3: 152.
Type species: Tellina lacustris Müller, 1774 () = Sphaerium lacustre

Cornea Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811
Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811, Mag. Ges. Nat. Fr. Berlin 5: 56.
(renamed Corneocyclas Blainville, 1818)
Type species: Cornea communis Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811 (monotypy) = Sphaerium corneum

Cycladea Rafinesque, 1815
Rafinesque, 1815, Analyse Nat.: 146.
(new name for Cyclas Lamarck, 1799)

Cyclus Jurine, 1817
Jurine, 1817, Helvet. Almanac: 37.
Anton, 1837, Arch. Naturg. 3 (1): 284.
(error for Cyclas Lamarck, 1799)

Corneocyclas Blainville, 1818
‘Féruss.’ Blainville, 1818, Dict. Sci. Nat. 12: 278.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Cyclas Lamarck, 1799; new name for Cornea Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811)

Ameroda Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 319.
(error for Amesoda Rafinesque, 1820; renamed Amesodon Agassiz, 1846)

Amesoda Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 319.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Cyclas Lamarck, 1799; renamed Amesodon Agassiz, 1846)
Type species: Cyclas similis Say, 1817 () = Sphaerium simile

Phymeroda Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 319.
(error for Phymesoda Rafinesque, 1820)

Phymesoda Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 319.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Cyclas Lamarck, 1799)

Cycladites Krueger, 1823
Krueger, 1823, Gesch. d. Urwelt. 165: 469.

Cyclos Krueger, 1823
Krueger, 1823, Gesch. d. Urwelt. 165: 469.
(error for Cyclas Lamarck, 1799)

Cyglas Oken, 1835
Oken, 1835, Allg. Naturges.: 303.
(error for Cyclas Lamarck, 1799)

Amesodon Agassiz, 1846
Agassiz, 1846, Nomencl. Zool. Index Univ.: 17.
(new name for Ameroda Rafinesque, 1820; new name for Amesoda Rafinesque, 1820)

Amisoda Deshayes, 1854
Deshayes, 1854, Cat. Bivalves Brit. Mus. part 1: 261.
(error for Amesoda Rafinesque, 1820)

Cyrenastrum Bourguignat, 1854
Bourguignat, 1854, Rev. Mag. Zool. 6: 668.
Bourguignat, 1854, Rev. Mag. Zool. 6: 674.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Sphaerium Scopoli, 1777)
Type species: Cyclas solida Normand, 1844 (orig. desig.) = Sphaerium solidum

Sphaeriastrum Bourguignat, 1854
Bourguignat, 1854, Rev. Mag. Zool. 6: 668.
Bourguignat, 1854, Rev. Mag. Zool. 6: 674.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Sphaerium Scopoli, 1777)
Type species: Cyclas rivicola Lamarck, 1818 () = Sphaerium rivicola

Securilla Drouët, 1855
Drouët, 1855, Mém. Soc. Roy. Sci. Liége 10: 164.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Cyclas Brug.)

Musculium Adams & Adams, 1857
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll. 2(31-32): 165, 451.
(reference to Musculium Link, 1807)

Physemoda Prime, 1860
‘Raf.’ Prime, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 267.
‘Rafinesque’ Prime, 1865, Smithsonian Misc. Coll. (145): 59.
(error for Phymesoda Rafinesque, 1820)

Calyculina Clessin, 1872
Clessin, 1872, Malak. Blatt. 19: 159.
Westerlund, 1873, Fauna Moll. Terr. Fluv. Suec. Norv. Dan. (2): 490, 515.
Type species: Cyclas calyculata Draparnaud, 1806 () = Sphaerium lacustre

Carneola Westerlund, 1873
Westerlund, 1873, Fauna Moll. Terr. Fluv. Suec. Norv. Dan. (2): 490.
(error for Corneola Westerlund, 1873)

Corneola Westerlund, 1873
Westerlund, 1873, Fauna Moll. Terr. Fluv. Suec. Norv. Dan. (2): 503.
(homonym of Held, 1837 [Gastrop.])
Type species: Tellina cornea Linnaeus, 1758 () = Sphaerium corneum

Musculum Paetel, 1875
‘Link’ of Authors.
Paetel, 1875, Fam. Gatt. Moll.: 130.
Contreras-Arquieta, 2000, Mexicoa 2(1): 45.
(error for Musculium Link, 1807)

Corneana Servain, 1888
Servain, 1888, Bull. Soc. Malac. France 5: 311.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Sphaerium Scopoli, 1777)

Lacustriana Servain, 1888
Servain, 1888, Bull. Soc. Malac. France 5: 312.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Sphaerium Scopoli, 1777)

Rivicoliana Servain, 1888
Servain, 1888, Bull. Soc. Malac. France 5: 309.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Sphaerium Scopoli, 1777)
Type species: Cyclas rivicola Lamarck, 1818 () = Sphaerium rivicola

Solidiana Servain, 1888
Servain, 1888, Bull. Soc. Malac. France 5: 310.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Sphaerium Scopoli, 1777)

Primella Cooper, 1892
Cooper, 1892, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 3: 82.

Caliculina Fischer & Crosse, 1894
Fischer & Crosse, 1894, Miss. Sci. Mexique, Rech. Zool. 2(16): 651.
(error for Calyculina Clessin, 1872)

Pseudocorbicula Dautzenberg, 1908
Dautzenberg, 1908, J. de Conch. 56: 32.
Type species: Pseudocorbicula alluaudi Dautzenberg, 1908 () = Sphaerium nyanzae

Serratisphoerium Germain, 1909
Germain, 1909, Arch. Zool. exp. gén. 1: 114.
Type species: Sphaerium courteti Germain, 1904 () = Sphaerium hartmanni

Cornecyclas Hesse, 1916
Hesse, 1916, Nachr. Bl. Dtsch. Malak. Ges. 48: 123.
(error for Corneocyclas Blainville, 1818)
Type species: Cornea communis Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811 () = Sphaerium corneum

Musculinum Müller, 1921
Müller, 1921, Arch. Moll. 52: 188.
(error for Musculium Link, 1807)

Spaerium Schlesch, 1925
Schlesch, 1925, Arch. Moll. 57(3): 93.
(error for Sphaerium Scopoli, 1777)

Spoerium Bowler-Kelley, 1928
Bowler-Kelley, 1928, C. R. Assoc. Franç. Avanc. Sci. 52: 454.
(error for Sphaerium Scopoli, 1777)

Serratisphaerium Thiele, 1934
Thiele, 1934, Handb. Syst. Weichtierk. 3: 853 [1297].
Vinarski & Kantor, 2016, Analyt. Cat. Fr. Brack. Moll. Russia: 85.
(error for Serratisphoerium Germain, 1909)
Type species: Sphaerium courteti Germain, 1904 () = Sphaerium hartmanni

Sphaerinova Iredale, 1943
Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool. 10: 195.
Type species: Sphaerium macgillivrayi E.A. Smith, 1882 () = Sphaerium tasmanicum

Clessinicyclas Alimov & Starobogatov, 1968
Alimov & Starobogatov, 1968, Moll. & Role in Ecosyst.: 15.
Type species: Cyclas scaldiana Normand, 1844 () = Sphaerium nucleus

Nucleocyclas Alimov & Starobogatov, 1968
Alimov & Starobogatov, 1968, Moll. & Role in Ecosyst.: 14.
Type species: Cyclas nucleus Studer, 1820 () = Sphaerium nucleus

Paramusculium Alimov & Starobogatov, 1968
Alimov & Starobogatov, 1968, Moll. & Role in Ecosyst.: 15.
Type species: Cyclas transversa Say, 1829 () = Sphaerium transversum

Parasphaerium Alimov & Starobogatov, 1968
Alimov & Starobogatov, 1968, Moll. & Role in Ecosyst.: 14.
Type species: Sphaerium rectidens Starobogatov & Streletzkaja, 1967 () = Sphaerium nitidum

Herringtonium Clarke, 1973
Clarke, 1973, Malacologia 13(1-2): 148.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Sphaerium Scopoli, 1777)
Type species: Cyclas occidentale Lewis, 1856 (orig. desig.) = Sphaerium occidentale

Asiocyclas Starobogatov & Korniushin, 1986
Starobogatov & Korniushin, 1986, unknown publication: ??.
Type species: Cyclas asiatica Martens, 1864 () = Sphaerium asiaticum

Asiomusculium Starobogatov & Korniushin, 1986
Starobogatov & Korniushin, 1986, unknown publication: ??.
Type species: Cyclas calyculata var. inflata Middendorff, 1851 () = Sphaerium asiaticum

Morimusculium Starobogatov, 1986
Starobogatov, 1986, unknown publication: ??.
Type species: Sphaerium miyadii Mori, 1933 () = Sphaerium miyadii

Parvimusculium Starobogatov & Korniushin, 1986
Starobogatov & Korniushin, 1986, unknown publication: ??.
Type species: Cyclas creplini Dunker, 1845 () = Sphaerium lacustre

Shadinicyclas Starobogatov & Korniushin, 1986
Starobogatov & Korniushin, 1986, unknown publication: ??.

Sibirisphaerium Slugina et al., 1994
Slugina & Starobogatov in Slugina et al., 1994, Ruthenica 4(2): 124.
Type species: Sphaerium westerlundi Westerlund, 1873 () = Sphaerium corneum

Pseudopisidium Korniushin, 1995
Korniushin, 1995, J. Moll. Studies 61: 167.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Musculium Link, 1807)
Type species: Pisidium incomitatum Kuiper, 1966 (orig. desig.) = Sphaerium incomitatum

Taxonomic History (since 1900)

SphæriumMartens (1900), Pilsbry (1904), E.A. Smith (1906)
Sphærium (s.s.)Dall (1903)
Sphærium (s.s. sec. Cyrenastrum)Dall (1903)
Sphærium (s.s. sec. Sphæriastrum)Dall (1903)
Sphærium (Musculium)Dall (1903), Pilsbry (1904)
SphaeriumAnnandale & Prashad (1921), Pilsbry & Bequaert (1927), Srinivasa Rao (1928), F.C. Baker (1928), ..., Ituarte (2020), Príe et al. (2020), Múrria et al. (2020), Breure et al. (2022)
PisidiumPilsbry (1924), Kuiper (1966)
EuperaPilsbry & Bequaert (1927), Mansur & Meier-Brook (2000)
PseudocorbiculaPilsbry & Bequaert (1927), Thiele (1934)
Sphaerium (s.s.)Thiele (1934), Zhadin (1965), Clarke (1973), Burch (1975), ..., Starobogatov et al. (2004), Bank (2006), Vinarski & Kantor (2016), Fuentealba-Jara et al. (2017)
Sphaerium (Amesoda)Thiele (1934), Falkner et al. (2001), Lee & Ó Foighil (2003)
Sphaerium (Sphaeriastrum)Thiele (1934), Zhadin (1965), Mansur & Meier-Brook (2000)
Sphaerium (Cyrenastrum)Thiele (1934), Zhadin (1965), Falkner et al. (2001), Korniushin & Glaubrecht (2002), Vinarski & Kantor (2016)
Sphaerium (Serratisphaerium) [sic]Thiele (1934)
Sphaerium (Musculium)Thiele (1934), Zhadin (1965), Clarke (1973), Lee & Ó Foighil (2003)
Sphaerium (Herringtonium)Clarke (1973), Burch (1975), Cooley & Ó Foighil (2000), Korniushin & Glaubrecht (2002), Lee & Ó Foighil (2003), Fuentealba-Jara et al. (2017)
MusculiumBurch (1975), Mackie et al. (1980), Kuiper (1983), Kuiper et al. (1989), ..., Vinarski et al. (2020), Ituarte (2020), Múrria et al. (2020), Groh et al. (2020)
Burch (1975), Daget (1998)
Sphaerium (Sphaerinova)B.J. Smith (1992), Cooley & Ó Foighil (2000), Lee & Ó Foighil (2003), Fuentealba-Jara et al. (2017)
Musculium (Pseudopisidium)Korniushin (1995)
Musculium (Sphaerinova)Korniushin (2000)
Musculium (s.s.)Korniushin (2000), Falkner et al. (2001), Starobogatov et al. (2004), Bank (2006), Vinarski & Kantor (2016)
Musculum [sic]Contreras-Arquieta (2000)
Sphaerium (Nucleocyclas)Falkner et al. (2001), Bank (2006), Vinarski & Kantor (2016)
Sphaerium (Parasphaerium)Falkner et al. (2001), Vinarski & Kantor (2016)
Sphaerium (Rivicoliana)Korniushin & Glaubrecht (2002), Vinarski & Kantor (2016)
Musculium (Morimusculium)Starobogatov et al. (2004)
Musculium (Parvimusculium)Starobogatov et al. (2004)
ParamusculiumStarobogatov et al. (2004), Kantor et al. (2010)
RivicolianaStarobogatov et al. (2004), Kantor et al. (2010)
Amesoda (Cyrenastrum)Starobogatov et al. (2004)
Amesoda (Asiocyclas)Starobogatov et al. (2004)
Amesoda (Clessinicyclas)Starobogatov et al. (2004)
Sphaerium (Sibirisphaerium)Starobogatov et al. (2004)
ParasphaeriumStarobogatov et al. (2004), Kantor et al. (2010)
AmesodaKantor et al. (2010)
NucleocyclasKantor et al. (2010)
Musculium (Paramusculium)Vinarski & Kantor (2016)
Euglesa (Conventus)Vinarski & Kantor (2016)
“Sphaerium (S)”Fuentealba-Jara et al. (2017)

Page updated: 13:39:38 Fri 02 Sep 2022

 
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