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Page last updated
Sat 17 Feb 2024

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Cladomics pages are experimental — even more so than the rest of this site!

The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page. Abbreviations for the various statistics are explained on the FARQ!

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Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Unioninae | Anodontini | Cristariina

genus Pletholophus Simpson, 1900: cladomics
     3 valid species

Cladomics Summary

number of species = 3

analyzed in 27 cladograms in 13 publications
maximum number of terminals in an analysis = 3, mean = 1.15

Basic Monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species) = 3
maximum number of included terminals = 3, mean = 2.33
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly = 1.0


Bogan et al., 2023 [Publ 4295], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 3 2 2 0.0

*** Top Monophyly Cladogram ***

  +----------- Cristaria_truncata        
--+                                      
  |  +-------- Sinanodonta_jourdyi       
  +--+                                   
     |  +----- Pletholophus_honglinhensis **
     +--+                                
        |  +-- Pletholophus_tenuis **       
        +--+                             
           +-- Pletholophus_reinianus **    

Bogan et al., 2023 [Publ 4295], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 29 25 6 --

*** Top Sister-Group Cladogram ***

              +-------------- Amuranodonta_kijaensis    
              |                                         
  +-----------+  +----------- Anemina_arcaeformis       
  |           |  |                                      
  |           +--+  +-------- Buldowskia_suifunica      
  |              |  |                                   
  |              +--+     +-- Buldowskia_flavotincta    
  |                 |  +--+                             
  |                 |  |  +-- Buldowskia_shadini        
  |                 +--+                                
--+                    |  +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai       
  |                    +--+                             
  |                       +-- Buldowskia_kamiyai        
  |                                                     
  |                       +-- Pletholophus_honglinhensis **
  |  +--------------------+                             
  |  |                    +-- Pletholophus_tenuis **       
  |  |                                                  
  |  |              +-------- Beringiana_japonica       
  +--+  +-----------+                                   
     |  |           |  +----- Beringiana_beringiana     
     |  |           +--+                                
     |  |              |  +-- Beringiana_fukuharai      
     |  |              +--+                             
     +--+                 +-- Beringiana_gosannensis    
        |                                               
        |                 +-- Sinanodonta_angula        
        |  +--------------+                             
        |  |              +-- Sinanodonta_lucida        
        |  |                                            
        +--+  +-------------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii     
           |  |                                         
           |  |           +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos     
           +--+-----------+                             
              |           +-- Sinanodonta_tumens        
              |                                         
              |  +----------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]   
              +--+                                      
                 |  +-------- Sinanodonta_jourdyi       
                 +--+                                   
                    |  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica     
                    +--+                                
                       |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta         
                       +--+                             
                          +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]   

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020 [Publ 4080], fig. 9

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 4 2 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata     
--+                               
  |  +----- Sinanodonta_schrenkii 
  +--+                            
     |  +-- Pletholophus_tenuis **   
     +--+                         
        +-- Pletholophus_reinianus **

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017 [Publ 3745], fig. 1-2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 80 4 3 --
  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis
--+                            
  |  +----- Pletholophus_tenuis **
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi
     +--+                      
        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida 

Bolotov et al., 2017 [Publ 3761], fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 140 5 2 --
           +-- Cristaria_plicata  
  +--------+                      
  |        +-- Cristaria_radiata  
--+                               
  |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis **
  +--+                            
     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida 
     +--+                         
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi
        +--+                      
           +-- Sinanodonta_lauta  

Bolotov et al., 2017 [Publ 3761], fig. S2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 140 5 2 --
           +-- Cristaria_plicata  
  +--------+                      
  |        +-- Cristaria_radiata  
--+                               
  |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis **
  +--+                            
     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida 
     +--+                         
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta  
        +--+                      
           +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi

Bolotov et al., 2017 [Publ 3764], fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 130 5 2 --
-- Pletholophus_tenuis

Sano et al., 2017 [Publ 3799], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 26 7 4 --
              +-- Cristaria_plicata    
  +-----------+                        
  |           +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai  
--+                                    
  |  +----------- Pletholophus_tenuis **  
  |  |                                 
  +--+        +-- Sinanodonta_tumens   
     |  +-----+                        
     |  |     +-- Sinanodonta_lauta    
     +--+                              
        |  +----- Beringiana_fukuharai 
        +--+                           
           |  +-- Beringiana_japonica  
           +--+                        
              +-- Beringiana_beringiana

Sano et al., 2017 [Publ 3799], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 35 8 4 --
        +----- Beringiana_fukuharai 
  +-----+                           
  |     |  +-- Beringiana_japonica  
  |     +--+                        
--+        +-- Beringiana_beringiana
  |                                 
  |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis **  
  +--+                              
     |  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana 
     +--+                           
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta    
        +--+                        
           +-- Sinanodonta_tumens   

Bolotov et al., 2018 [Publ 3826], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 84 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata  
--+                            
  |  +----- Pletholophus_tenuis **
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi
     +--+                      
        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta  

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 203 8 3 --
  +----------------- Cristaria_plicata      
  |                                         
--+  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis **    
  |  |                                      
  +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_angula     
     |  +--------+                          
     |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida     
     +--+                                   
        |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]
        +--+                                
           |  +----- Sinanodonta_jourdyi    
           +--+                             
              |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica  
              +--+                          
                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. S3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 200 8 3 --
  +----------------- Cristaria_plicata      
  |                                         
--+  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis **    
  |  |                                      
  +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_angula     
     |  +--------+                          
     |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida     
     +--+                                   
        |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]
        +--+                                
           |  +----- Sinanodonta_jourdyi    
           +--+                             
              |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica  
              +--+                          
                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. S4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 201 8 3 --
  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis **    
  |                                      
--+           +-- Sinanodonta_angula     
  |  +--------+                          
  |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida     
  +--+                                   
     |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]
     +--+                                
        |  +----- Sinanodonta_jourdyi    
        +--+                             
           |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica  
           +--+                          
              +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020 [Publ 4080], fig. 2-4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 121 23 6 --
                       +-- Cristaria_plicata      
  +--------------------+                          
  |                    +-- Cristaria_clessini     
  |                                               
  |        +-------------- Anemina_arcaeformis    
  |        |                                      
  +--------+  +----------- Amuranodonta_kijaensis 
  |        |  |                                   
  |        +--+  +-------- Buldowskia_suifunica   
  |           |  |                                
  |           +--+     +-- Buldowskia_flavotincta 
--+              |  +--+                          
  |              |  |  +-- Buldowskia_shadini     
  |              +--+                             
  |                 |  +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai    
  |                 +--+                          
  |                    +-- Buldowskia_kamiyai     
  |                                               
  |  +-------------------- Pletholophus_tenuis **    
  |  |                                            
  |  |           +-------- Beringiana_japonica    
  |  |  +--------+                                
  +--+  |        |  +----- Beringiana_beringiana  
     |  |        +--+                             
     |  |           |  +-- Beringiana_fukuharai   
     |  |           +--+                          
     +--+              +-- Beringiana_gosannensis 
        |                                         
        |              +-- Sinanodonta_angula     
        |  +-----------+                          
        |  |           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida     
        |  |                                      
        +--+  +----------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii  
           |  |                                   
           |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos  
           |  +--------+                          
           +--+        +-- Sinanodonta_tumens     
              |                                   
              |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]
              |  |                                
              +--+  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica  
                 |  |                             
                 +--+----- Sinanodonta_jourdyi    
                    |                             
                    |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta      
                    +--+                          
                       +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 47 15 5 --
-- Pletholophus_tenuis

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 72 11 5 --
  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis **  
  |                                    
  |        +----- Beringiana_fukuharai 
--+  +-----+                           
  |  |     |  +-- Beringiana_japonica  
  |  |     +--+                        
  +--+        +-- Beringiana_beringiana
     |                                 
     |  +-------- Sinanodonta_lucida   
     +--+                              
        |  +----- Sinanodonta_tumens   
        +--+                           
           |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta    
           +--+                        
              +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana 

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 71 11 5 --
     +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis **  
  +--+                              
  |  |  +----- Beringiana_fukuharai 
  |  +--+                           
  |     |  +-- Beringiana_japonica  
--+     +--+                        
  |        +-- Beringiana_beringiana
  |                                 
  |  +-------- Sinanodonta_lucida   
  +--+                              
     |  +----- Sinanodonta_tumens   
     +--+                           
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana 
        +--+                        
           +-- Sinanodonta_lauta    

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 71 11 5 --
     +-------- Sinanodonta_lucida   
  +--+                              
  |  |  +----- Sinanodonta_tumens   
  |  +--+                           
  |     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana 
--+     +--+                        
  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta    
  |                                 
  |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis **  
  +--+                              
     |  +----- Beringiana_fukuharai 
     +--+                           
        |  +-- Beringiana_japonica  
        +--+                        
           +-- Beringiana_beringiana

Kano et al., 2019 [Publ 4194], fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 2 2 --
  +----- Sinanodonta_lauta  
--+                         
  |  +-- Pletholophus_tenuis **
  +--+                      
     +-- Beringiana_japonica

Jeratthitikul et al., 2022 [Publ 4260], fig. S1, 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 75 4 2 --
  +----------- Cristaria_plicata  
--+                               
  |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis **
  +--+                            
     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida 
     +--+                         
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta  
        +--+                      
           +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi

Jeratthitikul et al., 2022 [Publ 4260], fig. S2, 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 75 4 2 --
  +----------- Cristaria_plicata  
--+                               
  |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis **
  +--+                            
     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida 
     +--+                         
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi
        +--+                      
           +-- Sinanodonta_lauta  

Bogan et al., 2023 [Publ 4295], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 6 5 2 --
           +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi       
  +--------+                             
  |        +-- Pletholophus_honglinhensis **
--+                                      
  |  +-------- Cristaria_radiata         
  +--+                                   
     |  +----- Cristaria_clessini        
     +--+                                
        |  +-- Cristaria_plicata         
        +--+                             
           +-- Cristaria_truncata        

Bogan et al., 2023 [Publ 4295], fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 12 11 2 --
  +----------------------- Pletholophus_honglinhensis **
  |                                                  
--+  +-------------------- Cristaria_truncata        
  |  |                                               
  +--+                 +-- Sinanodonta_angula        
     |  +--------------+                             
     |  |              +-- Sinanodonta_lucida        
     +--+                                            
        |  +-------------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii     
        |  |                                         
        +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos     
           |  +--------+                             
           |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_tumens        
           +--+                                      
              |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]   
              |  |                                   
              +--+-------- Sinanodonta_jourdyi       
                 |                                   
                 |  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica     
                 +--+                                
                    |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta         
                    +--+                             
                       +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]   

Chen et al., 2023 [Publ 4302], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 39 5 5 --
  +----- Pletholophus_tenuis **  
--+                           
  |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi  
  +--+                        
     +-- Beringiana_beringiana

Chen et al., 2023 [Publ 4302], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 39 5 5 --
        +-- Anemina_arcaeformis   
  +-----+                         
  |     +-- Amuranodonta_kijaensis
--+                               
  |  +----- Pletholophus_tenuis **   
  +--+                            
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi   
     +--+                         
        +-- Beringiana_beringiana 

Sano et al., 2022 [Publ 4311], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 13 13 4 --
              +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis **   
  +-----------+                               
  |           |  +----- Cristaria_plicata     
  |           +--+                            
  |              |  +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai   
  |              +--+                         
  |                 +-- Buldowskia_kamiyai    
--+                                           
  |           +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai  
  |  +--------+                               
  |  |        |  +----- Beringiana_japonica   
  |  |        +--+                            
  |  |           |  +-- Beringiana_gosannensis
  +--+           +--+                         
     |              +-- Beringiana_beringiana 
     |                                        
     |  +-------------- Sinanodonta_tumens    
     +--+                                     
        |  +----------- Sinanodonta[2]        
        +--+                                  
           |  +-------- Sinanodonta_calipygos 
           +--+                               
              |  +----- Sinanodonta_lauta     
              +--+                            
                 |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana  
                 +--+                         
                    +-- Sinanodonta[1]        

Sano et al., 2022 [Publ 4311], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 17 17 4 --
                 +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis **    
  +--------------+                                
  |              |  +----- Cristaria_plicata      
  |              +--+                             
  |                 |  +-- Buldowskia_kamiyai     
  |                 +--+                          
  |                    +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai    
--+                                               
  |              +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai   
  |  +-----------+                                
  |  |           |  +----- Beringiana_gosannensis 
  |  |           +--+                             
  |  |              |  +-- Beringiana_japonica    
  |  |              +--+                          
  +--+                 +-- Beringiana_beringiana  
     |                                            
     |                 +-- Sinanodonta_angula     
     |  +--------------+                          
     |  |              +-- Sinanodonta_lucida     
     |  |                                         
     +--+           +----- Sinanodonta_schrenkii  
        |  +--------+                             
        |  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_tumens     
        |  |        +--+                          
        +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos  
           |                                      
           |  +----------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]
           +--+                                   
              |  +-------- Sinanodonta_jourdyi    
              +--+                                
                 |  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica  
                 +--+                             
                    |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]
                    +--+                          
                       +-- Sinanodonta_lauta      

Page updated: 11:00:07 Sat 17 Feb 2024

 
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