Page last updated
Thu 07 Sep 2023

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page reports the specimens in the MUSSELpdb and provides a map if geocodes are known. The taxonomic history reports the record of different names and combinations that have been applied to this species (and its synonyms) since 2007.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Margaritiferidae | Margaritiferinae | Margaritifera

species Margaritifera margaritifera (Linnaeus, 1758): specimens
     31 nominal species as synonyms

Taxonomic History (since 2007)

Margaritifera margaritiferaZhou et al. (2007), Taylor et al. (2007), Kneeland & Rhymer (2007), Graf & Cummings (2007), ..., Jeratthitikul et al. (2022), Vikhrev et al. (2022), Dai et al. (2023), Prié et al. (2023)
Margaritifera (s.s.) margaritiferaBolotov et al. (2016)
Margaritana pirenaicaVinarski & Kantor (2016)

Range: Widespread in eastern North America and western Eurasia; reported from Iceland.

Map of Georeferenced Specimens
species map


INHS_20100 Austria


INHS_20094 Lappland



Carcenac (Aveyron)


l’Ance, près de Viverolles (Puy-de-Dôme)


Vire [Calvados]

MNHN_22371 La Bèbre (Allier)

MNHN_22370 Lognes-Marche (Manche)

MNHN_22369 l’Ance, près de Viverolles (Puy-de-Dôme)



Ulfenbach bei Affolterbach


Nister b. Hachenburg


INHS_198 Bayer Wald, Bavaria, Germany



River Nore, Durrow, Queen’s Co., Ireland


BMNH_20001318 River Nore, Durrow, Queen’s Co., Ireland



la Tamega, pres a Amarante, Portugal




Varzuga River, about 50 km upstream of Varzuga on the Kola Peninsula, Murmansk, Russia



INHS_18315 Gärån (a stream), 2.2 km N Sätila, Marks Kommun, Sweden

INHS_17866 Iglabäcken Creek, 1.7 mi N Hajom, 3 km downstream Lake Bårredsjön, SE of Göteborg, in Western Sweden, Marks Kommun, Sweden

INHS_21307 Lindåsbäcken, 1.8 km SSW Målsryd, downstream Hwy. 27 bridge, Borås Kommun, Västergötland, Sweden

INHS_21309 Sävbäcken, 7.8 km NE Kinnarumma , Borås Kommun, Västergötland, Sweden

INHS_21308 side channel of Sävbäcken, 0.98 km SSW Hulu, 4.9 km NE Kinnarumma , Borås Kommun, Västergötland, Sweden

Genbank Vouchers

BivAToL-299 (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3, SRA).

(ME4) (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

(28943) (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

MNCN_FW1407-4 (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

(WR15) (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

MNCN_FW1407-2 (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

MNCN_FW1490-3 (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

(ME3) (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

(HB12) (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

MCZ_DNA100694 (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

(ME2) (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

MNCN_FW1411-4 (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

MNCN_FW1411-5 (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

MCZ_DNA100697 (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

MNCN_FW1407-1 (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

MNCN_FW1490-1 (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

(FS4) (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

(WR14) (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

MNCN_FW1490-2 (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

MNCN_FW1408-3 (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

MNCN_N402 (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

MNCN_N386 (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

MNCN_N400 (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

(28942) (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S, H3).

(FS3) (COI, 16S, 28S, 18S).

NRM 37489-Marg1 (COI, 16S, ITS1, 18S).

CIIMAR_B155G (28S, 18S, mtGenome).

RMBH_biv_618 (COI, 16S, 28S).

MNCN_FW1490-4 (COI, 16S).

MNCN_FW1296-16 (COI, 16S).

MNCN_FW1490-5 (COI, 16S).

MNCN_FW1194-3 (COI, 16S).

MNCN_FW1490-6 (COI, 16S).

UA_21019 (COI, 28S) Ireland.

FW1405-4 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1171_22 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_7 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_11 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_2 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_20 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_7 (COI).

RMBH_biv_601_3 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_21 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_10 (COI).

RMBH_biv_73_6 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_26 (COI).

RMBH_biv_601_2 (COI).

RMBH_biv_600_124 (COI).

SauJH7 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_2 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_26 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_3 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1171_28 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_10 (COI).

SuomJH5 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_28 (COI).

KotJH24 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_4 (COI).

RMBH_biv_600_106 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_2 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_6 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_5 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_29 (COI).

MNCN_FW1405-1 (16S).

RMBH_biv_737_8 (COI).

HanJH8 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_25 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_13 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_23 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_9 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_26 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_25 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_5 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1171_25 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_29 (COI).

RMBH_biv_76_9 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_5 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_19 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_2 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1171_23 (COI).

FW1201-1 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_9 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_1 (COI).

RMBH_biv_600_19 (COI).

RMBH_biv_76_10 (COI).

MNCN_FW1409-5 (16S).

RMBH_biv_736_22 (COI).

FW1409-4 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_27 (COI).

RMBH_biv_600_3-4 (COI).

FW1199-1 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_18 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_8 (COI).

MNCN_FW1405-2 (16S).

RMBH_biv_600_18 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_12 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1174_23 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_12 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_3 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_21 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_16 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_30 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1174_15 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_28 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_15 (COI).

FW1402-3 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_9 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_18 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1174_22 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_20 (COI).

MNCN_FW1405-4 (16S).

RMBH_biv_742_10 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_22 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1174_19 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_4 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_28 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_10 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1171_24 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_8 (COI).

RMBH_biv_76_2 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_25 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_29 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_18 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1174_26 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_13 (COI).

RMBH_biv_600_8 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_19 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_1 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_23 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_14 (COI).

FW1296-21 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_23 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_27 (COI).

OnJH1 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_17 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_19 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_26 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_22 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1170_18 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_17 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_15 (COI).

RMBH_biv_76_6 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_28 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_23 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_16 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_27 (COI).

RMBH_biv_687_2 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_19 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_29 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_6 (COI).

MNCN_FW1201-1 (16S).

RMBH_biv_1073_12 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_28 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_20 (COI).

RMBH_biv_687_1 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_4 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_2 (COI).

LivoH23 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_13 (COI).

FW1405-1 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_21 (COI).

RMBH_biv_76_5 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_6 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_30 (COI).

ANSP_334867 (28S).

FW1411-4 (COI).

RMBH_biv_601_4 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_13 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_20 (COI).

LouJH4 (COI).

FW1411-6 (COI).

GerH12 (COI).

FW1409-5 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1171_15 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_17 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_11 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_8 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_24 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_24 (COI).

RMBH_biv_601_1 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_7 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_26 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1170_22 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_13 (COI).

TorkJH11 (COI).

FW1411-5 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_17 (COI).

MNCN_FW1402-3 (16S).

FW1405-3 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_23 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_3 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_9 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_16 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_13 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_7 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1170_15 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_27 (COI).

LoJH9 (COI).

RMBH_biv_76_8 (COI).

JuoJH3 (COI).

LutJH20 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_21 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1170_24 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_10 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_22 (COI).

RMBH_biv_738_1 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_16 (COI).

LutJH21 (COI).

RMBH_biv_601_9 (COI).

RMBH_biv_600_2 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_14 (COI).

RMBH_biv_600_115 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_4 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_3 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_21 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_28 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_12 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_11 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1174_30 (COI).

SkjellH22 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_6 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_1 (COI).

MNCN_FW1200-2 (16S).

RMBH_biv_601_6 (COI).

RMBH_biv_76_3 (COI).

KarpH26 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_26 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_15 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1171_16 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1174_20 (COI).

FW1200-2 (COI).

RMBH_biv_601_8 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_24 (COI).

FW1402-1 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_12 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_25 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_9 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_21 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1171_21 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_25 (COI).

SkjellH27 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1170_26 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_17 (COI).

RMBH_biv_76_4 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_17 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1174_29 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_2 (COI).


RMBH_biv_98_4 (COI).

FW1199-2 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_6 (COI).

RMBH_biv_98_6 (COI).

FW1409-6 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_29 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_6 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1174_25 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_15 (COI).

RMBH_biv_600_4-5 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_3 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_29 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1174_27 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_5 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_19 (COI).

FW1402-2 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_1 (COI).

RMBH_biv_76_42 (COI).

MNCN_FW1405-5 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_8 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_12 (COI).

RMBH_biv_73_7 (COI).

FW1405-2 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_20 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_27 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_14 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_30 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1174_18 (COI).

RMBH_biv_98_5 (COI).

RMBH_biv_601_5 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_14 (COI).

MNCN_FW1411-6 (16S).

RMBH_biv_742_14 (COI).

RMBH_biv_73_1 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_18 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_24 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_24 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_22 (COI).

RMBH_biv_600_5 (COI).

RMBH_biv_600_1 (COI).

VJMnh10 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_1 (COI).

RMBH_biv_98_8 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_5 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_30 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_11 (COI).

RMBH_biv_600_10 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_14 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_7 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1174_28 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1174_21 (COI).

RMBH_biv_98_9 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1174_24 (COI).

OnnJH25 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1174_17 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_18 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_3 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_11 (COI).

RMBH_biv_73_5 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_25 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_7 (COI).

RMBH_biv_76_7 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_9 (COI).

MNCN_FW1296-21 (16S).

RMBH_biv_600_20 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_22 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_20 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_16 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1170_23 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1170_21 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_15 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_8 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_1 (COI).


RMBH_biv_601_11 (COI).

RMBH_biv_601_7 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_15 (COI).

MNCN_FW1199-2 (16S).

RMBH_biv_600_6 (COI).

RMBH_biv_600_9 (COI).

RMBH_biv_600_7 (COI).

MNCN_FW1199-1 (16S).

FW1408-2 (COI).

RMBH_biv_736_27 (COI).

RMBH_biv_601_10 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_10 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1170_27 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1174_16 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_30 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1170_25 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1171_27 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_18 (COI).

FW1412 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1068_16 (COI).

RMBH_biv_738_2 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_4 (COI).

RMBH_biv_600_129 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_5 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_24 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1073_4 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_19 (COI).

RMBH_biv_737_11 (COI).

RMBH_biv_742_30 (COI).

RMBH_biv_100_2 (COI).

RMBH_biv_1072_23 (COI).

RMBH_biv_76_1 (COI).

Page updated: 10:08:00 Thu 07 Sep 2023

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