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Page last updated
Tue 06 Aug 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page documents data for Martens (1900), such as genera and species attributed to that publication (including known misspellings, misidentifications, and other unavailable names) as well as taxonomic opinions, if available. Taxonomic opinions refer to uses of genera and species as valid and invalid in that work.

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Publication information

Martens, E.v. 1900. Land and freshwater Mollusca. Biologia Centrali-Americana. 675 pp. .

Click here for online access.

Attributed Genus Names

Anodontina Mörch, 1853
‘Schlüter’ of Authors.
Mörch, 1853, Cat. Conch. Yoldi 2: 48.
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll. 2: 502.
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 481.
(homonym of Macquart, 1838 [Dipt.]; new name for Anadontina Schlüter, 1838)

Arotonaias Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 480, 497.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Unio Retzius, 1788)
Type species: Unio cyrenoides Philippi, 1847 (sub. desig. by Simpson, 1914: 311) = Arotonaias cyrenoides

Pachyanodon Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 525.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Anodonta Lamarck, 1799)
Type species: Anodonta latomarginata Lea, 1834 (sub. desig. by Haas, 1964) = Anodontites patagonica

Styganodon Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 525.
Type species: Anodonta tenebricosa Lea, 1834 (orig. desig.) = Anodontites tenebricosa

Scolianodon Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 525.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Anodonta Lamarck, 1799)
Type species: Anodonta inaequivalva Lea, 1868 (herein) = Anodontites montezuma

Attributed Species Names

Anodonta ciconia Carpenter, 1857
‘Gould’ of Authors.
Carpenter, 1857, Maz. Shells: 117.
Fischer & Crosse, 1894, Miss. Sci. Mexique, Rech. Zool. 2(15): 534, pl. 68, 78, figs. 2-2a.
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 536, pl. 41, fig. 4.
(reference to Anodon ciconia Gould, 1851)

Cyrena cordata Martens, 1865
Martens, 1865, Malak. Blatt. 12: 65.
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 546, pl. 42, figs. 7-7b.

Unio percompressus Martens, 1887
Martens, 1887, S.-Ber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde zu Berlin 1887: 107.
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 496, pl. 32, figs. 1-3.
Type(s): TYPE ZMB_39463, Rio de las Salinas, Guatemala.

Unio microdon Martens, 1887
Martens, 1887, S.-Ber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde zu Berlin 1887: 107.
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 504, pl. 35, figs. 1-1c.
Type(s): TYPE ZMB_39465, Rio de las Salinas, Guatemala.

Unio cuprinus Martens, 1900
‘Lea’ Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 505.
(misidentified reference to Unio cuprinus Lea, 1831)

Unio sallei var. grossus Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 517, pl. 34, figs. 2-2b.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio sallei Crosse & Fischer, 1893)
Type(s): TYPE ZMB_108850, Rio Salinas, Guatemala.

Unio globulosus Martens, 1900
‘Dunker, in coll.’ Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 499.
(intro'd as syn of Unio aratus Lea, 1843)

Unio calamitarum var. nephritica Martens, 1900
‘Crosse & Fischer’ of Authors.
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 505.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 281.
(error for Unio calamitarum var. D nephretica Fischer & Crosse, 1894)

Unio mexicanus Martens, 1900
‘Parreyss, in Mus. Berol.’ Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 505.
(intro'd as syn of Unio persulcatus Lea, 1859)

Anodonta inaequivalvis Simpson, 1900
‘Lea’ of Authors.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 922.
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 534.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 1423.
(error for Anodonta inaequivalva Lea, 1868)

Anodonta bambusearum Martens, 1900
‘Morelet’ Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 535.
(error for Anodon bambousearum Morelet, 1851)

Unio psoricus Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 494, pl. 31, figs. 1-2.
(misidentified reference to Unio psoricus Morelet, 1851)

Sphaerium costaricanum Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 552, pl. 43, figs. 1-1b.

Unio panucoensis Martens, 1900
‘von dem Busch’ of Authors.
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 510.
Pilsbry, 1910, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 61: 533.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 603.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 82.
(error for Unio panacoensis Philippi, 1843)

Unio (Crenodonta) stolli Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 492, pl. 29, fig. 2.
Type(s): TYPE ZMB_39464, Rio de las Salinas, Guatemala.

Unio aztecorum “forma” major Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: pl. 37, figs. 3-3b.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio aztecorum Philippi, 1847; homonym of Unio batavus var. major Drouët, 1898)

Unio aztecorum Martens, 1900
‘Philippi’ Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: pl. 37, figs. 1-1a. [in part]
(reference to Unio aztecorum Philippi, 1847)

Anodonta depexa Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 538, pl. 41, figs. 3a-c.
Type(s): SYNTYPES ZMB_108855, Paso San Antonio, Rio Michatoya, Guatemala.

Unio aztecorum Martens, 1900
‘Philippi’ Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: pl. 37, figs. 2-2a. [in part]
(misidentified reference to Unio aztecorum Philippi, 1847)

Unio gabbianus Martens, 1900
‘Lea’ Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: pl. 39, figs. 5-5b.
(misidentified reference to Unio gabbianus Lea, 1868)

Unio usumacintae Martens, 1900
Crosse & Fischer, 1892, J. de Conch. 40: 294 [as ‘usumasintæ’].
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 500 [as ‘usumacintæ’].
(new name for Unio usumasintae Crosse & Fischer, 1892)

Unio (Simonaias) proclinatus Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 508.
Type(s): SYNTYPES ZMB_33793, Taco fl., Cuba.

Unio aztecorum var. chapalanus Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 504, pl. 36, fig. 5-5a.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio aztecorum Philippi, 1847)
Type(s): TYPE ZMB_9106, Lagune de Chapala, Mexico.

Eupera pittieri Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 553, pl. 43, figs. 4-4b.

Unio (Elliptio) guatemalanus Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 519, pl. 38, figs. 7-8a.
Type(s): TYPE ZMB_MP_0513, Rio Michatoya, bei Paso San Antonio, Guatemala.

Unio (Lampsilis) discus var. connectens Martens, 1900
‘von dem Busch’ Küster, 1861, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 242, pl. 81, fig. 1 [as ‘Unio panacoensis’].
Sowerby, 1867, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 55, sp. 281 [as ‘Unio mexicanus’].
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 510.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio discus Lea, 1838)

Unio (Simonaias) championi Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 508, pl. 38, figs. 9-9a.
Type(s): SYNTYPES ZMB_MP_0553, Paso San Antonio, in the Pacific Coast Region, Guatemala.

Unio (Elliptio) radiatulus Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 518, pl. 39, figs. 8a-b.
Type(s): TYPE ZMB_108851, Rio Michatoya, bei Paso San Antonio, Guatemala.

Unio (Sphenonaias) tehuantepecensis var. copanensis Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 502, pl. 36, figs. 6-6a.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tehuantepecensis Crosse & Fischer, 1893)
Type(s): TYPE ZMB_MP_0514, Copan, Honduras.

Unio (Elliptio) ravistellus var. majusculus Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 516.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio ravistellus Morelet, 1849)
Type(s): TYPE ZMB_38701, See Yzabal, Guatemala.

Unio goascoranensis Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 501, pl. 38, figs. 10-10a.
(reference to Unio goascoranensis Lea, 1858)

Unio aratus Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: fig. ??.
(misidentified reference to Unio aratus Lea, 1843)

Unio (Simonaias) cuprinus subventralis Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 506, pl. 36, figs. 1-1b.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio cuprinus Lea, 1831)
Type(s): TYPE ZMB_108852, Tabasco, Mexico.

Unio rubicundus Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 514, pl. 34, figs. 3-3a.
Type(s): TYPE ZMB_108853, Coban, Guatemala.

Anodonta richardsoni Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 529, pl. 41, figs. 1-2a.
Type(s): TYPES ZMB_108856, Rio Ameca, Prov. Jalisco, Mexico.

Sphaerium luridum Martens, 1900
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 552, pl. 43, figs. 2-2c.

Psoronaias martensi Frierson, 1927
Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: 494, pl. 31, figs. 1-2 [as ‘Unio psoricus’].
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 64, sp. 279.

Lampsilis (Disconaias) martensi Frierson, 1927
‘Philippi’ Martens, 1900, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Moll.: pl. 37, figs. 1-1a [as ‘Unio aztecorum’].
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 83, sp. 364.

Taxonomic Opinions

Anodonta (Euryanodon) bambusearum [sic] (Morelet, 1851)

Anodonta (Euryanodon) cylindracea Lea, 1838

Anodonta (Glabaris) jewettii Lea, 1868
+ Anodonta jewettiana Lea, 1868

Anodonta (Glabaris) nicaragua Philippi, 1848
+ Anodonta bridgesii Lea, 1868

Anodonta (Pachyanodon) depexa von Martens, 1900

Anodonta (Pachyanodon) luteola Lea, 1858

Anodonta (Pachyanodon) tehuantepecensis Crosse & Fischer, 1894

Anodonta (Patularia) glauca Valenciennes in Humboldt & Bonpland, 1833

Anodonta (Patularia) globosa Lea, 1841

Anodonta (Patularia) grijalvae Morelet, 1884

Anodonta (Patularia) nopalatensis (Sowerby, 1867)

Anodonta (Patularia) tabascensis Morelet, 1884

Anodonta (Pseudoleila) ciconia (Gould, 1851)
+ Anodon sinuosis Swainson, 1841
+ Anodon ciconia Sowerby, 1870
+ Anodon glaucus Sowerby, 1870
+ Anodonta glauca var. sinaloensis Crosse & Fischer, 1883

Anodonta (Scolianodon) inaequivalva var. granadensis Lea, 1868

Anodonta (Scolianodon) inaequivalva var. lenticularis Lea, 1868

Anodonta (Scolianodon) inæquivalvis [sic] Lea, 1868
+ Anodonta atrovirens Philippi, 1849
+ Anodonta inaequalis Tate, 1870

Anodonta (s.s.) chalcoensis Crosse & Fischer, 1893
+ Anodonta impura Say, 1829

Anodonta (s.s.) coarctata Anton, 1839
+ Anodonta chapalensis Crosse & Fischer, 1892

Anodonta (s.s.) exilior Lea, 1871
+ Anodon glabrus Sowerby, 1870
+ Anodonta viridana Clessin, 1876

Anodonta (s.s.) henryana Lea, 1857

Anodonta (s.s.) lurulenta Morelet, 1849
+ Anodonta strebelii Lea, 1868

Anodonta (s.s.) montezuma Lea, 1841
+ Anodon montezianus Sowerby, 1870

Anodonta (s.s.) richardsoni sp. n.

Eupera maculata (Morelet, 1859)

Eupera meridionalis (Prime, 1861)

Eupera pittieri sp. n.

Mycetopus subsinuatus Sowerby, 1868

Mycetopus weddelli Húpe, 1857

Neocorbicula convexa (Deshayes, 1854)
+ Corbicula ventricosa Prime, 1870

Pisidium abditum (Haldeman, 1841)
+ Pisidium retusum Prime, 1860

Pisidium singleyi Sterki, 1898

Polymesoda (Cyrenocapsa) maritima (C.B. Adams, 1852)

Polymesoda (Cyrenocapsa) salmacida (Morelet, 1851)

Polymesoda (Egeta) cumingi (Deshayes, 1854)

Polymesoda (Egeta) inflata (Philippi, 1851)

Polymesoda (Egeta) inflata var. cordiformis (Récluz, 1853)
+ Cyrena recluzii Prime, 1865
+ Cyrena maritima Sowerby, 1878

Polymesoda (Egeta) inflata var. panamensis (Prime, 1860)
+ Cyrena (Anomala) inflata Deshayes, 1854

Polymesoda (Egeta) mexicana (Broderip & Sowerby, 1829)

Polymesoda (s.s.) acuta (Prime, 1861)

Polymesoda (s.s.) angulata (Deshayes, 1854)
+ Cyrena tumida Prime, 1865

Polymesoda (s.s.) cordata (v. Mart., 1865)

Polymesoda (s.s.) exquisita (Prime, 1867)

Polymesoda (s.s.) germana (Prime, 1867)

Polymesoda (s.s.) olivacea (Carpenter, 1857)
+ Cyrena fontainei Philippi, 1851

Polymesoda (s.s.) placens (Hanley, 1844)

Polymesoda (s.s.) pullastra (Mörch, 1860)

Polymesoda (s.s.) radiata (Hanley, 1844)

Polymesoda (s.s.) solida (Philippi, 1846)
+ Cyrena nicaraguana Prime, 1870

Polymesoda (s.s.) sordida (Hanley, 1844)

Polymesoda (s.s.) triangula (Philippi, 1849)

Sphærium costaricanum sp. n.

Sphærium luridum sp. n.

Sphærium martensi (Pilsbry, 1899)

Sphærium subtransversum (Prime, 1860)

Sphærium triangulare (Say, 1829)

Unio (Arotonaias) aratus Lea
+ Unio globulosus Martens, 1900

Unio (Arotonaias) caldwellii Lea, 1858
+ Unio averyi Lea, 1859

Unio (Arotonaias) cyrenoides Philippi, 1847

Unio (Arotonaias) gabbianus Lea, 1868
+ Unio nicaraguensis Lea, 1868

Unio (Arotonaias) granadensis Lea, 1868

Unio (Arotonaias) imbricatus Mörch, 1861
+ Unio encarpus Lea, 1868

Unio (Arotonaias) newcombianus Lea, 1856
+ Unio sagrinatus Sowerby, 1868

Unio (Crenodonta) digitatus Morelet, 1851
+ Unio eightsii Lea, 1860

Unio (Crenodonta) nicklinianus Lea, 1834

Unio (Crenodonta) stolli n.n.
+ Unio nicklianus Küster, 1861

Unio (Elliptio) aeruginosus Morelet, 1849

Unio (Elliptio) guatemalanus sp. n.

Unio (Elliptio) medellinus Lea, 1838
+ Unio purpuriatus Say, 1831
+ Unio veracruzensis Lea, 1868

Unio (Elliptio) mexicanus Philippi, 1847

Unio (Elliptio) opacatus Crosse & Fischer, 1893

Unio (Elliptio) pliciferus Lea, 1838
+ Unio plexus Conrad, 1838

Unio (Elliptio) pliciferus var. carbonarius Lea, 1838

Unio (Elliptio) pliciferus var. minor Crosse & Fischer, 1894

Unio (Elliptio) radiatulus von Martens, 1900

Unio (Elliptio) ravistellus Morelet, 1849

Unio (Elliptio) ravistellus var. majusculus von Martens, 1900

Unio (Elliptio) ravistellus var. veraepacis Tristram, 1863
+ Unio vellicatus Reeve, 1865

Unio (Elliptio) rowelli Lea, 1859

Unio (Elliptio) rubicundus sp. n.

Unio (Elliptio) sallei Crosse & Fischer, 1893

Unio (Elliptio) sallei var. grossus von Martens, 1900

Unio (Lampsilis) alienigenus Crosse & Fischer, 1893

Unio (Lampsilis) berlandieri Lea, 1857

Unio (Lampsilis) cognatus Lea, 1860

Unio (Lampsilis) computatus Crosse & Fischer, 1893

Unio (Lampsilis) discus Lea, 1838
+ Unio discus Sowerby, 1868

Unio (Lampsilis) discus var. connectens n.
+ Unio panacoensis Küster, 1861
+ Unio mexicanus Sowerby, 1867

Unio (Lampsilis) discus var. panucoensis [sic] von dem Busch in Philippi, 1843
+ Unio lapidosus Kobelt, 1893

Unio (Lampsilis) sapotalensis Lea, 1841

Unio (Lampsilis) tampicoensis Lea, 1838

Unio (Lampsilis) tampicoensis var. tecomatensis Lea, 1841
+ Unio tampicoensis Küster, 1862

Unio (Lampsilis) tampicoensis var. umbrosus Lea, 1856

Unio (Metaptera) delphinulus Morelet, 1849

Unio (Metaptera) paludosus Morelet, 1849
+ Unio largillierti Philippi, 1847

Unio (Metaptera) paludosus var. planivalvis Morelet, 1851

Unio (Metaptera) scutulatus Morelet, 1849
+ Unio scutulatus var. B obliterata Fischer & Crosse, 1894
+ Unio scutulatus var. G secabilis Fischer & Crosse, 1894

Unio (Nephronaias) aztecorum Philippi, 1847
+ Unio impressus Menke, 1830
+ Unio emarginatus Lea, 1834
+ Unio plicatulus Küster, 1856

Unio (Nephronaias) aztecorum var. chapalanus von Martens, 1900

Unio (Nephronaias) aztecorum var. soledadensis Crosse & Fischer, 1893

Unio (Nephronaias) aztecorum var. strebeli Lea, 1866

Unio (Nephronaias) microdon von Martens, 1887

Unio (Nephronaias) poeyanus Lea, 1857

Unio (Nephronaias) popei Lea, 1857

Unio (Pleurobema) couchianus Lea, 1860

Unio (Pleurobema) spheniopsis Morelet, 1849

Unio (Pleurobema) usumacintæ Crosse & Fischer, 1892
+ Unio usumasintae Crosse & Fischer, 1892

Unio (Psoronaias) corium Reeve, 1864

Unio (Psoronaias) crocodilorum Morelet, 1849
+ Unio pliciferus Reeve, 1864
+ Unio crocodilorum var. B semipustulata Fischer & Crosse, 1894
+ Unio crocodilorum var. G praestricta Fischer & Crosse, 1894

Unio (Psoronaias) morini Morelet, 1851

Unio (Psoronaias) ostreatus Morelet, 1849

Unio (Psoronaias) percompressus von Martens, 1887

Unio (Psoronaias) psoricus Morelet, 1851

Unio (Psoronaias) psoricus var. pigerrimus Crosse & Fischer, 1893

Unio (Psoronaias) semigranosus von dem Busch in Philippi, 1845

Unio (Psoronaias) semigranosus var. distinctus Crosse & Fischer, 1893

Unio (Psoronaias) semigranosus var. testudineus Morelet, 1849
+ Unio semigranosus Reeve, 1864

Unio (Simonaias) championi sp. n.

Unio (Simonaias) cuprinus Lea, 1831
+ Unio calamitarum Morelet, 1849

Unio (Simonaias) cuprinus subventralis von Martens, 1900

Unio (Simonaias) cuprinus var. arcuans Crosse & Fischer, 1894
+ Unio calamitarum Sowerby, 1868

Unio (Simonaias) cuprinus var. coloratus Charpentier in Küster, 1856

Unio (Simonaias) cuprinus var. nephritica [sic] Crosse & Fischer, 1894
+ Unio cuprinus Sowerby, 1868

Unio (Simonaias) cuprinus var. persulcatus Lea, 1859
+ Unio metallicus Say, 1831
+ Unio mexicanus Martens, 1900

Unio (Simonaias) cuprinus var. tabascoensis Charpentier in Küster, 1856
+ Unio calamitarum var. B prolongata Fischer & Crosse, 1894

Unio (Simonaias) dysoni Lea, 1859
+ Unio rugulosus Küster, 1856

Unio (Simonaias) hjalmarsoni Dunker, 1858

Unio (Simonaias) macnieli Lea, 1869

Unio (Simonaias) nuculinus Philippi, 1848

Unio (Simonaias) proclinatus sp. n.
+ Unio scamnatus Dunker, 1858
+ Unio gundlachi Sowerby, 1866

Unio (Simonaias) scamnatus Morelet, 1849
+ Unio gundlachi Dunker, 1858

Unio (Simonaias) yzabalensis Crosse & Fischer, 1892

Unio (Sphenonaias) acutirostris Lea, 1866
+ Unio sphenorhynchus Crosse & Fischer, 1893

Unio (Sphenonaias) goascoranensis Lea, 1858

Unio (Sphenonaias) liebmanni Philippi, 1847

Unio (Sphenonaias) tehuantepecensis Crosse & Fischer, 1893

Unio (Sphenonaias) tehuantepecensis var. copanensis n.

Unio (Uniomerus) explicatus Morelet, 1849
+ Unio testudineus Reeve, 1865
+ Unio explicatus Fischer & Crosse, 1894

Unio (Uniomerus) manubius Gould, 1855

Page updated: 15:30:10 Tue 06 Aug 2019

 
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