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Page last updated
Wed 01 Jul 2020

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Lampsilini | Villosa

species Villosa vibex (Conrad, 1834): synonymy
     10 specimens available.

Unio vibex Conrad, 1834
Conrad, 1834, New Fresh-Water Shells: 31, pl. 4, fig. 3.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 260.
Type(s): UNKNOWN ANSP_56488, Black Warrior River, Ala.

Unio vibexConrad (1834), Ferussac (1835), Hanley (1843), Conrad (1853)
Margarita (Unio) vibexLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) vibexLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Hyridella) vibexAdams & Adams (1857)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) vibexSimpson (1900)
Eurynia (Micromya) vibexOrtmann (1912)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) vibexSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) vibexFrierson (1927)
Villosa vibexClench & Turner (1956), R.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Turgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), Vidrine (1993), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Turgeon et al. (1998), Lydeard et al. (1999), Brim Box & Williams (2000), Bogan (2002), Jones et al. (2005), Graf & Cummings (2007), Williams et al. (2008), Cummings & Graf (2010), Bogan (2010), Williams et al. (2011), Haag (2012), ITIS (2012), Williams et al. (2014), Williams et al. (2017), Watters (2018)
Ligumia vibexHaas (1969)

Unio modioliformis Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 97 [209], pl. 13, fig. 40.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85029, Santee Canal, S. Carolina.

Unio modioliformisLea (1834), Ferussac (1835), Jay (1835), Hanley (1843)
Margarita (Unio) modioliformisLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) modioliformisLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio delumbisConrad (1853), Küster (1861)
Unio (Naidea) modioliformisAdams & Adams (1857)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) modioliformisSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) modioliformisSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) modioliformisFrierson (1927)
Ligumia modioliformisHaas (1969)
Villosa vibexR.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters (2018)
Villosa modioliformisBogan (2010)

Unio pellucidus Lea, 1845
Lea, 1845, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 4: 163.
Lea, 1848, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 4]: 70 [44], pl. 2, fig. 6.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) ANSP_56493, [no locality available - North America].

Unio pellucidusLea (1845), Conrad (1853), Sowerby (1866)
Margaron (Unio) pellucidusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Naidea) pellucidusAdams & Adams (1857)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) pellucidusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) pellucidaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Villosa) pellucidusFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (Villosa) pellucidaHaas (1969)
Villosa vibexWilliams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014), Watters (2018)

Unio stagnalis Conrad, 1849
Conrad, 1849, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 4: 300.
Conrad, 1850, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 1: 275, pl. 37, fig. 2.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 257.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MCZ_178778, Ogeechee River, Georgia.

Unio stagnalisConrad (1849), Conrad (1853)
Margaron (Unio) stagnalisLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Hyridella) stagnalisAdams & Adams (1857)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) vibexSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) vibexSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) stagnalisFrierson (1927)
Ligumia stagnalisHaas (1969)
Villosa vibexR.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters (2018)

Unio gracilior Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8: 262.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 56, pl. 8, fig. 38 [as ‘gracillior’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85088, Buckhead Creek, Georgia.

Unio graciliorLea (1857)
Margaron (Unio) graciliorLea (1870)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) graciliorSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) graciliorSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) graciliorFrierson (1927)
Ligumia graciliorHaas (1969)
Villosa vibexR.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters (2018)

Unio exiguus Lea, 1840
Lea, 1840, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 1: 287.
Lea, 1842, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 8 [O. 3]: 191 [29], pl. 7, fig. 1.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84974, Chattahoochee R., Columbus, Georgia.

Unio exiguusLea (1840), Conrad (1853), Sowerby (1866)
Margaron (Unio) exiguusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Hyridella) exiguusAdams & Adams (1857)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) vibexSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) vibexSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) vibexFrierson (1927)
Villosa vibexClench & Turner (1956), R.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Brim Box & Williams (2000), Williams et al. (2008), Williams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014), Watters (2018)
Ligumia vibexHaas (1969)

Unio nigrinus Lea, 1852
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 5]: 284 [40], pl. 24, fig. 44.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86132, W Florida.

Unio nigrinusLea (1852), Conrad (1853)
Margaron (Unio) nigrinusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Naidea) nigrinusAdams & Adams (1857)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) vibex var. nigrinusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) vibex var. nigrinaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) vibex-nigrinaFrierson (1927)
Villosa vibexClench & Turner (1956), R.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Williams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014), Watters (2018)
Ligumia vibexHaas (1969)

Unio prevostianus Lea, 1852
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 5]: 269 [25], pl. 19, fig. 24.

Unio prevostianusLea (1852), Conrad (1853), Sowerby (1868)
Margaron (Unio) prevostianusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Hyridella) prevostianusAdams & Adams (1857)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) ogeecheensisSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) ogeecheensisSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) vibexFrierson (1927)
Villosa vibexClench & Turner (1956), R.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters (2018)
Ligumia vibexHaas (1969)

Unio rutilans Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8: 262.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 59, pl. 9, fig. 41.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85093, Othcalooga Cr., Gordon Co., Georgia.

Unio rutilansLea (1857), Küster (1862)
Margaron (Unio) rutilansLea (1870)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) vibexSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) vibexSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) vibexFrierson (1927)
Villosa vibexClench & Turner (1956), R.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters (2018)
Ligumia vibexHaas (1969)

Unio sudus Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 170.
Lea, 1859, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 194 [12], pl. 21, fig. 77.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85155, Dry Creek, near Columbus, Georgia.

Unio sudusLea (1857)
Margaron (Unio) sudusLea (1870)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) sudusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) sudaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) ogeecheensisFrierson (1927)
Villosa vibexClench & Turner (1956), R.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Brim Box & Williams (2000), Williams et al. (2008), Watters (2018)
Ligumia ogeecheensisHaas (1969)
Villosa lienosaWilliams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014)

Unio gracillior Lea, 1858
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 56.
(error for Unio gracilior Lea, 1857)

Unio gracilliorLea (1858)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) graciliorSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) graciliorSimpson (1914)

Unio delumbis Küster, 1861
‘Conrad’ Küster, 1861, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 207, pl. 69, fig. 1.
(misidentified reference to Unio delumbis Conrad, 1834)

Unio delumbisKüster (1861)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) modioliformisSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) modioliformisSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) modioliformisFrierson (1927)

Unio prevostianus Sowerby, 1868
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 63, sp. 315.
(reference to Unio prevostianus Lea, 1852)

Unio prevostianusSowerby (1868)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) vibexSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) vibexSimpson (1914)

Unio subangulatus Sowerby, 1868
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 65, sp. 327.
(misidentified reference to Unio subangulatus Lea, 1840)

Unio subangulatusSowerby (1868)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) vibexSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) vibexSimpson (1914)

Unio averellii B.H. Wright, 1888
B.H. Wright, 1888, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 40: 115, pl. 3, fig. 2.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_91142, Lake Ashby, Fla.

Unio averelliiB.H. Wright (1888)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) vibex var. nigrinusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) vibex var. nigrinaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) vibex-nigrinaFrierson (1927)
Villosa vibex amygdalumClench & Turner (1956)
Ligumia vibexHaas (1969)
Villosa vibexR.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014), Watters (2018)

Unio floridensis Wright & Wright, 1888
Wright & Wright, 1888, Conch. Exchange 2: 105.
(misidentified reference to Unio floridensis Lea, 1852)

Unio floridensisWright & Wright (1888)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) vibex var. nigrinusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) vibex var. nigrinaSimpson (1914)

Unio averillii Simpson, 1900
“Wright” of Authors.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 560.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 138.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 76.
R.I. Johnson, 1970, Bull. MCZ 140(6): 373.
R.I. Johnson, 1972, Bull. Fla. State Mus. 16(4): 237.
Burch, 1975, Freshw. Unio. North Amer.: 159.
(error for Unio averellii B.H. Wright, 1888)

Unio averilliiSimpson (1900)
Villosa vibexWatters (2018)

Unio prevostianns de Gregorio, 1914
‘Lea’ de Gregorio, 1914, Il Nat. Siciliano 2: 39.
(error for Unio prevostianus Lea, 1852)

Unio prevostiannsde Gregorio (1914)

Margaron (Unio) previostianus Watters, 2018
‘Lea’ Watters, 2018, Visaya, Suppl. (10): 10.
(error for Unio prevostianus Lea, 1852)

Margaron (Unio) previostianusWatters (2018)

Page updated: 16:22:28 Wed 01 Jul 2020

 
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