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Page last updated
Sun 27 Sep 2020

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Pleurobemini | Elliptio

species Elliptio arctata (Conrad, 1834): synonymy
     7 specimens available.

Unio arctatus Conrad, 1834
Conrad, 1834, Amer. J. Sci. 25(2): 340, pl. 1, fig. 9.
Conrad, 1834, New Fresh-Water Shells: 36, pl. 5, fig. 4.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 245.

Unio arctatusConrad (1834), Ferussac (1835), Hanley (1843), Conrad (1853), Adams & Adams (1857), Küster (1861)
Margarita (Unio) arctatusLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) arctatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Elliptio) carolinensisMörch (1853)
Unio (s.s.) arctatusPaetel (1890)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) arctatusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) arctatusFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) arctataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio arctataKat (1983), Davis (1984), Turgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), Vidrine (1993), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Turgeon et al. (1998), Lydeard et al. (1999), Brim Box & Williams (2000), Jones et al. (2005), Graf & Cummings (2007), Williams et al. (2008), Campbell et al. (2008), Cummings & Graf (2010), Bogan (2010), Williams et al. (2011), Haag (2012), ITIS (2012), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Williams et al. (2014), Williams et al. (2017), Perkins et al. (2017), Inoue et al. (2018)

Unio tortivus Lea, 1840
Lea, 1840, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 1: 287.
Lea, 1842, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 8 [O. 3]: 204 [42], pl. 12, fig. 17.
Type(s): POSSIBLE SYNTYPE USNM_85674, Lee Co., Ga.

Unio tortivusLea (1840), Conrad (1853), Sowerby (1866)
Margaron (Unio) tortivusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Niäa) tortivusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) arctatus var. tortivusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) tortivusFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio strigosusClench & Turner (1956)
Elliptio (s.s.) arctataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio arctataParmalee & Bogan (1998), Brim Box & Williams (2000), Williams et al. (2008), Williams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014)

Unio perstriatus Lea, 1852
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 5]: 255 [11], pl. 12, fig. 3.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85892, Abbeville, S.C.

Unio perstriatusLea (1852), Conrad (1853), Adams & Adams (1857), Sowerby (1868)
Margaron (Unio) perstriatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) perstriatusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) perstriatusFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) arctataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)

Unio strigosus Lea, 1840
Lea, 1840, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 1: 287.
Lea, 1842, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 8 [O. 3]: 198 [36], pl. 9, fig. 9.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85890, Chattahoochee R., Columbus, Georgia.

Unio strigosusLea (1840), Conrad (1853), Adams & Adams (1857)
Margaron (Unio) strigosusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) strigosusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) arctatusFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio strigosusClench & Turner (1956)
Elliptio (s.s.) arctataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)
Elliptio arctataParmalee & Bogan (1998), Brim Box & Williams (2000), Williams et al. (2008), Williams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014)

Unio lazarus Lea, 1852
Lea, 1852, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5: 251. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 5]: 259 [15], pl. 14, fig. 9.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86155, Abbeville District, S.C.

Unio lazarusLea (1852), Conrad (1853), Sowerby (1868)
Margaron (Unio) lazarusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Bariosta) lazarusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) lazarusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio dilatata subgibbosaUtterback (1915)
Elliptio (s.s.) arctatusFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) arctataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)

Unio gracilentus Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 85.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 8]: 58 [62], pl. 3, fig. 205.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85976, Catawba R., Gaston Co., N.C.

Unio gracilentusLea (1857)
Margaron (Unio) gracilentusLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) perstriatusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) perstriatusFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) arctataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)

Unio viridans Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 170.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 337 [19], pl. 54, fig. 162.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85579, Columbus, Ga.

Unio viridansLea (1859)
Margaron (Unio) viridansLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) tuomeyiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) arctatusFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio strigosusClench & Turner (1956)
Elliptio (s.s.) icterinaR.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975)
Elliptio arctataParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Williams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014)
Elliptio icterinaBrim Box & Williams (2000)

Unio perlatus Lea, 1863
Lea, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 15: 193.
Lea, 1866, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 11]: 15 [19], pl. 4, fig. 13.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86006, Black Rock Landing, Cape Fear R., N.C.

Unio perlatusLea (1863), Lea (1866)
Margaron (Unio) perlatusLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) perstriatusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) perstriatusFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) arctataR.I. Johnson (1970), Burch (1975)

Page updated: 09:22:47 Sun 27 Sep 2020

 
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