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Page last updated
Sat 17 Feb 2024

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Cladomics pages are experimental — even more so than the rest of this site!

The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page. Abbreviations for the various statistics are explained on the FARQ!

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Hyrioidea | Hyriidae | Hyriinae

tribe CASTALIINI Morretes, 1949: cladomics
     3 genera

Cladomics Summary

number of species = 17
number of subtaxa (rank: genus) = 3

analyzed in 35 cladograms in 23 publications
maximum number of terminals in an analysis = 7, mean = 1.54
maximum number of subtaxa (genus) in an analysis = 3, mean = 1.23

Basic Monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species) = 5
maximum number of included terminals = 7, mean = 4.8
maximum number of subtaxa (genus) = 3, mean = 2.6
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly = 1.0

Rigorous Monophyly

number of cladograms that test rigorous monophyly = 4
(Rigorous monophyly refers to cladograms with terminal species representing more than one subtaxon (genus) taxon and at least one rigorous outgroup (tribe).
maximum number of included terminals = 7, mean = 5.25
maximum number of subtaxa (genus) = 3, mean = 2.75
proportion of cladograms that support rigorous monophyly = 1.0


Pairwise Cladogram Clustering

The graphs below depict in two dimensions all pair-wise ingroup distances within the cladome. See the Cladmoics FARQ for more information.


PCoA Ordination


NJ tree


Santos-Neto et al., 2016 [Publ 3739], fig. 2a,b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 5 3 17 10 4 0.0

*** Top Monophyly Cladogram *** *** Top Sister-Group Cladogram ***

  +-------------------- Diplodon_suavidicus[1]
  |                                           
--+                 +-- Triplodon_corrugatus  
  |  +--------------+                         
  |  |              +-- Prisodon_syrmatophorus
  +--+                                        
     |  +-------------- Castalia_stevensi **     
     |  |                                     
     +--+           +-- Callonaia_duprei **      
        |  +--------+                         
        |  |        +-- Castalia_ambigua[1] **   
        +--+                                  
           |  +-------- Castalia_ambigua[4] **   
           +--+                               
              |  +----- Castalia_ambigua[2] **   
              +--+                            
                 |  +-- Castaliella_quadrata **  
                 +--+                         
                    +-- Castalia_ambigua[3] **   

Santos-Neto et al., 2016 [Publ 3739], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 5 3 17 10 4 3.0
  +----------------------- Diplodon_suavidicus[2]
  |                                              
--+                    +-- Triplodon_corrugatus  
  |  +-----------------+                         
  |  |                 +-- Prisodon_syrmatophorus
  +--+                                           
     |  +----------------- Castalia_ambigua[4] **   
     +--+                                        
        |  +-------------- Callonaia_duprei **      
        +--+                                     
           |  +----------- Castalia_ambigua[3] **   
           +--+                                  
              |  +-------- Castalia_stevensi **     
              +--+                               
                 |  +----- Castalia_ambigua[2] **   
                 +--+                            
                    |  +-- Castaliella_quadrata **  
                    +--+                         
                       +-- Castalia_ambigua[1] **   

Santos-Neto et al., 2016 [Publ 3739], fig. 3, 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 3 4 4 2 4.0
  +-------------- Diplodon_suavidicus   
  |                                     
  |        +----- Triplodon_corrugatus  
--+  +-----+                            
  |  |     |  +-- Prisodon_obliquus     
  |  |     +--+                         
  +--+        +-- Prisodon_syrmatophorus
     |                                  
     |  +-------- Callonaia_duprei **      
     +--+                               
        |  +----- Castalia_ambigua[2] **   
        +--+                            
           |  +-- Castalia_ambigua[1] **   
           +--+                         
              +-- Castaliella_quadrata **  

Santos-Neto et al., 2018 [Publ 3888], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 2 2 2 1 6.0
        +-- Triplodon_corrugatus  
  +-----+                         
  |     +-- Prisodon_syrmatophorus
--+                               
  |  +----- Callonaia_duprei **      
  +--+                            
     |  +-- Castalia_ambigua **      
     +--+                         
        +-- Castalia_stevensi **     

Olivera-Hyde et al., 2020 [Publ 4249], fig. 10

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 2 0 0 0 6.0
  +----- Callonaia_duprei ** 
--+                       
  |  +-- Castalia_ambigua ** 
  +--+                    
     +-- Castalia_stevensi **

Graf & Cummings, 2006 [Publ 1968], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 46 5 3 --
        +-- Hyridella_depressa 
  +-----+                      
  |     +-- Hyridella_australis
--+                            
  |  +----- Castalia **           
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Diplodon_chilensis 
     +--+                      
        +-- Diplodon_gratus    

Graf, 2000 [Publ 2647], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 17 2 2 --
-- Castalia

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000 [Publ 2649], fig. 1, 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 11 5 3 --
           +-- Diplodon_chilensis    
  +--------+                         
  |        +-- Castalia **              
--+                                  
  |  +-------- Hyridella_australis[2]
  +--+                               
     |  +----- Hyridella_australis[1]
     +--+                            
        |  +-- Echyridella_menziesii 
        +--+                         
           +-- Hyridella_depressa    

Bogan & Hoeh, 2000 [Publ 2650], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 2 2 --
  +-- Castalia_stevensi **
--+                    
  +-- Diplodon_gratus  

Graf, 2002 [Publ 2651], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 17 2 2 --
  +----- Hyridella_depressa
--+                        
  |  +-- Diplodon_chilensis
  +--+                     
     +-- Castalia **          

Hoeh et al., 2001 [Publ 2652], fig. 14.2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 2 2 --
-- Castalia_stevensi

Hoeh et al., 2001 [Publ 2652], fig. 14.4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 2 2 --
  +-- Castalia_stevensi **
--+                    
  +-- Diplodon_gratus  

Hoeh et al., 2002 [Publ 2653], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 2 2 --
  +-- Castalia_stevensi **
--+                    
  +-- Diplodon_gratus  

Roe & Hoeh, 2003 [Publ 2655], fig. 4.2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 2 2 --
-- Castalia_stevensi

Roe & Hoeh, 2003 [Publ 2655], fig. 4.3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 2 2 --
  +-- Castalia_stevensi **
--+                    
  +-- Diplodon_gratus  

Walker et al., 2006 [Publ 2666], fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 37 4 3 --
-- Castalia_stevensi

Baker et al., 2004 [Publ 2685], fig. 2-3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 11 4 3 --
  +-- Echyridella_menziesii
--+                        
  +-- Castalia_stevensi **    

Baker et al., 2003 [Publ 2690], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 7 4 3 --
  +-- Echyridella_menziesii
--+                        
  +-- Castalia_stevensi **    

Hoeh et al., 2009 [Publ 2716], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 46 5 3 --
        +-- Hyridella_depressa 
  +-----+                      
  |     +-- Hyridella_australis
--+                            
  |  +----- Castalia **           
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Diplodon_chilensis 
     +--+                      
        +-- Diplodon_gratus    

Hoeh et al., 2009 [Publ 2716], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 45 5 3 --
        +-- Hyridella_depressa 
  +-----+                      
  |     +-- Hyridella_australis
--+                            
  |  +----- Castalia **           
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Diplodon_chilensis 
     +--+                      
        +-- Diplodon_gratus    

Hoeh et al., 2009 [Publ 2716], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 45 5 3 --
        +-- Hyridella_depressa 
  +-----+                      
  |     +-- Hyridella_australis
--+                            
  |  +----- Castalia **           
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Diplodon_chilensis 
     +--+                      
        +-- Diplodon_gratus    

Whelan et al., 2011 [Publ 3380], fig. 1 ML

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 36 2 2 --
  +----- Hyridella_australis 
--+                          
  |  +-- Castalia_ambigua **    
  +--+                       
     +-- Triplodon_corrugatus

Whelan et al., 2011 [Publ 3380], fig. 1 MP

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 36 2 2 --
  +----- Hyridella_australis 
--+                          
  |  +-- Castalia_ambigua **    
  +--+                       
     +-- Triplodon_corrugatus

Graf et al., 2015 [Publ 3619], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 19 6 3 --
  +----- Diplodon_suavidicus 
--+                          
  |  +-- Triplodon_corrugatus
  +--+                       
     +-- Castalia_ambigua **    

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2015 [Publ 3620], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 39 2 2 --
  +----- Hyridella_australis 
--+                          
  |  +-- Triplodon_corrugatus
  +--+                       
     +-- Castalia_ambigua **    

Bolotov et al., 2016 [Publ 3743], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 2 2 --
  +----- Diplodon_suavidicus 
--+                          
  |  +-- Triplodon_corrugatus
  +--+                       
     +-- Castalia_ambigua **    

Bolotov et al., 2016 [Publ 3743], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 2 2 --
  +----- Diplodon_suavidicus 
--+                          
  |  +-- Triplodon_corrugatus
  +--+                       
     +-- Castalia_ambigua **    

Bolotov et al., 2017 [Publ 3761], fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 140 2 2 --
  +----- Diplodon_suavidicus 
--+                          
  |  +-- Castalia_ambigua **    
  +--+                       
     +-- Triplodon_corrugatus

Bolotov et al., 2017 [Publ 3761], fig. S2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 140 2 2 --
  +----- Diplodon_suavidicus 
--+                          
  |  +-- Castalia_ambigua **    
  +--+                       
     +-- Triplodon_corrugatus

Konopleva et al., 2017 [Publ 3807], fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 2 2 --
  +----- Diplodon_suavidicus 
--+                          
  |  +-- Triplodon_corrugatus
  +--+                       
     +-- Castalia_ambigua **    

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 203 6 4 --
  +----- Diplodon_suavidicus 
--+                          
  |  +-- Castalia_ambigua **    
  +--+                       
     +-- Triplodon_corrugatus

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. S3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 200 6 4 --
  +----- Diplodon_suavidicus 
--+                          
  |  +-- Castalia_ambigua **    
  +--+                       
     +-- Triplodon_corrugatus

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. S4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 201 6 4 --
  +----- Diplodon_suavidicus 
--+                          
  |  +-- Castalia_ambigua **    
  +--+                       
     +-- Triplodon_corrugatus

Guerra et al., 2019 [Publ 4168], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 40 3 3 --
  +----- Diplodon_suavidicus
--+                         
  |  +-- Castalia_ambigua **   
  +--+                      
     +-- Prisodon_obliquus  

Guerra et al., 2019 [Publ 4168], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 40 3 3 --
  +----- Diplodon_suavidicus
--+                         
  |  +-- Castalia_ambigua **   
  +--+                      
     +-- Prisodon_obliquus  

Page updated: 10:58:18 Sat 17 Feb 2024

 
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