Page last updated
Mon 06 May 2024

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page documents data for Pilsbry & Rhoads (1896), such as genera and species attributed to that publication (including known misspellings, misidentifications, and other unavailable names) as well as taxonomic opinions, if available. Taxonomic opinions refer to uses of genera and species as valid and invalid in that work.

Search the database pages:

Publication information

Pilsbry, H.A. & S.N. Rhoads. 1896. Contributions to the zoology of Tennessee. No. 4, Mollusks. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 48: 487-506.

Click here for online access.

Attributed Species Names

Anodonta imbecilis Lea, 1836
‘Say’ of Authors.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 54.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 264.
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll. 2(31-32): 502.
Say, 1858, [in] Binney, Compl. Writings T. Say: 140.
Lapham, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 156.
B.H. Wright, 1888, Check List N. Amer. Unionidae etc.: [7].
Pilsbry & Rhoads, 1896, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 48: 506.
Clench & Turner, 1956, Bull. Fla. State Mus. 1: 187.
Murray & Leonard, 1962, Handbk. Unionid Muss. Kansas: 95.
R.I. Johnson, 1970, Bull. MCZ 140(6): 362.
Heard, 1975, Malacologia 15(1): 84.
Kat, 1983, Malacologia 23(2): 362.
Hoeh, 1990, Malac. Review 23: 63.
Lydeard et al., 1996, Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc. London (B, Biol. Sci.) 351: 1595.
Rosenberg et al., 1997, J. Moll. Studies 63: 303.
Adamkewicz et al., 1997, MBE 14(6): 622.
(error for Anodonta imbecillis Say, 1829)

Unio texasensis Lea, 1860
‘Lea’ of Authors.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 359.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 59.
B.H. Wright, 1888, Check List N. Amer. Unionidae etc.: [5].
Pilsbry & Rhoads, 1896, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 48: 505.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 563.
Ortmann, 1915, Nautilus 28(12): 141.
Utterback, 1916, Amer. Midl. Nat. 4(9): 398.
Gordon et al., 1979, Bull. AMU (1979): 35, Table 3.
Cummings & Mayer, 1992, Freshw. Mussels Midwest (5): 134.
Vidrine, 1993, Histr. Distr. Freshw. Mussels LA: 169.
R.I. Johnson, 1999, Occ. Pap. Moll. 6(77): 34.
Bogan, 2010, FADA: [web].
ITIS, 2012, ITIS: [web].
Haag, 2012, N. Amer. Freshw. Mussels: 70 [as ‘Toxolasma texasensis’].
McMurray et al., 2012, Mo. Freshw. Mussels: 57 [as ‘Toxolasma texasense’].
Marshall et al., 2018, Amer. Malac. Bull. 36(1): 44.
(error for Unio texasiensis Lea, 1857)

Margaron (Unio) fascinans Lea, 1870
‘Lea’ of Authors.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 42.
B.H. Wright, 1888, Check List N. Amer. Unionidae etc.: [2].
Pilsbry & Rhoads, 1896, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 48: 502 [as ‘Unio fascinans’].
(error for Unio fassinans Lea, 1868)

Margaron (Unio) conradianus Lea, 1870
‘Lea’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 32.
‘Lea’ Pilsbry & Rhoads, 1896, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 48: 501 [as ‘Unio conradianus’].
‘Lea’ Haas, 1969, Treatise on Invert. Paleo: N455 [as ‘Medionidus’].
(error for Unio conradicus Lea, 1834)

Unio glans Lewis, 1871
‘Lea’ of Authors.
Lewis, 1871, Amer. J. Conch. 6: 218.
Pilsbry & Rhoads, 1896, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 48: 502.
(misidentified reference to Unio glans Lea, 1831)

Unio caliginosus Pilsbry & Rhoads, 1896
‘Conr.’ [sic] Pilsbry & Rhoads, 1896, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 48: 501.
(misidentified reference to Unio caliginosus Lea, 1845)

Unio muhlfeldtianus Pilsbry & Rhoads, 1896
‘Lea’ Pilsbry & Rhoads, 1896, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 48: 503.
(error for Unio muhlfeldianus Lea, 1838)

Taxonomic Opinions

Alasmodonta complanata Barnes

Alasmodonta confragosa Say

Alasmodonta edentula Say

Alasmodonta marginata Say

Alasmodonta minor (Lea)

Alasmodonta rugosa Barnes

Alasmodonta undulata Say

Anodonta grandis Say

Anodonta harpethensis Lea

Anodonta imbecilis [sic] Say

Anodonta suborbiculata Say

Pisidium abditum Hald.

Sphærium fabale Prime

Sphærium partumeium (Say)

Sphærium striatinum (Lam.)

Sphærium transversum (Say)

Unio acuens Lea

Unio alatus Say

Unio anodontoides Lea

Unio arcæformis Lea

Unio asperrimus Lea

Unio biangulatus Lea

Unio caliginosus Conr. [sic]

Unio capsæformis Lea, 1834

Unio circulus Lea

Unio conradianus Lea
+ Unio conradicus Lea, 1834

Unio cooperianus Lea

Unio cornutus Barnes

Unio crassidens Lam.

Unio cuneolus Lea

Unio cylindricus Say

Unio dromas Lea

Unio edgarianus Lea

Unio elegans Lea

Unio fascinans Lea
+ Unio fassinans Lea, 1868

Unio gibbosus Barnes

Unio glans Lea

Unio gracilis Barnes

Unio haysianus Lea

Unio irroratus Lea

Unio kirtlandianus Lea

Unio lawi Lea

Unio ligamentinus Lam.

Unio muhlfeldtianus [sic] Lea

Unio multiradiatus Lea

Unio obliquus Lam.

Unio ovatus Say

Unio parvus Say [sic]

Unio phaseolus Hild.

Unio pictus Lea

Unio pilaris Lea

Unio plicatus Lesueur

Unio propinquus Lea

Unio purpuratus Lam.

Unio pustulosus Lea

Unio pybasii Lea

Unio pyramidatus Lea

Unio rectus Lam.

Unio rubiginosus Lea

Unio securis Lea

Unio sphæricus Lea

Unio subrostratus Say

Unio subtentus Say

Unio texasensis [sic] Lea

Unio trapezoides Lea

Unio triangularis Barnes

Unio tuberculatus Barnes

Unio tumescens Lea

Unio turgidus Lea

Unio undulatus Barnes

Unio ventricosus Barnes

Unio verrucosus Barnes

Page updated: 09:11:20 Mon 06 May 2024

NSF icon MUSSEL icon
"Making the world a better place, one mollusk at a time."