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Page last updated
Fri 02 Sep 2022

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Cladomics pages are experimental — even more so than the rest of this site!

The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page. Abbreviations for the various statistics are explained on the FARQ!

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Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Lampsilini

genus Ligumia Swainson, 1840: cladomics
     9 valid species

Cladomics Summary

number of species = 9

analyzed in 34 cladograms in 20 publications
maximum number of terminal species in an analysis = 1, mean = 1.0

Basic Monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species) = 0
maximum number of included species = 0, mean = 0
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly = 0


Campbell et al., 2005, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 116 48 22 --

*** Top Monophyly Cladogram *** *** Top Sister-Group Cladogram ***

           +-- Ligumia_recta **          
  +--------+                          
  |        +-- Cambarunio_iris        
--+                                   
  |  +-------- Lampsilis_teres        
  +--+                                
     |  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
     +--+                             
        |  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea  
        +--+                          
           +-- Leaunio_vanuxemensis   

Graf & Cummings, 2006, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 46 7 7 --
  +-------------- Obliquaria_reflexa        
  |                                         
  +-------------- Truncilla_truncata        
--+                                         
  +-------------- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris
  |                                         
  |  +----------- Ligumia_recta **             
  +--+                                      
     |  +-------- Cambarunio_iris           
     +--+                                   
        |  +----- Epioblasma_triquetra      
        +--+                                
           |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium         
           +--+                             
              +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina   

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000, fig. 2A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 11 8 --
  +----------- Ligumia_recta **             
  |                                      
  +----------- Truncilla_truncata        
  |                                      
  |        +-- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris
  +--------+                             
--+        +-- Sagittunio_nasutus        
  |                                      
  |     +----- Lampsilis_siliquoidea     
  |  +--+                                
  |  |  |  +-- Epioblasma_triquetra      
  |  |  +--+                             
  |  |     +-- Epioblasma_brevidens      
  +--+                                   
     |  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina   
     |  |                                
     |  +----- Cambarunio_iris           
     +--+                                
        +----- Leaunio_vanuxemensis      
        |                                
        |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium         
        +--+                             
           +-- Lampsilis_fasciola        

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000, fig. 2B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 11 8 --
  +-------------------- Truncilla_truncata        
  |                                               
--+  +----------------- Ligumia_recta **             
  |  |                                            
  |  |              +-- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris
  +--+  +-----------+                             
     |  |           +-- Sagittunio_nasutus        
     |  |                                         
     +--+  +----------- Lampsilis_siliquoidea     
        |  |                                      
        |  |     +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina   
        +--+  +--+                                
           |  |  |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium         
           |  |  +--+                             
           |  |     +-- Lampsilis_fasciola        
           +--+                                   
              |     +-- Epioblasma_brevidens      
              |  +--+                             
              |  |  +-- Epioblasma_triquetra      
              +--+                                
                 |  +-- Cambarunio_iris           
                 +--+                             
                    +-- Leaunio_vanuxemensis      

Bogan & Hoeh, 2000, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 5 5 --
  +----- Potamilus_alatus       
--+                             
  |  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
  +--+                          
     +-- Ligumia_recta **          

Hoeh et al., 2001, fig. 14.2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 5 5 --
  +----- Potamilus_alatus 
--+                       
  |  +-- Ligumia_recta **    
  +--+                    
     +-- Toxolasma_lividum

Hoeh et al., 2001, fig. 14.4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 5 5 --
  +----- Potamilus_alatus       
--+                             
  |  +-- Ligumia_recta **          
  +--+                          
     +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina

Hoeh et al., 2002, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 5 5 --
  +----- Potamilus_alatus       
--+                             
  |  +-- Ligumia_recta **          
  +--+                          
     +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina

Roe & Hoeh, 2003, fig. 4.2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 5 5 --
  +----- Potamilus_alatus 
--+                       
  |  +-- Ligumia_recta **    
  +--+                    
     +-- Toxolasma_lividum

Roe & Hoeh, 2003, fig. 4.3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 5 5 --
  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
--+                             
  |  +-- Ligumia_recta **          
  +--+                          
     +-- Potamilus_alatus       

Campbell et al., 2005, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 114 48 22 --
  +----- Villosa_villosa
--+                     
  |  +-- Ligumia_recta **  
  +--+                  
     +-- Cambarunio_iris

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 4 4 --
  +-------- Potamilus_purpuratus   
--+                                
  |  +----- Ligumia_recta **          
  +--+                             
     |  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
     +--+                          
        +-- Lampsilis_teres        

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 4 4 --
  +-------- Cyrtonaias_tampicoensis
--+                                
  |  +----- Ligumia_recta **          
  +--+                             
     |  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
     +--+                          
        +-- Lampsilis_teres        

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 4 4 --
  +-------- Potamilus_purpuratus   
--+                                
  |  +----- Ligumia_recta **          
  +--+                             
     |  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
     +--+                          
        +-- Lampsilis_teres        

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 37 4 4 --
  +----- Lampsilis_teres        
--+                             
  |  +-- Ligumia_recta **          
  +--+                          
     +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 6-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 4 4 --
  +-------- Cyrtonaias_tampicoensis
--+                                
  |  +----- Ligumia_recta **          
  +--+                             
     |  +-- Lampsilis_teres        
     +--+                          
        +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina

Zanatta & Murphy, 2006, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 48 22 --
  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
--+                             
  |  +-- Cambarunio_iris        
  +--+                          
     +-- Ligumia_recta **          

Zanatta & Murphy, 2006, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 57 48 22 --
           +-- Ligumia_recta **      
  +--------+                      
  |        +-- Cambarunio_iris    
--+                               
  |  +-------- Lampsilis_teres    
  |  |                            
  +--+     +-- Hamiota_australis  
     |  +--+                      
     |  |  +-- Hamiota_subangulata
     +--+                         
        |  +-- Hamiota_altilis    
        +--+                      
           +-- Hamiota_perovalis  

Hoeh et al., 2002, fig. 1-F

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 8 4 4 --
  +----- Lampsilis_teres     
--+                          
  |  +-- Potamilus_purpuratus
  +--+                       
     +-- Ligumia_recta **       

Hoeh et al., 2002, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 8 4 4 --
  +-------- Cyrtonaias_tampicoensis
--+                                
  |  +----- Ligumia_recta **          
  +--+                             
     |  +-- Lampsilis_teres        
     +--+                          
        +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina

Roe et al., 2001, fig. 3a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 15 4 --
  +-------------- Ligumia_recta **       
  |                                   
  +-------------- Obliquaria_reflexa  
  |                                   
  |        +----- Lampsilis_teres     
  +--------+                          
--+        |  +-- Lampsilis_ovata     
  |        +--+                       
  |           +-- Lampsilis_ornata    
  |                                   
  |  +----------- Villosa_villosa     
  |  |                                
  |  |     +----- Hamiota_australis[2]
  +--+  +--+                          
     |  |  |  +-- Hamiota_subangulata 
     |  |  +--+                       
     |  |     +-- Hamiota_australis[1]
     +--+                             
        |  +----- Hamiota_altilis[3]  
        |  |                          
        |  |  +-- Hamiota_perovalis[1]
        +--+  |                       
           |  +-- Hamiota_perovalis[2]
           |  |                       
           |  +-- Hamiota_altilis[1]  
           +--+                       
              +-- Hamiota_altilis[2]  
              |                       
              +-- Hamiota_altilis[4]  
              |                       
              +-- Hamiota_altilis[5]  

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 46 7 7 --
  +----- Cambarunio_iris     
--+                          
  |  +-- Ligumia_recta **       
  +--+                       
     +-- Epioblasma_triquetra

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 45 7 7 --
  +----- Cambarunio_iris     
--+                          
  |  +-- Ligumia_recta **       
  +--+                       
     +-- Epioblasma_triquetra

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 45 6 6 --
  +----- Truncilla_truncata        
  |                                
  +----- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris
--+                                
  |  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina   
  |  |                             
  |  +-- Cambarunio_iris           
  +--+                             
     +-- Ligumia_recta **             
     |                             
     +-- Epioblasma_triquetra      

Boyer et al., 2011, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 34 15 9 --
  +-------- Obovaria_olivaria      
  |                                
  +-------- Lampsilis_cardium      
  |                                
  |     +-- Epioblasma_triquetra   
  +-----+                          
  |     +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea  
  |                                
  |     +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
  +-----+                          
  |     +-- Lampsilis_higginsii    
--+                                
  |     +-- Ligumia_recta **          
  +-----+                          
  |     +-- Lampsilis_teres        
  |                                
  |  +----- Potamilus_fragilis     
  +--+                             
  |  |  +-- Potamilus_ohiensis     
  |  +--+                          
  |     +-- Potamilus_alatus       
  |                                
  |  +----- Ellipsaria_lineolata   
  +--+                             
     |  +-- Truncilla_truncata     
     +--+                          
        +-- Truncilla_donaciformis 

Boyer et al., 2011, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 37 15 9 --
  +----------- Lampsilis_cardium      
  |                                   
  |     +----- Ligumia_recta **          
  +-----+                             
--+     |  +-- Obovaria_olivaria      
  |     +--+                          
  |        +-- Epioblasma_triquetra   
  |                                   
  |  +-------- Lampsilis_teres        
  +--+                                
     |  +----- Lampsilis_siliquoidea  
     +--+                             
        |  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
        +--+                          
           +-- Lampsilis_higginsii    

Grobler et al., 2011, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 16 15 9 --
     +----- Lampsilis_siliquoidea  
  +--+                             
  |  |  +-- Lampsilis_higginsii    
  |  +--+                          
  |     +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
  |                                
  |  +----- Lampsilis_fasciola     
--+--+                             
  |  |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium      
  |  +--+                          
  |     +-- Lampsilis_ovata        
  |                                
  |  +----- Cambarunio_iris        
  |  |                             
  +--+----- Ligumia_recta **          
     |                             
     |  +-- Epioblasma_brevidens   
     +--+                          
        +-- Epioblasma_capsaeformis

Gangloff et al., 2013, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 4 2 --
        +-- Ligumia_recta **              
  +-----+                              
  |     +-- Sagittunio_nasutus         
--+                                    
  |  +----- Venustaconcha_pleasii[2]   
  +--+                                 
     |  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
     +--+                              
        +-- Venustaconcha_pleasii[1]   

Szumowski et al., 2012, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 14 9 --
  +----- Hamiota_altilis     
  |                          
--+  +-- Epioblasma_triquetra
  |  |                       
  +--+-- Cambarunio_iris     
     |                       
     +-- Ligumia_recta **       

Jadhav & Jamkhedkar, 2009, fig. 11

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 25 7 7 --
        +-- Lampsilis_cardium      
  +-----+                          
  |     +-- Epioblasma_triquetra   
--+                                
  |  +----- Ligumia_recta **          
  +--+                             
     |  +-- Obliquaria_reflexa     
     +--+                          
        +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina

Pfeiffer et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 11 10 --
  +----- Cambarunio_iris     
--+                          
  |  +-- Epioblasma_triquetra
  +--+                       
     +-- Ligumia_recta **       

Smith et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 41 36 19 --
                       +-- Hamiota_subangulata        
  +--------------------+                              
  |                    +-- Villosa_villosa            
  |                                                   
--+  +-------------------- Ligumia_recta **              
  |  |                                                
  |  |              +----- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
  +--+  +-----------+                                 
     |  |           |  +-- Obovaria_subrotunda        
     |  |           +--+                              
     +--+              +-- Epioblasma_rangiana        
        |                                             
        |  +-------------- Ortmanniana_pectorosa      
        +--+                                          
           |  +----------- Ortmanniana_ligamentina    
           +--+                                       
              |  +-------- Lampsilis_ovata            
              +--+                                    
                 |  +----- Lampsilis_dolabraeformis   
                 +--+                                 
                    |  +-- Lampsilis_satura           
                    +--+                              
                       +-- Lampsilis_cardium          

Inoue et al., 2020, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 28 11 10 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Inoue et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 28 10 9 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Page updated: 13:39:58 Fri 02 Sep 2022

 
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