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Page last updated
Fri 02 Dec 2022

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Cladomics pages are experimental — even more so than the rest of this site!

The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page. Abbreviations for the various statistics are explained on the FARQ!

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Pleurobemini

genus Pleuronaia Frierson, 1927: cladomics
     4 valid species

Cladomics Summary

number of species = 4

analyzed in 27 cladograms in 14 publications
maximum number of terminal species in an analysis = 3, mean = 2.04

Basic Monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species) = 15
maximum number of included species = 3, mean = 2.87
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly = 1.0


Campbell & Lydeard, 2012, fig. 1-2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 71 39 8 0.0

*** Top Monophyly Cladogram ***

        +----------------- Fusconaia_subrotunda    
        |                                          
  +-----+              +-- Fusconaia_cor           
  |     |  +-----------+                           
  |     |  |           +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus      
  |     +--+                                       
  |        |  +----------- Fusconaia_ozarkensis    
  |        |  |                                    
  |        +--+        +-- Fusconaia_escambia      
  |           |  +-----+                           
  |           |  |     +-- Fusconaia_burkei        
  |           +--+                                 
--+              |  +----- Fusconaia_masoni        
  |              +--+                              
  |                 |  +-- Fusconaia_flava         
  |                 +--+                           
  |                    +-- Fusconaia_cerina        
  |                                                
  |                 +----- Pleuronaia_gibber **       
  |  +--------------+                              
  |  |              |  +-- Pleuronaia_barnesiana **   
  |  |              +--+                           
  |  |                 +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides **
  +--+                                             
     |                 +-- Eurynia_dilatata        
     |  +--------------+                           
     |  |              +-- Parvaspina_collina      
     |  |                                          
     +--+              +-- Hemistena_lata          
        |  +-----------+                           
        |  |           +-- Plethobasus_cyphyus     
        |  |                                       
        +--+  +----------- Elliptio_shepardiana    
           |  |                                    
           |  |  +-------- Elliptio_complanata     
           +--+  |                                 
              |  |  +----- Elliptio_purpurella     
              |  +--+                              
              |  |  |  +-- Elliptio_arca           
              +--+  +--+                           
                 |     +-- Elliptio_arctata        
                 |                                 
                 |     +-- Elliptio_mcmichaeli     
                 |     |                           
                 +-----+-- Elliptio_pullata        
                       |                           
                       +-- Elliptio_crassidens     

Inoue et al., 2018, fig. 1, 3a-c

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 0 3 201 153 8 1.0

*** Top Sister-Group Cladogram ***

  +----------------------------------- Plethobasus_cyphyus      
  |                                                             
  +----------------------------------- Eurynia_dilatata         
  |                                                             
  +----------------------------------- Hemistena_lata           
  |                                                             
  |                                +-- Elliptio_complanata      
  |                                |                            
  |                                +-- Elliptio_hopetonensis    
  |                                |                            
  |                                +-- Elliptio_producta[1]     
  |                                |                            
  |                                +-- Elliptio_shepardiana     
  |                                |                            
  |                                +-- Elliptio_angustata       
  |                                |                            
  |                                +-- Elliptio_arca            
  |                                |                            
  |                                +-- Elliptio_arctata         
  |                                |                            
  |                                +-- Elliptio_jayensis        
  |                                |                            
  |                                +-- Elliptio_crassidens      
  |                                |                            
  +--------------------------------+-- Elliptio_dariensis       
  |                                |                            
  |                                +-- Elliptio_fisheriana      
  |                                |                            
  |                                +-- Elliptio_folliculata     
  |                                |                            
  |                                +-- Elliptio_fumata          
  |                                |                            
  |                                +-- Elliptio_icterina        
  |                                |                            
  |                                +-- Elliptio_mcmichaeli      
  |                                |                            
  |                                +-- Elliptio_producta[2]     
  |                                |                            
  |                                +-- Elliptio_pullata         
  |                                |                            
  |                                +-- Elliptio_purpurella      
  |                                |                            
  |                                +-- Elliptio_congaraea       
  |                                                             
--+                                +-- Pleuronaia_barnesiana **    
  |                                |                            
  |  +-----------------------------+-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides ** 
  |  |                             |                            
  |  |                             +-- Pleuronaia_gibber **        
  |  |                                                          
  |  |     +-------------------------- Pleurobema_plenum        
  |  |     |                                                    
  |  |     |  +----------------------- Pleurobema_stabile       
  |  |     |  |                                                 
  |  |     |  |                 +----- Pleurobema_pyriforme     
  |  |  +--+  |              +--+                               
  |  |  |  |  |              |  |  +-- Pleurobema_georgianum[2] 
  |  |  |  |  |              |  +--+                            
  |  |  |  |  |  +-----------+     +-- Pleurobema_athearni      
  |  |  |  |  |  |           |                                  
  |  |  |  +--+  |           |  +----- Pleurobema_decisum       
  |  |  |     |  |           |  |                               
  |  |  |     |  |           +--+  +-- Pleurobema_georgianum[1] 
  |  |  |     |  |              |  |                            
  |  |  |     |  |              +--+-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum[1]
  |  |  |     |  |                 |                            
  |  |  |     |  |                 +-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum[2]
  |  |  |     |  |                                              
  |  |  |     +--+     +-------------- Pleurobema_beadleianum[2]
  |  |  |        |     |                                        
  |  |  |        |  +--+  +----------- Pleurobema_strodeanum[2] 
  |  |  |        |  |  |  |                                     
  |  |  |        |  |  +--+----------- Pleurobema_rubellum      
  |  |  |        |  |     |                                     
  |  |  |        |  |     |  +-------- Pleurobema_beadleianum[1]
  |  |  |        |  |     +--+                                  
  |  |  |        |  |        |  +----- Pleurobema_taitianum     
  |  |  |        |  |        +--+                               
  |  |  |        |  |           |  +-- Pleurobema_perovatum     
  |  |  |        +--+           +--+                            
  |  |  |           |              +-- Pleurobema_strodeanum[1] 
  |  |  |           |                                           
  |  |  |           |           +----- Pleurobema_oviforme[6]   
  |  |  |           |           |                               
  |  |  |           |        +--+----- Pleurobema_clava[3]      
  |  |  |           |        |  |                               
  |  |  |           |        |  |  +-- Pleurobema_oviforme[5]   
  |  |  |           |        |  +--+                            
  +--+  |           +--------+     +-- Pleurobema_clava[2]      
     |  |                    |                                  
     |  |                    |  +----- Pleurobema_oviforme[2]   
     |  |                    |  |                               
     |  |                    |  +----- Pleurobema_oviforme[3]   
     |  |                    +--+                               
     |  |                       +----- Pleurobema_oviforme[4]   
     |  |                       |                               
     |  |                       |  +-- Pleurobema_clava[1]      
     |  |                       +--+                            
     |  |                          +-- Pleurobema_oviforme[1]   
     |  |                                                       
     |  |  +-------------------------- Pleurobema_cordatum      
     |  |  |                                                    
     |  |  |                    +----- Fusconaia_subrotunda     
     |  |  |  +-----------------+                               
     |  +--+  |                 |  +-- Fusconaia_cor            
     |  |  |  |                 +--+                            
     |  |  |  |                    +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus       
     |  |  |  |                                                 
     |  |  |  |  +-------------------- Fusconaia_ozarkensis     
     |  |  +--+  |                                              
     |  |     |  |                 +-- Fusconaia_escambia       
     |  |     |  |  +--------------+                            
     |  |     |  |  |              +-- Fusconaia_burkei         
     |  |     |  |  |                                           
     |  |     |  |  |           +----- Fusconaia_mitchelli      
     |  |     +--+  |           |                               
     |  |        |  |           +----- Fusconaia_flava[27]      
     |  |        |  |           |                               
     |  |        |  +-----------+  +-- Fusconaia_askewi[1]      
     |  |        |  |           |  |                            
     |  |        |  |           |  +-- Fusconaia_askewi[2]      
     |  |        |  |           |  |                            
     |  |        |  |           |  +-- Fusconaia_askewi[3]      
     |  |        +--+           +--+                            
     |  |           |              +-- Fusconaia_askewi[4]      
     |  |           |              |                            
     |  |           |              +-- Fusconaia_askewi[5]      
     |  |           |              |                            
     |  |           |              +-- Fusconaia_chunii         
     |  |           |                                           
     |  |           |  +-------------- Fusconaia_masoni         
     +--+           |  |                                        
        |           |  |  +----------- Fusconaia_flava[26]      
        |           |  |  |                                     
        |           |  |  |        +-- Fusconaia_cerina[8]      
        |           +--+  |  +-----+                            
        |              |  |  |     +-- Fusconaia_flava[25]      
        |              |  |  |                                  
        |              |  |  |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[5]       
        |              |  |  |  |                               
        |              |  |  |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[6]       
        |              +--+  |  |                               
        |                 |  |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[7]       
        |                 |  |  |                               
        |                 |  |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[8]       
        |                 |  |  |                               
        |                 |  |  +----- Fusconaia_cerina[4]      
        |                 |  |  |                               
        |                 |  |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[9]       
        |                 |  |  |                               
        |                 +--+  +----- Fusconaia_flava[10]      
        |                    |  |                               
        |                    |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[11]      
        |                    |  |                               
        |                    |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[12]      
        |                    |  |                               
        |                    |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[13]      
        |                    |  |                               
        |                    |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[14]      
        |                    |  |                               
        |                    |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[15]      
        |                    |  |                               
        |                    |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[16]      
        |                    |  |                               
        |                    |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[17]      
        |                    +--+                               
        |                       +----- Fusconaia_flava[18]      
        |                       |                               
        |                       +----- Fusconaia_flava[19]      
        |                       |                               
        |                       +----- Fusconaia_flava[20]      
        |                       |                               
        |                       +----- Fusconaia_flava[21]      
        |                       |                               
        |                       +----- Fusconaia_flava[22]      
        |                       |                               
        |                       +----- Fusconaia_flava[23]      
        |                       |                               
        |                       +----- Fusconaia_flava[24]      
        |                       |                               
        |                       +----- Fusconaia_cerina[5]      
        |                       |                               
        |                       +----- Fusconaia_cerina[6]      
        |                       |                               
        |                       +----- Fusconaia_cerina[7]      
        |                       |                               
        |                       |  +-- Fusconaia_flava[1]       
        |                       |  |                            
        |                       |  +-- Fusconaia_flava[2]       
        |                       |  |                            
        |                       |  +-- Fusconaia_flava[3]       
        |                       |  |                            
        |                       +--+-- Fusconaia_flava[4]       
        |                          |                            
        |                          +-- Fusconaia_cerina[1]      
        |                          |                            
        |                          +-- Fusconaia_cerina[2]      
        |                          |                            
        |                          +-- Fusconaia_cerina[3]      
        |                                                       
        |           +----------------- Pleurobema_riddellii     
        |           |                                           
        |           |  +-------------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[21]  
        |           |  |                                        
        |           |  |  +----------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[19]  
        |           |  |  |                                     
        |           |  |  +----------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[20]  
        |           |  |  |                                     
        +-----------+  |  |     +----- Pleurobema_sintoxia[18]  
                    |  |  |     |                               
                    |  |  |     +----- Pleurobema_rubrum[19]    
                    |  |  |     |                               
                    |  |  |     +----- Pleurobema_rubrum[20]    
                    |  |  +-----+                               
                    |  |  |     +----- Pleurobema_rubrum[21]    
                    |  |  |     |                               
                    |  |  |     |  +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[17]    
                    +--+  |     |  |                            
                       |  |     |  +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia[16]  
                       |  |     +--+                            
                       |  |        +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia[17]  
                       |  |        |                            
                       |  |        +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[18]    
                       |  |                                     
                       |  |  +-------- Pleurobema[4]            
                       |  |  |                                  
                       |  |  +-------- Pleurobema[5]            
                       |  |  |                                  
                       |  |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[1]   
                       |  |  |                                  
                       |  |  +-------- Pleurobema[8]            
                       |  |  |                                  
                       |  |  +-------- Pleurobema[9]            
                       +--+  |                                  
                          |  +-------- Pleurobema[10]           
                          |  |                                  
                          |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[3]   
                          |  |                                  
                          |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[4]   
                          |  |                                  
                          |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[5]   
                          |  |                                  
                          |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[6]   
                          |  |                                  
                          |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[7]   
                          |  |                                  
                          |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[8]   
                          |  |                                  
                          |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[9]   
                          |  |                                  
                          |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[10]  
                          |  |                                  
                          |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[11]  
                          |  |                                  
                          |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[12]  
                          |  |                                  
                          |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[13]  
                          |  |                                  
                          |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[14]  
                          |  |                                  
                          |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[15]  
                          |  |                                  
                          +--+-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[4]     
                             |                                  
                             +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[5]     
                             |                                  
                             +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[6]     
                             |                                  
                             +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[7]     
                             |                                  
                             +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[8]     
                             |                                  
                             +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[9]     
                             |                                  
                             +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[10]    
                             |                                  
                             +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[11]    
                             |                                  
                             +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[12]    
                             |                                  
                             +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[13]    
                             |                                  
                             +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[14]    
                             |                                  
                             +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[15]    
                             |                                  
                             +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[16]    
                             |                                  
                             |     +-- Pleurobema[6]            
                             +-----+                            
                             |     +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[1]     
                             |                                  
                             |     +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia[2]   
                             +-----+                            
                             |     +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[2]     
                             |                                  
                             |     +-- Pleurobema[7]            
                             +-----+                            
                             |     +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[3]     
                             |                                  
                             |  +----- Pleurobema[3]            
                             +--+                               
                                |  +-- Pleurobema[1]            
                                +--+                            
                                   +-- Pleurobema[2]            

Campbell et al., 2005, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 114 36 8 0.0
                          +----- Plethobasus_cyphyus      
  +-----------------------+                               
  |                       |  +-- Elliptio_arca            
  |                       +--+                            
  |                          +-- Elliptio_crassidens      
  |                                                       
  |                          +-- Eurynia_dilatata         
  |  +-----------------------+                            
  |  |                       +-- Parvaspina_collina       
  |  |                                                    
  |  |                    +----- Pleuronaia_gibber **        
  |  +--------------------+                               
  |  |                    |  +-- Pleuronaia_barnesiana **    
--+  |                    +--+                            
  |  |                       +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides ** 
  |  |                                                    
  |  |              +----------- Fusconaia_subrotunda     
  |  |              |                                     
  |  |              |        +-- Fusconaia_cor            
  |  +--------------+  +-----+                            
  |  |              |  |     +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus       
  |  |              |  |                                  
  |  |              |  |     +-- Fusconaia_cerina[1]      
  |  |              +--+     |                            
  |  |                 |  +--+-- Fusconaia_cerina[2]      
  +--+                 |  |  |                            
     |                 |  |  +-- Fusconaia_flava          
     |                 +--+                               
     |                    |  +-- Fusconaia_burkei[1]      
     |                    |  |                            
     |                    |  +-- Fusconaia_burkei[2]      
     |                    +--+                            
     |                       +-- Fusconaia_burkei[3]      
     |                       |                            
     |                       +-- Fusconaia_escambia       
     |                                                    
     |                       +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[2]     
     |                    +--+                            
     |                    |  +-- Pleurobema_cordatum      
     |  +-----------------+                               
     |  |                 |  +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[1]     
     |  |                 +--+                            
     |  |                    +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia      
     +--+                                                 
        |  +-------------------- Pleurobema_pyriforme     
        |  |                                              
        |  |                 +-- Pleurobema_georgianum[2] 
        |  |                 |                            
        +--+  +--------------+-- Pleurobema_georgianum[3] 
           |  |              |                            
           |  |              +-- Pleurobema_athearni      
           |  |                                           
           |  |           +----- Pleurobema_decisum       
           +--+           |                               
              |  +--------+  +-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum[1]
              |  |        |  |                            
              |  |        +--+-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum[2]
              |  |           |                            
              |  |           +-- Pleurobema_georgianum[1] 
              +--+                                        
                 |           +-- Pleurobema_oviforme[1]   
                 |           |                            
                 |  +--------+-- Pleurobema_oviforme[2]   
                 |  |        |                            
                 +--+        +-- Pleurobema_clava         
                    |                                     
                    |  +-------- Pleurobema_strodeanum    
                    +--+                                  
                       |  +----- Pleurobema_rubellum      
                       +--+                               
                          |  +-- Pleurobema_perovatum     
                          +--+                            
                             +-- Pleurobema_taitianum     

Campbell et al., 2005, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 112 33 8 0.0
                       +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[1]     
                    +--+                            
                    |  +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia      
  +-----------------+                               
  |                 |  +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[2]     
  |                 +--+                            
  |                    +-- Pleurobema_cordatum      
  |                                                 
  |        +-------------- Fusconaia_subrotunda     
  |        |                                        
  |        |           +-- Fusconaia_cor            
  +--------+  +--------+                            
  |        |  |        +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus       
  |        |  |                                     
  |        +--+        +-- Fusconaia_cerina         
  |           |  +-----+                            
  |           |  |     +-- Fusconaia_flava          
--+           +--+                                  
  |              |  +----- Fusconaia_burkei[2]      
  |              +--+                               
  |                 |  +-- Fusconaia_escambia       
  |                 +--+                            
  |                    +-- Fusconaia_burkei[1]      
  |                                                 
  |                 +----- Pleuronaia_gibber **        
  |  +--------------+                               
  |  |              |  +-- Pleuronaia_barnesiana **    
  |  |              +--+                            
  |  |                 +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides ** 
  |  |                                              
  |  |           +-------- Pleurobema_rubellum      
  +--+  +--------+                                  
     |  |        |  +----- Pleurobema_strodeanum    
     |  |        +--+                               
     |  |           |  +-- Pleurobema_perovatum     
     |  |           +--+                            
     |  |              +-- Pleurobema_taitianum     
     +--+                                           
        |              +-- Pleurobema_oviforme[1]   
        |              |                            
        |  +-----------+-- Pleurobema_oviforme[2]   
        |  |           |                            
        |  |           +-- Pleurobema_clava         
        +--+                                        
           |  +----------- Pleurobema_pyriforme     
           |  |                                     
           +--+        +-- Pleurobema_athearni      
              |  +-----+                            
              |  |     +-- Pleurobema_georgianum[2] 
              +--+                                  
                 |  +----- Pleurobema_decisum       
                 |  |                               
                 +--+  +-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum[1]
                    |  |                            
                    +--+-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum[2]
                       |                            
                       +-- Pleurobema_georgianum[1] 

Campbell & Lydeard, 2012, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 41 24 8 0.0
                                +-- Eurynia_dilatata        
                          +-----+                           
                          |     +-- Hemistena_lata          
  +-----------------------+                                 
  |                       |  +----- Plethobasus_cyphyus     
  |                       +--+                              
  |                          |  +-- Elliptio_arca           
  |                          +--+                           
--+                             +-- Elliptio_crassidens     
  |                                                         
  |                          +----- Pleuronaia_gibber **       
  |  +-----------------------+                              
  |  |                       |  +-- Pleuronaia_barnesiana **   
  |  |                       +--+                           
  +--+                          +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides **
     |                                                      
     |  +-------------------------- Parvaspina_collina      
     |  |                                                   
     +--+  +----------------------- Fusconaia_subrotunda    
        |  |                                                
        +--+                    +-- Fusconaia_cor           
           |  +-----------------+                           
           |  |                 +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus      
           +--+                                             
              |  +----------------- Fusconaia_ozarkensis    
              |  |                                          
              +--+              +-- Fusconaia_burkei        
                 |  +-----------+                           
                 |  |           +-- Fusconaia_escambia      
                 +--+                                       
                    |  +----------- Fusconaia_masoni        
                    +--+                                    
                       |  +-------- Fusconaia_cerina[2]     
                       +--+                                 
                          |  +----- Fusconaia_cerina[1]     
                          +--+                              
                             |  +-- Fusconaia_flava         
                             +--+                           
                                +-- Fusconaia_askewi        

Campbell & Lydeard, 2012, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 41 24 8 0.0
  +-------------------------- Hemistena_lata          
  |                                                   
  +-------------------------- Plethobasus_cyphyus     
  |                                                   
  |                       +-- Elliptio_arca           
  +-----------------------+                           
  |                       +-- Elliptio_crassidens     
  |                                                   
  |                       +-- Eurynia_dilatata        
  +-----------------------+                           
  |                       +-- Parvaspina_collina      
--+                                                   
  |                    +----- Pleuronaia_gibber **       
  |  +-----------------+                              
  |  |                 |  +-- Pleuronaia_barnesiana **   
  |  |                 +--+                           
  |  |                    +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides **
  |  |                                                
  |  |                    +-- Pleurobema_cordatum     
  |  |           +--------+                           
  |  |           |        +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia     
  |  +-----------+                                    
  |  |           |  +-------- Pleurobema_stabile      
  +--+           +--+                                 
     |              |  +----- Pleurobema_pyriforme    
     |              +--+                              
     |                 |  +-- Pleurobema_clava        
     |                 +--+                           
     |                    +-- Pleurobema_decisum      
     |                                                
     |                 +----- Fusconaia_subrotunda    
     |  +--------------+                              
     |  |              |  +-- Fusconaia_cor           
     |  |              +--+                           
     +--+                 +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus      
        |                                             
        |  +----------------- Fusconaia_ozarkensis    
        |  |                                          
        +--+              +-- Fusconaia_burkei        
           |  +-----------+                           
           |  |           +-- Fusconaia_escambia      
           +--+                                       
              |  +----------- Fusconaia_masoni        
              +--+                                    
                 |  +-------- Fusconaia_cerina[2]     
                 +--+                                 
                    |  +----- Fusconaia_cerina[1]     
                    +--+                              
                       |  +-- Fusconaia_flava         
                       +--+                           
                          +-- Fusconaia_askewi        

Campbell & Lydeard, 2012, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 48 29 8 2.0
  +-------------------------------- Parvaspina_collina      
  |                                                         
  |                             +-- Hemistena_lata          
  +-----------------------------+                           
  |                             +-- Plethobasus_cyphyus     
  |                                                         
--+                          +----- Pleuronaia_barnesiana **   
  |  +-----------------------+                              
  |  |                       |  +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides **
  |  |                       +--+                           
  |  |                          +-- Pleuronaia_gibber **       
  |  |                                                      
  |  |                          +-- Pleurobema_stabile      
  +--+                    +-----+                           
     |                    |     +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia     
     |  +-----------------+                                 
     |  |                 |  +----- Pleurobema_decisum      
     |  |                 +--+                              
     |  |                    |  +-- Pleurobema_clava        
     +--+                    +--+                           
        |                       +-- Pleurobema_pyriforme    
        |                                                   
        |  +----------------------- Pleurobema_cordatum     
        |  |                                                
        +--+  +-------------------- Fusconaia_subrotunda    
           |  |                                             
           |  |                 +-- Fusconaia_cor           
           +--+  +--------------+                           
              |  |              +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus      
              |  |                                          
              +--+  +-------------- Fusconaia_ozarkensis    
                 |  |                                       
                 |  |           +-- Fusconaia_flava[4]      
                 |  |  +--------+                           
                 +--+  |        +-- Fusconaia_masoni        
                    |  |                                    
                    |  |        +-- Fusconaia_escambia      
                    |  |        |                           
                    +--+        +-- Fusconaia_burkei[1]     
                       |  +-----+                           
                       |  |     +-- Fusconaia_burkei[2]     
                       |  |     |                           
                       |  |     +-- Fusconaia_burkei[3]     
                       +--+                                 
                          |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[3]      
                          |  |                              
                          |  |  +-- Fusconaia_cerina        
                          +--+  |                           
                             |  +-- Fusconaia_askewi[1]     
                             |  |                           
                             +--+-- Fusconaia_askewi[2]     
                                |                           
                                +-- Fusconaia_flava[1]      
                                |                           
                                +-- Fusconaia_flava[2]      

Campbell & Lydeard, 2012, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 41 24 8 0.0
                       +-------- Parvaspina_collina      
  +--------------------+                                 
  |                    |  +----- Pleuronaia_gibber **       
  |                    +--+                              
  |                       |  +-- Pleuronaia_barnesiana **   
  |                       +--+                           
--+                          +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides **
  |                                                      
  |                       +----- Plethobasus_cyphyus     
  |  +--------------------+                              
  |  |                    |  +-- Elliptio_arca           
  |  |                    +--+                           
  +--+                       +-- Elliptio_crassidens     
     |                                                   
     |  +----------------------- Fusconaia_subrotunda    
     |  |                                                
     +--+                    +-- Fusconaia_cor           
        |  +-----------------+                           
        |  |                 +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus      
        +--+                                             
           |  +----------------- Fusconaia_ozarkensis    
           |  |                                          
           +--+              +-- Fusconaia_burkei        
              |  +-----------+                           
              |  |           +-- Fusconaia_escambia      
              +--+                                       
                 |  +----------- Fusconaia_masoni        
                 +--+                                    
                    |  +-------- Fusconaia_cerina[2]     
                    +--+                                 
                       |  +----- Fusconaia_cerina[1]     
                       +--+                              
                          |  +-- Fusconaia_askewi        
                          +--+                           
                             +-- Fusconaia_flava         

Campbell & Lydeard, 2012, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 71 39 8 0.0
                             +-- Eurynia_dilatata        
  +--------------------------+                           
  |                          +-- Parvaspina_collina      
  |                                                      
  |                          +-- Hemistena_lata          
  +--------------------------+                           
  |                          +-- Plethobasus_cyphyus     
  |                                                      
  |                 +----------- Elliptio_shepardiana    
  |                 |                                    
  |                 |     +----- Elliptio_crassidens     
  +-----------------+  +--+                              
  |                 |  |  |  +-- Elliptio_mcmichaeli     
  |                 |  |  +--+                           
  |                 +--+     +-- Elliptio_pullata        
  |                    |                                 
  |                    |  +----- Elliptio_complanata     
--+                    |  |                              
  |                    +--+  +-- Elliptio_purpurella     
  |                       |  |                           
  |                       +--+-- Elliptio_arca           
  |                          |                           
  |                          +-- Elliptio_arctata        
  |                                                      
  |                       +----- Pleuronaia_gibber **       
  |  +--------------------+                              
  |  |                    |  +-- Pleuronaia_barnesiana **   
  |  |                    +--+                           
  |  |                       +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides **
  |  |                                                   
  |  |           +-------------- Fusconaia_ozarkensis    
  |  |           |                                       
  |  |           |        +----- Fusconaia_subrotunda    
  |  |  +--------+  +-----+                              
  +--+  |        |  |     |  +-- Fusconaia_cor           
     |  |        |  |     +--+                           
     |  |        |  |        +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus      
     |  |        +--+                                    
     |  |           |        +-- Fusconaia_escambia      
     |  |           |  +-----+                           
     |  |           |  |     +-- Fusconaia_burkei        
     |  |           +--+                                 
     |  |              |  +----- Fusconaia_masoni        
     +--+              +--+                              
        |                 |  +-- Fusconaia_cerina        
        |                 +--+                           
        |                    +-- Fusconaia_flava         
        |                                                
        |              +-------- Pleurobema_riddellii    
        |  +-----------+                                 
        |  |           |  +----- Pleurobema_cordatum     
        |  |           +--+                              
        |  |              |  +-- Pleurobema_rubrum       
        |  |              +--+                           
        +--+                 +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia     
           |                                             
           |  +----------------- Pleurobema_stabile      
           |  |                                          
           |  |     +----------- Pleurobema_strodeanum   
           |  |  +--+                                    
           +--+  |  |  +-------- Pleurobema_rubellum     
              |  |  +--+                                 
              |  |     |  +----- Pleurobema_beadleianum  
              |  |     +--+                              
              |  |        |  +-- Pleurobema_perovatum    
              +--+        +--+                           
                 |           +-- Pleurobema_taitianum    
                 |                                       
                 |           +-- Pleurobema_clava        
                 |  +--------+                           
                 |  |        +-- Pleurobema_oviforme     
                 +--+                                    
                    |  +-------- Pleurobema_pyriforme    
                    |  |                                 
                    +--+     +-- Pleurobema_athearni     
                       |  +--+                           
                       |  |  +-- Pleurobema_georgianum   
                       +--+                              
                          |  +-- Pleurobema_decisum      
                          +--+                           
                             +-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum  

Burlakova et al., 2012, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 42 36 7 0.0
                    +----- Pleuronaia_gibber **       
              +-----+                              
              |     |  +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides **
              |     +--+                           
  +-----------+        +-- Pleuronaia_barnesiana **   
  |           |                                    
  |           |  +-------- Pleurobema_riddellii    
  |           +--+                                 
  |              |  +----- Pleurobema_sintoxia     
  |              +--+                              
--+                 |  +-- Pleurobema_rubrum       
  |                 +--+                           
  |                    +-- Pleurobema_cordatum     
  |                                                
  |  +-------------------- Pleurobema_stabile      
  |  |                                             
  +--+  +----------------- Pleurobema_pyriforme    
     |  |                                          
     |  |           +----- Pleurobema_georgianum   
     +--+  +--------+                              
        |  |        |  +-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum  
        |  |        +--+                           
        |  |           +-- Pleurobema_decisum      
        +--+                                       
           |           +-- Pleurobema_clava        
           |  +--------+                           
           |  |        +-- Pleurobema_oviforme     
           +--+                                    
              |  +-------- Pleurobema_beadleianum  
              |  |                                 
              +--+     +-- Pleurobema_rubellum     
                 |  +--+                           
                 |  |  +-- Pleurobema_strodeanum   
                 +--+                              
                    |  +-- Pleurobema_perovatum    
                    +--+                           
                       +-- Pleurobema_taitianum    

Burlakova et al., 2012, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 41 41 7 2.0
              +-------- Pleurobema_stabile      
              |                                 
  +-----------+  +----- Pleurobema_riddellii    
  |           |  |                              
  |           +--+  +-- Pleurobema_cordatum[1]  
  |              |  |                           
  |              |  +-- Pleurobema_rubrum       
  |              +--+                           
  |                 +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia[1]  
--+                 |                           
  |                 +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia[2]  
  |                                             
  |              +----- Pleuronaia_barnesiana **   
  |  +-----------+                              
  |  |           |  +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides **
  |  |           +--+                           
  |  |              +-- Pleuronaia_gibber **       
  +--+                                          
     |              +-- Pleurobema_georgianum   
     |  +-----------+                           
     |  |           +-- Pleurobema_pyriforme    
     |  |                                       
     +--+           +-- Pleurobema_decisum      
        |  +--------+                           
        |  |        +-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum  
        |  |                                    
        +--+        +-- Pleurobema_clava        
           |  +-----+                           
           |  |     +-- Pleurobema_oviforme     
           |  |                                 
           +--+  +----- Pleurobema_rubellum     
              |  |                              
              |  +----- Pleurobema_beadleianum  
              +--+                              
                 +----- Pleurobema_strodeanum   
                 |                              
                 |  +-- Pleurobema_perovatum    
                 +--+                           
                    +-- Pleurobema_taitianum    

Burlakova et al., 2012, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 40 39 7 0.0
                    +-------- Pleurobema_riddellii    
                    |                                 
  +-----------------+  +----- Pleurobema_sintoxia     
  |                 |  |                              
  |                 +--+----- Pleurobema_rubrum[2]    
  |                    |                              
  |                    |  +-- Pleurobema_cordatum     
  |                    +--+                           
  |                       +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[1]    
  |                                                   
  |  +----------------------- Parvaspina_collina      
  |  |                                                
  |  |                 +----- Pleuronaia_gibber **       
  |  +-----------------+                              
  |  |                 |  +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides **
--+  |                 +--+                           
  |  |                    +-- Pleuronaia_barnesiana **   
  |  |                                                
  |  |                 +----- Plethobasus_cyphyus     
  |  +-----------------+                              
  |  |                 |  +-- Elliptio_arca           
  |  |                 +--+                           
  |  |                    +-- Elliptio_crassidens     
  |  |                                                
  |  |                    +-- Pleurobema_clava        
  |  |           +--------+                           
  |  |           |        +-- Pleurobema_oviforme     
  |  |           |                                    
  |  |           |  +-------- Pleurobema_decisum      
  +--+-----------+  |                                 
     |           |  +-------- Pleurobema_pyriforme    
     |           |  |                                 
     |           |  +-------- Pleurobema_hanleyianum  
     |           +--+                                 
     |              +-------- Pleurobema_georgianum   
     |              |                                 
     |              |  +----- Pleurobema_rubellum     
     |              |  |                              
     |              |  +----- Pleurobema_beadleianum  
     |              +--+                              
     |                 +----- Pleurobema_strodeanum   
     |                 |                              
     |                 |  +-- Pleurobema_perovatum    
     |                 +--+                           
     |                    +-- Pleurobema_taitianum    
     |                                                
     |  +-------------------- Fusconaia_subrotunda    
     |  |                                             
     |  |                 +-- Fusconaia_cor           
     +--+  +--------------+                           
        |  |              +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus      
        |  |                                          
        |  |  +-------------- Fusconaia_ozarkensis    
        +--+  |                                       
           |  |     +-------- Fusconaia_masoni        
           |  |     |                                 
           |  |     |     +-- Fusconaia_burkei        
           |  |  +--+-----+                           
           +--+  |  |     +-- Fusconaia_escambia      
              |  |  |                                 
              |  |  |  +----- Fusconaia_cerina        
              |  |  +--+                              
              |  |     |  +-- Fusconaia_askewi[1]     
              |  |     +--+                           
              +--+        +-- Fusconaia_flava         
                 |                                    
                 |        +-- Fusconaia_askewi[2]     
                 |        |                           
                 |        +-- Fusconaia_askewi[3]     
                 |        |                           
                 |        +-- Fusconaia_askewi[4]     
                 +--------+                           
                          +-- Fusconaia_lananensis[1] 
                          |                           
                          +-- Fusconaia_lananensis[2] 
                          |                           
                          +-- Fusconaia_askewi[5]     

Perkins et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 34 32 6 0.0
                                      +-- Pleurobema_clava        
                          +-----------+                           
                          |           +-- Pleurobema_oviforme     
                          |                                       
                          |     +-------- Pleurobema_pyriforme    
  +-----------------------+  +--+                                 
  |                       |  |  |  +----- Pleurobema_georgianum   
  |                       |  |  +--+                              
  |                       |  |     |  +-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum  
  |                       +--+     +--+                           
  |                          |        +-- Pleurobema_decisum      
  |                          |                                    
  |                          |  +-------- Pleurobema_rubellum     
  |                          +--+                                 
  |                             |  +----- Pleurobema_perovatum    
  |                             +--+                              
--+                                |  +-- Pleurobema_beadleianum  
  |                                +--+                           
  |                                   +-- Pleurobema_strodeanum   
  |                                                               
  |                                +----- Pleuronaia_gibber **       
  |  +-----------------------------+                              
  |  |                             |  +-- Pleuronaia_barnesiana **   
  |  |                             +--+                           
  |  |                                +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides **
  |  |                                                            
  |  |                                +-- Fusconaia_masoni        
  +--+                             +--+                           
     |                             |  +-- Fusconaia_flava         
     |  +--------------------------+                              
     |  |                          |  +-- Fusconaia_subrotunda    
     |  |                          +--+                           
     |  |                             +-- Fusconaia_cor           
     +--+                                                         
        |                             +-- Parvaspina_collina      
        |  +--------------------------+                           
        |  |                          +-- Parvaspina_steinstansana
        |  |                                                      
        +--+                          +-- Eurynia_dilatata        
           |  +-----------------------+                           
           |  |                       +-- Hemistena_lata          
           +--+                                                   
              |  +----------------------- Elliptio_producta[2]    
              |  |                                                
              +--+  +-------------------- Elliptio_producta[1]    
                 |  |                                             
                 +--+  +----------------- Elliptio_spinosa        
                    |  |                                          
                    |  |  +-------------- Elliptio_icterina       
                    +--+  |                                       
                       |  |     +-------- Elliptio_roanokensis    
                       |  |  +--+                                 
                       +--+  |  |  +----- Elliptio_complanata     
                          |  |  +--+                              
                          |  |     |  +-- Elliptio_crassidens     
                          |  |     +--+                           
                          +--+        +-- Elliptio_pullata        
                             |                                    
                             |        +-- Elliptio_congaraea      
                             |  +-----+                           
                             |  |     +-- Elliptio_hopetonensis   
                             |  |                                 
                             +--+     +-- Elliptio_folliculata    
                                |  +--+                           
                                |  |  +-- Elliptio_jayensis       
                                +--+                              
                                   |  +-- Elliptio_arca           
                                   +--+                           
                                      +-- Elliptio_arctata        

Burdick & White, 2007, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 38 36 6 --
                             +----- Eurynia_dilatata      
  +--------------------------+                            
  |                          |  +-- Plethobasus_cyphyus   
  |                          +--+                         
  |                             +-- Elliptio_crassidens   
  |                                                       
  |  +----------------------------- Pleurobema_plenum     
  |  |                                                    
  |  |                          +-- Pleuronaia_barnesiana ** 
--+  +--------------------------+                         
  |  |                          +-- Pleuronaia_gibber **     
  |  |                                                    
  |  |              +-------------- Pleurobema_stabile    
  |  |              |                                     
  |  |              |           +-- Pleurobema_rubellum   
  |  |              |     +-----+                         
  |  |              |     |     +-- Pleurobema_strodeanum 
  |  |  +-----------+  +--+                               
  +--+  |           |  |  |  +----- Pleurobema_beadleianum
     |  |           |  |  +--+                            
     |  |           |  |     |  +-- Pleurobema_perovatum  
     |  |           |  |     +--+                         
     |  |           +--+        +-- Pleurobema_taitianum  
     |  |              |                                  
     |  |              |        +-- Pleurobema_clava      
     |  |              |  +-----+                         
     |  |              |  |     +-- Pleurobema_oviforme   
     |  |              |  |                               
     |  |              +--+     +-- Pleurobema_decisum    
     |  |                 |  +--+                         
     +--+                 |  |  +-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum
        |                 +--+                            
        |                    |  +-- Pleurobema_pyriforme  
        |                    +--+                         
        |                       +-- Pleurobema_georgianum 
        |                                                 
        |                    +----- Pleurobema_sintoxia[1]
        |                    |                            
        |  +-----------------+  +-- Pleurobema_cordatum[3]
        |  |                 |  |                         
        |  |                 +--+-- Pleurobema_sintoxia[2]
        |  |                    |                         
        |  |                    +-- Pleurobema_rubrum     
        +--+                                              
           |                    +-- Fusconaia_flava[4]    
           |                    |                         
           |  +-----------------+-- Pleurobema_cordatum[1]
           |  |                 |                         
           |  |                 +-- Pleurobema_cordatum[2]
           +--+                                           
              |  +----------------- Fusconaia_subrotunda  
              |  |                                        
              |  |              +-- Fusconaia_cor         
              +--+  +-----------+                         
                 |  |           +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus    
                 |  |                                     
                 +--+  +----------- Fusconaia_ozarkensis  
                    |  |                                  
                    |  |        +-- Fusconaia_masoni      
                    +--+  +-----+                         
                       |  |     +-- Fusconaia_flava[3]    
                       |  |                               
                       +--+  +----- Fusconaia_flava[1]    
                          |  |                            
                          |  +----- Fusconaia_cerina[4]   
                          +--+                            
                             |  +-- Fusconaia_cerina[1]   
                             |  |                         
                             |  +-- Fusconaia_cerina[2]   
                             +--+                         
                                +-- Fusconaia_cerina[3]   
                                |                         
                                +-- Fusconaia_flava[2]    

Perkins et al., 2017, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 26 24 6 --
  +-------- Elliptio_spinosa        
  |                                 
--+  +----- Fusconaia_escambia      
  |  |                              
  |  +----- Fusconaia_flava         
  +--+                              
     +----- Fusconaia_cerina        
     |                              
     |  +-- Pleuronaia_gibber **       
     +--+                           
        +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides **

Manendo et al., 2008, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 12 1 1 --
  +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides **
--+                           
  +-- Fusconaia_flava         

Zanatta & Murphy, 2006, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 3 3 --
  +-- Pleurobema_clava        
  |                           
  +-- Eurynia_dilatata        
--+                           
  +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides **
  |                           
  +-- Fusconaia_flava         

Zanatta & Murphy, 2006, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 57 4 4 --
  +-------- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides **
  |                                 
--+-------- Pleurobema_clava        
  |                                 
  |  +----- Fusconaia_flava         
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Hemistena_lata          
     +--+                           
        +-- Eurynia_dilatata        

Campbell et al., 2008, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 27 25 7 --
           +-- Fusconaia_cerina   
  +--------+                      
  |        +-- Fusconaia_flava    
  |                               
--+  +-------- Pleuronaia_gibber **  
  |  |                            
  |  |  +----- Eurynia_dilatata   
  +--+  |                         
     |  +----- Hemistena_lata     
     |  |                         
     +--+----- Plethobasus_cyphyus
        |                         
        +----- Parvaspina_collina 
        |                         
        |  +-- Elliptio_arca      
        +--+                      
           +-- Elliptio_crassidens

Campbell et al., 2008, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 28 25 7 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Campbell et al., 2008, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 26 7 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Campbell et al., 2008, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 28 26 7 --
                          +-- Eurynia_dilatata        
  +-----------------------+                           
  |                       +-- Pleuronaia_gibber **       
  |                                                   
  |                       +-- Pleurobema_cordatum     
--+                    +--+                           
  |                    |  +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[1]    
  |  +-----------------+                              
  |  |                 |  +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[2]    
  |  |                 +--+                           
  +--+                    +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia     
     |                                                
     |  +-------------------- Pleurobema_stabile      
     |  |                                             
     +--+  +----------------- Pleurobema_pyriforme    
        |  |                                          
        |  |           +----- Pleurobema_decisum      
        +--+  +--------+                              
           |  |        |  +-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum  
           |  |        +--+                           
           |  |           +-- Pleurobema_georgianum[2]
           +--+                                       
              |           +-- Pleurobema_georgianum[1]
              |  +--------+                           
              |  |        +-- Pleurobema_athearni     
              |  |                                    
              +--+        +-- Pleurobema_oviforme     
                 |  +-----+                           
                 |  |     +-- Pleurobema_clava        
                 |  |                                 
                 +--+  +----- Pleurobema_beadleianum  
                    |  |                              
                    |  +----- Pleurobema_rubellum     
                    +--+                              
                       +----- Pleurobema_strodeanum   
                       |                              
                       |  +-- Pleurobema_perovatum    
                       +--+                           
                          +-- Pleurobema_taitianum    

Pfeiffer et al., 2016, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 37 20 8 --
     +----- Pleurobema_riddellii    
  +--+                              
  |  |  +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia     
  |  +--+                           
--+     +-- Pleurobema_cordatum     
  |                                 
  |  +----- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides **
  |  |                              
  +--+  +-- Pleurobema_pyriforme    
     |  |                           
     +--+-- Pleurobema_strodeanum   
        |                           
        +-- Pleurobema_clava        

Pfeiffer et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 5 4 --
  +----------- Elliptio_fumata      
--+                                 
  |  +-------- Pleuronaia_barnesiana **
  +--+                              
     |  +----- Pleurobema_riddellii 
     +--+                           
        |  +-- Fusconaia_flava      
        +--+                        
           +-- Pleurobema_strodeanum

Inoue et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 43 7 5 --
        +-- Pleurobema_clava        
  +-----+                           
  |     +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides **
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Fusconaia_flava         
     +--+                           
        +-- Fusconaia_subrotunda    

Inoue et al., 2020, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 42 7 5 --
        +-- Pleurobema_clava        
  +-----+                           
  |     +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides **
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Fusconaia_flava         
     +--+                           
        +-- Fusconaia_subrotunda    

Smith et al., 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 19 18 8 --
              +-- Pleuronaia_barnesiana **
  +-----------+                        
  |           +-- Pleurobema_clava     
  |                                    
  |  +----------- Fusconaia_subrotunda 
--+  |                                 
  |  |        +-- Fusconaia_cor        
  |  +--------+                        
  |  |        +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus   
  +--+                                 
     |  +-------- Fusconaia_flava      
     |  |                              
     |  +-------- Fusconaia_masoni     
     |  |                              
     |  |     +-- Fusconaia_burkei     
     +--+-----+                        
        |     +-- Fusconaia_escambia   
        |                              
        |     +-- Fusconaia_iheringi   
        |  +--+                        
        |  |  +-- Fusconaia_mitchelli  
        +--+                           
           |  +-- Fusconaia_askewi     
           +--+                        
              +-- Fusconaia_chunii     

Page updated: 11:38:58 Fri 02 Dec 2022

 
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