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Page last updated
Wed 01 Dec 2021

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

The taxonomic history of the valid species (since 1900) is listed at the bottom of the page.

Search the database pages:

Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Lampsilini | Epioblasma

species Epioblasma flexuosa (Rafinesque, 1820): nominal species
     2 specimens available.

Obliquaria (Quadrula) flexuosa Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 306 [also as ‘Unio flexuosa’].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 50.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20249, Kentucky River.

Obliquaria (Quadrula) flexuosaRafinesque (1820)
Unio flexuosusConrad (1835), Ferussac (1835), Küster (1852), Conrad (1853), Küster (1861), Reeve (1864)
Margarita (Unio) foliatusLea (1836), Lea (1838)
Dysnomia flexuosaAgassiz (1852), F.C. Baker (1928), Stansbery (1970), Burch (1975)
Margaron (Unio) foliatusLea (1852)
Truncilla flexuosaVanatta (1915)
Dysnomia (s.s.) flexuosaOrtmann & Walker (1922), Frierson (1927), Haas (1930), Haas (1969), Haas (1969)
Plagiola (Epioblasma) flexuosaMorrison (1969), R.I. Johnson (1978)
Plagiola flexuosaR.I. Johnson (1980)
Epioblasma flexuosaTurgeon et al. (1988), Cummings & Mayer (1992), Williams et al. (1993), Bogan (1993), ..., Haag (2012), ITIS (2012), Williams et al. (2017), Graf & Cummings (2021)

Obliquaria (Quadrula) flexuosa var. bullata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 307.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 51.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Obliquaria (Quadrula) flexuosa Rafinesque, 1820)

Obliquaria (Quadrula) flexuosa var. bullataRafinesque (1820)
Epioblasma flexuosaWatters et al. (2009)

Unio foliatus Hildreth, 1828
Hildreth, 1828, Amer. J. Sci. 14: 284, figs. 16a-b.

Unio foliatusHildreth (1828), Ravenel (1834), Jay (1835), Ferussac (1835), Hanley (1843), Lewis (1871), B.H. Wright (1888)
Unio flexuosusConrad (1835), Küster (1852), Conrad (1853), Reeve (1864)
Margarita (Unio) foliatusLea (1836), Lea (1838)
Dysnomia flexuosaAgassiz (1852), F.C. Baker (1928), Burch (1975)
Margaron (Unio) foliatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Dysnomia) foliatusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (Limnium sec. Dysnomia) foliatusFischer (1887)
Truncilla (Dysnomia) foliataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) foliatusCall (1900)
Truncilla flexuosaVanatta (1915)
Dysnomia (s.s.) flexuosaOrtmann & Walker (1922), Frierson (1927), Haas (1930), Haas (1969)
Epioblasma (s.s.) foliatumThiele (1934)
Plagiola (Epioblasma) flexuosaMorrison (1969), R.I. Johnson (1978)
Epioblasma flexuosaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio flexuosus Conrad, 1835
‘Rafinesque’ of Authors.
Conrad, 1835, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(1): 8, pl. 6, fig. 2.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 6, sp. 22; pl. 13, fig. 53.
(reference to Obliquaria (Quadrula) flexuosa Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio flexuosusConrad (1835), Küster (1852), Conrad (1853)
Margarita (Unio) foliatusLea (1836), Lea (1838)
Unio foliatusHanley (1843)
Margaron (Unio) foliatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Truncilla (Dysnomia) foliataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)

Unio (Cunicula) foliacia Swainson, 1840
‘Say’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 274.
(error for Unio foliatus Hildreth, 1828)

Unio (Cunicula) foliaciaSwainson (1840)

Taxonomic History (since 1900)

Truncilla (Dysnomia) foliataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) foliatusCall (1900)
Truncilla flexuosaVanatta (1915)
Dysnomia (s.s.) flexuosaOrtmann & Walker (1922), Frierson (1927), Haas (1930), Haas (1969), Haas (1969)
Dysnomia flexuosaF.C. Baker (1928), Stansbery (1970), Burch (1975)
Epioblasma (s.s.) foliatumThiele (1934)
Plagiola (Epioblasma) flexuosaMorrison (1969), R.I. Johnson (1978)
Plagiola flexuosaR.I. Johnson (1980)
Epioblasma flexuosaTurgeon et al. (1988), Cummings & Mayer (1992), Williams et al. (1993), Bogan (1993), ..., Haag (2012), ITIS (2012), Williams et al. (2017), Graf & Cummings (2021)

Page updated: 16:40:52 Wed 01 Dec 2021

 
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