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Page last updated
Sun 27 Sep 2020

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Pleurobemini | Pleuronaia

species Pleuronaia barnesiana (Lea, 1838): synonymy
     15 specimens available.

Unio barnesianus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 20. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 31, pl. 10, fig. 26.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) USNM_84586, Cumberland R., Tenn.

Unio barnesianusLea (1838), Hanley (1843), Conrad (1853), Sowerby (1866)
Margarita (Unio) barnesianusLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) barnesianusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Lampsilis) barnesianusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (sec. Lampsilis) barnesianusPaetel (1890)
Pleurobema (s.s.) barnesianaSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) barnesianumSimpson (1914)
Fusconaia barnesianaOrtmann (1923), Ortmann (1924), Ortmann (1925), Burch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Turgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), Turgeon et al. (1998), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Lydeard et al. (1999), Bogan (2002), Jones et al. (2005), Campbell et al. (2005), Graf & Cummings (2007), Burdick & White (2007), Cummings & Graf (2010), ITIS (2012)
Quadrula (Pleuronaia) barnesianaFrierson (1927), Haas (1969), Haas (1969)
Pleuronaia barnesianaWilliams et al. (2008), Bogan (2010), Haag (2012), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), IUCN (2012), Burlakova et al. (2012), Williams et al. (2014), Jones (2015), Williams et al. (2017), Perkins et al. (2017), Inoue et al. (2018), Pfeiffer et al. (2019)

Unio meredithii Lea, 1858
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 10: 40.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 8]: 65 [69], pl. 6, fig. 214.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84393, Florence, Ala.

Unio meredithiiLea (1858)
Margaron (Unio) meredithiiLea (1870)
Pleurobema (s.s.) meredithiiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Fusconaia barnesianaOrtmann (1925), Parmalee & Bogan (1998)
Quadrula (Pleuronaia) meridithiiFrierson (1927)
Quadrula (Pleuronaia) meredithiiHaas (1969)
Pleurobema meredithiiBurch (1975)
Pleuronaia barnesianaWilliams et al. (2008)
Pleurobema meredithiITIS (2012)

Unio tumescens Lea, 1845
Lea, 1845, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 4: 164.
Lea, 1848, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 4]: 71 [45], pl. 3, fig. 7.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84646, Alexandria, La.

Unio tumescensLea (1845), Conrad (1853), Call (1895)
Margaron (Unio) tumescensLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Lampsilis) tumescensAdams & Adams (1857)
Pleurobema (s.s.) tumescensSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Fusconaia barnesiana tumescensOrtmann (1924), Ortmann (1925)
Quadrula (Pleuronaia) tumescensFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Fusconaia barnesianaBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Parmalee & Bogan (1998)
Pleuronaia barnesianaWilliams et al. (2008)

Unio pudicus Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 92.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 346 [28], pl. 56, fig. 171.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84553, N Alabama.

Unio pudicusLea (1860), Sowerby (1868)
Margaron (Unio) pudicusLea (1870)
Pleurobema (s.s.) pudicaSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) pudicumSimpson (1914)
Fusconaia barnesianaOrtmann (1925), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998)
Quadrula (Pleuronaia) pudicaFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Pleuronaia barnesianaWilliams et al. (2008)

Unio validus Lea, 1871
Lea, 1871, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 23: 189.
Lea, 1874, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8 [O. 13]: 6 [10], pl. 1, fig. 2.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84583, Duck R., Tenn.

Unio validusLea (1871), de Gregorio (1914)
Pleurobema (s.s.) validaSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) validumSimpson (1914)
Fusconaia barnesianaOrtmann (1924), Burch (1975)
Quadrula (Pleuronaia) validaFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)

Unio bigbyensis Lea, 1841
Lea, 1841, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 2: 30.
Lea, 1842, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 8 [O. 3]: 237 [75], pl. 22, fig. 51.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84579, Bigby Cr., Tenn.

Unio bigbyensisLea (1841), Conrad (1853), Küster (1862), Sowerby (1866)
Margaron (Unio) bigbyensisLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Lampsilis) bigbyensisAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (sec. Lampsilis) bigbyensisPaetel (1890)
Pleurobema (s.s.) bigbyensisSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) bigbyenseSimpson (1914)
Fusconaia barnesiana var. bigbyensisOrtmann (1923)
Fusconaia barnesiana bigbyensisOrtmann (1924), Ortmann (1925)
Quadrula (Pleuronaia) barnesianaFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Fusconaia barnesianaBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Parmalee & Bogan (1998)
Pleuronaia barnesianaWilliams et al. (2008)

Unio estabrookianus Lea, 1845
Lea, 1845, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 4: 164.
Lea, 1848, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 4]: 77 [51], pl. 6, fig. 17.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84389, Clinch R., Tenn.

Unio estabrookianusLea (1845)
Margaron (Unio) estabrookianusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Cunicula) eastbrookianusConrad (1853)
Unio (Lampsilis) estabrookianusAdams & Adams (1857)
Pleurobema (s.s.) estabrookianaSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) estabrookianumSimpson (1914)
Quadrula (Pleuronaia) barnesianaFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Fusconaia barnesianaBurch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998)
Pleuronaia barnesianaWilliams et al. (2008)

Unio eastbrookianus Conrad, 1853
‘Lea’ Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 248.
(error for Unio estabrookianus Lea, 1845)

Unio eastbrookianusConrad (1853)

Unio ornatus Lea, 1861
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 13: 41.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 8]: 85 [89], pl. 11, fig. 234.
(homonym of Unio ovatus var. ornatus Conrad, 1835)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85854, Alabama.

Unio ornatusLea (1861)
Margaron (Unio) ornatusLea (1870)
Pleurobema (s.s.) ornataSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) ornatumSimpson (1914)
Quadrula (Pleuronaia) mundaFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Pleurobema oviformeParmalee & Bogan (1998)
Pleuronaia barnesianaWilliams et al. (2008)

Unio raveneliensis Reeve, 1864
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 16, sp. 70.
(misidentified reference to Unio ravenelianus Lea, 1834; error for Unio ravenelianus Lea, 1834)

Unio raveneliensisReeve (1864)
Pleurobema (s.s.) barnesianaSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) barnesianumSimpson (1914)
Quadrula (Pleuronaia) argenteaFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia barnesianaBurch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998)

Unio lyonii Lea, 1865
Lea, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 17: 89.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 12]: 259 [19], pl. 32, fig. 74.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85804, E. Tenn.

Unio lyoniiLea (1865)
Margaron (Unio) lyoniiLea (1870)
Pleurobema (s.s.) lyoniiSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) pudicumSimpson (1914)
Fusconaia barnesianaOrtmann (1924), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998)
Quadrula (Pleuronaia) pudicaFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Pleuronaia barnesianaWilliams et al. (2008)

Unio subrotundus Sowerby, 1866
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 37, sp. 201.
(misidentified reference to Unio subrotundus Lea, 1831)

Unio subrotundusSowerby (1866)
Pleurobema (s.s.) pudicaSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) pudicumSimpson (1914)

Unio fassinans Lea, 1868
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 20: 143.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 12]: 305 [65], pl. 47, fig. 118.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84926, headwaters of Holston R., Tenn.

Unio fassinansLea (1868)
Margaron (Unio) fascinansLea (1870)
Pleurobema (s.s.) fassinansSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Pleurobema fassinansOrtmann (1914)
Quadrula (Pleuronaia) argenteaFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Fusconaia barnesianaBurch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998)
Pleuronaia barnesianaWilliams et al. (2008)

Margaron (Unio) fascinans Lea, 1870
‘Lea’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 42.
(error for Unio fassinans Lea, 1868)

Margaron (Unio) fascinansLea (1870)

Unio meredithii Lea, 1870
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: ??.
(reference to Unio meredithii Lea, 1858)

Unio meredithiiLea (1870)
Fusconaia barnesianaBurch (1975)

Unio crudus Lea, 1871
Lea, 1871, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 23: 190.
Lea, 1874, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8 [O. 13]: 14 [18], pl. 4, fig. 10.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85841, French Broad R., Tenn.

Unio crudusLea (1871)
Pleurobema (s.s.) crudaSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) crudumSimpson (1914)
Fusconaia barnesiana tumescensOrtmann (1924), Ortmann (1925)
Quadrula (Pleuronaia) tumescensFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Fusconaia barnesianaBurch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998)
Pleuronaia barnesianaWilliams et al. (2008)

Unio radiosus Lea, 1871
Lea, 1871, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 23: 164.
Lea, 1874, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8 [O. 13]: 13 [17], pl. 3, fig. 9.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84647, Holston R., E. Tenn.

Unio radiosusLea (1871)
Pleurobema (s.s.) tumescensSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula (Pleuronaia) tumescensFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Fusconaia barnesianaBurch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998)
Pleuronaia barnesianaWilliams et al. (2008)

Unio lenticularis Lea, 1872
Lea, 1872, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 24: 155.
Lea, 1874, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8 [O. 13]: 30 [34], pl. 9, fig. 27.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85761, Tellico R., Monroe Co., Tenn.

Unio lenticularisLea (1872)
Pleurobema (s.s.) lenticularisSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) lenticulareSimpson (1914)
Quadrula (Pleuronaia) meridithiiFrierson (1927)
Quadrula (Pleuronaia) meredithiiHaas (1969)
Fusconaia barnesianaBurch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998)
Pleuronaia barnesianaWilliams et al. (2008)

Unio tellicoensis Lea, 1872
Lea, 1872, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 24: 155.
Lea, 1874, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8 [O. 13]: 31 [35], pl. 10, fig. 28.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84576, Tellico R., Monroe Co., Tenn.

Unio tellicoensisLea (1872)
Pleurobema (s.s.) barnesianaSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) barnesianumSimpson (1914)
Quadrula (Pleuronaia) barnesianaFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Fusconaia barnesianaBurch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998)
Pleuronaia barnesianaWilliams et al. (2008)

Unio estabrokianus Paetel, 1890
‘Lea’ Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml. 3: 152.
(error for Unio estabrookianus Lea, 1845)

Unio estabrokianusPaetel (1890)
Pleurobema (s.s.) estabrookianaSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) estabrookianumSimpson (1914)
Fusconaia barnesianaParmalee & Bogan (1998)

Pleurobema fassinans var. rhomboidea Simpson, 1900
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 762.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 798.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio fassinans Lea, 1868)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_133331, Clinch R., Va.

Pleurobema fassinans var. rhomboideaSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) fassinans var. rhomboideaSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) fassinans var. rhomboideumSimpson (1914)
Quadrula (Pleuronaia) barnesianaFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Fusconaia barnesianaBurch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998)
Pleuronaia barnesianaWilliams et al. (2008)

Quadrula (Pleuronaia) meridithii Frierson, 1927
‘Lea’ Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 58, sp. 253.
(error for Unio meredithii Lea, 1858)

Quadrula (Pleuronaia) meridithiiFrierson (1927)

Page updated: 09:26:01 Sun 27 Sep 2020

 
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