MUSSELp
 
MUSSELpdb
 
 
Taxonomy
 
 
Geography
 
 
 

Page last updated
Wed 01 Jul 2020

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Quadrulini | Uniomerus

species Uniomerus carolinianus (Bosc, 1801): synonymy
     12 specimens available.

Unio caroliniana Bosc, 1801
Bosc, 1801, Hist. Nat. Coquilles 3: 142.
Bosc, 1824, Hist. Nat. Coquilles 3: 139, pl. 23, fig. 2.

Unio carolinianaBosc (1801)
Unio (Elliptio) carolinianaRafinesque (1820)
Unio complanatusLea (1829)
Unio carolinianusFerussac (1835)
Margaron (Margaritana) margaritiferaLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio carolinanusConrad (1853)
Unio (Elliptio) carolinensisMörch (1853)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) obesusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) obesusFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus obesusHaas (1969)
Uniomerus carolinianusDavis (1983), Davis (1984), Turgeon et al. (1998), Brim Box & Williams (2000), Bogan (2002), Bogan (2010), Williams et al. (2011), ITIS (2012), Williams et al. (2014), Jones (2015), Williams et al. (2017), Huang et al. (2019)
Uniomerus carolinianaTurgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), Lydeard et al. (1999), Kandl et al. (2001), Jones et al. (2005), Graf & Cummings (2007), Cummings & Graf (2010), IUCN (2012), Lopes-Lima et al. (2019)
Uniomerus carolinensisCampbell & Lydeard (2012)

Unio obesus Lea, 1831
Lea, 1831, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 4 [O. 1]: 96, pl. 13, fig. 26.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85366, Little Ogeechee, Georgia.

Unio obesusLea (1831), Jay (1835), Hanley (1843), Küster (1861), Reeve (1864), Sowerby (1866)
Unio carolinianusFerussac (1835)
Margarita (Unio) obesusLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) obesusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio carolinanusConrad (1853)
Unio (Niäa) obesusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) obesusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio obesus, var.de Gregorio (1914)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) obesusFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus obesusClench & Turner (1956), Haas (1969), Turgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), Lydeard et al. (1996), Huang et al. (2002), Krebs et al. (2003), ITIS (2012)
Uniomerus tetralasmusR.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975)
Uniomerus carolinianusTurgeon et al. (1998)
Uniomerus carolinianaIUCN (2012)

Unio bisselianus Lea, 1867
Lea, 1867, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 19: 81.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 12]: 277 [37], pl. 37, fig. 90.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85373, Bissels Pond, Charlotte, N.C.

Unio bisselianusLea (1867)
Margaron (Unio) bissellianusLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Hyridella) bisselianusPaetel (1890)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) bissellianusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) bissellianusFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus obesusClench & Turner (1956)
Uniomerus bissellianusHaas (1969)
Uniomerus tetralasmusR.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975)

Unio blandingianus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 101, pl. 15, fig. 44.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85715, St. Johns R., Fla.

Unio blandingianusLea (1834), Ferussac (1835), Conrad (1836), Hanley (1843), Küster (1848), Conrad (1853), Sowerby (1866)
Margarita (Unio) blandingianusLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) blandingianusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Niäa) blandingianusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (sec. Naïa) blandingianusPaetel (1890)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) obesus var. blandingianusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) obesus-blandingianusFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus obesusClench & Turner (1956), Haas (1969)
Uniomerus tetralasmusR.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975)
Uniomerus carolinianusWilliams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014)

Unio paludicolus Gould, 1845
Gould, 1845, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 2: 53.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE MCZ_169278, Everglades of Florida.

Unio paludicolusGould (1845)
Margaron (Unio) paludicolusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio paludicolorConrad (1853)
Unio (Niäa) paludicolusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) obesus var. paludicolusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) obesus-paludicolusFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus obesusClench & Turner (1956), Haas (1969)
Uniomerus tetralasmusR.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975)
Uniomerus carolinianusWilliams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014)

Unio hebes Lea, 1852
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 5]: 267 [23], pl. 18, fig. 21.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85383, Oconee R., near Athens, Georgia.

Unio hebesLea (1852), Conrad (1853)
Margaron (Unio) hebesLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Hyridella) hebesAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) obesusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) obesusFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus obesusClench & Turner (1956), Haas (1969)
Uniomerus tetralasmusR.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975)

Unio ineptus Lea, 1852
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 5]: 261 [17], pl. 15, fig. 12.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85326, Abbeville District, SC.

Unio ineptusLea (1852), Conrad (1853)
Margaron (Unio) ineptusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Hyridella) ineptusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) obesusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) obesusFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus obesusClench & Turner (1956), Haas (1969)
Uniomerus tetralasmusR.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975)

Unio carolinanus Conrad, 1853
‘Bosc’ Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 246.
(error for Unio caroliniana Bosc, 1801)

Unio carolinanusConrad (1853)

Unio carolinensis Mörch, 1853
‘Bosc’ of Authors.
Mörch, 1853, Cat. Conch. Yoldi 2: 46.
Campbell & Lydeard, 2012, Amer. Malac. Bull. 30(1): 33.
(error for Unio caroliniana Bosc, 1801)

Unio carolinensisMörch (1853)

Unio paludicolor Conrad, 1853
‘Gould’ Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 254.
(error for Unio paludicolus Gould, 1845)

Unio paludicolorConrad (1853)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) obesus var. paludicolusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) obesus-blandingianusFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus tetralasmusR.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975)

Unio cicur Lea, 1861
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 13: 39.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 8]: 93 [97], pl. 13, fig. 241.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85532, Little Ocmulgee R., Georgia.

Unio cicurLea (1861)
Margaron (Unio) cicurLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) obesusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) obesusFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus obesusClench & Turner (1956), Haas (1969)
Uniomerus tetralasmusR.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975)

Unio squalidus Lea, 1863
Lea, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 15: 192.
Lea, 1866, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 11]: 22 [26], pl. 7, fig. 20.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85376, Roanoke R., Weldon, N.C.

Unio squalidusLea (1863), Lea (1866)
Margaron (Unio) squalidusLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) complanatus var. quadrilaterusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) obesusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) obesusFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus obesusClench & Turner (1956), Haas (1969)
Uniomerus tetralasmusR.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975)

Unio jewettii Lea, 1867
Lea, 1867, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 19: 81.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 12]: 276 [36], pl. 37, fig. 89.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85374, Sink of Noonan’s Lake, Fla.

Unio jewettiiLea (1867)
Margaron (Unio) jewettiiLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) obesusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) obesusFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus obesusClench & Turner (1956), Haas (1969)
Uniomerus tetralasmusR.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975)
Uniomerus carolinianusWilliams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014)

Unio pawensis Lea, 1868
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 20: 161.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 12]: 302 [62], pl. 45, fig. 114.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85380, Catawba R., N.C.

Unio pawensisLea (1868)
Margaron (Unio) pawensisLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) obesusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) obesusFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus obesusClench & Turner (1956), Haas (1969)
Uniomerus tetralasmusR.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975)

Unio rivicolus Conrad, 1868
Conrad, 1868, Amer. J. Conch. 4: 280, pl. 18, fig. 4.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE ANSP_41411, Tampa, Fla.

Unio rivicolusConrad (1868)
Margaron (Unio) blandingianusLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) obesusSimpson (1900)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) obesus var. blandingianusSimpson (1914)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) obesusFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus obesusClench & Turner (1956), Haas (1969)
Uniomerus tetralasmusR.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975)
Uniomerus carolinianusWilliams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014)

Unio bissellianus Lea, 1870
‘Lea’ of Authors.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 50.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 743.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 714.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 35.
Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich 88: 210.
(error for Unio bisselianus Lea, 1867)

Unio bissellianusLea (1870)

Page updated: 16:22:16 Wed 01 Jul 2020

 
NSF icon MUSSEL icon
"Making the world a better place, one mollusk at a time."