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Page last updated
Mon 04 May 2020

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

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Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Pleurobemini | Fusconaia

species Fusconaia masoni (Conrad, 1834): synonymy
     6 specimens available.

Unio masoni Conrad, 1834
Conrad, 1834, New Fresh-Water Shells: 34, pl. 5, fig. 2.
Conrad, 1836, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(3): 28, pl. 12, fig. 2.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 252.

Unio masoniConrad (1834), Ferussac (1835), Conrad (1836), Hanley (1843), Küster (1848), Conrad (1853)
Margarita (Unio) masoniLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) masoniLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Obovaria) masoniAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) masoniSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) masoniFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Pleurobema (Lexingtonia) masoniR.I. Johnson (1970)
Fusconaia masoniBurch (1975), Davis & Fuller (1981), Johnson & Clarke (1983), Turgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), IUCN (1996), Turgeon et al. (1998), Bogan (2002), Graf & Cummings (2007), Burdick & White (2007), Williams et al. (2008), Cummings & Graf (2010), Bogan (2010), Haag (2012), Burlakova et al. (2012), ITIS (2012), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Jones (2015), Williams et al. (2017), Perkins et al. (2017), Inoue et al. (2018), Pieri et al. (2018)

Unio subplanus Conrad, 1837
Conrad, 1837, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(9): 73, pl. 41, fig. 1.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 258.

Unio subplanusConrad (1837), Conrad (1853), Hanley (1856), Küster (1862)
Margaron (Unio) subplanusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (NiƤa) subplanusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio subplanumSowerby (1866)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) subplanusSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) subplanumSimpson (1914)
Lexingtonia subplanaOrtmann (1914), Thiele (1934), Haas (1969), Haas (1969), Burch (1975), Turgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), IUCN (1996), Turgeon et al. (1998), Graf & Cummings (2007), Cummings & Graf (2010), ITIS (2012), Jones (2015)
Pleurobema (Lexingtonia) subplanumFrierson (1927)
Pleurobema (Lexingtonia) masoniR.I. Johnson (1970)
Fusconaia masoniWilliams et al. (2008), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Williams et al. (2017)
Fusconaia subplanaBogan (2010)

Unio utriculus Lea, 1845
Lea, 1845, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 4: 164.
Lea, 1848, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 4]: 69 [43], pl. 1, fig. 3.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85172, N.C.

Unio utriculusLea (1845), Conrad (1853)
Margaron (Unio) utriculusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) utriculusSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) utriculumSimpson (1914)
Pleurobema (Lexingtonia) utriculumFrierson (1927)
Lexingtonia utriculusHaas (1969)
Lexingtonia utriculaGraf & Cummings (2007), Cummings & Graf (2010)

Unio castus Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 306.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 349 [31], pl. 57, fig. 174.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84782, S.C.

Unio castusLea (1860), de Gregorio (1914)
Margaron (Unio) castusLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) merusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Pleurobema (Lexingtonia) castumFrierson (1927)
Lexingtonia castaHaas (1969)
Pleurobema (Lexingtonia) masoniR.I. Johnson (1970)
Fusconaia masoniBurch (1975)

Unio pumilus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 20. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 23, pl. 7, fig. 17.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84545, Black Cr., N.C.

Unio pumilusLea (1838), Hanley (1843), Sowerby (1866)
Margarita (Unio) pumilusLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) pumilusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio pumilisConrad (1853)
Unio (Lampsilis) pumilusAdams & Adams (1857)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) pumilaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Pleurobema (Lexingtonia) subplanumFrierson (1927)
Lexingtonia subplanaHaas (1969)
Pleurobema (Lexingtonia) masoniR.I. Johnson (1970)
Fusconaia masoniBurch (1975)

Unio merus Lea, 1852
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 5]: 260 [16], pl. 15, fig. 10.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85698, Abbeville District, S.C.

Unio merusLea (1852), Conrad (1853)
Margaron (Unio) merusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) merusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) masoniFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Pleurobema (Lexingtonia) masoniR.I. Johnson (1970)
Fusconaia masoniBurch (1975)

Unio pumilis Conrad, 1853
‘Lea’ Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 255.
(error for Unio pumilus Lea, 1838)

Unio pumilisConrad (1853)

Unio striatulus Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 86.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 8]: 55 [59], pl. 2, fig. 202.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84548, Roanoke R., Weldon, N.C.

Unio striatulusLea (1857), Sowerby (1868)
Margaron (Unio) striatulusLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) striatulusSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) striatulumSimpson (1914)
Pleurobema (Lexingtonia) subplanumFrierson (1927)
Lexingtonia subplanaHaas (1969)
Pleurobema (Lexingtonia) masoniR.I. Johnson (1970)
Fusconaia masoniBurch (1975)

Unio brimleyi S.H. Wright, 1897
S.H. Wright, 1897, Nautilus 10(12): 138.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_149651, Neuse Riv., Raleigh, N.C.

Unio brimleyiS.H. Wright (1897), Simpson (1900)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) brimleyiSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) brimleyiSimpson (1914)
Pleurobema (Lexingtonia) subplanumFrierson (1927)
Lexingtonia subplanaHaas (1969)
Pleurobema (Lexingtonia) masoniR.I. Johnson (1970)
Fusconaia masoniBurch (1975)

Unio castus Simpson, 1900
‘Lea’ Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 708.
(reference to Unio castus Lea, 1860)

Unio castusSimpson (1900)
Elliptio (s.s.) masoniFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)

Page updated: 12:21:58 Mon 04 May 2020

 
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