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Page last updated
Mon 04 May 2020

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Pleurobemini | Pleurobema

species Pleurobema rubrum (Rafinesque, 1820): synonymy
     2 specimens available.

Obliquaria rubra Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 314.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 57.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20237, [no locality available - North America].

Obliquaria rubraRafinesque (1820), Burch (1975)
Amblema rubraRafinesque (1820)
Unio mytiloidesFerussac (1835), Conrad (1836), Küster (1852)
Margarita (Unio) pyramidatusLea (1836)
Pleurobema ruberAgassiz (1852)
Margaron (Unio) pyramidatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio ruberConrad (1853)
Pleurobema pyramidatumOrtmann & Walker (1922), Vidrine (1993)
Quadrula (Obliquata) coccineaFrierson (1927)
Pleurobema rubrumCummings & Mayer (1992), IUCN (1996), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Turgeon et al. (1998), Lydeard et al. (1999), Cicerello & Schuster (2003), Jones et al. (2005), Campbell et al. (2005), Graf & Cummings (2007), Burdick & White (2007), Williams et al. (2008), Campbell et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009), Cummings & Graf (2010), Bogan (2010), Haag (2012), ITIS (2012), Jones (2015), Williams et al. (2017), Perkins et al. (2017), Inoue et al. (2018)
Pleurobema cordatumStrayer & Jirka (1997)
Pleurobema (Sintoxia) rubrumCampbell & Lydeard (2012), Burlakova et al. (2012)

Unio pyramidatus Lea, 1831
Lea, 1831, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 4 [O. 1]: 109 [119], pl. 16, fig. 39.
Type(s): SYNTYPES ANSP_41726, Ohio River.

Unio pyramidatusLea (1831), Ravenel (1834), Jay (1835), Hanley (1843), Sowerby (1868), de Gregorio (1914)
Unio mytiloidesFerussac (1835), Conrad (1836), Küster (1852)
Margarita (Unio) pyramidatusLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) pyramidatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio ruberConrad (1853)
Unio (Obovaria) mytiloidesMörch (1853)
Unio (Lampsilis) pyramidatusAdams & Adams (1857)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) pyramidataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Pleurobema obliqua form pyramidataOrtmann (1910)
Pleurobema obliquumOrtmann (1912)
Pleurobema obliquum pyramidatumUtterback (1915)
Pleurobema pyramidatumOrtmann & Walker (1922), Stansbery (1970), Turgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), Vidrine (1993), ITIS (2012)
Pleurobema cordatum pyramidatumOrtmann (1924), Ortmann (1925), Murray & Leonard (1962), Gordon et al. (1979)
Quadrula (Obliquata) obliquataFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Pleurobema obliquataMorrison (1969)
Pleurobema cordatumR.I. Johnson (1980), Strayer & Jirka (1997)
Pleurobema rubrumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Turgeon et al. (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)

Obliquaria rubra var. lineata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 314.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 57.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Obliquaria rubra Rafinesque, 1820)

Obliquaria rubra var. lineataRafinesque (1820)
Amblema rubra var. lineataRafinesque (1820)

Obliquaria rubra var. pallida Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 314.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 57.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Obliquaria rubra Rafinesque, 1820)

Obliquaria rubra var. pallidaRafinesque (1820)
Amblema rubra var. pallidaRafinesque (1820)

Unio cardiacea Guérin, 1823
Guérin, 1823, Icon. Règne Animal Cuvier 2: pl. 28, fig. 7.

Unio cardiaceaGuérin (1823)
Unio mytiloidesFerussac (1835), Conrad (1836)
Margaron (Unio) obliquusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) pyramidataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula (Obliquata) obliquataFrierson (1927), Haas (1930), Haas (1969)
Pleurobema cordatumR.I. Johnson (1980)
Pleurobema rubrumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio obliquus Wood, 1828
Wood, 1828, Suppl. Index Testac.: 3 [as ‘Mya obliqua’].
Wood, 1828, Suppl. Index Testac.: 57, pl. 1, sp. 8.
Wood & Hanley, 1856, Index Testac.: 200, pl. 1, fig. 8.
(misidentified reference to Unio obliqua Lamarck, 1819)

Unio obliquusWood (1828)
Unio obliquaFerussac (1835)
Margarita (Unio) mytiloidesLea (1836)
Unio pyramidatusHanley (1843)
Margaron (Unio) mytiloidesLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) pyramidataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Pleurobema rubrumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio mytiloides Deshayes, 1830
‘Rafinesque’ of Authors.
Deshayes, 1830, Enc. Méth. 2: 586, pl. 249, fig. 4.
Conrad, 1836, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(4): 41, pl. 20.
(misidentified reference to Pleurobema mytiloides Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio mytiloidesDeshayes (1830), Küster (1852)
Margarita (Unio) pyramidatusLea (1836)
Margarita (Unio) ebenusLea (1836)
Unio ebenusHanley (1843)
Margaron (Unio) pyramidatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Margaron (Unio) ebenusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) pyramidataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula (Obliquata) obliquataFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Pleurobema rubrumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio caridacea Conrad, 1836
‘Guérin’ Conrad, 1836, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(5): 41.
(error for Unio cardiacea Guérin, 1823)

Unio caridaceaConrad (1836)
Margaron (Unio) mytiloidesLea (1870)

Unio coccineus Jay, 1850
Jay, 1850, Cat. Rec. Shells: 66.
(misidentified reference to Unio coccineus Conrad, 1836)

Unio coccineusJay (1850)
Unio ruberConrad (1853)

Unio ruber Conrad, 1853
‘Rafinesque’ Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 257.
(reference to Obliquaria rubra Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio ruberConrad (1853)
Margaron (Unio) mytiloidesLea (1870)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) pyramidataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula (Obliquata) obliquataFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Pleurobema rubrumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio cardidiacea Lea, 1870
‘Conrad’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 39.
(error for Unio caridacea Conrad, 1836)

Unio cardidiaceaLea (1870)

Unio mytilloides Frierson, 1927
‘Lea, 1829’ Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 52.
(misidentified reference to Pleurobema mytiloides Rafinesque, 1820; error for Pleurobema mytiloides Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio mytilloidesFrierson (1927)
Pleurobema rubrumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Page updated: 12:24:10 Mon 04 May 2020

 
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