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Page last updated
5 December 2017

Unionoida cum Grano Salis

Indotropical Region

Indotropical SubregionsThe Indotropical Region extends from the Pei River in China south through Indochina to Indonesia, and west to include India. A total of 234 species are known from the region in three families: Unionidae, Margaritiferidae and Etheriidae. The Indotropical Region ranks second in species richness after Nearctica.

The Indotropical Region is subdivided into four distinct subregions, each with a characteristic freshwater mussel assemblage. The Yangtze-Huang Subregion (IN1; 70 spp.) covers the basins from the Pei River south to the Qiantang, as well as Taiwan. The area from southern China to the Salween, including the Mekong, is the Indochina Subregion (IN2; 82 spp.). The India-Burma Subregion (IN3; 70 spp.) extends from the Irrawaddy in the east to the Indus on its western frontier. The larger islands of Indonesia and the Philippines we group as the Sunda-Philippines Subregion (IN4; 32 spp.). New Guinea is part of the Australasian Region, and Sulawesi does not seem to have any freshwater mussels.

Endemic species are marked with an asterisk (*).

Yangtze-Huang Subregion (IN1)
 
  1. Aculamprotula fibrosa*
  2. Aculamprotula grandidens*
  3. Aculamprotula nodulosa
  4. Aculamprotula polysticta*
  5. Aculamprotula scripta*
  6. Aculamprotula tientsinensis*
  7. Aculamprotula tortuosa*
  8. Aculamprotula zonata*
  9. Acuticosta chinensis*
  10. Acuticosta jianghanensis*
  11. Acuticosta retiaria*
  12. Acuticosta sichuanica*
  13. Acuticosta trisulcata*
  14. Anemina angula*
  15. Anemina arcaeformis
  16. Anemina euscaphys
  17. Anemina fluminea*
  18. Anemina globosula*
  19. Anemina ussuriensis*
  20. Arconaia lanceolata*
  21. Cristaria plicata
  22. Cristaria radiata*
  23. Cristaria tenuis
  24. Cuneopsis capitatus*
  25. Cuneopsis celtiformis*
  26. Cuneopsis heudei
  27. Cuneopsis pisciculus*
  28. Cuneopsis rufescens*
  29. Diaurora aurorea*
  30. Gibbosula confragosa*
  31. Gibbosula nanningensis*
  32. Hyriopsis cumingii
  33. Inversidens pantoensis
  34. Lamprotula bazini*
  35. Lamprotula caveata*
  1. Lamprotula cornuumlunae*
  2. Lamprotula divergens*
  3. Lamprotula elongata*
  4. Lamprotula gottschei
  5. Lamprotula kouangensis*
  6. Lamprotula leaii*
  7. Lamprotula linae*
  8. Lamprotula rochechouartii*
  9. Lamprotula similaris*
  10. Lamprotula triclava*
  11. Lanceolaria eucylindrica*
  12. Lanceolaria gladiola
  13. Lanceolaria grayii
  14. Lanceolaria triformis*
  15. Lanceolaria yueyingae*
  16. Lepidodesma languilati*
  17. Nodularia douglasiae
  18. Nodularia nuxpersicae*
  19. Pseudobaphia biesiana*
  20. Pseudobaphia liuovatus*
  21. Pseudodon aureus*
  22. Pseudodon nankingensis*
  23. Pseudodon pinchoniana*
  24. Pseudodon secundus*
  25. Ptychorhynchus murinum*
  26. Ptychorhynchus pfisteri*
  27. Schistodesmus lampreyanus*
  28. Schistodesmus spinosus*
  29. Sinanodonta qingyuani*
  30. Sinanodonta woodiana
  31. Solenaia carinata*
  32. Solenaia iridinea*
  33. Solenaia neotriangularis*
  34. Solenaia rivularis*
  35. Solenaia triangularis
Indochina Subregion (IN2)
 
  1. Aculamprotula nodulosa
  2. Bineurus cumingii
  3. Bineurus ellipticus*
  4. Bineurus mouhotii*
  5. Bineurus thomsoni*
  6. Chamberlainia hainesiana*
  7. Contradens contradens
  8. Contradens eximius*
  9. Contradens gratiosus*
  10. Contradens inaequalis*
  11. Contradens semmelinki
  12. Contradens subcircularis*
  13. Cristaria plicata
  14. Cristaria tenuis
  15. Cristaria truncata*
  16. Cuneopsis demangei*
  17. Cuneopsis heudei
  18. Ensidens ingallsianus*
  19. Ensidens sagittarius*
  20. Gibbosula crassa*
  21. Harmandia munensis*
  22. Harmandia somboriensis*
  23. Hyriopsis bialata*
  24. Hyriopsis cumingii
  25. Hyriopsis delaportei*
  26. Hyriopsis desowitzi*
  27. Hyriopsis myersiana*
  28. Lamprotula blaisei*
  29. Lamprotula salaputium*
  30. Lanceolaria bilirata*
  31. Lanceolaria bogani*
  32. Lanceolaria gladiola
  33. Lanceolaria grayii
  34. Margaritifera laosensis*
  35. Modellnaia siamensis*
  36. Monodontina cambodjensis*
  37. Monodontina tumidus*
  38. Monodontina vondembuschianus
  39. Nodularia dorri*
  40. Oxynaia diespiter*
  41. Oxynaia gladiator*
  1. Oxynaia jourdyi*
  2. Oxynaia micheloti*
  3. Oxynaia pugio
  4. Parreysia bhamoensis
  5. Parreysia burmana
  6. Parreysia feae*
  7. Parreysia houngdarauica*
  8. Parreysia pecten*
  9. Parreysia tavoyensis
  10. Physunio cambodiensis*
  11. Physunio inornatus*
  12. Physunio micropterus*
  13. Physunio modelli*
  14. Physunio superbus
  15. Pilsbryoconcha carinifera
  16. Pilsbryoconcha compressa*
  17. Pilsbryoconcha exilis
  18. Pilsbryoconcha lemeslei*
  19. Protunio messageri*
  20. Pseudodon inoscularis*
  21. Pseudodon resupinatus*
  22. Pseudodon salweniana*
  23. Ptychorhynchus denserugata*
  24. Ptychorhynchus schoedei*
  25. Ptychorhynchus schomburgianum*
  26. Radiatula humilis*
  27. Radiatula pilata*
  28. Radiatula substriata*
  29. Rhombuniopsis fultoni*
  30. Rhombuniopsis superstes*
  31. Rhombuniopsis tauriformis*
  32. Scabies crispata
  33. Scabies nucleus*
  34. Scabies phaselus*
  35. Scabies songkramensis*
  36. Sinanodonta woodiana
  37. Solenaia emarginata*
  38. Solenaia khwaenoiensis*
  39. Trapezidens exolescens
  40. Trapezidens scutum*
  41. Unionetta fabagina
India-Burma Subregion (IN3)
 
  1. Arcidopsis footei*
  2. Lamellidens brandti*
  3. Lamellidens consobrinus*
  4. Lamellidens corrianus*
  5. Lamellidens generosus*
  6. Lamellidens jenkinsianus*
  7. Lamellidens lamellatus*
  8. Lamellidens mainwaringi*
  9. Lamellidens marginalis*
  10. Lamellidens narainporensis*
  11. Lamellidens phenchooganjensis*
  12. Lamellidens rhadinaeus*
  13. Lamellidens savadiensis*
  14. Lamellidens unioides*
  15. Oxynaia pugio
  16. Parreysia annandalei*
  17. Parreysia bhamoensis
  18. Parreysia burmana
  19. Parreysia canefrii*
  20. Parreysia choprae*
  21. Parreysia corbis*
  22. Parreysia corrugata*
  23. Parreysia cylindrica*
  24. Parreysia favidens*
  25. Parreysia feddeni*
  26. Parreysia gowhattensis*
  27. Parreysia olivacea*
  28. Parreysia perconvexa*
  29. Parreysia rajahensis*
  30. Parreysia rugosa*
  31. Parreysia sikkimensis*
  32. Parreysia smaragdites*
  33. Parreysia tavoyensis
  34. Parreysia triembola*
  35. Parreysia viridula*
  1. Parreysia vulcanus*
  2. Physunio friersoni*
  3. Pseudodon avae*
  4. Pseudodon bogani*
  5. Pseudodon crebristriata*
  6. Pseudodon manueli*
  7. Pseudodon peguensis*
  8. Pseudomulleria dalyi*
  9. Radiatula andersoniana*
  10. Radiatula bonneaudii*
  11. Radiatula caerulea*
  12. Radiatula chaudhurii*
  13. Radiatula crispisulcata*
  14. Radiatula involuta*
  15. Radiatula khadakvaslaensis*
  16. Radiatula lima*
  17. Radiatula mouhoti*
  18. Radiatula myitkyinae*
  19. Radiatula nuttalliana*
  20. Radiatula occata*
  21. Radiatula olivaria*
  22. Radiatula pachysoma*
  23. Radiatula shurtleffiana*
  24. Radiatula theobaldi*
  25. Scabies crispata
  26. Solenaia soleniformis*
  27. Trapezidens dolichorhynchus*
  28. Trapezidens exolescens
  29. Trapezoideus foliaceus*
  30. Trapezoideus nesemanni*
  31. Trapezoideus panhai*
  32. Trapezoideus peguensis*
  33. Trapezoideus prashadi*
  34. Trapezoideus subclathratus*
  35. Trapezoideus theca*
Sunda-Philippines Subregion (IN4)
 
  1. Bineurus cumingii
  2. Bineurus hageni*
  3. Caudiculatus caudiculatus*
  4. Contradens contradens
  5. Contradens fulvaster*
  6. Contradens semmelinki
  7. Ctenodesma borneensis*
  8. Ctenodesma scheibeneri*
  9. Discomya radulosa*
  10. Elongaria orientalis*
  11. Elongaria trompi*
  12. Hyriopsis velthuizeni*
  13. Monodontina chaperi*
  14. Monodontina vondembuschianus
  15. Physunio superbus
  16. Pilsbryoconcha carinifera
  1. Pilsbryoconcha exilis
  2. Pilsbryoconcha expressa*
  3. Pressidens exanthematicus*
  4. Pressidens insularis*
  5. Pressidens moellendorffi*
  6. Prohyriopsis stolata*
  7. Pseudodon aeneolus*
  8. Pseudodon crassus*
  9. Pseudodon walpolei*
  10. Rectidens lingulatus*
  11. Rectidens sumatrensis*
  12. Schepmania nieuwenhuisi*
  13. Schepmania parcesculpta*
  14. Simpsonella gracilis*
  15. Simpsonella purpurea*
  16. Trapezoideus peninsularis*

 

 

 
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