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Page last updated
Fri 07 Aug 2020

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

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Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Lampsilini | Lampsilis

species Lampsilis cardium Rafinesque, 1820: synonymy
     11 specimens available.

Lampsilis cardium Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 298, pl. 80, figs. 16-19.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 43.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20210, [no locality available - North America].

Lampsilis cardiumRafinesque (1820), Agassiz (1852), Morrison (1969), Turgeon et al. (1988), Cummings & Mayer (1992), Williams et al. (1993), Vidrine (1993), Howells et al. (1996), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Turgeon et al. (1998), Lydeard et al. (1999), Turner et al. (2000), Graf & Ó Foighil (2000), Graf & Ó Foighil (2000), Eackles & King (2002), Graf (2002), Graf (2002), Cicerello & Schuster (2003), Sietman (2003), Giribet & Distel (2003), Huff et al. (2004), Anderson et al. (2004), Hoke (2005), Jones et al. (2005), Campbell et al. (2005), Graf & Cummings (2006), Zanatta & Murphy (2006), Graf & Cummings (2007), Watters et al. (2009), Hoeh et al. (2009), Jadhav & Jamkhedkar (2009), Cummings & Graf (2010), Bogan (2010), Boyer et al. (2011), Grobler et al. (2011), Whelan et al. (2011), Haag (2012), McMurray et al. (2012), ITIS (2012), Szumowski et al. (2012), Zanatta & Harris (2013), Sousa et al. (2014), Pfeiffer & Graf (2015), Takeuchi et al. (2015), Gonzáles et al. (2015), Bolotov et al. (2016), Jeffrey et al. (2016), Jeffrey et al. (2017), Lopes-Lima et al. (2017), Bolotov et al. (2017), Bolotov et al. (2017), Williams et al. (2017), Combosch et al. (2017), IUCN (2017), Soroka et al. (2018), Vikhrev et al. (2018), Bolotov et al. (2018), Huang et al. (2018), Lopes-Lima et al. (2018), Porto-Hannes et al. (2019), Huang et al. (2019), Pfeiffer et al. (2019), Pfeiffer et al. (2019), Smith et al. (2019), Hewitt et al. (2019), Lemer et al. (2019), Fukata & Iigo (2020), Wu et al. (2020), Inoue et al. (2020), Lopes-Lima et al. (2020), Bolotov et al. (2020)
Unio cardiumFerussac (1835), Conrad (1840), Küster (1861)
Unio (Lampsilis) cardiumConrad (1853)
Lampsilis ventricosaUtterback (1916), Ortmann & Walker (1922)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardiumFrierson (1927), Haas (1930)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium cardiumHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovatusClarke (1973)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975), Strayer & Jirka (1997), Graf (2000)
Lampsilis cardium/ovataJones (2015)

Unio ventricosus Barnes, 1823
Barnes, 1823, Amer. J. Sci. 6 (1-2): 267, pl. 13, fig. 14.

Unio ventricosusBarnes (1823), Lea (1829), Menke (1830), Jay (1835), Ferussac (1835), DeKay (1843), Hanley (1843), Sowerby (1866), Call (1895)
Margarita (Unio) ventricosusLea (1836)
Unio cardiumConrad (1840), Conrad (1853), Küster (1861)
Aeglia ventricosaSwainson (1840)
Lampsilis ventricosaStimpson (1851), Ortmann (1909), Ortmann (1910), Ortmann (1912), Utterback (1916), Ortmann (1918), Ortmann & Walker (1922), F.C. Baker (1928), Mathiak (1979), Davis & Fuller (1981), Oesch (1984)
Lampsilis ventricosusAgassiz (1852)
Margaron (Unio) ventricosusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Lampsilis) cariosusMörch (1853)
Unio (Hyridella) ventricosusAdams & Adams (1857)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)
Unio (s.s.) ventricosusCall (1900)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis ovata ventricosaOrtmann (1924), Ortmann (1925), Murray & Leonard (1962), Gordon et al. (1979)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardiumFrierson (1927), Haas (1930)
Proptera capaxFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium cardiumHaas (1969)
Lampsilis cardiumMorrison (1969), Vidrine (1993), Howells et al. (1996), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovatusClarke (1973)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Strayer & Jirka (1997)

Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosa var. lurida Simpson, 1914
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 41.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio ventricosus Barnes, 1823)
Type(s): TYPE USNM_29958, Devil’s Lake, Lenawee Co., Mich.

Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosa var. luridaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium-luridaFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis ventricosa luridaF.C. Baker (1928)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium luridaHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovatusClarke (1973)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Strayer & Jirka (1997)
Lampsilis cardiumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio radiatus Hildreth, 1828
Hildreth, 1828, Amer. J. Sci. 14: 286.
(misidentified reference to Mya radiata Gmelin, 1791)

Unio radiatusHildreth (1828)
Margarita (Unio) radiataLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) ventricosusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)

Unio occidens Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 435, pl. 10, fig. 16.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84866, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio occidensLea (1829), Lea (1834), Jay (1835), Hanley (1843), Küster (1861), de Gregorio (1914)
Unio cardiumFerussac (1835), Conrad (1840), Conrad (1853)
Margarita (Unio) occidensLea (1836)
Aeglia (s.s.) occidensSwainson (1840)
Unio ventricosusDeKay (1843), Call (1895)
Margaron (Unio) occidensLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Hyridella) occidensAdams & Adams (1857)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)
Unio (s.s.) ventricosusCall (1900)
Lampsilis occidensIhering (1901)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardiumFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis ventricosa occidensF.C. Baker (1928)
Lampsilis ovata ventricosaMurray & Leonard (1962)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium cardiumHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovatusClarke (1973)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Strayer & Jirka (1997)
Lampsilis ventricosaOesch (1984)
Lampsilis cardiumHowells et al. (1996), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio subovatus Lea, 1831
Lea, 1831, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 4 [O. 1]: 118 [128], pl. 18, fig. 46.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84509, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio subovatusLea (1831), Ravenel (1834), Hanley (1843), Sowerby (1866)
Unio fasciolusFerussac (1835)
Margarita (Unio) subovatusLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) subovatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio cardiumConrad (1853)
Unio (Lampsilis) subovatusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio ventricosusCall (1895)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)
Unio (s.s.) subovatusCall (1900)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardiumFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis ventricosa occidensF.C. Baker (1928)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium cardiumHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975)
Lampsilis cardiumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio ventricosus Say, 1832
Say, 1832, Amer. Conch. 4: pl. 32.
(reference to Unio ventricosus Barnes, 1823)

Unio ventricosusSay (1832), DeKay (1843)
Unio occidensKüster (1861)

Unio cardium Conrad, 1834
‘Rafinesque’ Conrad, 1834, New Fresh-Water Shells: 68.
(reference to Lampsilis cardium Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio cardiumConrad (1834)
Unio ventricosusFerussac (1835), Call (1895)
Margaron (Unio) occidensLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis cardiumWatters et al. (2009)

Unio lenis Conrad, 1838
Conrad, 1838, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 2(11): back cover.
Conrad, 1840, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 2(12): 106, pl. 58, fig. 2.

Unio lenisConrad (1838), Conrad (1840)
Margaron (Unio) occidensLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardiumFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium cardiumHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975)
Lampsilis cardiumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio ovatus Deshayes, 1839
‘Say’ of Authors.
Deshayes, 1839, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert. 6: 669.
Küster, 1852, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 55, pl. 12, fig. 1. [in part]
(misidentified reference to Unio ovatus Say, 1817)

Unio ovatusDeshayes (1839)
Margaron (Unio) ovatusLea (1852)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardiumFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis cardiumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio ossidens Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 262.
(error for Unio occidens Lea, 1829)

Unio ossidensSwainson (1840)

Unio cariosus DeKay, 1843
DeKay, 1843, Zool. New York 5: 193, pl. 21, figs. 243-244.
(misidentified reference to Unio cariosus Say, 1817)

Unio cariosusDeKay (1843), Conrad (1853)
Margaron (Unio) cariosusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cariosusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cariosaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardiumFrierson (1927)

Unio canadensis Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 85.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 268 [86], pl. 44, fig. 148.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84503, St. Helens Id., Montreal, Canada.

Unio canadensisLea (1857)
Margaron (Unio) canadensisLea (1870)
Unio ventricosusCall (1895)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)
Unio (s.s.) ventricosusCall (1900)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cariosaFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovatusClarke (1973)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Strayer & Jirka (1997)
Lampsilis cardiumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio ventricosus Sowerby, 1866
‘Barnes’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 43, sp. 235.
(reference to Unio ventricosus Barnes, 1823)

Unio ventricosusSowerby (1866)
Margaron (Unio) capaxLea (1870)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)

Unio dolabraeformis Sowerby, 1867
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1867, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 59, sp. 298 [as ‘dolabræformis’].
(misidentified reference to Unio dolabraeformis Lea, 1838)

Unio dolabraeformisSowerby (1867)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975)
Lampsilis cardiumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio latissimus Sowerby, 1868
Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 66, sp. 337.
(homonym of Unio (Eurynia) latissima Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio latissimusSowerby (1868)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardiumFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium cardiumHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975)
Lampsilis cardiumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio subovatus Sowerby, 1868
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 85, sp. 456.
(reference to Unio subovatus Lea, 1831)

Unio subovatusSowerby (1868)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (s.s.) fasciolaFrierson (1927)

Lampsilis ventricosa cohongoronta Ortmann, 1912
Ortmann, 1912, Nautilus 26(5): 53.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio ventricosus Barnes, 1823)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE CM_31.6994, Potomac River, Hancock, Washington Co., Maryland.

Lampsilis ventricosa cohongorontaOrtmann (1912)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975)
Lampsilis cardiumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Lampsilis ventricosa perglobosa F.C. Baker, 1928
F.C. Baker, 1928, Bull. Wisconsin Geol. Nat. Hist. Survey 70(2): 285, pl. 93, figs. 1-4.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio ventricosus Barnes, 1823)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) UMMZ_209195, Lake Pepin, Lake City, Minnesota.

Lampsilis ventricosa perglobosaF.C. Baker (1928)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium cardiumHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovatusClarke (1973)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980)
Lampsilis cardiumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Lampsilis ventricosa winnebagoensis F.C. Baker, 1928
F.C. Baker, 1928, Bull. Wisconsin Geol. Nat. Hist. Survey 70(2): 291, pl. 94, figs. 1-4.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio ventricosus Barnes, 1823)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) UMMZ_209212, L. Winnebago, nr. Oshkosh, Wis.

Lampsilis ventricosa winnebagoensisF.C. Baker (1928)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium cardiumHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovatusClarke (1973)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980)
Lampsilis cardiumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Page updated: 15:17:53 Fri 07 Aug 2020

 
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