MUSSELp
 
MUSSELpdb
 
 
Taxonomy
 
 
Geography
 
 
 

Page last updated
Fri 01 Jul 2022

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

The taxonomic history of the valid species (since 1900) is listed at the bottom of the page.

Search the database pages:

Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Lampsilini | Lampsilis

species Lampsilis cardium Rafinesque, 1820: nominal species
     11 specimens available.

Lampsilis cardium Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 298, pl. 80, figs. 16-19 [also as ‘Unio cardium’].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 43.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20210, [no locality available - North America].

Lampsilis cardiumRafinesque (1820), Agassiz (1852), Vanatta (1915), Morrison (1969), ..., Graf & Cummings (2021), Sonowal et al. (2021), FMCS (2021), Wu et al. (2022)
Unio cardiumFerussac (1835), Conrad (1840), Küster (1861)
Unio (Lampsilis) cardiumConrad (1853)
Lampsilis ventricosaUtterback (1916), Ortmann & Walker (1922)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardiumFrierson (1927), Haas (1930)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium cardiumHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovatusClarke (1973)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975), Strayer & Jirka (1997), Graf (2000)
Lampsilis cardium/ovataJones (2015)

Unio ventricosus Barnes, 1823
Barnes, 1823, Amer. J. Sci. 6 (1-2): 267, pl. 13, figs. 14a-c.

Unio ventricosusBarnes (1823), Lea (1829), Menke (1830), Jay (1835), ..., Sowerby (1866), B.H. Wright (1888), Call (1895), Pilsbry & Rhoads (1896)
Margarita (Unio) ventricosusLea (1836), Lea (1838)
Unio cardiumConrad (1840), Conrad (1853), Küster (1861)
Aeglia ventricosaSwainson (1840)
Lampsilis ventricosaStimpson (1851), Ortmann (1909), Ortmann (1909), Ortmann (1909), ..., F.C. Baker (1928), Mathiak (1979), Davis & Fuller (1981), Oesch (1984)
Lampsilis ventricosusAgassiz (1852)
Margaron (Unio) ventricosusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Lampsilis) cariosusMörch (1853)
Unio (Hyridella) ventricosusAdams & Adams (1857)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)
Unio (s.s.) ventricosusCall (1900)
Lampsida ventricosusLandacre (1902)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis cardiumVanatta (1915), Morrison (1969), Vidrine (1993), Howells et al. (1996), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)
Lampsilis ovatus ventricosaOrtmann (1918)
Lampsilis ovata ventricosaOrtmann (1924), Ortmann (1925), Murray & Leonard (1962), Gordon et al. (1979)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardiumFrierson (1927), Haas (1930)
Proptera capaxFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium cardiumHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovatusClarke (1973)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Strayer & Jirka (1997)

Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosa var. lurida Simpson, 1914
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 41.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio ventricosus Barnes, 1823)
Type(s): TYPE USNM_29958, Devil’s Lake, Lenawee Co., Mich.

Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosa var. luridaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium-luridaFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis ventricosa luridaF.C. Baker (1928)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium luridaHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovatusClarke (1973)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Strayer & Jirka (1997)
Lampsilis cardiumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio radiatus Hildreth, 1828
Hildreth, 1828, Amer. J. Sci. 14: 286.
(misidentified reference to Unio radiatus Barnes, 1823)

Unio radiatusHildreth (1828)
Margarita (Unio) radiataLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) ventricosusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)

Unio occidens Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 435, pl. 10, fig. 16.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84866, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio occidensLea (1829), Lea (1834), Jay (1835), Hanley (1843), Küster (1861), B.H. Wright (1888), de Gregorio (1914)
Unio cardiumFerussac (1835), Conrad (1840), Conrad (1853)
Margarita (Unio) occidensLea (1836), Lea (1838)
Aeglia (s.s.) occidensSwainson (1840)
Unio ventricosusDeKay (1843), Call (1895)
Margaron (Unio) occidensLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Hyridella) occidensAdams & Adams (1857)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)
Unio (s.s.) ventricosusCall (1900)
Lampsilis occidensIhering (1901)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardiumFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis ventricosa occidensF.C. Baker (1928)
Lampsilis ovata ventricosaMurray & Leonard (1962)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium cardiumHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovatusClarke (1973)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Strayer & Jirka (1997)
Lampsilis ventricosaOesch (1984)
Lampsilis cardiumHowells et al. (1996), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio subovatus Lea, 1831
Lea, 1831, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 4 [O. 1]: 118 [128], pl. 18, fig. 46.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84509, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio subovatusLea (1831), Ravenel (1834), Hanley (1843), Sowerby (1866), B.H. Wright (1888)
Unio fasciolusFerussac (1835)
Margarita (Unio) subovatusLea (1836), Lea (1838)
Margaron (Unio) subovatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio cardiumConrad (1853)
Unio (Lampsilis) subovatusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio ventricosusCall (1895)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)
Unio (s.s.) subovatusCall (1900)
Lampsida ventricosusLandacre (1902)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardiumFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis ventricosa occidensF.C. Baker (1928)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium cardiumHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975)
Lampsilis cardiumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio ventricosus Say, 1832
Say, 1832, Amer. Conch. 4: pl. 32.
(reference to Unio ventricosus Barnes, 1823)

Unio ventricosusSay (1832), DeKay (1843)
Margarita (Unio) occidensLea (1838)
Unio occidensKüster (1861)

Unio cardium Conrad, 1834
‘Rafinesque’ Conrad, 1834, New Fresh-Water Shells: 68.
(reference to Lampsilis cardium Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio cardiumConrad (1834)
Unio ventricosusFerussac (1835), Call (1895)
Margaron (Unio) occidensLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis cardiumWatters et al. (2009)

Unio lenis Conrad, 1838
Conrad, 1838, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 2(11): back cover.
Conrad, 1840, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 2(12): 106, pl. 58, fig. 2.

Unio lenisConrad (1838), Conrad (1840)
Margaron (Unio) occidensLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardiumFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium cardiumHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975)
Lampsilis cardiumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio ovatus Deshayes, 1839
‘Say’ of Authors.
Deshayes, 1839, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert. 6: 669.
Küster, 1852, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 55, pl. 12, fig. 1. [in part]
(misidentified reference to Unio ovatus Say, 1817)

Unio ovatusDeshayes (1839)
Margaron (Unio) ovatusLea (1852)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardiumFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis cardiumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio ossidens Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 262.
(error for Unio occidens Lea, 1829)

Unio ossidensSwainson (1840)

Unio cariosus DeKay, 1843
DeKay, 1843, Zool. New York 5: 193, pl. 21, figs. 243-244.
(misidentified reference to Unio cariosus Say, 1817)

Unio cariosusDeKay (1843), Conrad (1853)
Margaron (Unio) cariosusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cariosusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cariosaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardiumFrierson (1927)

Unio canadensis Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 85.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 268 [86], pl. 44, fig. 148.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84503, St. Helens Id., Montreal, Canada.

Unio canadensisLea (1857), B.H. Wright (1888)
Margaron (Unio) canadensisLea (1870)
Unio ventricosusCall (1895)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)
Unio (s.s.) ventricosusCall (1900)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cariosaFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovatusClarke (1973)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Strayer & Jirka (1997)
Lampsilis cardiumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio ventricosus Sowerby, 1866
‘Barnes’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 43, sp. 235.
(reference to Unio ventricosus Barnes, 1823)

Unio ventricosusSowerby (1866)
Margaron (Unio) capaxLea (1870)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)

Unio dolabraeformis Sowerby, 1867
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1867, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 59, sp. 298 [as ‘dolabræformis’].
(misidentified reference to Unio dolabraeformis Lea, 1838)

Unio dolabraeformisSowerby (1867)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975)
Lampsilis cardiumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio latissimus Sowerby, 1868
Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 66, sp. 337.
(homonym of Unio (Eurynia) latissima Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio latissimusSowerby (1868)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardiumFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium cardiumHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975)
Lampsilis cardiumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio subovatus Sowerby, 1868
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 85, sp. 456.
(reference to Unio subovatus Lea, 1831)

Unio subovatusSowerby (1868)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (s.s.) fasciolaFrierson (1927)

Lampsilis ventricosa cohongoronta Ortmann, 1912
Ortmann, 1912, Nautilus 26(5): 53.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio ventricosus Barnes, 1823)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE CM_31.6994, Potomac River, Hancock, Washington Co., Maryland.

Lampsilis ventricosa cohongorontaOrtmann (1912)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975)
Lampsilis cardiumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Lampsilis ventricosa perglobosa F.C. Baker, 1928
F.C. Baker, 1928, Bull. Wisconsin Geol. Nat. Hist. Survey 70(2): 285, pl. 93, figs. 1-4.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio ventricosus Barnes, 1823)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) UMMZ_209195, Lake Pepin, Lake City, Minnesota.

Lampsilis ventricosa perglobosaF.C. Baker (1928)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium cardiumHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovatusClarke (1973)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980)
Lampsilis cardiumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Lampsilis ventricosa winnebagoensis F.C. Baker, 1928
F.C. Baker, 1928, Bull. Wisconsin Geol. Nat. Hist. Survey 70(2): 291, pl. 94, figs. 1-4.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio ventricosus Barnes, 1823)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) UMMZ_209212, L. Winnebago, nr. Oshkosh, Wis.

Lampsilis ventricosa winnebagoensisF.C. Baker (1928)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium cardiumHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovatusClarke (1973)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980)
Lampsilis cardiumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Taxonomic History (since 1900)

Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosusSimpson (1900)
Unio (s.s.) ventricosusCall (1900)
Unio (s.s.) subovatusCall (1900)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cariosusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis occidensIhering (1901)
Lampsida ventricosusLandacre (1902)
Lampsilis ventricosaOrtmann (1909), Ortmann (1909), Ortmann (1909), Ortmann (1910), ..., F.C. Baker (1928), Mathiak (1979), Davis & Fuller (1981), Oesch (1984)
Lampsilis ventricosa cohongorontaOrtmann (1912)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosaSimpson (1914)
Unio occidensde Gregorio (1914)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cariosaSimpson (1914), Frierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ventricosa var. luridaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis cardiumVanatta (1915), Morrison (1969), Turgeon et al. (1988), Cummings & Mayer (1992), ..., Graf & Cummings (2021), Sonowal et al. (2021), FMCS (2021), Wu et al. (2022)
Lampsilis ovatus ventricosaOrtmann (1918)
Lampsilis ovata ventricosaOrtmann (1924), Ortmann (1925), Murray & Leonard (1962), Gordon et al. (1979)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardiumFrierson (1927), Haas (1930)
Proptera capaxFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (s.s.) fasciolaFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium-luridaFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis ventricosa occidensF.C. Baker (1928)
Lampsilis ventricosa luridaF.C. Baker (1928)
Lampsilis ventricosa perglobosaF.C. Baker (1928)
Lampsilis ventricosa winnebagoensisF.C. Baker (1928)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium cardiumHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cardium luridaHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) ovataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis ovatusClarke (1973)
Lampsilis ovataBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Strayer & Jirka (1997), Graf (2000)
Lampsilis cardium/ovataJones (2015)

Page updated: 10:58:54 Fri 01 Jul 2022

 
NSF icon MUSSEL icon
"Making the world a better place, one mollusk at a time."