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Page last updated
Sun 27 Sep 2020

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Quadrulini | Uniomerus

species Uniomerus tetralasmus (Say, 1831): synonymy
     12 specimens available.

Unio tetralasmus Say, 1831
Say, 1831, Amer. Conch. 3: pl. 23.

Unio tetralasmusSay (1831), Ferussac (1835), Conrad (1840), Hanley (1843), Conrad (1853), Singley (1893), Call (1895)
Margarita (Unio) tetralasmusLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) tetralasmusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Niäa) tetralasmusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) tetralasmusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) tetralasmusCall (1900)
Uniomerus tetralasmusOrtmann (1912), Utterback (1915), Murray & Leonard (1962), Haas (1969), Haas (1969), R.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), Gordon et al. (1979), R.I. Johnson (1980), Davis & Fuller (1981), Oesch (1984), Turgeon et al. (1988), Cummings & Mayer (1992), Williams et al. (1993), Vidrine (1993), Rosenberg et al. (1994), Hoeh et al. (1995), Howells et al. (1996), Rosenberg et al. (1997), Strayer & Jirka (1997), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Turgeon et al. (1998), R.I. Johnson (1999), Lydeard et al. (1999), Graf (2002), Cicerello & Schuster (2003), Jones et al. (2005), Graf & Cummings (2007), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009), Cummings & Graf (2010), Bogan (2010), Williams et al. (2011), McMurray et al. (2012), IUCN (2012), ITIS (2012), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Williams et al. (2014), Williams et al. (2017), Johnson et al. (2018), Inoue et al. (2018), Lopes-Lima et al. (2019), Pfeiffer et al. (2019), Fukata & Iigo (2020)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) tetralasmusFrierson (1927), Haas (1929)
Elliptio (sec. Uniomerus) tetralasmusThiele (1934)
U. tetralasmusMarshall et al. (2018)

Unio camptodon Say, 1832
Say, 1832, Amer. Conch. 5: pl. 42.
Type(s): TOPOTYPE USNM_85354, New Orleans, La.

Unio camptodonSay (1832), Ferussac (1835), Hanley (1843), Sowerby (1868), Singley (1893)
Margarita (Unio) camptodonLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) camptodonLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Uniomerus) camptodonConrad (1853)
Unio (Niäa) camptodonAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio tetralasmusCall (1895)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) tetralasmus var. camptodonSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) tetralasmusCall (1900)
Uniomerus tetralasmus comptodonUtterback (1915)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) tetralasmus-camptodonFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus tetralasmusMurray & Leonard (1962), Haas (1969), R.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Oesch (1984), Vidrine (1993), Howells et al. (1996), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio declivis Conrad, 1836
‘Say’ Conrad, 1836, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(5): 45, pl. 23, fig. 1.
Conrad, 1838, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 2(11): back cover correginda [as ‘U. sayanus Ward’].
(misidentified reference to Unio declivis Say, 1831)

Unio declivisConrad (1836), Küster (1852)
Margarita (Unio) camptodonLea (1836)
Unio sayiConrad (1838)
Unio camptodonHanley (1843), Sowerby (1868)
Margaron (Unio) camptodonLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio rivularisConrad (1853)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) obesusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Uniomerus tetralasmusUtterback (1915), R.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) tetralasmusFrierson (1927)

Unio sayanus Conrad, 1838
‘Ward’ of Authors.
Conrad, 1838, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 2(11): 102, pl. 56, fig. 2.
B.H. Wright, 1888, Check List: unnumbered p. 5.
(error for Unio sayii Tappan, 1839)

Unio sayanusConrad (1838)
Unio tetralasmusCall (1895)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) tetralasmus var. sayiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) tetralasmusCall (1900)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) tetralasmus-sayiFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus tetralasmusHaas (1969), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)
Uniomerus declivisWatters et al. (2009)

Unio sayii Tappan, 1839
Ward in Tappan, 1839, Amer. J. Sci. 35: 268, pl. 3, fig. 1.
Type(s): POSSIBLE SYNTYPE USNM_85356, Scioto R., Ohio.

Unio sayiiTappan (1839)
Unio sayiConrad (1838), Küster (1861)
Margaron (Unio) camptodonLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Uniomerus) sayiiConrad (1853)
Unio electrinusReeve (1865)
Unio camptodonSowerby (1868)
Unio tetralasmusCall (1895)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) tetralasmus var. sayiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) tetralasmusCall (1900)
Uniomerus tetralasmusUtterback (1915), Haas (1969), R.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Oesch (1984), Howells et al. (1996), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) tetralasmus-sayiFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus tetralasmus sayiF.C. Baker (1928)

Unio paralellus Conrad, 1841
Conrad, 1841, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 1: 20.
(incorrect original spelling of Unio parallelus Conrad, 1841)

Unio paralellusConrad (1841)

Unio parallelus Conrad, 1841
Conrad, 1841, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 1: 20 [as ‘paralellus’].
Conrad, 1854, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 297 [as ‘parallelus’].
(homonym of Unio parallelus Sowerby, 1840; correct name for Unio paralellus Conrad, 1841; renamed Unio porrectus Conrad, 1854)

Unio parallelusConrad (1841)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) tetralasmusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) tetralasmusFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus tetralasmusHaas (1969), R.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio symmetricus Lea, 1845
Lea, 1845, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 4: 164.
Lea, 1848, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 4]: 73 [47], pl. 4, fig. 11.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85604, Alexandria, La.

Unio symmetricusLea (1845), Singley (1893)
Margaron (Unio) symmetricusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Uniomerus) symmetricusConrad (1853)
Unio (Niäa) symmetricusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio tetralasmusCall (1895)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) tetralasmusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) tetralasmusCall (1900)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) tetralasmusFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus tetralasmusHaas (1969), R.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), Vidrine (1993), Howells et al. (1996), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)
Uniomerus declivisWatters et al. (2009)

Unio rhomboidius Lea, 1852
‘Ward MSS’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 32. [nomen nudum]
(intro'd as syn of Unio camptodon Say, 1832)

Unio rhomboidiusLea (1852)
Margaron (Unio) camptodonLea (1852), Lea (1870)

Unio rivularis Conrad, 1853
‘Say’ Conrad, 1836, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(5): 45, pl. 23, fig. 1 [as ‘U. declivis’].
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 257.
Conrad, 1854, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 296.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE ANSP_42852, small creek in Greene Co., Ala.

Unio rivularisConrad (1853)
Unio (Uniomerus) rivularisConrad (1853)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) obesusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) obesusFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus obesusClench & Turner (1956), Haas (1969)
Uniomerus tetralasmusR.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio porrectus Conrad, 1854
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 268. [nomen nudum]
Conrad, 1854, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 296, pl. 26, fig. 7.
(homonym of Unio porrectus Sowerby, 1829; new name for Unio parallelus Conrad, 1841)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE ANSP_42847, Jackson, Miss.

Unio porrectusConrad (1854)
Unio (Uniomerus) porrectusConrad (1853)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) tetralasmusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) tetralasmusFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus tetralasmusHaas (1969), R.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio subcroceus Conrad, 1854
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 268. [nomen nudum]
Conrad, 1854, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 297, pl. 27, fig. 1.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE ANSP_41406, Canadian Fork, Arkansas River.

Unio subcroceusConrad (1854)
Unio (Uniomerus) subcroceusConrad (1853)
Margaron (Unio) camptodonLea (1870)
Unio tetralasmusCall (1895)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) tetralasmusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) tetralasmusCall (1900)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) tetralasmusFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus tetralasmusHaas (1969), R.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio manubius Gould, 1855
Gould, 1855, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 5: 229.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE MCZ_169447, Chihuahua, 60 mi from Camp Ringgold, Mexico.

Unio manubiusGould (1855), Singley (1893)
Margaron (Unio) manubiusLea (1870)
Unio (Uniomerus) manubiusFischer & Crosse (1894), Martens (1900)
Unio tetralasmusCall (1895)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) tetralasmus var. manubiusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) tetralasmusCall (1900)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) tetralasmus-manubiusFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus tetralasmusHaas (1969), R.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), R.I. Johnson (1999), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio jamesianus Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 84.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 52 [52], pl. 6, fig. 35.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85365, Jackson, Miss.

Unio jamesianusLea (1857), Singley (1893)
Margaron (Unio) jamesianusLea (1870)
Unio tetralasmusCall (1895)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) tetralasmusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) tetralasmusCall (1900)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) tetralasmusFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus tetralasmusHaas (1969), R.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), Vidrine (1993), Howells et al. (1996), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio electrinus Reeve, 1865
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 25, sp. 121.

Unio electrinusReeve (1865)
Margaron (Unio) camptodonLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) tetralasmus var. sayiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (Uniomerus) tetralasmus-sayiFrierson (1927)
Uniomerus tetralasmusHaas (1969), R.I. Johnson (1970), R.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio manubrius Paetel, 1890
‘Gould’ of Authors.
Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml. 3: 158.
Call, 1895, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 7: 53.
Call, 1900, Ind. Dept. Geol. Nat. Res. (1899): 518.
(error for Unio manubius Gould, 1855)

Unio manubriusPaetel (1890)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) tetralasmus var. manubiusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Uniomerus tetralasmusParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio camptodon Stearns, 1891
Stearns, 1891, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 14 (844): 105.
(reference to Unio camptodon Say, 1832)

Unio camptodonStearns (1891)
Unio (Uniomerus) manubiusFischer & Crosse (1894)
Unio (sec. Uniomerus) tetralasmus var. camptodonSimpson (1900)

Uniomerus tetralasma comptodon Utterback, 1915
Utterback, 1915, Amer. Midl. Nat. 4(3): 48.
Utterback, 1915, Amer. Midl. Nat. 4(6): 247.
(error for Unio camptodon Say, 1832)

Uniomerus tetralasma comptodonUtterback (1915)
Uniomerus tetralasmusParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio electricus Haas, 1969
‘Reeve’ Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich 88: 209.
(error for Unio electrinus Reeve, 1865)

Unio electricusHaas (1969)

Page updated: 09:28:11 Sun 27 Sep 2020

 
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