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Page last updated
Wed 06 Nov 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page lists the nominal species (available and otherwise) currently circumscribed under the valid name.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Pleurobemini | Elliptio

species Elliptio icterina (Conrad, 1834): synonymy
     23 specimens available.

Unio confertus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 103 [215], pl. 16, fig. 47.
Type(s): IDIOTYPE USNM_85634, Santee Canal, S. Carolina.

Unio icterinus Conrad, 1834
Conrad, 1834, New Fresh-Water Shells: 41, pl. 6, fig. 5.
Conrad, 1836, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(4): 39, pl. 18, fig. 2.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 250.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE ANSP_41381, muddy shore, Savannah River, opposite Augusta [Richmond Co.], Georgia.

Unio raveneli Conrad, 1834
Conrad, 1834, New Fresh-Water Shells: 39, pl. 6, fig. 4.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 256.
(renamed Margarita (Unio) watereensis Lea, 1836)
Type(s): SYNTYPE ANSP_41370, So. Carolina.

Margarita (Unio) watereensis Lea, 1836
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 31.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 33.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 53.
(new name for Unio raveneli Conrad, 1834)

Unio lugubris Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 37. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 30, pl. 9, fig. 25.
(homonym of Unio lugubris Say, 1832; renamed Elliptio cylindraceus Frierson, 1927)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85638, Hopeton, near Darien, Georgia.

Unio geddingsianus Lea, 1840
Lea, 1840, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 1: 285.
Lea, 1842, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 8 [O. 3]: 202 [40], pl. 11, fig. 15.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85650, Congaree R., S.C.

Unio waterensis Hanley, 1843
‘Lea’ Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 200.
(error for Margarita (Unio) watereensis Lea, 1836)

Unio limatulus Conrad, 1849
Conrad, 1849, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4: 154.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 251.

Unio barrattii Lea, 1852
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 5]: 256 [12], pl. 13, fig. 5.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86010, Abbeville District, S.C.

Unio tuomeyi Lea, 1852
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 5]: 256 [12], pl. 13, fig. 4.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85669, Abbeville District, S. Carolina.

Unio whiteianus Lea, 1852
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 5]: 258 [14], pl. 14, fig. 8.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85657, near Savannah, Georgia.

Unio vibex Conrad, 1853
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 260.
(misidentified reference to Unio vibex Conrad, 1834)

Unio whiteanus Conrad, 1853
‘Lea’ of Authors.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 260.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 28.
(error for Unio whiteianus Lea, 1852)

Unio errans Lea, 1856
Lea, 1856, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8: 262.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 60, pl. 9, fig. 42.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85541, Tobesaufkee Cr., near Macon, Ga.

Unio aequatus Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 170 [as ‘æquatus’].
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 89, pl. 19, fig. 69 [as ‘æquatus’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85561, Buckhead Cr., Burke Co., Georgia.

Unio micans Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 85.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 9]: 59 [63], pl. 3, fig. 207.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85077, Catawba R., Gaston Co., N Carolina.

Unio obnubilus Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 169.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 84, pl. 17, fig. 64.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85646, Buckhead Cr., Burke Co., Georgia.

Unio opacus Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 169.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 86, pl. 18, fig. 66.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85546, Buckhead Cr., Burke Co., Georgia.

Unio similis Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 169.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 91, pl. 19, fig. 71.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85653, Buckhead Cr., Burke Co., Georgia.

Unio viridicatus Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 170.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 87, pl. 18, fig. 67.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85551, Buckhead Cr., Burke Co., Georgia.

Unio hepaticus Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 154.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 348 [30], pl. 57, fig. 173.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85559, Salkehatchie R., S. Carolina.

Unio ocmulgeensis Lea, 1861
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 13: 38 [as ‘ocmulgéensis’].
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 8]: 95 [99], pl. 14, fig. 243 [as ‘ocmulgéensis’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85901, Little Ocmulgee R., Lumber City, Georgia.

Unio ablatus Lea, 1863
Lea, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 15: 193.
(incorrect original spelling of Unio oblatus Lea, 1863)

Unio livingstonensis Lea, 1863
Lea, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 15: 192.
Lea, 1866, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 11]: 14 [18], pl. 4, fig. 11.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85536, Livingston Cr., Brunswick Co., N.C.

Unio lucidus Lea, 1863
Lea, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 15: 192.
Lea, 1866, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 11]: 9 [13], pl. 2, fig. 6.
(homonym of Unio (Anodontes) lucida d’Orbigny, 1835)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85242, Livingston Cr., Brunswick Co., N.C.

Unio oblatus Lea, 1863
Lea, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 15: 193 [as ‘ablatus’].
Lea, 1866, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 11]: 13 [17], pl. 4, fig. 10.
(correct name for Unio ablatus Lea, 1863)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86001, Gaston Co., N.C.

Unio fuscatus Reeve, 1865
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 21, sp. 95.
(misidentified reference to Unio fuscatus Lea, 1843)

Margaron (Unio) legubris Lea, 1870
‘Lea’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 53.
(error for Unio lugubris Lea, 1838)

Unio radiolus Lea, 1871
Lea, 1871, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 23: 192.
Lea, 1874, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8 [O. 13]: 21 [25], pl. 6, fig. 18.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85652, Ogeechee R., Liberty Co., Ga.

Unio cuspidatus Lea, 1872
Lea, 1872, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 24: 159.
Lea, 1874, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8 [O. 13]: 43 [47], pl. 14, fig. 40.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86014, Buckhead Cr., Burke Co., Ga.

Unio hastatus Lea, 1874
Lea, 1874, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 25: 423.
Lea, 1874, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8 [O. 13]: 56 [60], pl. 19, fig. 54.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86013, Abbeville District, S.C.

Unio barrotti Paetel, 1890
‘Lea’ Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml. 3: 145.
(error for Unio barrattii Lea, 1852)

Unio ochmulgeensis de Gregorio, 1914
‘Lea’ de Gregorio, 1914, Il Nat. Siciliano 2: 40.
(error for Unio ocmulgeensis Lea, 1861)

Unio ochmulgensis de Gregorio, 1914
‘Lea’ de Gregorio, 1914, Il Nat. Siciliano 2: 58.
(error for Unio ocmulgeensis Lea, 1861)

Unio zeddingsianus de Gregorio, 1914
‘Lea’ de Gregorio, 1914, Il Nat. Siciliano 2: 57.
(error for Unio geddingsianus Lea, 1840)

Unio ochmulgensis [sic] f.a dominus de Gregorio, 1914
de Gregorio, 1914, Il Nat. Siciliano 2: 48, pl. 7, figs. 1a-d.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio ocmulgeensis Lea, 1861)

Elliptio cylindraceus Frierson, 1927
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 29, sp. 87.
(new name for Unio lugubris Lea, 1838)

Unio cuspitatus R.I. Johnson, 1970
‘Lea’ of Authors.
R.I. Johnson, 1970, Bull. MCZ 140(6): 327.
R.I. Johnson, 1972, Bull. Fla. State Mus. 16(4): 206.
Burch, 1975, Freshw. Unio. North Amer.: 162.
(error for Unio cuspidatus Lea, 1872)

Unio tourmeyi IUCN, 2011
‘Lea’ IUCN, 2011, IUCN Red List: [web].
(error for Unio tuomeyi Lea, 1852)

Page updated: 10:59:30 Wed 06 Nov 2019

 
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