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Page last updated
Wed 01 Dec 2021

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

The taxonomic history of the valid species (since 1900) is listed at the bottom of the page.

Search the database pages:

Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Pleurobemini | Pleurobema

species Pleurobema perovatum (Conrad, 1834): nominal species
     10 specimens available.

Unio perovatus Conrad, 1834
Conrad, 1834, Amer. J. Sci. 25(2): 338, pl. 1, fig. 3.
Conrad, 1834, New Fresh-Water Shells: 47, pl. 2, fig. 3.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 254.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_129864, [no locality available - North America].

Unio perovatusConrad (1834), Ferussac (1835), Hanley (1843), Conrad (1853), B.H. Wright (1888)
Margarita (Unio) perovatusLea (1836), Lea (1838)
Margaron (Unio) perovatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Hyridella) perovatusAdams & Adams (1857)
Pleurobema (s.s.) perovataSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) perovatumSimpson (1914), Frierson (1927)
Pleurobema perovatumHaas (1969), Burch (1975), Turgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), ..., Williams et al. (2017), Perkins et al. (2017), Inoue et al. (2018), Graf & Cummings (2021)

Unio nux Lea, 1852
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 5]: 283 [39], pl. 24, fig. 43.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85316, Alabama R., Ala.

Unio nuxLea (1852), Küster (1861), B.H. Wright (1888)
Margaron (Unio) nuxLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio perovatusConrad (1853)
Unio (Hyridella) nuxAdams & Adams (1857)
Pleurobema (s.s.) nuxSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Pleurobema (s.s.) perovatumFrierson (1927)
Pleurobema perovatumHaas (1969), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), IUCN (2012)
Pleurobema nuxBurch (1975), ITIS (2012)

Unio johannis Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 171.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 343 [25], pl. 55, fig. 168.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84830, Alabama R., Tuscaloosa, Ala.

Unio johannisLea (1859), B.H. Wright (1888)
Margaron (Unio) johannisLea (1870)
Pleurobema (s.s.) johannisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914), Frierson (1927)
Pleurobema johannisHaas (1969), Burch (1975), Turgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), ..., IUCN (2000), Graf & Cummings (2007), Cummings & Graf (2010), ITIS (2012)
Pleurobema perovatumWilliams et al. (2008), IUCN (2012), Williams et al. (2017), Graf & Cummings (2021)

Unio flavidulus Lea, 1861
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 13: 39.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 8]: 97 [101], pl. 15, fig. 245.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84719, Columbus, Miss.

Unio flavidulusLea (1861), B.H. Wright (1888)
Margaron (Unio) flavidulusLea (1870)
Pleurobema (s.s.) flavidulusSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) flavidulumSimpson (1914), Frierson (1927)
Pleurobema flavidulumHaas (1969), Burch (1975), Turgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), ..., Graf & Cummings (2007), Cummings & Graf (2010), Bogan (2010), ITIS (2012)
Pleurobema perovatumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), IUCN (2012), Williams et al. (2017), Graf & Cummings (2021)

Unio simulans Lea, 1871
Lea, 1871, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 23: 190.
Lea, 1874, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8 [O. 13]: 18 [22], pl. 5, fig. 15.
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE USNM_84840, Cahawba R., Shelby Co., Ala.

Unio simulansLea (1871), B.H. Wright (1888)
Pleurobema (s.s.) simulansSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914), Frierson (1927)
Pleurobema simulansHaas (1969), Burch (1975)
Pleurobema perovatumWilliams et al. (2008), IUCN (2012)
Pleurobema similansITIS (2012)

Unio concolor Lea, 1861
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 13: 40.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 8]: 89 [83], pl. 12, fig. 237.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85319, Big Prairie Cr., Perry Co., Ala.

Unio concolorLea (1861), Sowerby (1868), B.H. Wright (1888)
Margaron (Unio) concolorLea (1870)
Unio clavusCall (1895)
Pleurobema (s.s.) brumbyanusSimpson (1900)
Unio (s.s.) clavusCall (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) brumbyanumSimpson (1914)
Pleurobema (s.s.) concolorFrierson (1927)
Pleurobema concolorHaas (1969)
Pleurobema perovatumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), IUCN (2012)

Unio interventus Lea, 1861
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 13: 60.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 8]: 84 [88], pl. 11, fig. 233.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84722, Cahawba R., Ala.

Unio interventusLea (1861), Reeve (1864), B.H. Wright (1888)
Margaron (Unio) interventusLea (1870)
Unio clavusCall (1895)
Pleurobema (s.s.) interventusSimpson (1900)
Unio (s.s.) clavusCall (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) interventumSimpson (1914), Frierson (1927)
Pleurobema interventumHaas (1969)
Pleurobema perovatumWilliams et al. (2008), IUCN (2012)

Unio cinnamomicus Lea, 1861
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 13: 39.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 8]: 100 [104], pl. 16, fig. 248.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85317, Tombigbee R., Columbus, Miss.

Unio cinnamomicusLea (1861), B.H. Wright (1888)
Unio cinnamominusSowerby (1868)
Margaron (Unio) cinnamomicusLea (1870)
Pleurobema (s.s.) nuxSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Pleurobema (s.s.) perovatumFrierson (1927)
Pleurobema perovatumHaas (1969), Williams et al. (2008), IUCN (2012)

Unio pallidofulvus Lea, 1861
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 13: 60.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 8]: 83 [87], pl. 11, fig. 232.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84721, Cahawba R., Ala.

Unio pallidofulvusLea (1861), B.H. Wright (1888)
Margaron (Unio) pallidofulvusLea (1870)
Unio clavusCall (1895)
Pleurobema (s.s.) interventusSimpson (1900)
Unio (s.s.) clavusCall (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) interventumSimpson (1914), Frierson (1927)
Pleurobema interventumHaas (1969)
Pleurobema perovatumWilliams et al. (2008), IUCN (2012)

Unio placidus K├╝ster, 1862
‘Lea Mss.’ Küster, 1862, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 262, pl. 88, fig. 2.

Unio placidusKüster (1862)
Pleurobema (s.s.) nuxSimpson (1914)

Unio cinnamominus Sowerby, 1868
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 83, sp. 436.
(error for Unio cinnamomicus Lea, 1861)

Unio cinnamominusSowerby (1868)
Pleurobema (s.s.) nuxSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Pleurobema perovatumParmalee & Bogan (1998)

Unio pinkstoni S.H. Wright, 1897
S.H. Wright, 1897, Nautilus 10(12): 136.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_149649, Tuscaloosa Riv., Ala.

Unio pinkstoniS.H. Wright (1897)
Pleurobema (s.s.) pinkstoniSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Pleurobema pinkstoniSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) concolorFrierson (1927)
Pleurobema concolorHaas (1969)
Pleurobema perovatumParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), IUCN (2012)

Pleurobema similans Johnson, 1905
Johnson, 1905, Science 31(537): 590.
ITIS, 2012, ITIS: [web].
(error for Unio simulans Lea, 1871)

Pleurobema similansJohnson (1905)

Taxonomic History (since 1900)

Pleurobema (s.s.) perovataSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) nuxSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Pleurobema (s.s.) johannisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914), Frierson (1927)
Pleurobema (s.s.) brumbyanusSimpson (1900)
Unio (s.s.) clavusCall (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) flavidulusSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) interventusSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) simulansSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914), Frierson (1927)
Pleurobema (s.s.) pinkstoniSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Pleurobema pinkstoniSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema similansJohnson (1905), ITIS (2012)
Pleurobema (s.s.) perovatumSimpson (1914), Frierson (1927)
Pleurobema (s.s.) brumbyanumSimpson (1914)
Pleurobema (s.s.) flavidulumSimpson (1914), Frierson (1927)
Pleurobema (s.s.) interventumSimpson (1914), Frierson (1927)
Pleurobema (s.s.) concolorFrierson (1927)
Pleurobema perovatumHaas (1969), Burch (1975), Turgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), ..., Williams et al. (2017), Perkins et al. (2017), Inoue et al. (2018), Graf & Cummings (2021)
Pleurobema johannisHaas (1969), Burch (1975), Turgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), ..., IUCN (2000), Graf & Cummings (2007), Cummings & Graf (2010), ITIS (2012)
Pleurobema concolorHaas (1969)
Pleurobema flavidulumHaas (1969), Burch (1975), Turgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), ..., Graf & Cummings (2007), Cummings & Graf (2010), Bogan (2010), ITIS (2012)
Pleurobema interventumHaas (1969)
Pleurobema simulansHaas (1969), Burch (1975)
Pleurobema nuxBurch (1975), ITIS (2012)

Page updated: 16:44:24 Wed 01 Dec 2021

 
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