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Page last updated
Fri 02 Dec 2022

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

The taxonomic history of the valid species (since 1900) is listed at the bottom of the page.

Search the database pages:

Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Lampsilini | Toxolasma

species Toxolasma parvum (Barnes, 1823): nominal species
     6 specimens available.

Unio parvus Barnes, 1823
Barnes, 1823, Amer. J. Sci. 6 (1-2): 274 [‘174’], pl. 13, fig. 18.

Unio parvusBarnes (1823), Lea (1829), Jay (1835), Ferussac (1835), ..., B.H. Wright (1888), Singley (1893), Call (1895), Pilsbry & Rhoads (1896)
Margarita (Unio) parvusLea (1836), Lea (1838)
Lampsilis parvusAgassiz (1852)
Margaron (Unio) parvusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Hyridella) parvusAdams & Adams (1857)
Lampsilis (Carunculina) parvusSimpson (1900)
Unio (s.s.) parvusCall (1900)
Lampsilis parvaOrtmann (1909)
Lampsilis (Carunculina) parvaOrtmann (1909), Simpson (1914)
Carunculina parvaOrtmann (1910), Utterback (1916), Ortmann (1925), Frierson (1927), ..., Gordon et al. (1979), R.I. Johnson (1980), Mackie et al. (1980), Davis & Fuller (1981)
Eurynia (Carunculina) parvusOrtmann (1912)
Carunculina parvusOrtmann (1915)
Carunculina parva parvaHaas (1969)
Toxolasma parvusOesch (1984), Turgeon et al. (1988), Cummings & Mayer (1992), Williams et al. (1993), ..., Wang et al. (2018), Marshall et al. (2018), Cha et al. (2018), Chen et al. (2020)
Toxolasma parvumHoeh et al. (1995), Strayer & Jirka (1997), Lee (2006), Williams et al. (2008), ..., Zieritz et al. (2021), FMCS (2021), Graf & Cummings (2021), Wu et al. (2022)
Toxolasma parvaHaag (2012)

Toxolasma parvum Garner et al., 2004
‘Barnes’ Garner et al., 2004, Alabama Wildlife: ??. [in part]
(reference to Unio parvus Barnes, 1823)

Toxolasma parvumGarner et al. (2004)
Toxolasma sp.Williams et al. (2008)

Unio pertennis de Gregorio, 1914
de Gregorio, 1914, Il Nat. Siciliano 2: 61, pl. 6, figs. 4a-d.

Unio pertennisde Gregorio (1914)
Toxolasma parvumWatters et al. (2009)

Carunculina parva cahni F.C. Baker, 1927
F.C. Baker, 1927, Amer. Midl. Nat. 10(7): 222.
F.C. Baker, 1928, Bull. Wisconsin Geol. Nat. Hist. Survey 70(2): 253, pl. 105, figs. 14-18.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio parvus Barnes, 1823)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) INHS_82281, Neosha Mill Pond, Dodge Co., Wisconsin.

Carunculina parva cahniF.C. Baker (1927), F.C. Baker (1928)
Carunculina parvus cahniF.C. Baker (1927)
Carunculina parva parvaHaas (1969)
Carunculina parvaR.I. Johnson (1972), Burch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980)
Toxolasma parvusParmalee & Bogan (1998)
Toxolasma parvumWilliams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio pertenuis Watters et al., 2009
‘de Gregorio’ Watters et al., 2009, Freshw. Mussels OH: 302.
(error for Unio pertennis de Gregorio, 1914)

Unio pertenuisWatters et al. (2009)

Taxonomic History (since 1900)

Lampsilis (Carunculina) parvusSimpson (1900)
Unio (s.s.) parvusCall (1900)
Lampsilis parvaOrtmann (1909)
Lampsilis (Carunculina) parvaOrtmann (1909), Simpson (1914)
Carunculina parvaOrtmann (1910), Utterback (1916), Ortmann (1925), Frierson (1927), ..., Gordon et al. (1979), R.I. Johnson (1980), Mackie et al. (1980), Davis & Fuller (1981)
Eurynia (Carunculina) parvusOrtmann (1912)
Unio pertennisde Gregorio (1914)
Carunculina parvusOrtmann (1915)
Carunculina parva cahniF.C. Baker (1927), F.C. Baker (1928)
Carunculina parvus cahniF.C. Baker (1927)
Carunculina parva parvaHaas (1969)
Toxolasma parvusOesch (1984), Turgeon et al. (1988), Cummings & Mayer (1992), Williams et al. (1993), ..., Wang et al. (2018), Marshall et al. (2018), Cha et al. (2018), Chen et al. (2020)
Toxolasma parvumHoeh et al. (1995), Strayer & Jirka (1997), Garner et al. (2004), Lee (2006), ..., Zieritz et al. (2021), FMCS (2021), Graf & Cummings (2021), Wu et al. (2022)
Toxolasma sp.Williams et al. (2008)
Unio pertenuisWatters et al. (2009)
Toxolasma parvaHaag (2012)

Page updated: 11:49:08 Fri 02 Dec 2022

 
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