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Page last updated
Thu 01 Sep 2022

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

The taxonomic history of the valid species (since 1900) is listed at the bottom of the page.

Search the database pages:

Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Lampsilini | Lampsilis

species Lampsilis radiata (Gmelin, 1791): nominal species
     9 specimens available.

Mya radiata Gmelin, 1791
Martini & Chemnitz, 1782, Conchyl. Cab. 6: 23, pl. 2, fig. 7 [as ‘Mya pictorum tenuis’].
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3220, sp. 9. [in part]

Mya radiataGmelin (1791), Schreibers (1793), Dillwyn (1817), Wood (1825)
Unio radiataLamarck (1819), Deshayes (1830), Jay (1835)
Unio radiatusBarnes (1823), Wood (1828), Menke (1828), Lea (1829), ..., Lapham (1860), Reeve (1865), B.H. Wright (1888), Henderson (1935)
Margarita (Unio) radiataLea (1836)
Mysca radiataSchlüter (1838)
Margarita (Unio) radiatusLea (1838)
Aeglia radiatusSwainson (1840)
Lampsilis radiataStimpson (1851), Agassiz (1852), Perkins (1869), Ortmann (1909), ..., Inoue et al. (2020), Porto-Hannes et al. (2021), FMCS (2021), Graf & Cummings (2021)
Margaron (Unio) radiatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Lampsilis) virginianusMörch (1853)
Unio (Hyridella) radiatusAdams & Adams (1857)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) radiatusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) radiataSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) radiataFrierson (1927)
Ligumia radiata radiataHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) radiata radiataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis radiata radiataClarke (1973), Burch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Mackie et al. (1980), Turgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), Turgeon et al. (1998), Bogan (2002), Kneeland & Rhymer (2007), ITIS (2012)

Unio luteola Lamarck, 1819
Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert. 6: 79, sp. 40.

Unio luteolaLamarck (1819), Jay (1835)
Unio cariosusLea (1829), Ferussac (1835), Conrad (1836)
Unio siliquoideusLea (1834)
Margarita (Unio) luteolaLea (1836)
Mysca luteolaSchlüter (1838)
Margarita (Unio) luteolusLea (1838)
Unio luteolusDe Kay (1843), Hanley (1843), Conrad (1853), Lapham (1860), Sowerby (1867), Sowerby (1868), B.H. Wright (1888), Singley (1893), Call (1895)
Margaron (Unio) luteolusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Hyridella) luteolaAdams & Adams (1857)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) luteolusSimpson (1900)
Unio (s.s.) luteolusCall (1900)
Lampsilis luteolaOrtmann (1909), Ortmann (1909), Ortmann (1909), Ortmann (1910), Ortmann (1912), Utterback (1916), Ortmann (1918), Ortmann (1918), Morrison (1969)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) luteolaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis luteolusVanatta (1915)
Lampsilis siliquoideaOrtmann & Walker (1922), F.C. Baker (1928), Vidrine (1993), IUCN (2012), Krebs et al. (2013)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cariosaFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) fasciataFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis radiata siliquoideaMurray & Leonard (1962), Mathiak (1979), R.I. Johnson (1980)
Lampsilis radiata radiataR.I. Johnson (1969), Clarke (1973), Burch (1975)
Lampsilis (s.s.) radiata radiataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis radiata luteolaOesch (1984), Krebs et al. (2003), Krebs (2004), Watters et al. (2009)
Lampsilis radiataStrayer & Jirka (1997)
Lampsilis radiate luteolaKongim et al. (2015)

Unio conspicuus Lea, 1872
Lea, 1872, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 24: 156.
Lea, 1874, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8 [O. 13]: 34 [38], pl. 11, fig. 31.
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE USNM_85056, Yadkin R., near Salisbury, Rowan Co., N. Carolina.

Unio conspicuusLea (1872), B.H. Wright (1888)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) radiatus var. conspicuusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) radiata var. conspicuaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) radiata-tenebrosaFrierson (1927)
Ligumia radiata tenebrosaHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) radiata radiataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis radiata radiataBurch (1975)
Lampsilis radiata conspicuaTurgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), Turgeon et al. (1998), Bogan (2002), ITIS (2012)
Lampsilis radiataWilliams et al. (2017)

Lampsilis (s.s.) fullerkati R.I. Johnson, 1984
Kat, 1983, J. Moll. Studies 49: 133, fig. 1B [as ‘Lampsilis sp.’].
R.I. Johnson, 1984, Occ. Pap. Moll. 4(63): 307, fig’d.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MCZ_294576, West shore of Lake Waccamaw, Waccamaw, Columbia Co., North Carolina.

Lampsilis (s.s.) fullerkatiR.I. Johnson (1984)
Lampsilis sp.Kat (1983)
Lampsilis fullerkatiTurgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), IUCN (1996), Turgeon et al. (1998), Bogan (2002), Graf & Cummings (2007), Cummings & Graf (2010), Bogan (2010), Haag (2012), ITIS (2012)
Lampsilis radiataWilliams et al. (2017), Porto-Hannes et al. (2021), Graf & Cummings (2021)

Unio tenebrosus Conrad, 1834
Conrad, 1834, New Fresh-Water Shells: 42, pl. 7, fig. 1.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 258.

Unio tenebrosusConrad (1834), Ferussac (1835), B.H. Wright (1888)
Margarita (Unio) tenerusLea (1836), Lea (1838)
Unio tenerusHanley (1843), Conrad (1853)
Margaron (Unio) tenerusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) radiatusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) radiataSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) radiata-tenebrosaFrierson (1927)
Ligumia radiata tenebrosaHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) radiata radiataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis radiata radiataBurch (1975)

Unio borealis Gray, 1882
Gray, 1882, Trans. Ottawa Field Nat. Club 1(3): 53, pl.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE MCZ_51470, Ottawa River, Duck Island, Ontario, Canada.

Unio borealisGray (1882), B.H. Wright (1888)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) borealisSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) borealisSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) borealisFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis borealisF.C. Baker (1928)
Ligumia borealisHaas (1969)
Lampsilis radiata siliquoideaBurch (1975)
Lampsilis radiataStrayer & Jirka (1997)

Mya anatina Gronovius, 1781
Gronovius, 1781, Zoophylacium Gronovianum: .

Mya anatinaGronovius (1781)
Unio (Lampsilis) virginianusMörch (1853)

Mya pictorum tenuis Martini & Chemnitz, 1782
Martini & Chemnitz, 1782, Conchyl. Cab. 6: 23, pl. 2, fig. 7. [pre-linnaean]

Mya pictorum tenuisMartini & Chemnitz (1782)
Mya radiataDillwyn (1817)
Margarita (Unio) radiataLea (1836)
Margarita (Unio) radiatusLea (1838)
Margaron (Unio) radiatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio radiatusConrad (1853)

Unio lineata Bory de St. Vincent, 1827
Bruguière, 1797, Encycl. Méth. 2: pl. 248, fig. 5 [as Unio sp.].
‘Val.’ Bory de St. Vincent, 1827, Encycl. Méth. 2: 151.

Unio lineataBory de St. Vincent (1827)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) radiatusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) radiataSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) radiataFrierson (1927)
Ligumia radiata radiataHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) radiata radiataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis radiata radiataBurch (1975)

Unio oblongatus Wood, 1828
Wood, 1828, Suppl. Index Testac.: 2 [as ‘Mya oblongata’].
Wood, 1828, Suppl. Index Testac.: 57, pl. 1, sp. 2.
Wood in Hanley, 1856, Index Testac.: 199, pl. 1, fig. 2.

Unio oblongatusWood (1828)
Unio radiatusFerussac (1835), Conrad (1836), Hanley (1843), Küster (1848), Conrad (1853), Reeve (1865)
Margarita (Unio) radiataLea (1836)
Margarita (Unio) radiatusLea (1838)
Margaron (Unio) radiatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Lampsilis) virginianusMörch (1853)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) radiatusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) radiataSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) radiataFrierson (1927)
Ligumia radiata radiataHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) radiata radiataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis radiata radiataBurch (1975)

Unio melinus Conrad, 1838
Conrad, 1838, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 2(11): 101, pl. 56, fig. 1.

Unio melinusConrad (1838), Sowerby (1868)
Margaron (Unio) luteolusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) radiatusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) radiataSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) radiata-mellinaFrierson (1927)
Ligumia radiata radiataHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) radiata radiataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis radiata radiataBurch (1975)

Unio elongata Goodrich, 1859
Goodrich, 1859, Ill. Nat. Hist. 2: 523, text fig.
(homonym of Unio elongata Lamarck, 1819)

Unio elongataGoodrich (1859)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) radiatusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) radiataSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) radiataFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (s.s.) radiata radiataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis radiata radiataBurch (1975)

Mya elongata Reeve, 1865
‘Wood’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 137, sp. 139.
(error for Unio oblongatus Wood, 1828)

Mya elongataReeve (1865)

Unio obliquiradiatus Reeve, 1865
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 29, sp. 151.

Unio obliquiradiatusReeve (1865)
Margaron (Unio) radiatusLea (1870)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) radiatusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) radiataSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) radiataFrierson (1927)
Ligumia radiata radiataHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) radiata radiataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis radiata radiataBurch (1975)

Unio virginana Reeve, 1865
‘Lamarck’ of Authors.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 27, sp. 139.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 536.
(misidentified reference to Unio virginiana Lamarck, 1819)

Unio virginanaReeve (1865)
Lampsilis (s.s.) radiata radiataR.I. Johnson (1970)

Unio radiatoides Lea, 1868
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 20: 163.

Unio radiatoidesLea (1868)
Unio radiatusHenderson (1935)

Unio mellinus Paetel, 1890
‘Conrad’ of Authors.
Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml. 3: 159.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 72, sp. 316a.
(error for Unio melinus Conrad, 1838)

Unio mellinusPaetel (1890)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) radiatusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) radiataSimpson (1914)

Unio muhlfeldianus var. plurimaffinis de Gregorio, 1914
de Gregorio, 1914, Il Nat. Siciliano 2: 39, pl. 3, figs. 2a-d.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio muhlfeldianus Lea, 1838)

Unio muhlfeldianus var. plurimaffinisde Gregorio (1914)
Ligumia radiata radiataHaas (1969)

Lampsilis radiata oneidensis F.C. Baker, 1916
F.C. Baker, 1916, Nautilus 30: 74, pl. 2, figs. 1-4.
F.C. Baker, 1918, Techn. Pub. Syracuse Univ., New York (9): 247, text fig.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Mya radiata Gmelin, 1791)
Type(s): SYNTYPES ANSP_114854, Lower South Bay, Oneida Lake, N.Y.

Lampsilis radiata oneidensisF.C. Baker (1916)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) radiata-oneidensisFrierson (1927)
Ligumia radiata radiataHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) radiata radiataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis radiata radiataBurch (1975)
Lampsilis radiataStrayer & Jirka (1997)

Unio virginea Frierson, 1927
‘Lamarck’ Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 72.
(error for Unio virginana Reeve, 1865)

Unio virgineaFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (s.s.) radiata radiataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis radiata radiataBurch (1975)

Taxonomic History (since 1900)

Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) radiatusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) luteolusSimpson (1900)
Unio (s.s.) luteolusCall (1900)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) radiatus var. conspicuusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) borealisSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis radiataOrtmann (1909), Ortmann (1909), Ortmann (1910), Ortmann (1912), ..., Inoue et al. (2020), Porto-Hannes et al. (2021), FMCS (2021), Graf & Cummings (2021)
Lampsilis luteolaOrtmann (1909), Ortmann (1909), Ortmann (1909), Ortmann (1910), Ortmann (1912), Utterback (1916), Ortmann (1918), Ortmann (1918), Morrison (1969)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) radiataSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) luteolaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) radiata var. conspicuaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) borealisSimpson (1914)
Unio muhlfeldianus var. plurimaffinisde Gregorio (1914)
Lampsilis luteolusVanatta (1915)
Lampsilis radiata oneidensisF.C. Baker (1916)
Lampsilis siliquoideaOrtmann & Walker (1922), F.C. Baker (1928), Vidrine (1993), IUCN (2012), Krebs et al. (2013)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) radiataFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (s.s.) cariosaFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) fasciataFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) radiata-tenebrosaFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) radiata-mellinaFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) borealisFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) radiata-oneidensisFrierson (1927)
Unio virgineaFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis borealisF.C. Baker (1928)
Unio radiatusHenderson (1935)
Lampsilis radiata siliquoideaMurray & Leonard (1962), Burch (1975), Mathiak (1979), R.I. Johnson (1980)
Ligumia radiata radiataHaas (1969)
Lampsilis radiata radiataR.I. Johnson (1969), Clarke (1973), Burch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), ..., Turgeon et al. (1998), Bogan (2002), Kneeland & Rhymer (2007), ITIS (2012)
Ligumia radiata tenebrosaHaas (1969)
Ligumia borealisHaas (1969)
Lampsilis (s.s.) radiata radiataR.I. Johnson (1970)
Lampsilis sp.Kat (1983)
Lampsilis radiata luteolaOesch (1984), Krebs et al. (2003), Krebs (2004), Watters et al. (2009)
Lampsilis (s.s.) fullerkatiR.I. Johnson (1984)
Lampsilis radiata conspicuaTurgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), Turgeon et al. (1998), Bogan (2002), ITIS (2012)
Lampsilis fullerkatiTurgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), IUCN (1996), Turgeon et al. (1998), Bogan (2002), Graf & Cummings (2007), Cummings & Graf (2010), Bogan (2010), Haag (2012), ITIS (2012)
Lampsilis radiate luteolaKongim et al. (2015)

Page updated: 08:33:54 Thu 01 Sep 2022

 
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