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Page last updated
Wed 01 Jul 2020

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

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Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Pleurobemini | Fusconaia

species Fusconaia subrotunda (Lea, 1831): synonymy
     8 specimens available.

Unio subrotundus Lea, 1831
Lea, 1831, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 4 [O. 1]: 117 [127], pl. 18, fig. 45.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85832, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio subrotundusLea (1831), Jay (1835), Hanley (1843), Reeve (1865), Sowerby (1866), de Gregorio (1914), Henderson (1935)
Unio politusFerussac (1835), Conrad (1837), Küster (1852), Conrad (1853)
Margarita (Unio) subrotundusLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) subrotundusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Obovaria) subrotundusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio ebenusCall (1895)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) subrotundaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula subrotundaOrtmann (1909), Ortmann (1910)
Fusconaia subrotundusOrtmann (1912), Williams et al. (1993), Turgeon et al. (1998)
Fusconaia subrotundaOrtmann (1919), Ortmann & Walker (1922), Ortmann (1924), Haas (1969), Burch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Turgeon et al. (1988), Cummings & Mayer (1992), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Lydeard et al. (1999), Graf (2002), Bogan (2002), Cicerello & Schuster (2003), Campbell et al. (2005), Graf & Cummings (2007), Burdick & White (2007), Williams et al. (2008), Cummings & Graf (2010), Bogan (2010), Haag (2012), IUCN (2012), Burlakova et al. (2012), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Jones (2015), Williams et al. (2017), Perkins et al. (2017), Inoue et al. (2018), Pieri et al. (2018), Inoue et al. (2020)
Fusconaia subtrotundaOrtmann (1925)
Quadrula (Fusconia) subrotundaFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia politaMorrison (1969)
Fusconaia ebenaOesch (1984)
Fusconaia subrotunda subrotundaWatters et al. (2009), ITIS (2012)

Unio kirtlandianus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 98 [210], pl. 14, fig. 41.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85815, Mahoning R., Ohio.

Unio kirtlandianusLea (1834), Jay (1835), Conrad (1853), Küster (1861), Sowerby (1868)
Unio kirtlandicusFerussac (1835)
Margarita (Unio) kirtlandianusLea (1836)
Unio kirklandianusHanley (1843)
Margaron (Unio) kirtlandianusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Obovaria) kirtlandianusAdams & Adams (1857)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) kirtlandianaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula subrotunda var. kirtlandianaOrtmann (1910)
Fusconaia subrotundusOrtmann (1912)
Fusconaia subrotunda kirtlandianaOrtmann (1919)
Quadrula (Fusconia) kirtlandianaFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia kirtlandianaHaas (1969)
Fusconaia subrotundaBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)
Fusconaia subrotunda subrotundaWatters et al. (2009)
Fusconaia subrotunda kirklandianaITIS (2012)

Unio lesueurianus Lea, 1840
Lea, 1840, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 1: 286.
Lea, 1842, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 8 [O. 3]: 195 [33], pl. 8, fig. 6.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85803, Holston R., Tenn.

Unio lesueurianusLea (1840), Küster (1861)
Margaron (Unio) lesueurianusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio leseurianusConrad (1853)
Unio (Obovaria) lesueurianusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio ebenusCall (1895)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) pilarisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula (Fusconia) pilarisFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia pilarisHaas (1969)
Fusconaia subrotundaBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)
Fusconaia subrotunda lesueurianaWatters et al. (2009)
Fusconaia subrotunda lesuerianaITIS (2012)

Unio pilaris Lea, 1840
Lea, 1840, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 1: 285.
Lea, 1842, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 8 [O. 3]: 209 [47], pl. 14, fig. 24.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85817, French Broad R., Tenn.

Unio pilarisLea (1840), Conrad (1853), Küster (1861), Reeve (1865)
Margaron (Unio) pilarisLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Obovaria) pilarisAdams & Adams (1857)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) pilarisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula (Fusconia) pilarisFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia pilarisHaas (1969)
Fusconaia subrotundaBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)
Fusconaia subrotunda pilarisITIS (2012)

Unio brevialis Crouch, 1827
‘Lamarck’ Crouch, 1827, Illustr. Lamarck’s Conch.: 16, pl. 9, fig. 3.
(misidentified reference to Unio brevialis Lamarck, 1819)

Unio brevialisCrouch (1827)
Margarita (Unio) subrotundusLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) subrotundusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio politusConrad (1853)
Unio subrotundusReeve (1865)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) subrotundaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Fusconaia subrotundaBurch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998)

Unio politus Conrad, 1837
Say, 1834, Amer. Conch. 6: ??. [nomen nudum]
Conrad, 1837, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(8): 67, pl. 37, fig. 2.

Unio politusFerussac (1835), Conrad (1837), Küster (1852), Conrad (1853), Sowerby (1866)
Margarita (Unio) subrotundusLea (1836)
Unio subrotundusHanley (1843), Reeve (1865)
Pleurobema politusAgassiz (1852)
Margaron (Unio) subrotundusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) subrotundaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula (Fusconia) subrotundaFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia subrotundaHaas (1969), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998)
Fusconaia politaMorrison (1969)
Fusconaia subrotunda subrotundaWatters et al. (2009)

Unio bursapastoris B.H. Wright, 1896
B.H. Wright, 1896, Nautilus 9(12): 133, pl. 3, fig. 2 [as ‘bursa-pastoris’].
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_133427, Clinch R., Lee Co., Va.

Unio bursapastorisB.H. Wright (1896)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) bursa-pastorisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Fusconaja bursa-pastorisOrtmann (1913)
Quadrula (Fusconia) bursa-pastorisFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia bursapastorisHaas (1969)
Fusconaia subrotundaBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Obliquaria (Rotundaria) subrotunda var. maculata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 308.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 52.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Obliquaria (Rotundaria) subrotunda Rafinesque, 1820)

Obliquaria (Rotundaria) subrotunda var. maculataRafinesque (1820)
Fusconaia subrotundaWilliams et al. (2008), IUCN (2012)
Fusconaia subrotunda subrotundaWatters et al. (2009)

Unio personatus Conrad, 1834
‘Say’ Conrad, 1834, New Fresh-Water Shells: 71.
(misidentified reference to Unio personatus Say, 1829)

Unio personatusConrad (1834)
Unio politusFerussac (1835)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) subrotundaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Fusconaia subrotundaBurch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)
Fusconaia subrotunda subrotundaWatters et al. (2009)

Unio kirtlandicus Ferussac, 1835
‘Lea’ Ferussac, 1835, Mag. Zool. 5: 29.
(error for Unio kirtlandianus Lea, 1834)

Unio kirtlandicusFerussac (1835)

Unio kirklandianus Hanley, 1843
Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 203.
ITIS, 2012, ITIS: [web].
(error for Unio kirtlandianus Lea, 1834)

Unio kirklandianusHanley (1843)
Unio kirtlandianusKüster (1861)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) kirtlandianaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Fusconaia subrotundaParmalee & Bogan (1998)
Fusconaia subrotunda subrotundaWatters et al. (2009)

Unio leseurianus Conrad, 1853
‘Lea’ of Authors.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 251.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 56.
(error for Unio lesueurianus Lea, 1840)

Unio leseurianusConrad (1853)

Unio subrotundoides Lea, 1868
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 20: 163.

Unio subrotundoidesLea (1868)
Unio subrotundusHenderson (1935)

Unio globatus Lea, 1871
Lea, 1871, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 23: 191.
Lea, 1874, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8 [O. 13]: 5 [9], pl. 1, fig. 1.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85820, Holston R., Tenn.

Unio globatusLea (1871)
Unio ebenusCall (1895)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) globataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula (Fusconia) pilarisFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia pilarisHaas (1969)
Fusconaia subrotundaBurch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Unio ebenus Call, 1894
Call, 1894, Proc. Indiana Acad. Sci. 1893(3): ??.
(misidentified reference to Unio ebenus Lea, 1831)

Unio ebenusCall (1894)
Quadrula (Fusconia) subrotundaFrierson (1927)

Quadrula flexuosa Simpson, 1900
Simpson, 1900, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 52: 83, pl. 2, fig. 8.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 790.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 887.

Quadrula flexuosaSimpson (1900)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) flexuosaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula (Fusconia) pilarisFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia pilarisHaas (1969)
Fusconaia subrotundaBurch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) kirtlandiana var. minor Simpson, 1900
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 791.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 892.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio kirtlandianus Lea, 1834)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_150155, Scott Co., Va.

Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) kirtlandiana var. minorSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Fusconaia subrotundaR.I. Johnson (1980), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Quadrula andrewsae Marsh, 1902
Marsh, 1902, Nautilus 16: 8, pl. 1, upper figs.
(error for Quadrula andrewsii Marsh, 1902)

Quadrula andrewsaeMarsh (1902)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) andrewsiiSimpson (1914)
Quadrula (Fusconia) pilarisFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia pilarisHaas (1969)
Fusconaia subrotundaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Quadrula andrewsii Marsh, 1902
Marsh, 1902, Nautilus 15(10): 115.
Marsh, 1902, Nautilus 16: 8, pl. 1, two upper figs. [as andrewsæ].

Quadrula andrewsiiMarsh (1902)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) andrewsiiSimpson (1914)
Quadrula (Fusconia) pilarisFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia pilarisHaas (1969)
Fusconaia subrotundaBurch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Quadrula beauchampii Marsh, 1902
Marsh, 1902, Nautilus 16: 7, pl. 1, lower two figs.

Quadrula beauchampiiMarsh (1902)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) beauchampiiSimpson (1914)
Quadrula (Fusconia) pilarisFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia pilarisHaas (1969)
Fusconaia subrotundaBurch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Fusconaja [sic] subrotunda leucogona Ortmann, 1913
Ortmann, 1913, Nautilus 27(8): 89.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio subrotundus Lea, 1831)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE CM_61.5239, Elk River, Gassaway, Braxton County, West Virginia.

Fusconaja subrotunda leucogonaOrtmann (1913)
Fusconaia subrotundaBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)
Fusconaia subrotunda subrotundaWatters et al. (2009)

Fusconaia subtrotunda Ortmann, 1925
‘Lea’ Ortmann, 1925, Amer. Midl. Nat. 9: 328.
(error for Unio subrotundus Lea, 1831)

Fusconaia subtrotundaOrtmann (1925)
Fusconaia subrotundaBurch (1975)

Fusconaia subrotunda lesueriana ITIS, 2012
‘Lea’ ITIS, 2012, ITIS: [web].
(error for Unio lesueurianus Lea, 1840)

Fusconaia subrotunda lesuerianaITIS (2012)

Page updated: 16:17:48 Wed 01 Jul 2020

 
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