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Page last updated
Wed 01 Dec 2021

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

The taxonomic history of the valid species (since 1900) is listed at the bottom of the page.

Search the database pages:

Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Lampsilini | Potamilus

species Potamilus purpuratus (Lamarck, 1819): nominal species
     6 specimens available.

Unio purpurata Lamarck, 1819
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 155, fig. 10 [?]. [pre-linnaean]
Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert. 6: 71, sp. 6.

Unio purpurataLamarck (1819), Jay (1835)
Unio prælongusBarnes (1823)
Unio rectusLea (1829)
Unio aterLea (1834)
Unio purpuratusFerussac (1835), Hanley (1843), Conrad (1853), Küster (1861), Reeve (1865), Lea (1874), B.H. Wright (1888), Singley (1893), Call (1895), Pilsbry & Rhoads (1896)
Margarita (Unio) purpuratusLea (1836), Lea (1838)
Margaron (Unio) purpuratusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio poulsoniSowerby (1866)
Unio (Limnium sec. Naidea) purpuratusFischer (1887)
Unio (sec. Naïa) purpuratusPaetel (1890)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpuratusSimpson (1900)
Proptera purpurataOrtmann (1912), Utterback (1916), Ortmann (1925), Frierson (1927), Murray & Leonard (1962), Haas (1969), Burch (1975), Gordon et al. (1979), R.I. Johnson (1980), Davis & Fuller (1981)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpurataSimpson (1914)
Potamilus purpuratusOesch (1984), Turgeon et al. (1988), Cummings & Mayer (1992), Williams et al. (1993), ..., Williams et al. (2017), Marshall et al. (2018), Inoue et al. (2019), Graf & Cummings (2021)
Potamilus purpurataVidrine (1993), R.I. Johnson (1998), Smith et al. (2019), Smith et al. (2020)

Unio coloradoensis Lea, 1856
Lea, 1856, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8: 103.
Lea, 1857, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 3 [O. 6]: 314 [34], pl. 31, fig. 29.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_84845, Colorado R., Texas.

Unio coloradoensisLea (1856), B.H. Wright (1888), Singley (1893)
Margaron (Unio) coloradoensisLea (1870)
Unio purpuratusCall (1895)
Lampsilis (Proptera) coloradoensisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Proptera purpurataFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Potamilus purpuratusHowells et al. (1996), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)
Potamilus purpuratus coloradoensisRoe & Lydeard (1998)
Potamilus purpurataR.I. Johnson (1998)

Mya ventricosa Humphrey, 1797
‘Solander’ Humphrey, 1797, Mus. Col.: 56.
‘Solander’ Ferussac, 1835, Mag. Zool. 5: 26 [as ‘U.ventricosa’].
(intro'd as syn of Unio purpurata Lamarck, 1819)

Mya ventricosaHumphrey (1797)
Unio purpuratusFerussac (1835), Conrad (1853), Reeve (1865)
Margarita (Unio) purpuratusLea (1836), Lea (1838)
Margaron (Unio) purpuratusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Naidea) ventricosusAdams & Adams (1857)

Unio ater Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 426, pl. 7, fig. 9.
(homonym of Unio ater Nilsson, 1822; renamed Unio lugubris Say, 1832)
Type(s): SYNTYPE USNM_86108, Port Gibson, Miss.

Unio aterLea (1829), Lea (1834), de Gregorio (1914)
Unio atraDeshayes (1830)
Unio purpuratusFerussac (1835), Hanley (1843), Conrad (1853), Küster (1861), Reeve (1865), Call (1895)
Unio purpurataJay (1835)
Margarita (Unio) purpuratusLea (1836), Lea (1838)
Aeglia (Naidea) aterSwainson (1840)
Lampsilis aterAgassiz (1852)
Margaron (Unio) purpuratusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio poulsoniSowerby (1866)
Unio (sec. Naïa) purpuratusPaetel (1890)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpuratusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpurataSimpson (1914)
Proptera purpurataFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Potamilus purpuratusParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Unio atra Deshayes, 1830
‘Lea’ Deshayes, 1830, Enc. Méth. 2: 582.
(reference to Unio ater Lea, 1829)

Unio atraDeshayes (1830)
Unio purpuratusConrad (1853)
Margaron (Unio) purpuratusLea (1870)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpuratusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpurataSimpson (1914)
Potamilus purpuratusParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Unio lugubris Say, 1832
Say, 1832, Amer. Conch. 5: pl. 43.
(new name for Unio ater Lea, 1829)

Unio lugubrisSay (1832)
Unio aterLea (1834)
Unio purpuratusFerussac (1835), Hanley (1843), Conrad (1853), Küster (1861), Reeve (1865), Call (1895)
Margarita (Unio) purpuratusLea (1836), Lea (1838)
Margaron (Unio) purpuratusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio poulsoniSowerby (1866)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpuratusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpurataSimpson (1914)
Proptera purpurataFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Potamilus purpuratusWilliams et al. (2008)

Unio poulsoni Conrad, 1834
Conrad, 1834, New Fresh-Water Shells: 25, pl. 1.

Unio poulsoniConrad (1834), Sowerby (1866), B.H. Wright (1888)
Symphynota poulsoniFerussac (1835)
Margarita (Unio) purpuratusLea (1836), Lea (1838)
Unio purpuratusHanley (1843), Reeve (1865), Call (1895)
Metaptera poulsoniAgassiz (1852)
Margaron (Unio) purpuratusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Metaptera) latissimusMörch (1853)
Lampsilis (Proptera) alatus var. poulsoniSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Proptera) alata var. poulsoniSimpson (1914)
Proptera purpurata-poulsoniFrierson (1927)
Proptera purpurataHaas (1969)
Potamilus alatusParmalee & Bogan (1998)
Potamilus purpuratusParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Unio permiscens Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 112.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 8]: 102 [106], pl. 17, fig. 251.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86118, Columbus, Miss.

Unio permiscensLea (1859), B.H. Wright (1888)
Margaron (Unio) permiscensLea (1870)
Lampsilis (Proptera) permiscensSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Proptera purpurataFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Potamilus purpuratusParmalee & Bogan (1998)
Leptodea fragilisWilliams et al. (2008)

Unio dolosus Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 307.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 8]: 75 [79], pl. 9, fig. 224.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86119, Claiborne, Ala.

Unio dolosusLea (1860), Sowerby (1866), B.H. Wright (1888)
Margaron (Unio) dolosusLea (1870)
Unio gracilisCall (1895)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpuratusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpurataSimpson (1914)
Lasmonos fragilisUtterback (1916)
Proptera purpurata-poulsoniFrierson (1927)
Proptera purpurataHaas (1969)
Leptodea fragilisOesch (1984), Howells et al. (1996)
Potamilus purpuratusParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Unio dolosus Sowerby, 1866
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 41, sp. 228.
(reference to Unio dolosus Lea, 1860)

Unio dolosusSowerby (1866)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpuratusSimpson (1900)
Proptera purpurataFrierson (1927)

Unio poulsoni Sowerby, 1866
‘Conrad’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 51, sp. 270.
(reference to Unio poulsoni Conrad, 1834)

Unio poulsoniSowerby (1866)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpuratusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpurataSimpson (1914)

Taxonomic History (since 1900)

Lampsilis (Proptera) purpuratusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Proptera) alatus var. poulsoniSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Proptera) coloradoensisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Proptera) permiscensSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Proptera purpurataOrtmann (1912), Utterback (1916), Ortmann (1925), Frierson (1927), Murray & Leonard (1962), Haas (1969), Burch (1975), Gordon et al. (1979), R.I. Johnson (1980), Davis & Fuller (1981)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpurataSimpson (1914)
Unio aterde Gregorio (1914)
Lampsilis (Proptera) alata var. poulsoniSimpson (1914)
Lasmonos fragilisUtterback (1916)
Proptera purpurata-poulsoniFrierson (1927)
Potamilus purpuratusOesch (1984), Turgeon et al. (1988), Cummings & Mayer (1992), Williams et al. (1993), ..., Williams et al. (2017), Marshall et al. (2018), Inoue et al. (2019), Graf & Cummings (2021)
Leptodea fragilisOesch (1984), Howells et al. (1996), Williams et al. (2008)
Potamilus purpurataVidrine (1993), R.I. Johnson (1998), Smith et al. (2019), Smith et al. (2020)
Potamilus alatusParmalee & Bogan (1998)
Potamilus purpuratus coloradoensisRoe & Lydeard (1998)

Page updated: 16:44:40 Wed 01 Dec 2021

 
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