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Page last updated
Tue 24 Mar 2020

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Lampsilini | Potamilus

species Potamilus purpuratus (Lamarck, 1819): synonymy
     6 specimens available.

Unio purpurata Lamarck, 1819
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 155, fig. 10 [?]. [pre-linnaean]
Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert. 6: 71, sp. 6.

Unio purpurataLamarck (1819), Jay (1835)
Unio rectusLea (1829)
Unio aterLea (1834)
Unio purpuratusFerussac (1835), Hanley (1843), Conrad (1853), Küster (1861), Reeve (1865), Singley (1893), Call (1895)
Margarita (Unio) purpuratusLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) purpuratusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio poulsoniSowerby (1866)
Unio (Limnium sec. Naidea) purpuratusFischer (1886)
Unio (sec. Naïa) purpuratusPaetel (1890)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpuratusSimpson (1900)
Proptera purpurataOrtmann (1912), Utterback (1916), Ortmann (1925), Frierson (1927), Murray & Leonard (1962), Haas (1969), Burch (1975), Gordon et al. (1979), R.I. Johnson (1980), Davis & Fuller (1981)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpurataSimpson (1914)
Potamilus purpuratusOesch (1984), Turgeon et al. (1988), Cummings & Mayer (1992), Williams et al. (1993), Howells et al. (1996), Lydeard et al. (1996), Roe & Lydeard (1998), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Turgeon et al. (1998), R.I. Johnson (1999), Lydeard et al. (1999), Huang et al. (2002), Hoeh et al. (2002), Krebs et al. (2003), Cicerello & Schuster (2003), Jones et al. (2005), Campbell et al. (2005), Curole & Kocher (2005), Walker et al. (2006), Zanatta & Murphy (2006), Graf & Cummings (2007), Williams et al. (2008), Cummings & Graf (2010), Bogan (2010), Haag (2012), McMurray et al. (2012), ITIS (2012), Williams et al. (2017), Marshall et al. (2018), Inoue et al. (2019)
Potamilus purpurataVidrine (1993), R.I. Johnson (1998), Smith et al. (2019)

Unio coloradoensis Lea, 1856
Lea, 1856, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8: 103.
Lea, 1857, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 3 [O. 6]: 314 [34], pl. 31, fig. 29.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_84845, Colorado R., Texas.

Unio coloradoensisLea (1856), Singley (1893)
Margaron (Unio) coloradoensisLea (1870)
Unio purpuratusCall (1895)
Lampsilis (Proptera) coloradoensisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Proptera purpurataFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Potamilus purpuratusHowells et al. (1996), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)
Potamilus purpuratus coloradoensisRoe & Lydeard (1998)
Potamilus purpurataR.I. Johnson (1998)

Unio ater Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 426, pl. 7, fig. 9.
(homonym of Unio ater Nilsson, 1822; renamed Unio lugubris Say, 1832)
Type(s): SYNTYPE USNM_86108, Port Gibson, Miss.

Unio aterLea (1829), Lea (1834), de Gregorio (1914)
Unio purpuratusFerussac (1835), Hanley (1843), Conrad (1853), Küster (1861), Reeve (1865), Call (1895)
Unio purpurataJay (1835)
Margarita (Unio) purpuratusLea (1836)
Aeglia (Naidea) aterSwainson (1840)
Lampsilis aterAgassiz (1852)
Margaron (Unio) purpuratusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio poulsoniSowerby (1866)
Unio (sec. Naïa) purpuratusPaetel (1890)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpuratusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpurataSimpson (1914)
Proptera purpurataFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Potamilus purpuratusParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Unio atra Deshayes, 1830
Deshayes, 1830, Enc. Méth. 2: 582.
(reference to Unio ater Lea, 1829)

Unio atraDeshayes (1830)
Unio purpuratusConrad (1853)
Margaron (Unio) purpuratusLea (1870)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpuratusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpurataSimpson (1914)
Potamilus purpuratusParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Unio lugubris Say, 1832
Say, 1832, Amer. Conch. 5: pl. 43.
(new name for Unio ater Lea, 1829)

Unio lugubrisSay (1832)
Unio aterLea (1834)
Unio purpuratusFerussac (1835), Hanley (1843), Conrad (1853), Küster (1861), Reeve (1865), Call (1895)
Margarita (Unio) purpuratusLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) purpuratusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio poulsoniSowerby (1866)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpuratusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpurataSimpson (1914)
Proptera purpurataFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Potamilus purpuratusWilliams et al. (2008)

Unio poulsoni Conrad, 1834
Conrad, 1834, New Fresh-Water Shells: 25, pl. 1.

Unio poulsoniConrad (1834), Sowerby (1866)
Symphynota poulsoniFerussac (1835)
Margarita (Unio) purpuratusLea (1836)
Unio purpuratusHanley (1843), Reeve (1865), Call (1895)
Metaptera poulsoniAgassiz (1852)
Margaron (Unio) purpuratusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Metaptera) latissimusMörch (1853)
Lampsilis (Proptera) alatus var. poulsoniSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Proptera) alata var. poulsoniSimpson (1914)
Proptera purpurata-poulsoniFrierson (1927)
Proptera purpurataHaas (1969)
Potamilus alatusParmalee & Bogan (1998)
Potamilus purpuratusParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Mya ventricosus Ferussac, 1835
‘Solander’ Ferussac, 1835, Mag. Zool. 5: 26.
(intro'd as syn of Unio purpurata Lamarck, 1819)

Mya ventricosusFerussac (1835)
Unio purpuratusFerussac (1835), Conrad (1853), Reeve (1865)
Margarita (Unio) purpuratusLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) purpuratusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Naidea) ventricosusAdams & Adams (1857)

Unio permiscens Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 112.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 8]: 102 [106], pl. 17, fig. 251.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86118, Columbus, Miss.

Unio permiscensLea (1859)
Margaron (Unio) permiscensLea (1870)
Lampsilis (Proptera) permiscensSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Proptera purpurataFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Potamilus purpuratusParmalee & Bogan (1998)
Leptodea fragilisWilliams et al. (2008)

Unio dolosus Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 307.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 8]: 75 [79], pl. 9, fig. 224.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86119, Claiborne, Ala.

Unio dolosusLea (1860), Sowerby (1866)
Margaron (Unio) dolosusLea (1870)
Unio gracilisCall (1895)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpuratusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpurataSimpson (1914)
Lasmonos fragilisUtterback (1916)
Proptera purpurata-poulsoniFrierson (1927)
Proptera purpurataHaas (1969)
Leptodea fragilisOesch (1984), Howells et al. (1996)
Potamilus purpuratusParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Unio dolosus Sowerby, 1866
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 41, sp. 228.
(reference to Unio dolosus Lea, 1860)

Unio dolosusSowerby (1866)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpuratusSimpson (1900)
Proptera purpurataFrierson (1927)

Unio poulsoni Sowerby, 1866
‘Conrad’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 51, sp. 270.
(reference to Unio poulsoni Conrad, 1834)

Unio poulsoniSowerby (1866)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpuratusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Proptera) purpurataSimpson (1914)

Page updated: 15:42:52 Tue 24 Mar 2020

 
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