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Page last updated
Wed 03 Aug 2022

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Cladomics pages are experimental — even more so than the rest of this site!

The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page. Abbreviations for the various statistics are explained on the FARQ!

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Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Lampsilini

genus Truncilla Rafinesque, 1819: cladomics
     4 valid species

Cladomics Summary

number of species = 4

analyzed in 34 cladograms in 21 publications
maximum number of terminal species in an analysis = 4, mean = 1.53

Basic Monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species) = 8
maximum number of included species = 4, mean = 3.25
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly = 1.0


Smith et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 4 38 33 19 0.0

*** Top Monophyly Cladogram ***

  +-------------- Atlanticoncha_ochracea
--+                                     
  |  +----------- Ellipsaria_lineolata  
  +--+                                  
     |  +-------- Truncilla_truncata **    
     +--+                               
        |  +----- Truncilla_cognata **     
        +--+                            
           |  +-- Truncilla_macrodon **    
           +--+                         
              +-- Truncilla_donaciformis **

Campbell et al., 2005, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 116 48 22 --

*** Top Sister-Group Cladogram ***

                          +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata   
  +-----------------------+                          
  |                       +-- Truncilla_truncata **     
  |                                                  
  |  +----------------------- Villosa_villosa        
  |  |                                               
  |  |                    +-- Obovaria_olivaria      
--+  |     +--------------+                          
  |  |     |              +-- Venustaconcha_pleasii  
  |  |     |                                         
  |  |  +--+           +----- Obovaria_unicolor      
  |  |  |  |  +--------+                             
  |  |  |  |  |        |  +-- Obovaria_arkansasensis 
  +--+  |  |  |        +--+                          
     |  |  +--+           +-- Obovaria_subrotunda    
     |  |     |                                      
     |  |     |  +----------- Epioblasma_brevidens   
     |  |     +--+                                   
     |  |        |  +-------- Epioblasma_triquetra   
     |  |        +--+                                
     |  |           |  +----- Epioblasma_walkeri[2]  
     |  |           +--+                             
     |  |              |  +-- Epioblasma_capsaeformis
     +--+              +--+                          
        |                 +-- Epioblasma_walkeri[1]  
        |                                            
        |                 +-- Ligumia_recta          
        |        +--------+                          
        |        |        +-- Cambarunio_iris        
        |     +--+                                   
        |     |  |  +-------- Lampsilis_teres        
        |     |  +--+                                
        |     |     |  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
        |     |     +--+                             
        |     |        |  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea  
        |     |        +--+                          
        |     |           +-- Leaunio_vanuxemensis   
        +-----+                                      
              |           +-- Lampsilis_cardium      
              |        +--+                          
              |        |  +-- Lampsilis_ovata        
              |  +-----+                             
              |  |     |  +-- Ortmanniana_pectorosa  
              |  |     +--+                          
              |  |        +-- Lampsilis_ornata       
              |  |                                   
              +--+     +----- Hamiota_australis[2]   
                 |  +--+                             
                 |  |  |  +-- Hamiota_australis[1]   
                 |  |  +--+                          
                 |  |     +-- Hamiota_subangulata    
                 +--+                                
                    |  +----- Hamiota_altilis[2]     
                    |  |                             
                    |  |  +-- Hamiota_altilis[1]     
                    +--+--+                          
                       |  +-- Hamiota_perovalis[1]   
                       |                             
                       |  +-- Hamiota_altilis[3]     
                       +--+                          
                          +-- Hamiota_perovalis[2]   

Burlakova et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 0 4 29 22 17 2.0
              +-- Potamilus_fragilis    
  +-----------+                         
  |           +-- Potamilus_metnecktayi 
  |                                     
  |        +----- Medionidus_acutissimus
  +--------+                            
  |        |  +-- Lemiox_rimosus        
  |        +--+                         
  |           +-- Dromus_dromas         
  |                                     
  |        +----- Ellipsaria_lineolata  
  |        |                            
  +--------+  +-- Truncilla_cognata **     
  |        |  |                         
--+        |  +-- Truncilla_donaciformis **
  |        +--+                         
  |           +-- Truncilla_macrodon **    
  |           |                         
  |           +-- Truncilla_truncata **    
  |                                     
  |  +----------- Cambarunio_simus      
  |  |                                  
  |  +----------- Leaunio_lienosus      
  |  |                                  
  |  +----------- Villosa_villosa       
  |  |                                  
  |  |        +-- Sagittunio_nasutus    
  |  +--------+                         
  +--+        +-- Lampsilis_ovata       
     |                                  
     |     +----- Venustaconcha_pleasii 
     +-----+                            
     |     |  +-- Epioblasma_rangiana   
     |     +--+                         
     |        +-- Obovaria_unicolor     
     |                                  
     |  +-------- Lampsilis_teres       
     +--+                               
        |  +----- Lampsilis_siliquoidea 
        +--+                            
           |  +-- Lampsilis_hydiana     
           +--+                         
              +-- Lampsilis_straminea   

Smith et al., 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 4 24 16 7 2.0
        +----------- Ellipsaria_lineolata  
  +-----+                                  
  |     |  +-------- Truncilla_truncata **    
  |     +--+                               
  |        |  +----- Truncilla_donaciformis **
  |        +--+                            
  |           |  +-- Truncilla_cognata **     
  |           +--+                         
--+              +-- Truncilla_macrodon **    
  |                                        
  |  +-------------- Atlanticoncha_ochracea
  |  |                                     
  |  |           +-- Potamilus_fragilis    
  |  |     +-----+                         
  |  |     |     +-- Potamilus_leptodon    
  +--+  +--+                               
     |  |  |  +----- Potamilus_metnecktayi 
     |  |  +--+                            
     |  |     |  +-- Potamilus_alatus      
     |  |     +--+                         
     +--+        +-- Potamilus_purpuratus  
        |                                  
        |        +-- Potamilus_capax       
        |  +-----+                         
        |  |     +-- Potamilus_inflatus    
        +--+                               
           |  +----- Potamilus_ohiensis    
           +--+                            
              |  +-- Potamilus_streckersoni
              +--+                         
                 +-- Potamilus_amphichaenus

Smith et al., 2020, fig. 2-3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 4 24 16 7 2.0
           +----------- Ellipsaria_lineolata  
  +--------+                                  
  |        |  +-------- Truncilla_truncata **    
  |        +--+                               
  |           |  +----- Truncilla_donaciformis **
  |           +--+                            
  |              |  +-- Truncilla_cognata **     
--+              +--+                         
  |                 +-- Truncilla_macrodon **    
  |                                           
  |  +----------------- Atlanticoncha_ochracea
  |  |                                        
  |  |              +-- Potamilus_capax       
  +--+  +-----------+                         
     |  |           +-- Potamilus_inflatus    
     |  |                                     
     |  |        +----- Potamilus_ohiensis    
     +--+  +-----+                            
        |  |     |  +-- Potamilus_streckersoni
        |  |     +--+                         
        |  |        +-- Potamilus_amphichaenus
        +--+                                  
           |        +-- Potamilus_fragilis    
           |  +-----+                         
           |  |     +-- Potamilus_leptodon    
           +--+                               
              |  +----- Potamilus_metnecktayi 
              +--+                            
                 |  +-- Potamilus_alatus      
                 +--+                         
                    +-- Potamilus_purpuratus  

Inoue et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 41 26 6 3.0
                       +-------- Ellipsaria_lineolata   
  +--------------------+                                
  |                    |  +----- Truncilla_macrodon **     
  |                    +--+                             
  |                       |  +-- Truncilla_donaciformis ** 
  |                       +--+                          
  |                          +-- Truncilla_cognata **      
--+                                                     
  |  +-------------------------- Leaunio_lienosus       
  |  |                                                  
  |  |     +-------------------- Lampsilis_bracteata    
  |  |     |                                            
  |  |  +--+  +----------------- Lampsilis_fasciola     
  |  |  |  |  |                                         
  +--+  |  +--+  +-------------- Lampsilis_ornata       
     |  |     |  |                                      
     |  |     +--+           +-- Lampsilis_ovata        
     |  |        |  +--------+                          
     |  |        |  |        +-- Lampsilis_cariosa      
     |  |        +--+                                   
     |  |           |  +-------- Lampsilis_cardium[3]   
     +--+           +--+                                
        |              |  +----- Lampsilis_cardium[2]   
        |              +--+                             
        |                 |  +-- Lampsilis_satura       
        |                 +--+                          
        |                    +-- Lampsilis_cardium[1]   
        |                                               
        |                    +-- Lampsilis_higginsii    
        |     +--------------+                          
        |     |              +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
        +-----+                                         
              |  +-------------- Lampsilis_teres        
              |  |                                      
              +--+           +-- Lampsilis_radiata      
                 |  +--------+                          
                 |  |        +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea  
                 +--+                                   
                    |  +-------- Lampsilis_bergmanni    
                    +--+                                
                       |  +----- Lampsilis_hydiana      
                       +--+                             
                          |  +-- Lampsilis_virescens    
                          +--+                          
                             +-- Lampsilis_straminea    

Inoue et al., 2020, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 40 25 6 1.0
  +-------------------------------- Ellipsaria_lineolata   
  |                                                        
  |                          +----- Truncilla_cognata **      
  |  +-----------------------+                             
  |  |                       |  +-- Truncilla_macrodon **     
--+  |                       +--+                          
  |  |                          +-- Truncilla_donaciformis ** 
  |  |                                                     
  |  |                    +-------- Potamilus_fragilis     
  |  |                    |                                
  +--+  +-----------------+     +-- Potamilus_ohiensis     
     |  |                 |  +--+                          
     |  |                 |  |  +-- Potamilus_amphichaenus 
     |  |                 +--+                             
     |  |                    |  +-- Potamilus_metnecktayi  
     |  |                    +--+                          
     |  |                       +-- Potamilus_purpuratus   
     +--+                                                  
        |  +----------------------- Leaunio_lienosus       
        |  |                                               
        |  |     +----------------- Lampsilis_bracteata    
        |  |     |                                         
        |  |  +--+              +-- Lampsilis_ornata       
        |  |  |  |  +-----------+                          
        +--+  |  |  |           +-- Lampsilis_fasciola     
           |  |  +--+                                      
           |  |     |  +----------- Lampsilis_ovata        
           |  |     +--+                                   
           |  |        |  +-------- Lampsilis_cardium[3]   
           |  |        +--+                                
           +--+           |  +----- Lampsilis_cardium[2]   
              |           +--+                             
              |              |  +-- Lampsilis_satura       
              |              +--+                          
              |                 +-- Lampsilis_cardium[1]   
              |                                            
              |     +-------------- Lampsilis_teres        
              |     |                                      
              |     |           +-- Lampsilis_higginsii    
              +-----+  +--------+                          
                    |  |        +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
                    |  |                                   
                    +--+        +-- Lampsilis_radiata      
                       |  +-----+                          
                       |  |     +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea  
                       |  |                                
                       +--+     +-- Lampsilis_hydiana      
                          |  +--+                          
                          |  |  +-- Lampsilis_bergmanni    
                          +--+                             
                             |  +-- Lampsilis_virescens    
                             +--+                          
                                +-- Lampsilis_straminea    

Boyer et al., 2011, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 33 14 9 --
  +-------- Obovaria_olivaria      
  |                                
  +-------- Lampsilis_cardium      
  |                                
  |     +-- Epioblasma_triquetra   
  +-----+                          
  |     +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea  
  |                                
  |     +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
  +-----+                          
  |     +-- Lampsilis_higginsii    
--+                                
  |     +-- Ligumia_recta          
  +-----+                          
  |     +-- Lampsilis_teres        
  |                                
  |  +----- Potamilus_fragilis     
  +--+                             
  |  |  +-- Potamilus_ohiensis     
  |  +--+                          
  |     +-- Potamilus_alatus       
  |                                
  |  +----- Ellipsaria_lineolata   
  +--+                             
     |  +-- Truncilla_truncata **     
     +--+                          
        +-- Truncilla_donaciformis ** 

Boyer et al., 2011, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 36 14 9 --
           +----- Ellipsaria_lineolata   
  +--------+                             
  |        |  +-- Truncilla_donaciformis ** 
  |        +--+                          
  |           +-- Truncilla_truncata **     
--+                                      
  |  +----------- Lampsilis_cardium      
  |  |                                   
  |  |     +----- Ligumia_recta          
  |  +-----+                             
  +--+     |  +-- Obovaria_olivaria      
     |     +--+                          
     |        +-- Epioblasma_triquetra   
     |                                   
     |  +-------- Lampsilis_teres        
     +--+                                
        |  +----- Lampsilis_siliquoidea  
        +--+                             
           |  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
           +--+                          
              +-- Lampsilis_higginsii    

Graf & Cummings, 2006, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 46 7 7 --
  +-------------- Obliquaria_reflexa        
  |                                         
  +-------------- Truncilla_truncata **        
--+                                         
  +-------------- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris
  |                                         
  |  +----------- Ligumia_recta             
  +--+                                      
     |  +-------- Cambarunio_iris           
     +--+                                   
        |  +----- Epioblasma_triquetra      
        +--+                                
           |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium         
           +--+                             
              +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina   

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000, fig. 2A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 11 8 --
  +----------- Ligumia_recta             
  |                                      
  +----------- Truncilla_truncata **        
  |                                      
  |        +-- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris
  +--------+                             
--+        +-- Sagittunio_nasutus        
  |                                      
  |     +----- Lampsilis_siliquoidea     
  |  +--+                                
  |  |  |  +-- Epioblasma_triquetra      
  |  |  +--+                             
  |  |     +-- Epioblasma_brevidens      
  +--+                                   
     |  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina   
     |  |                                
     |  +----- Cambarunio_iris           
     +--+                                
        +----- Leaunio_vanuxemensis      
        |                                
        |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium         
        +--+                             
           +-- Lampsilis_fasciola        

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000, fig. 2B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 11 8 --
  +-------------------- Truncilla_truncata **        
  |                                               
--+  +----------------- Ligumia_recta             
  |  |                                            
  |  |              +-- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris
  +--+  +-----------+                             
     |  |           +-- Sagittunio_nasutus        
     |  |                                         
     +--+  +----------- Lampsilis_siliquoidea     
        |  |                                      
        |  |     +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina   
        +--+  +--+                                
           |  |  |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium         
           |  |  +--+                             
           |  |     +-- Lampsilis_fasciola        
           +--+                                   
              |     +-- Epioblasma_brevidens      
              |  +--+                             
              |  |  +-- Epioblasma_triquetra      
              +--+                                
                 |  +-- Cambarunio_iris           
                 +--+                             
                    +-- Leaunio_vanuxemensis      

Campbell et al., 2005, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 114 48 22 --
  +-------------- Sagittunio_nasutus         
  |                                          
  +-------------- Leaunio_vanuxemensis       
  |                                          
  |           +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata       
  +-----------+                              
  |           +-- Truncilla_truncata **         
  |                                          
  |        +----- Lampsilis_teres            
  +--------+                                 
  |        |  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina    
  |        +--+                              
  |           +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea      
  |                                          
  |        +----- Villosa_villosa            
  +--------+                                 
  |        |  +-- Ligumia_recta              
  |        +--+                              
  |           +-- Cambarunio_iris            
  |                                          
  |     +-------- Ortmanniana_pectorosa      
  +-----+                                    
  |     |  +----- Lampsilis_ornata           
  |     +--+                                 
  |        |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium          
  |        +--+                              
  |           +-- Lampsilis_ovata            
  |                                          
  |           +-- Potamilus_fragilis         
  |        +--+                              
  |        |  +-- Potamilus_leptodon         
  +--------+                                 
  |        |  +-- Potamilus_alatus           
  |        +--+                              
  |           +-- Potamilus_purpuratus       
  |                                          
  |           +-- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris 
--+  +--------+                              
  |  |        +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
  |  |                                       
  +--+  +-------- Medionidus_conradicus      
  |  |  |                                    
  |  |  |     +-- Lemiox_rimosus             
  |  +--+-----+                              
  |     |     +-- Medionidus_acutissimus     
  |     |                                    
  |     |  +----- Dromus_dromas              
  |     +--+                                 
  |        |  +-- Cyprogenia_aberti          
  |        +--+                              
  |           +-- Cyprogenia_stegaria        
  |                                          
  |        +----- Hamiota_australis[2]       
  |  +-----+                                 
  |  |     |  +-- Hamiota_australis[1]       
  |  |     +--+                              
  |  |        +-- Hamiota_subangulata        
  +--+                                       
  |  |        +-- Hamiota_altilis[3]         
  |  |  +-----+                              
  |  |  |     +-- Hamiota_perovalis[2]       
  |  +--+                                    
  |     |  +----- Hamiota_altilis[2]         
  |     +--+                                 
  |        |  +-- Hamiota_altilis[1]         
  |        +--+                              
  |           +-- Hamiota_perovalis[1]       
  |                                          
  |  +----------- Obovaria_olivaria          
  |  |                                       
  |  +----------- Venustaconcha_pleasii      
  |  |                                       
  |  |     +----- Obovaria_unicolor          
  |  +-----+                                 
  +--+     |  +-- Obovaria_arkansasensis     
     |     +--+                              
     |        +-- Obovaria_subrotunda        
     |                                       
     |        +-- Epioblasma_brevidens       
     |  +-----+                              
     |  |     +-- Epioblasma_triquetra       
     +--+                                    
        |  +----- Epioblasma_walkeri[1]      
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Epioblasma_walkeri[2]      
           +--+                              
              +-- Epioblasma_capsaeformis    

Zanatta & Murphy, 2006, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 48 22 --
  +----- Lampsilis_teres     
--+                          
  |  +-- Truncilla_truncata **  
  +--+                       
     +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata

Zanatta & Murphy, 2006, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 57 48 22 --
                                +-- Truncilla_truncata **         
  +-----------------------------+                              
  |                             +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata       
  |                                                            
  |                             +-- Ortmanniana_pectorosa      
  |                       +-----+                              
  |                       |     +-- Lampsilis_fasciola         
  |  +--------------------+                                    
--+  |                    |  +----- Lampsilis_ornata           
  |  |                    +--+                                 
  |  |                       |  +-- Lampsilis_ovata            
  |  |                       +--+                              
  |  |                          +-- Lampsilis_cardium          
  |  |                                                         
  |  |                          +-- Ligumia_recta              
  +--+                 +--------+                              
     |                 |        +-- Cambarunio_iris            
     |  +--------------+                                       
     |  |              |  +-------- Lampsilis_teres            
     |  |              |  |                                    
     |  |              +--+     +-- Hamiota_australis          
     |  |                 |  +--+                              
     |  |                 |  |  +-- Hamiota_subangulata        
     +--+                 +--+                                 
        |                    |  +-- Hamiota_altilis            
        |                    +--+                              
        |                       +-- Hamiota_perovalis          
        |                                                      
        |  +----------------------- Leaunio_vanuxemensis       
        |  |                                                   
        +--+  +-------------------- Ortmanniana_ligamentina    
           |  |                                                
           |  |  +----------------- Lampsilis_siliquoidea      
           +--+  |                                             
              |  |  +-------------- Obovaria_olivaria          
              |  |  |                                          
              +--+  |           +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
                 |  +-----------+                              
                 |  |           +-- Venustaconcha_pleasii      
                 |  |                                          
                 +--+        +----- Obovaria_unicolor          
                    +--------+                                 
                    |        |  +-- Obovaria_subrotunda        
                    |        +--+                              
                    |           +-- Obovaria_arkansasensis     
                    |                                          
                    |  +----------- Epioblasma_brevidens       
                    +--+                                       
                       |  +-------- Epioblasma_triquetra       
                       +--+                                    
                          |  +----- Epioblasma_rangiana        
                          +--+                                 
                             |  +-- Epioblasma_walkeri         
                             +--+                              
                                +-- Epioblasma_capsaeformis    

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 46 7 7 --
  +----------------- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris
--+                                            
  |  +-------------- Truncilla_truncata **        
  +--+                                         
     |  +----------- Ortmanniana_ligamentina   
     +--+                                      
        |  +-------- Lampsilis_cardium         
        +--+                                   
           |  +----- Cambarunio_iris           
           +--+                                
              |  +-- Ligumia_recta             
              +--+                             
                 +-- Epioblasma_triquetra      

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 45 7 7 --
  +----------------- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris
--+                                            
  |  +-------------- Truncilla_truncata **        
  +--+                                         
     |  +----------- Ortmanniana_ligamentina   
     +--+                                      
        |  +-------- Lampsilis_cardium         
        +--+                                   
           |  +----- Cambarunio_iris           
           +--+                                
              |  +-- Ligumia_recta             
              +--+                             
                 +-- Epioblasma_triquetra      

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 45 6 6 --
  +----- Truncilla_truncata **        
  |                                
  +----- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris
--+                                
  |  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina   
  |  |                             
  |  +-- Cambarunio_iris           
  +--+                             
     +-- Ligumia_recta             
     |                             
     +-- Epioblasma_triquetra      

Breton et al., 2011, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 12 7 --
  +-------------- Ellipsaria_lineolata       
  |                                          
--+  +----------- Truncilla_macrodon **         
  |  |                                       
  |  |        +-- Lemiox_rimosus             
  +--+  +-----+                              
     |  |     +-- Potamilus_metnecktayi      
     |  |                                    
     +--+     +-- Cambarunio_iris            
        |  +--+                              
        |  |  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Lampsilis_powellii         
           |  |                              
           +--+-- Lampsilis_ornata           
              |                              
              +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea      

Whelan et al., 2011, fig. 1 ML

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 36 1 1 --
  +-- Truncilla_truncata **
--+                     
  +-- Lampsilis_cardium 

Whelan et al., 2011, fig. 1 MP

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 36 1 1 --
  +-- Lampsilis_cardium 
--+                     
  +-- Truncilla_truncata **

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2013, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 34 1 1 --
  +-- Lampsilis_ornata  
--+                     
  +-- Truncilla_truncata **

Szumowski et al., 2012, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 14 9 --
  +----------------------- Ellipsaria_lineolata   
  |                                               
--+  +-------------------- Truncilla_truncata **     
  |  |                                            
  +--+  +----------------- Obliquaria_reflexa     
     |  |                                         
     |  |  +-------------- Potamilus_alatus       
     +--+  |                                      
        |  |        +----- Lampsilis_ornata       
        |  |  +-----+                             
        |  |  |     |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium      
        +--+  |     +--+                          
           |  |        +-- Lampsilis_ovata        
           |  |                                   
           |  |  +-------- Lampsilis_teres        
           |  +--+                                
           +--+  |  +----- Lampsilis_siliquoidea  
              |  +--+                             
              |     |  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
              |     +--+                          
              |        +-- Lampsilis_higginsii    
              |                                   
              |     +----- Hamiota_altilis        
              |     |                             
              +-----+  +-- Epioblasma_triquetra   
                    |  |                          
                    +--+-- Cambarunio_iris        
                       |                          
                       +-- Ligumia_recta          

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2015, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 39 2 2 --
  +----- Potamilus_alatus  
--+                        
  |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium 
  +--+                     
     +-- Truncilla_truncata **

Pfeiffer et al., 2016, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 37 5 5 --
     +-- Lampsilis_teres   
  +--+                     
  |  +-- Leaunio_lienosus  
--+                        
  |  +-- Truncilla_macrodon **
  +--+                     
     +-- Potamilus_fragilis

Jadhav & Jamkhedkar, 2009, fig. 11

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 25 7 7 --
  +----------- Truncilla_truncata **     
  |                                   
--+        +-- Lampsilis_cardium      
  |  +-----+                          
  |  |     +-- Epioblasma_triquetra   
  +--+                                
     |  +----- Ligumia_recta          
     +--+                             
        |  +-- Obliquaria_reflexa     
        +--+                          
           +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 200 13 11 --
  +----------- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
  |                                       
  +----------- Leaunio_lienosus           
  |                                       
  |        +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata       
  +--------+                              
--+        +-- Truncilla_truncata **         
  |                                       
  |        +-- Medionidus_conradicus      
  +--------+                              
  |        +-- Ptychobranchus_subtentus   
  |                                       
  |  +-------- Cambarunio_iris            
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina    
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium          
        +--+                              
           +-- Lampsilis_ornata           

Huang et al., 2019, fig. S3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 196 13 11 --
              +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata       
  +-----------+                              
  |           +-- Truncilla_truncata **         
--+                                          
  |  +----------- Leaunio_lienosus           
  |  |                                       
  +--+        +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
     |  +-----+                              
     |  |     +-- Cambarunio_iris            
     +--+                                    
        |  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina    
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium          
           +--+                              
              +-- Lampsilis_ornata           

Huang et al., 2019, fig. S4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 199 13 11 --
  +-------- Ellipsaria_lineolata       
  |                                    
  +-------- Potamilus_leptodon         
  |                                    
  +-------- Medionidus_conradicus      
  |                                    
  +-------- Potamilus_alatus           
  |                                    
  +-------- Ptychobranchus_subtentus   
--+                                    
  +-------- Truncilla_truncata **         
  |                                    
  +-------- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
  |                                    
  +-------- Cambarunio_iris            
  |                                    
  +-------- Leaunio_lienosus           
  |                                    
  |  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina    
  +--+                                 
     |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium          
     +--+                              
        +-- Lampsilis_ornata           

Chase et al., 2018, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 11 7 --
  +----- Cambarunio_iris     
--+                          
  |  +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata
  +--+                       
     +-- Truncilla_macrodon **  

Pfeiffer et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 11 10 --
  +-- Truncilla_truncata **        
--+                             
  +-- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris

Inoue et al., 2020, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 15 1 --
  +-------------------- Truncilla_macrodon **   
  |                                          
  |     +-------------- Lampsilis_bracteata  
  |     |                                    
  |  +--+           +-- Lampsilis_ornata     
--+  |  |  +--------+                        
  |  |  |  |        +-- Lampsilis_fasciola   
  |  |  +--+                                 
  |  |     |  +-------- Lampsilis_ovata      
  |  |     +--+                              
  |  |        |  +----- Lampsilis_cariosa    
  +--+        +--+                           
     |           |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium    
     |           +--+                        
     |              +-- Lampsilis_satura     
     |                                       
     |  +-------------- Lampsilis_higginsii  
     |  |                                    
     +--+  +----------- Lampsilis_teres      
        |  |                                 
        |  |        +-- Lampsilis_radiata    
        +--+  +-----+                        
           |  |     +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea
           |  |                              
           +--+     +-- Lampsilis_hydiana    
              |  +--+                        
              |  |  +-- Lampsilis_bergmanni  
              +--+                           
                 |  +-- Lampsilis_straminea  
                 +--+                        
                    +-- Lampsilis_virescens  

Inoue et al., 2020, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 28 11 10 --
  +-- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris
--+                             
  +-- Truncilla_truncata **        

Inoue et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 28 10 9 --
  +-- Epioblasma_triquetra
--+                       
  +-- Truncilla_truncata **  

Page updated: 09:39:31 Wed 03 Aug 2022

 
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