MUSSELp
 
Mussel of the
Month
 
 
 
 

Page last updated
31 August 2022

Mussel of the Month

The September 2022 Mussel of the Month is Parreysia corrugata. Parreysia is a genus of six species from India and Myanmar.

Parreysia
BMNH 1965215. Assam [India]. (type of Unio favidens Benson, 1862)

This is the era of freshwater mussel revision. Old genera like Trapezoideus, Solenaia, and Pseudodon and being split and reclassified to give us new genera like Trapezidens, Sinosolenaia, and Sundadontina. This month our subject is Parreysia. (Each of those genera is hot-linked to a discussion about their recent taxonomic machinations.)

We already thought we covered Parreysia corrugata as Mussel of the Month in September of 2005. Back then, Parreysia was thought to be composed of almost 40 species in two subgenera, P. (Parreysia) and P. (Radiatula) (Graf & Cummings, 2007). Sixteen years later, when we updated the checklist (Graf & Cummings, 2021 and references cited therein), Parreysia sensu lato has been split into 4 genera (Parreysia sensu stricto, Leoparreysia, Radiatula, and Indonaia), and two species have been shifted to Scabies. The most recent work by Bolotov et al. (2022a-c) provides a good summary of the current state of those taxa. As of this typing, only 6 Recent species are currently classified under Parreysia. We have gone from a “garbage-pail,” catch-all genus to a tidy little package that is the sole genus in its own tribe (Parreysiini).

Furthermore, the specimen we thought was P. corrugata (the type of Unio tennentii Hanley & Theobald, 1876) is now classified by Bolotov et al. (2022a) as Parreysia plagiostoma. To get P. corrugata back on the map, this month we are depicting a type specimen of Unio favidens Benson, 1862. Parreysia favidens itself had been recognized as a valid species for more than 150 years, but Bolotov et al. (2022a) sunk that name (with its many subspecies and synonyms) and a half dozen other old species circumscriptions under the Parreysia corrugata we have today.


Click here (or the image) to enlarge as a PDF.

We look forward to catching up with you in another decade or so about the classification of Parryesia!

Classification:

Phylum Mollusca
Class Bivalvia
Subclass Palaeoheterodonta
Order Unionoida

Superfamily UNIONOIDEA Rafinesque, 1820
Family UNIONIDAE s.s
Subfamily PARREYSIINAE Henderson, 1935
Tribe PARREYSIINI s.s

Genus Parreysia Conrad, 1853

Species Parreysia corrugata (Müller, 1774)

To find out more about Arcuneopsis and Cuneopsis freshwater mussel phylogeny generally, check out:


 
NSF icon MUSSEL icon
"Making the world a better place, one mollusk at a time."