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Page last updated
Fri 01 Jul 2022

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

The taxonomic history of the valid species (since 1900) is listed at the bottom of the page.

Search the database pages:

Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Amblemini | Reginaia

species Reginaia ebenus (Lea, 1831): nominal species
     4 specimens available.

Unio ebenus Lea, 1831
Lea, 1831, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 4 [O. 1]: 84 [94], pl. 9, fig. 14.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85792, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio ebenusLea (1831), Jay (1835), Hanley (1843), Sowerby (1868), Lewis (1871), B.H. Wright (1888), Call (1895)
Unio obliquaFerussac (1835)
Margarita (Unio) ebenusLea (1836), Lea (1838)
Unio obliquusConrad (1837), Küster (1852), Conrad (1853), Küster (1861)
Margaron (Unio) ebenusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Obovaria) ebenusAdams & Adams (1857)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) ebenusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) ebenusCall (1900)
Fusconaia ebenusOrtmann (1912), Ortmann & Walker (1922), Ortmann (1925), F.C. Baker (1928), Burch (1975), Mathiak (1979)
Unio ebenus, var.de Gregorio (1914)
Fusconaia ebenaUtterback (1915), Gordon et al. (1979), R.I. Johnson (1980), Davis & Fuller (1981), ..., McMurray et al. (2012), IUCN (2012), ITIS (2012), He & Zhuang (2013)
Quadrula obovalisVanatta (1915)
Quadrula (Fusconia) antrosaFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia antrosaHaas (1969)
Fusconaia pusillaMorrison (1969)
Reginaia ebenusCampbell & Lydeard (2012), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Inoue et al. (2013), Williams et al. (2017), ..., Inoue et al. (2020), Smith et al. (2020), Graf & Cummings (2021), FMCS (2021)
Reginaia ebenaHaag (2012), Pfeiffer et al. (2016), Chase et al. (2018), Pfeiffer et al. (2019), Pfeiffer et al. (2019), Inoue et al. (2020)

Amblema antrosa Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 322.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 64.
(new name for Obovaria pachostea Rafinesque, 1820)

Amblema antrosaRafinesque (1820), Burch (1975)
Quadrula (Fusconia) antrosaFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia antrosaHaas (1969)
Fusconaia ebenaVidrine (1993), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009), He & Zhuang (2013)

Obliquaria (Rotundaria) pusilla Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus pusillus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 308 [also as ‘Unio pusilla’].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 52.

Obliquaria (Rotundaria) pusillaRafinesque (1820)
Potamilus pusillusRafinesque (1818)
Unio subrotundusFerussac (1835)
Unio buxeusVanatta (1915)
Fusconaia pusillaMorrison (1969)
Obliquaria pusillaBurch (1975)
Fusconaia ebenaR.I. Johnson (1980), He & Zhuang (2013)

Obovaria obovalis Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus obovalis’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘U. (Obovaria) obovalis’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 311 [also as ‘Unio obovalis’].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 29, 54.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20244, Ohio River.

Obovaria obovalisRafinesque (1820), Burch (1975)
Potamilus obovalisRafinesque (1818)
Unio (Obovaria) obovalisRafinesque (1819)
Unio obliquaFerussac (1835)
Pleurobema obovalisAgassiz (1852)
Unio obovalisConrad (1853)
Quadrula obovalisVanatta (1915)
Fusconaia ebenusOrtmann & Walker (1922)
Quadrula (Fusconia) antrosaFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia antrosaHaas (1969)
Fusconaia ebenaOesch (1984), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009), He & Zhuang (2013)

Obovaria pachostea Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 312 [also as ‘U. pachostea’].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 55.
(renamed Amblema antrosa Rafinesque, 1820)

Obovaria pachosteaRafinesque (1820), Burch (1975)
Unio pachosteaFerussac (1835)
Quadrula (Fusconia) antrosaFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia antrosaHaas (1969)
Plethobasus pachosteusMorrison (1969)
Plethobasus cicatricosusR.I. Johnson (1980)
Fusconaia ebenaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009), He & Zhuang (2013)

Unio obovalis Say, 1834
Say, 1834, Amer. Conch. 6: [unpaginated].
(reference to Obovaria obovalis Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio obovalisSay (1834)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) ebenusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Fusconaia ebenaWatters et al. (2009), He & Zhuang (2013)

Unio obovata Conrad, 1834
‘Raf.’ Conrad, 1834, New Fresh-Water Shells: 69.
(error for Obovaria obovalis Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio obovataConrad (1834)
Pleurobema cordataOrtmann & Walker (1922)

Unio obliqua Ferussac, 1835
‘Lamarck’ of Authors.
Ferussac, 1835, Mag. Zool. 5: 28.
Conrad, 1837, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(9): 77, pl. 43, fig. 2.
(misidentified reference to Unio obliqua Lamarck, 1819)

Unio obliquaFerussac (1835)
Unio obliquusConrad (1837), Küster (1852), Conrad (1853)
Margaron (Unio) ebenusLea (1852)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) ebenusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula (Fusconia) antrosaFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia antrosaHaas (1969)
Fusconaia ebenaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio pusella Lea, 1836
‘Rafinesque’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 59.
‘Rafinesque’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 58.
‘Rafinesque’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 92.
(error for Obliquaria (Rotundaria) pusilla Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio pusellaLea (1836)
Fusconaia ebenaHe & Zhuang (2013)

Unio mytiliodes Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 292.
(error for Unio (s.s.) mytiloides Swainson, 1840)

Unio mytiliodesSwainson (1840)

Unio (s.s.) mytiloides Swainson, 1840
‘Rafinesque’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 269-270, figs. 52-53; 292 [as ‘mytilïodes’].
(misidentified reference to Pleurobema mytiloides Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (s.s.) mytiloidesSwainson (1840)
Margaron (Unio) mytiloidesLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio obliquusConrad (1853)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) ebenusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula (Fusconia) antrosaFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia ebenaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio globatus Call, 1894
Call, 1894, Proc. Indiana Acad. Sci. 1893(3): ??.
(misidentified reference to Unio globatus Lea, 1871)

Unio globatusCall (1894)
Quadrula (Fusconia) antrosaFrierson (1927)

Unio subrotundus Call, 1894
‘Lea’ Call, 1894, Proc. Indiana Acad. Sci. 1893(3): ??.
(misidentified reference to Unio subrotundus Lea, 1831)

Unio subrotundusCall (1894)
Quadrula (Fusconia) antrosaFrierson (1927)

Taxonomic History (since 1900)

Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) ebenusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) ebenusCall (1900)
Fusconaia ebenusOrtmann (1912), Ortmann & Walker (1922), Ortmann (1925), F.C. Baker (1928), Burch (1975), Mathiak (1979)
Unio ebenus, var.de Gregorio (1914)
Fusconaia ebenaUtterback (1915), Gordon et al. (1979), R.I. Johnson (1980), Davis & Fuller (1981), ..., McMurray et al. (2012), IUCN (2012), ITIS (2012), He & Zhuang (2013)
Unio buxeusVanatta (1915)
Quadrula obovalisVanatta (1915)
Pleurobema cordataOrtmann & Walker (1922)
Quadrula (Fusconia) antrosaFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia antrosaHaas (1969)
Fusconaia pusillaMorrison (1969)
Plethobasus pachosteusMorrison (1969)
Amblema antrosaBurch (1975)
Obliquaria pusillaBurch (1975)
Obovaria obovalisBurch (1975)
Obovaria pachosteaBurch (1975)
Plethobasus cicatricosusR.I. Johnson (1980)
Reginaia ebenusCampbell & Lydeard (2012), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Inoue et al. (2013), Williams et al. (2017), ..., Inoue et al. (2020), Smith et al. (2020), Graf & Cummings (2021), FMCS (2021)
Reginaia ebenaHaag (2012), Pfeiffer et al. (2016), Chase et al. (2018), Pfeiffer et al. (2019), Pfeiffer et al. (2019), Inoue et al. (2020)

Page updated: 11:02:07 Fri 01 Jul 2022

 
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