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Page last updated
Wed 02 Sep 2020

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

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Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Quadrulini | Tritogonia

species Tritogonia verrucosa (Rafinesque, 1820): synonymy
     4 specimens available.

Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) verrucosa Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus verrucosus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘U. (Plagiola) verrucosa’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 304, pl. 81, figs. 10-12.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 29, 48.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20235, Ohio River.

Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) verrucosaRafinesque (1820)
Potamilus verrucosusRafinesque (1818)
Unio (Plagiola) verrucosaRafinesque (1819)
Unio verrucosaFerussac (1835), Sowerby (1868)
Tritogonia verrucosaAgassiz (1852), F.C. Baker (1928), Murray & Leonard (1962), Haas (1969), Burch (1975), Mathiak (1979), Gordon et al. (1979), R.I. Johnson (1980), Davis & Fuller (1981), Oesch (1984), Turgeon et al. (1988), Cummings & Mayer (1992), Williams et al. (1993), Vidrine (1993), Howells et al. (1996), Strayer & Jirka (1997), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Turgeon et al. (1998), Lydeard et al. (1999), Bogan (2002), Cicerello & Schuster (2003), Sietman (2003), Hoke (2005), Jones et al. (2005), Campbell et al. (2005), Graf & Cummings (2006), Graf & Cummings (2007), Zhou et al. (2007), Watters et al. (2009), Hoeh et al. (2009), Jadhav & Jamkhedkar (2009), Cummings & Graf (2010), Boyer et al. (2011), McMurray et al. (2012), ITIS (2012), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Szumowski et al. (2012), Kongim et al. (2015), Jones (2015), Pfeiffer et al. (2016), Williams et al. (2017), Johnson et al. (2018), Inoue et al. (2018), Pfeiffer et al. (2019), Lopes-Lima et al. (2019)
Unio verrucosusConrad (1853), Küster (1862)
Unio (Tritogenia) verrucosusMörch (1853)
Unio (Iridea) verrucosaAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (Limnium sec. Ellipsaria) verrucosusFischer (1886)
Quadrula verrucosaUtterback (1915), Ortmann & Walker (1922), Ortmann (1924), Ortmann (1925), Serb et al. (2003), Williams et al. (2008), Bogan (2010), Haag (2012), Lopes-Lima et al. (2017), Bolotov et al. (2017), Bolotov et al. (2017), Marshall et al. (2018), Huang et al. (2019)
Quadrula (Tritogonia) verrucosaFrierson (1927)

Unio verrucosus Say, 1834
‘Rafinesque’ of Authors.
‘Rafinesque’ Say, 1834, Amer. Conch. 6: ??.
‘Rafinesque’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 1, sp. 4.
(reference to Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) verrucosa Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio verrucosusSay (1834)
Tritogonia tuberculataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula (Cyclonaias) tuberculataHaas (1930)
Tritogonia verrucosusHaas (1969)
Tritogonia verrucosaHowells et al. (1996), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio conjugans B.H. Wright, 1899
B.H. Wright, 1899, Nautilus 13(8): 89.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 52: 79, pl. 4, fig. 1.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_159501, Hiawassa River, Polk Co., Tenn.

Unio conjugansB.H. Wright (1899)
Tritogonia conjugansSimpson (1900), Simpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula (s.s.) conjugansFrierson (1927)
Quadrula (s.s.) quadrula conjugansHaas (1969)
Tritogonia verrucosaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009), Lopes-Lima et al. (2019)
Quadrula verrucosaWilliams et al. (2008)

Unio tuberculatus Barnes, 1823
Barnes, 1823, Amer. J. Sci. 6 (1-2): 1215, pl. 7, figs. 8a-b.
(renamed Quadrula tritogonia Ortmann, 1909)

Unio tuberculatusBarnes (1823), Lea (1829), Ravenel (1834), Jay (1835), Hanley (1843), Singley (1893), Call (1895), de Gregorio (1914)
Unio verrucosaFerussac (1835), Sowerby (1868)
Margarita (Unio) tuberculatusLea (1836)
Tritogonia verrucosaAgassiz (1852), F.C. Baker (1928), Murray & Leonard (1962), Haas (1969), R.I. Johnson (1980), Oesch (1984), Howells et al. (1996), Strayer & Jirka (1997), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009), Lopes-Lima et al. (2019)
Margaron (Unio) tuberculatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio verrucosusConrad (1853), Küster (1862)
Unio (Tritogenia) verrucosusMörch (1853)
Unio (Limnium sec. Tritogonia) tuberculatusFischer (1886)
Tritogonia tuberculataSimpson (1900), Ortmann (1909), Simpson (1914), Thiele (1934)
Unio (s.s.) tuberculatusCall (1900)
Quadrula tritogoniaOrtmann (1910)
Quadrula tuberculataOrtmann (1912)
Quadrula verrucosaUtterback (1915), Ortmann & Walker (1922), Williams et al. (2008)
Quadrula (Tritogonia) verrucosaFrierson (1927)

Unio (Theliderma) pustulata Swainson, 1840
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 271, fig. 54d; 273.
(homonym of Unio pustulatus Lea, 1831)

Unio (Theliderma) pustulataSwainson (1840)
Tritogonia pustulataAgassiz (1852)
Margaron (Unio) tuberculatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Tritogenia) verrucosusMörch (1853)
Unio verrucosaSowerby (1868)
Tritogonia tuberculataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula (Tritogonia) verrucosaFrierson (1927)
Tritogonia verrucosaHaas (1969), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009), Lopes-Lima et al. (2019)
Quadrula verrucosaWilliams et al. (2008)

Unio gigas Sowerby, 1867
‘Swainson’ Sowerby, 1867, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 56, sp. 287.
(misidentified reference to Unio gigas Swainson, 1824)
Type(s): MANUSCRIPT NAME BMNH_1968861, River Ohio.

Unio gigasSowerby (1867)
Tritogonia tuberculataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) multiplicatusCall (1900)
Hyriopsis cumingiiHaas (1924)
Quadrula (Tritogonia) verrucosaFrierson (1927)
Tritogonia verrucosaHaas (1969), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Tritogonia tuberculata var. obesa Simpson, 1900
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 609.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 320.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tuberculatus Barnes, 1823)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_125669, Neches River, Big Eddy, Texas.

Tritogonia tuberculata var. obesaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula (s.s.) quadrula-asperaFrierson (1927)
Tritogonia verrucosaHaas (1969), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009), Lopes-Lima et al. (2019)

Quadrula tritogonia Ortmann, 1909
Ortmann, 1909, Nautilus 22(10): 101.
(new name for Unio tuberculatus Barnes, 1823)

Quadrula tritogoniaOrtmann (1909), Ortmann (1910)
Tritogonia tuberculataSimpson (1914)
Tritogonia verrucosaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009), Lopes-Lima et al. (2019)
Quadrula verrucosaWilliams et al. (2008)

Quadrula parkeri Geiser, 1911
Geiser, 1911, The Academician 1: 15.

Quadrula parkeriGeiser (1911)
Tritogonia tuberculataSimpson (1914)
Quadrula (Tritogonia) verrucosaFrierson (1927)
Tritogonia verrucosaHaas (1969), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009), Lopes-Lima et al. (2019)
Quadrula verrucosaWilliams et al. (2008)

Unio tuberculatus var. supraspeciosus de Gregorio, 1914
de Gregorio, 1914, Il Nat. Siciliano 2: 42, pl. 6, figs. 2a-d [as ‘supra speciosus’].
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tuberculatus Barnes, 1823)

Unio tuberculatus var. supraspeciosusde Gregorio (1914)
Unio tuberculatus var. supra speciosusde Gregorio (1914)

Unio (Theliderma) pustululata Lopes-Lima et al., 2019
‘Swainson’ Lopes-Lima et al., 2019, Zool. Scripta 48(3): 7 [Suppl. Appendix 2].
(error for Unio (Theliderma) pustulata Swainson, 1840)

Unio (Theliderma) pustululataLopes-Lima et al. (2019)

Page updated: 09:28:21 Wed 02 Sep 2020

 
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