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Page last updated
Fri 01 Jul 2022

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

The taxonomic history of the valid species (since 1900) is listed at the bottom of the page.

Search the database pages:

Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Quadrulini | Theliderma

species Theliderma metanevra (Rafinesque, 1820): nominal species
     3 specimens available.

Obliquaria (Quadrula) metanevra Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 305, pl. 81, figs. 15-16 [also as ‘U. metanevra’].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 50.
Type(s): NEOTYPE ANSP_20238, Ohio River.

Obliquaria (Quadrula) metanevraRafinesque (1820)
Unio metaneverRavenel (1834), Reeve (1864), Lewis (1871)
Unio metanevrusConrad (1835), Ferussac (1835), Lapham (1860), B.H. Wright (1888), Call (1895)
Margarita (Unio) metaneverLea (1836), Lea (1838)
Unio (Theliderma) metanevraSwainson (1840)
Quadrula metaneverAgassiz (1852)
Margaron (Unio) metanevrusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio metaneurusKüster (1852), Conrad (1853)
Unio (Quadrula) metaneverMörch (1853)
Unio (Quadrula) metanevrusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (Limnium sec. Quadrula) metaneverFischer (1887)
Quadrula (s.s.) metanevraSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) metanevraCall (1900)
Quadrula metanevraOrtmann (1909), Ortmann (1909), Ortmann (1910), Ortmann (1912), ..., McMurray et al. (2012), ITIS (2012), Szumowski et al. (2012), Inoue et al. (2018)
Quadrula (Orthonymus) metanevraFrierson (1927), Haas (1930)
Quadrula (sec. Orthonymus) metanevraF.C. Baker (1928)
Quadrula (sec. Theliderma) metaneuraThiele (1934)
Orthonymus metanevrus metanevrusHaas (1969)
Theliderma metanevraGraf & Cummings (2007), Cummings & Graf (2010), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Williams et al. (2017), Johnson et al. (2018), Lopes-Lima et al. (2019), Lor et al. (2020), Graf & Cummings (2021), FMCS (2021)

Unio tuberosus Lea, 1840
Lea, 1840, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 1: 286.
Lea, 1842, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 8 [O. 3]: 210 [48], pl. 14, fig. 25.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84219, Cumberland R., Middle Tenn.

Unio tuberosusLea (1840), Conrad (1853), Lewis (1871), B.H. Wright (1888), de Gregorio (1914)
Margaron (Unio) tuberosusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Quadrula) tuberosusAdams & Adams (1857)
Quadrula (s.s.) tuberosaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula intermediaOrtmann (1918), Ortmann (1924), Ortmann (1925), Burch (1975)
Quadrula (Orthonymus) metanevra-tuberosaFrierson (1927)
Orthonymus metanevrus tuberosusHaas (1969)
Quadrula tuberosaR.I. Johnson (1980), Turgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), Turgeon et al. (1998), Cicerello & Schuster (2003), ITIS (2012)
Theliderma tuberosaIUCN (1996), Graf & Cummings (2007), Cummings & Graf (2010)
Quadrula metanevraParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)
Theliderma metanevraWilliams et al. (2017), Lopes-Lima et al. (2019), Graf & Cummings (2021)

Unio wardii Lea, 1861
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 13: 392.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 9]: 187 [9], pl. 24, fig. 257.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84237, Mahoning R., Ohio.

Unio wardiiLea (1861), Sowerby (1868), B.H. Wright (1888)
Margaron (Unio) wardiiLea (1870)
Quadrula (s.s.) metanevra var. wardiiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula metanevra wardiiUtterback (1915)
Quadrula (Orthonymus) metanevra-wardiiFrierson (1927)
Orthonymus metanevrus wardiiHaas (1969)
Quadrula metanevraBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)
Theliderma metanevraLopes-Lima et al. (2019)

Unio nodosus Barnes, 1823
Barnes, 1823, Amer. J. Sci. 6 (1-2): 124, pl. 6, figs. 7a-b.
(homonym of Unio (Eurynia) solenoides var. nodosa Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio nodosusBarnes (1823), Hildreth (1828)
Unio metanevrusFerussac (1835), Conrad (1835), Call (1895)
Margarita (Unio) metaneverLea (1836), Lea (1838)
Quadrula nodosusAgassiz (1852)
Margaron (Unio) metanevrusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio metaneurusKüster (1852), Conrad (1853)
Unio (Quadrula) nodosusMörch (1853)
Unio metaneverReeve (1864)
Quadrula (s.s.) metanevraSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula metanevraOrtmann & Walker (1922), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)
Quadrula (Orthonymus) metanevraFrierson (1927), Haas (1930)
Quadrula (sec. Orthonymus) metanevraF.C. Baker (1928)
Orthonymus metanevrus metanevrusHaas (1969)
Theliderma metanevraLopes-Lima et al. (2019)

Unio metanever Lea, 1829
‘Rafinesque’ of Authors.
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 418.
Jay, 1835, Cat. Rec. Shells: 17.
Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 179.
Agassiz, 1852, Arch. Naturg. 18(1): 48.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 252.
Mörch, 1853, Cat. Conch. Yoldi 2: 44.
Lewis, 1871, Amer. J. Conch. 6: 218.
Lea, 1871, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 23: 15 [as ‘Margarita (Unio) metanever’].
(reference to Obliquaria (Quadrula) metanevra Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio metaneverLea (1829)
Margaron (Unio) metanevrusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Quadrula metanevraWatters et al. (2009)

Unio metaniver Catlow & Reeve, 1845
‘Lea’ Catlow & Reeve, 1845, Conch. Nomen.: 61.
(error for Obliquaria (Quadrula) metanevra Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio metaniverCatlow & Reeve (1845)
Quadrula (s.s.) metanevraSimpson (1900)
Quadrula metanevraParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio metanera Gray, 1847
Gray, 1847, Proc. Zool. Soc. London 15: 196.
(error for Obliquaria (Quadrula) metanevra Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio metaneraGray (1847)

Unio metaneurus Herrmannsen, 1849
‘Rafinesque’ of Authors.
Herrmannsen, 1849, Ind. Gener. Malacol. 2: 571.
Küster, 1852, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 50.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 252.
Thiele, 1934, Handb. Syst. Weichtierk. 3: 826 [1260] [as ‘Quadrula (Theliderma) metaneura’].
(error for Obliquaria (Quadrula) metanevra Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio metaneurusHerrmannsen (1849)
Margaron (Unio) metanevrusLea (1870)
Quadrula (s.s.) metanevraSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula metanevraParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio rugosus Lea, 1852
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 21, footnote.
(misidentified reference to Unio rugosus Barnes, 1823)

Unio rugosusLea (1852)
Quadrula (Orthonymus) metanevra-wardiiFrierson (1927)

Taxonomic History (since 1900)

Quadrula (s.s.) metanevraSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) metanevraCall (1900)
Quadrula (s.s.) tuberosaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula (s.s.) metanevra var. wardiiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula metanevraOrtmann (1909), Ortmann (1909), Ortmann (1910), Ortmann (1912), ..., McMurray et al. (2012), ITIS (2012), Szumowski et al. (2012), Inoue et al. (2018)
Unio tuberosusde Gregorio (1914)
Quadrula metanevra wardiiUtterback (1915)
Quadrula intermediaOrtmann (1918), Ortmann (1924), Ortmann (1925), Burch (1975)
Quadrula (Orthonymus) metanevraFrierson (1927), Haas (1930)
Quadrula (Orthonymus) metanevra-tuberosaFrierson (1927)
Quadrula (Orthonymus) metanevra-wardiiFrierson (1927)
Quadrula (sec. Orthonymus) metanevraF.C. Baker (1928)
Quadrula (sec. Theliderma) metaneuraThiele (1934)
Orthonymus metanevrus metanevrusHaas (1969)
Orthonymus metanevrus tuberosusHaas (1969)
Orthonymus metanevrus wardiiHaas (1969)
Quadrula tuberosaR.I. Johnson (1980), Turgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), Turgeon et al. (1998), Cicerello & Schuster (2003), ITIS (2012)
Theliderma tuberosaIUCN (1996), Graf & Cummings (2007), Cummings & Graf (2010)
Theliderma metanevraGraf & Cummings (2007), Cummings & Graf (2010), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Williams et al. (2017), Johnson et al. (2018), Lopes-Lima et al. (2019), Lor et al. (2020), Graf & Cummings (2021), FMCS (2021)

Page updated: 11:02:47 Fri 01 Jul 2022

 
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