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Page last updated
Mon 24 Jun 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page lists the nominal species (available and otherwise) currently circumscribed under the valid name.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Pleurobemini | Eurynia

species Eurynia dilatata (Rafinesque, 1820): synonymy
     9 specimens available.

Unio nasuta Lamarck, 1819
Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert. 6: 75, sp. 22.
(homonym of Unio nasutus Say, 1817)
Type(s): SYNTYPE MNHN_MPL_0022, rapporte Lac Erie.

Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) atroviolacea Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 321.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 63.

Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) cuprea Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 304, pl. 81, figs. 8-9.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 48.

Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) sinuata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 321.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 63.
(renamed Unio cultratus Rafinesque, 1831)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20252, Kentucky River.

Unio (Eurynia) dilatata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 297.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 42.
(renamed Obliquaria violacea Rafinesque, 1831)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20248, Kentucky River.

Unio gibbosus Barnes, 1823
Barnes, 1823, Amer. J. Sci. 6 (1-2): 262, pl. 11, fig. 12.

Unio mucronatus Barnes, 1823
Barnes, 1823, Amer. J. Sci. 6 (1-2): 266, pl. 13, fig. 13.

Bariosta fulvus Rafinesque, 1831
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 74.

Bariosta fulvus var. fuscata Rafinesque, 1831
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 74.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Bariosta fulvus Rafinesque, 1831)

Bariosta fulvus var. rufa Rafinesque, 1831
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 74.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Bariosta fulvus Rafinesque, 1831)

Obliquaria bicolor Rafinesque, 1831
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 75.

Obliquaria violacea Rafinesque, 1831
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 75.
(new name for Unio (Eurynia) dilatata Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio cultratus Rafinesque, 1831
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 4.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 77.
(new name for Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) sinuata Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio euliratus Rafinesque, 1831
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 4.

Unio dilatatus Say, 1834
‘Rafinesque’ of Authors.
Say, 1834, Amer. Conch. 6: ??.
Conrad, 1836, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(5): 42, pl. 21.
(reference to Unio (Eurynia) dilatata Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio arctatus Ferussac, 1835
‘Conrad’ Ferussac, 1835, Mag. Zool. 5: 29.
(misidentified reference to Unio arctatus Conrad, 1834)

Unio torulosus Ferussac, 1835
‘Rafinesque’ Ferussac, 1835, Mag. Zool. 5: 28.
(misidentified reference to Amblema torulosa Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio arctior Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 39. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 10, pl. 4, fig. 10.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86103, Ohio R., Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio stonensis Lea, 1840
Lea, 1840, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 1: 286.
Lea, 1842, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 8 [O. 3]: 195 [33], pl. 8, fig. 5.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84969, Stone R., Tenn.

Unio bicolar Lea, 1852
‘Rafinesque’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 57.
(error for Obliquaria bicolor Rafinesque, 1831)

Unio gibbosus var. armathwaitensis B.H. Wright, 1898
B.H. Wright, 1898, Nautilus 11: 123.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio gibbosus Barnes, 1823)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_150523, Armathwaite, Fentress Co., Tenn.

Unio (sec. Elliptio) gibbosus var. delicatus Simpson, 1900
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 704.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 600.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio gibbosus Barnes, 1823; homonym of Unio delicatus Lea, 1863)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_128797, St. Francis R., Greenway, Clay Co., Arkansas.

Unio propeverutus de Gregorio, 1914
de Gregorio, 1914, Il Nat. Siciliano 2: 38, pl. 3, figs. 1a-d.

Elliptio dilatata var. subgibbosa Utterback, 1915
‘Lea’ Utterback, 1915, Amer. Midl. Nat. 4(5): 202-203, pl. 21, figs. 68a-d.
(misidentified reference to Unio subgibbosus Lea, 1857)

Elliptio dilatata var. sterkii Grier, 1918
Grier, 1918, Nautilus 32(1): 9.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio (Eurynia) dilatata Rafinesque, 1820)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) CM_61.4628, Presque Isle Bay, Erie, Erie County, Pennsylvania.

Unio arctiro Howells et al., 1996
‘Lea’ Howells et al., 1996, Freshw. Mussels Tex.: 51.
(error for Unio arctior Lea, 1838)

Page updated: 11:54:02 Mon 24 Jun 2019

 
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